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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 7, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TMI IETH8RIDGE HIRAID 7V 1970 Josepli Kraft With Luck It Was A Success There were a few sour comments in the British press concerning the success or Presi- dent Nixon's recent tour, such as the one from The Guardian, which re- marked in sarcastic tones that Mr. Nixon would be "busy pretending to be Irish in Limerick." But the gen- eral feeling is that the U.S. Presi- dent, with luck on his side, has made a good impression, and has been able to generate a feeling that the world is all, on the brink of total disaster. Despite the fact that the Greek colonels were miffed because Mr. Nixon did not come in person and sent his Defence Secretary instead, that there were anti American dem- onstrations in Spain, Italy, England and in Ireland, enthusiastic crowds greeted him everywhere. These were crowds who turned out of their own volition to exhibit their good will. Spaniards, Yugoslavs, Italians, Brit- ish and Irish waved American flags along the presidential route. It was a denial of what many of us have been led to believe is the prevailing cli- mate of anti-Americanism in Europe. The good luck part came with Krng Hussein's tenuous victory and the turning back of the Syrians in north- ern Jordan. Then the sudden death of President Nasser slowed down the fear of imminent confrontation with the Soviet Union. The Russians have been thrown off base temporarily by the leadership problems in the Arab world, and it now seems possible that the ceasefire may be extended. Mr. Nixon was fortuitously spared the necessity of a menacing demon- stration of U.S. military might in the Mediterranean. As for the visit to Yu- goslavia, C. L. Sulzberger remarks in the International Herald Tribune, that President Tito, "made it amply clear that his regret for the dead would not interfere with his interest in the living." The pessimists cannot be discount- ed, but at least for a short term, "guarded optimism" is legitimate. By a combination of extraordinary cir- cumstances, astute planning and ex- perience, Mr. Nixon has demonstrat- ed Ms sincerity of purpose and Us basic friendship to the free peoples of Europe, and they have responded in kind. Early End To War Talk of an early end to the Viet- ,iam war must seem to most people to be unsubstantial. Such talk has been heard before and still the war' drags agonizingly on and on. But a faint spark of hope has appeared in that the latest person to express the view that an early end is in sight is none other than Senate Republican leader Hugh Scott. Senator Scott has not necessarily been in receipt of special inside in- formation from the White House. He may not have anything more substan- tial to go on than the personal hunch he admitted to in talking with report- ers. Yet he is one of the key men upon whom President Nixon must rely for the Implementation of his policies and therefore it is possifile that some genuine intimation of in- tention has been given to Senator Scott. At any rate, Senator Scott has pre- dicted that President Nixon will an- nounce an accelerated' schedule of U.S. troop withdrawal from Vietnam this month. He says this is be- cause an honorable and final end to the conflict is in sight. The with- drawal timetable announced last April calls for troops to be pulled out but Senator Scott thinks this figure will be raised. It would be good strategy for Pres- ident Nixon to make such a move three .weeks before the November 3 congressional elections. The mood of the U.S. electorate appears to be in favor of an end to the war. The Rev. Carl Mclntire's attempt to demon- strate that there is .a desire to win a military victory in Vietnam was clearly unsuccessful. Support for the prediction that an early end of the war is in sight comes from a surprising development in Sweden. The Swedish Minister of Defence has recently said that his country is prepared to contribute troops to a UN peace-keeping force in Vietnam. It has been assumed that Mr. Sven Andersson would not have spoken as he did unless he had a definite possibility in mind. For some time the Swedish Army has been training two battalions for United Nations service and it is believed that both Finnish and Norwegian units have .been undergoing similar prep- aration. Maybe it is all wishful thinking but it is certainly not utterly, incredible to think that President Nixon may be planning to announce a dramatic move. By Joyce Sasse TTOREA It seems that everything in our thinking has come to be reckoned in terms of 'Before' and 'After Calcutta'. And 'After Calcutta' we looking for- ward to the fact that our itinerary called for another eleven days in India with some skepticism. Just how much poverty and filth can one absorb on what was supposed to be a rest-vacation was being seriously considered. For Uiis reason we visited Delhi. Friends in Nepal had assured us that the Janpath Hotel was clean, reliable, inex- pensive, and served good food. That took care of the creature comforts! Since Agra and its world famed Taj Mahal is a 'must' oh every traveller's list, we booked a car on our first day and ventured out of the neat, clean and some- what orderly part of the city on to the flat, hot, dry plains that mark this part of the world. Our driver couldn't have been more considerate. He brought an ice cooler so we could refresh ourselves with cold drinks. He pointed out water buffalo and Brahma cattle, and stopped to let us take pictures of women in their bright saris gathering water at the well. We saw parrots and watched wild peacocks do their colorful dance. I was fascinated with the little, floppy-eared pack mules that plodded on the shoulder of the highway, but kept a respectful distance away from a cobra as he rose out of his basket to the tantalizing music his charmer. The Taj was lovely in all its white mar- ble splendor. But it was hot! By the time we walked to the heart of this massive tomb, and through the gardens that Dank it, we were wilted. The two and one-half hour drive back to Delhi was a long one. Next, we found a guide who agreed to take us to the Hindu funeral pyres. I had expected the worst, yet was drawn by a long-suffering curiosity to see just how these people disposed of their dead. I came away ashamed of my own people pro- fess Christianity the religion founded on the faith that the Incarnate God died to overcome death and free His followers from Its fear. But seldom docs a Christian funeral display the joy, the peace, the triumph the faith declares. Yet, here, as we stood beneath the sprawling trees, and watched the fires being ignited, I sensed a deep peace among the mourners. I envied the way they accepted the inevitab- ility of death. And I appreciated India even more. Another day we got a car to drive us north, up into the Punjab area, to Chand- igarh, a small city on the edge of the Himalayan foothills. Here Indian acquain- tances brought us into their family, and home, and work. We were impressed with the finely designed, i datively new provin- cial university, ihe spacious residen- tial districts, and with the beautiful Indian handicarft available in each suburban shopping centre. However, it was the tonga ride that was the cherry on the top of the cake. We wanted to see the market district of Old Delhi, and were advised to go by 'tonga' (a small, open, horse-drawn You couldn't call this luxury riding more like a surrey, "but without fringe benefits" is how one of the girls described it! The springs in the seat poked us, the shade- cover interfered with our picture-taking, the horse wasn't fully 'house broken'; but the old man, whose rig this was, couldn't have been prouder than he was when we asked him to be our guide for the next iiour. He didn't speak much English, but he loved this part of the city the markets, the mosques, the manufacturing centres, the churches and he communicated these things without words. He handled his horse with a kind gentle hand, carefully guiding him in and out, around the noisy motorbikes and smoking cars. Even though he was not young in years, he sat erect and alert. And wiien we got back to our starting point and asked him if lie would stand for a picture with his rig, he nearly popped the buttons on his tattered shirt. His business will soon be no more. It is too 'old-fashioned'. "They say our horses are a public one of these tonga men told us. least it is the kind of dirt you can see. And there's no finer way to come to sec the people on these streets." I would agree! I look forward to returning lo India to learn more of its people and iis ways. The Middle East Without Nasser WASHINGTON In his.life- time, President Nasser caused the Middle East to shake the earth. With his death, as the turnout for the funeral demonstrates, the region is cut down to ils true unimportance in world affairs. The sickness of the area is not about to be ended. But it can now more safely be left to the cure of the greatest, if slow- es, of physicians time. As a leader, Nasser was the most formidable of the revolu. tionary nationalists who came on stage in the aftermath of the Second World War. He not only had personal charm, but a great public following. He also stood for an end to the old order of pashas through the magic of land reform and education, He was hard- working, incorruptible, and per- sistent. He was a supreme con artist who regularly picked the pockets of tycoons and Com- munists alike. So he survived repeated setbacks, and outlast- ed such colleagues as Nkrumah of Ghana, Sukarno of Indonesia, and Ben Bella of Algeria. But like them he was fired by a deep emotionalism often irrational and erratic. He dreamed dreams and saw vi. sions and tried to realize them all at once. He became simul- taneously committed to defeat imperialism, to impose social- ism, to revive the glories of a unified Arabism, and to build the Third World. Inevitably, these grandiose projects failed. But the heroic leader had to succeed. So he plunged ever deeper into the merger wilh Syria in 1958, into the war with Yemen in 1962, in- to confrontation with Israel in 1967. These adventures turned failure to disaster. When he died, Col. Nasser was left with only one significant ally and accomplishment. He had in- vited the Soviet Union to be. come a power in the. Middle East. To be sure, Nasser was a central figure in the recent American initiative for peace between Israel and Egypt. But the initiative, never promising, had practically collapsed before he died. To suppose now that it would have succeeded and endured, except for what happened to the Egyptian leader, Is to have faith without justification by any .work. Nasser's successor will'prob- ably be less able to participate in the peace initiative. But that does not mean a new go at the Israelis. Egypt is not a nation of fanatical death-wish- ers who imparted their fury to the leadership. The agent of "But Ed, Baby I Still Like It belligerency was the regime not the people. Which is why the Israelis, having Img tried to unseat Nasser, now breathe more easily. Similarly, Col. Nasser had re- cently played a role in curbing civil war in Jordan but under terms that kept King Hussein weak and on the defensive. All along, in fact, Nasser used the most extreme Arab fanatics to 'extract protection money and other concessions from the old- fashioned monarchical regimes. Whatever they may say now, Hussein of Jordan and Faisal of Arabia and the sheiks and ernirs of the Persian Gulf were menaced by Nasser: Their chances of survival, while not good perhaps, are the better for his passing. The only party with a lot to lose from the death of Nasser is the Soviet Union. If the suc- cession procedure in Cairo yields the wrong outcome, the Russians could forfeit their whole investment in the Middle East. That is why they sent Premier Alexei Kosygin to the funeral at the head of a large military and diplomatic delega- tion capable of getting a feel for the flow of things in the manoeuvring for the succession. That is, why Moscow Issued- an essentially cautious notice of condolences emphasizing con- tinuity of the Nasser policies. Mr. Kosygin's presence, how- ever, only underlines the ab. senee of other major leaders. No figure of consequence from the West is present. Marshal Tito, the old Third World com- rade-in-arms, preferred to meet with President Nixon. Indira Gandhi, the only remaining non-Communist leftwhiger of note in the world, sent a mere vice-president. Their absence suggests, the basic lesson of the occasion. Without Col. Nasser, the Middle East casts a much shorter shadow. Neither .the. economic nor political stakes are that crucial. In the air age, as .the historian Walter Laquer once put it, even Suez is not a cross- roads anymore. While the prob- lems may be intractable, they are now less liable to inflation and exaggeration more open to steadily fading away as memories lapse and other real- ities assert themselves. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Anthony Westell Senators Form Tacked Jury On White Paper .OTTAWA "Our job was that of a said Sena- tor Salter Hayden, explaining to the press how he chaired the Senate committee on bank- ing, trade and commerce through its examination of the government White Paper on tax reform. "-We had all the evidence .sub- mitted to us by people we re- gard as creditable; responsible people. We made our best as- sessment." Hayden, 74, beneath his wispy white hair and benign, baby- pink smile, is a Toronto cor- poration lawyer, director of the Bank of Nova Scotia and a score of other companies. His deputy chairman is Sen- ator Lazarus Phillips, 75 next month, director of the R o y a 1 Bank and a dozen other com- panies, a poor boy who worked his way through McGill to be- come a wealthy Montreal lax Letter To Trie Editor lawyer and is today more at- tached to middle class busi- ness values than any son of riches. These two tough, clever men spent much of the .summer writ- ing the committee's word report, aided by staff expert Arthur Gilrnour, a Montreal ac- counlanl who seems to suspect that senior civil servants are touched with socialism. The other 28 members sign- ed the report after deleting some of the more coloiful lan- guage about the oppression of decent, law abiding, middle- class Canadians by taxes. The 30 members of this Jury are hardly average Canadians. Among them, they hold about 150 company directorships and uncounted millions in shares, bonds and' mortgages. The evidence before them was dom i n a t e d by business Sewage Charges Residents of Lethbridge ordinary taxpayers, I mean will no doubt be pleased to learn that an October 26 meet- ing at the Yates Memorial Cen- tre between the city and local industries to discuss the equitable distribution of sew- age charges will be closed to the public (news item, Her- ald, Oct. 2, 1970, p. According to the city man- ager, the meeting will be closed in order to main- tain the rapport that (has) been established between the city and industry in their dis- cussions on how the cost of the new secondary treatment plant would be distributed among in- dustry and the general public" (I quote from The Herald story which paraphrased the city "M a i n t a i n the rapport" sounds pretty elegant, but what does il really mean? The last paragraph of the news item of- fers a hint: "Results of the meetings with industry would be made public when the new sewage bylaw comes be- fore city council." Rough translation: We'll make a deal and tell you about it later, folks. In the meantime, what about maintaining "rapport" with lie people? If it is true, as recently re- ported in The Herald, that lo- cal industries contribute about half the sewage to be treated, an "equitable distribution" of charges is simple enough to ar- rive at. It seems to me that City Council .owes the public an immediate and complete ex- planation of the necessity for a closed meeting on this matter, particularly since the public is not to be represented at that meeting. CHESTER B. BEATY. Lethbridge. 'Crazy Capers' We've run -out of sleep views. As Phillips put it, they heard the best possible evi- dence we could get from people who know their business." The alphabetical list of briefs and witnesses printed at the back of Uie report bears him out: Ad hoc committee of Brit- ish Insurance Companies. Alcan Aluminum Limited. Anglo American Corporation Limited. Aquitaine Company of Can- ada Ltd. Association of International Business Corporations And so on through 342 names. Occasionally there is a non-bus- iness name, but few. With such a jury and such evidence, the verdict was never in doubt. The government's White Pa- per proposes to make a major change in the tax system un- der which most of the senators have prospered. It suggests shifting a substantial share of the tax burden from the poor to the middle and upper income groups the groups from which the senators are drawn and which they represent. The senators are not, o f course, opposed to easing taxes on the Canadians at the low end of the income scale. Indeed, they say they are en- thusiastic about the idea, and heartily endorse the White Paper. They think it splendid also to cut the rate of income tax on the very richest people, as the White Paper suggests. But the senators see no need at all to make up the loss of revenue by raising taxes on the middle income Canadians and by imposing a sharp tax on capital gains. And they can see special reasons for aiding farm- ers and apple growers good Canadians, all of them, said Senator Phillips. Such a pity, added Senator Jacques Flynn, Conservat i v e leader in the Upper House, that they could not, for lechnic a I reasons, unload Hie helping hand to fifhermen also. II all works out happily .in the report anyway. The poor get the concessions proposed by the government, the middle class are left to enjoy their hard earned income; the tax on capital gains is cut back lo manageable size. When Ihe newsmen tried to find out just how the senators balanced their books, with Ux increases on the rich to pay for tax decreases on poor, they were soon left floundering by Hayden and Phillips. For one tiling, the Senate re- port uses 1967 figures while the White Paper .uses 1969 esti- mates. For.another, the sena- tors say they just could not find out in some instances how the White Paper estimates were prepared, and in other cases they simply disagreed. And fi- nally, said the senators, after all, they were not finance min- isters drawing a budget which had to balance. Tax experts can probably find hours of enjoyment comparing the Senate figures with the White Paper estimates, and rummaging through the moun- tains of evidence and stocks of analysis which lie behind the Senate finding. But no matter because the Senate itself is basically in- credible, a club of rich men with vested interest in the fi- nancial establishment, the re- port cannot have much influ- ence. That's a pity, because the senators put a lot of effort, in- telligence and .experience into their review and they should be worth hearing. The Senate was intended by the Fathers of .Confederation to be a place for sober second thoughts, the House of Parlia- ment in which sensible men of property could exercise a check on the extravagant democrats in the Commons.. If the role is now outdated, don't blame the senators. Blame the prime ministers who ap- pointed them, who have failed to legislate against conflict of interest, who have flinched from real reform. Blame, for example, Pierre Trudeau, who has allowed 18 vacancies to accumulate in the Senate presumably because he is afraid to disappoint politi- cal supporters expecting his pa- tronage. Eighteen senators drawn from the low end of the income scale might have written quite a different report on tax re- form. (Toronto Star Syndicate) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Mr. Frank Steele, edi- tor of the Raymond Recorder, has joined The Herald staff and will be a travelling repres- entative throughout southern Aberta. 1930 Threshing and beel digging are again held up due to rain and snow over the south- ern district Precipitation is heavy and only 25 per cent of the beet harvest is done. 1940 The old stage adage "the show must go on" .never proved truer than in Fleet Street where London's great morning newspapers carry on despite the nightly attacks o f Nazi bombers. Some offices have been hit, but the stream of papers keeps rolling off the presses. 1950 The first interplane- tary rocket will be overcrowd- ed if Hayden, N.Y., planetar- ium "reservation" blanks arc any criterion. Over persons have signed up for the "if" trip. 1960 After five years of sub-Arctic work and an outlay of the road to Yel- lowknifc, N.W.T., was opened by the northern affairs depart- ment. The road covers 281 miles from Hay River to Yellowknife. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lcthbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishsn Published 1903 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clasi Mall Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Ntwfptptr Publishers' Association and Ihe Audit Bureau of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor end Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pago Edilor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;