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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 7, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta COLDER FORECAST HIGH THURSDAY 40-45. The LetKbridae Herald VOL. LXIII No. 250 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1970 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS SIX SECTIONS 68 PAGES Prices Agency Won't Die JOHN YOUNG By CARL MOLLINS OTTAWA (CP) The federal prices and incomes commission may appear on its last legs, but chair- man John Young says it won't lie down. He is supported by government leaders and the persistence of rumored hints that if business and la- bor won't go along with voluntary pay and price restraints, the government might make them com- pulsory. With his 1970 price-restraint program running down and his pay-curbs formula ragged fromi repeated vio- lations, Dr. Young nevertheless made clear in an in- terview he isn't finished yet. The commission man- date runs to Dec. 31 1972. Finance Minister E. J. Benson says the same thing.-He gave-Dr. Young and his 15-month-old agency the government's renewed blessing in a speech last weekend. Prime Minister Trudeau has been denouncing "big business and big labor" in weekend speeches for foot- dragging in the campaign for pay and price stability, leaving unspoken the implied threat that compulsion would work where co-operation fails. Mr. Benson's public pledge of "the strong support of the federal government" coincides attempt by the commission to renew a voluntary price-restraint program in co-operation with business leaders who ex- press disenchantment privately. Dr. Young says the commission also will persist with1 efforts to exert balancing pressure on pay in- creases, although labor leaders have rebuffed him re- peatedly. He meets privately Thursday in Montreal with leaders of the Canadian Chamber of Commerce, the Canadian Manufacturers Association and' the Canadian Retail Council to seek approval for extension or mean- ingful replacement of the price-restraint formula agreed to last February and expiring Dec. 31. The Montreal meeting will follow announcement to- day of the commission's critical verdict on pay. settle? ments granted employees of the Loblaws, Steinbergs and Dominion. Stores grocery chains that this year exceed the proposed general maximum of six per cent. That statement could provide marginal support for Dr. Young's efforts to counter the business argument: No crackdown on pay increases, no extension of price restraint programs. Agreement Doubtful One businessman, close to preliminary talks pre- ceding the Montreal meeting, says chances are ex- tremely remote for agreement on an extended prices program. Dr. Young dismisses the idea the slowdown in- price increases and productive activity generally means that efforts to stem the inflation of prices and costs can be relaxed. On the contrary, he says, now might be just the demand pressures are go for stable expansion of prices and incomes in tune with productivity increases. That could help prevent more price inflation and dampen the tendency for pay settlements to outstrip production advances. Meantime, the commission is encouraged by a poll indicating that roughly half of all employees. agree some form of restraint is necessary to beat inflation. Coal Legal Battle Set By JOHN MIKA Herald's Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA A titanic legal struggle over Rocky Mountain coking coal haulage rights between the con- tinent's .two biggest railways will resume here Nov. 30 before the Canadian Transport Commission, it was in- dicated today. Rail business worth more than billion over tlia next decade is at stake in hearings by the CTC rail- way tribunal where the Canadian Pacific Railway will light it out with the B.C.-chartered Kootenay and Elk Railway, backed by the U.S. giant Burlington'North- ern Railway. The hearings are expected to take at least five weeks and1 informal discussions among the participants picked tho resumption date so that the merits of the dispute could be decided by next spring. A specific issue is K and E's application for a permit to build a railway from the Sparwood, B.C. area to cross the international border at Roosville West, B.C. and book up with Burlington Northern's mainline in Montana. This would provide a physical means for siphon- ing off up to 8 million tons annually of future coke exports to Japan along Burlington Northern tracks to the Roberts Bank supcrport business which the CPR could expect to get. The CPU won the first round this year dealing with jurisdiction when the K and by the B.C. attorney-general's to es- tablish the "HoosviUe Gap" theory. That theory argued that no federal jurisdiction was involved because there would not be a physical border crossing since the K and E and BNR pro- posed to build their respective sections of the proposed line one-quarter inch short of the precise international boundary. Although only trains and no tracks would physical- ly cross the border, UK CTC recently found that fcd- etleral jurisdiction did requiring the second round lo bo fought on the, merits of Uie application. Fat Pay Boost Under Fire OTTAWA federal prices and incomes commission today denounced pay settle- ments in three major grocery- store chains as excessive, unjus- tified and inflationary. The commission criticized the employers. Customers will have to py the shot in higher food prices following pay increases averag- ing about 11% per cent a year twice the commis- sion's suggested sk-per-cent employees of Steinbergs Ltd., Dominion Stores Ltd. and Loblaws Groce- terias Co., the commission said. "The .commission has been unable to find any justification for the amount of these in- creases in terms of the excep- tion announced with the guide- lines. "Full-time workers in the in- dustry are not relatively low- paid. Firms have had no diffi- culty in attracting or maintain- ing an adequate work force, nor have rates of pay fallen behind those of comparable groups. "The present settlements were reached without a hint of- strike or lock-out, despite the employers' expressed dismay about the size of the increases." CONTRQL MARKET The commission said an ex- planation lies partly in the fact that the grocery chains are free of competition because if all the main.chains raise prices there will be little impact on sales. "Thus it is not difficult for firms to pass on to consumers the- cost of excessive wage and salary increases." Those characteristics of the food-retailing industry make it similar to the Canadian con- struction industry, "another area where wage settlements have been the com- mission said. There are similarities, too, in the way pay settlements are ne- gotiated in construction and food retailing, the agency added. The commission estimated that the pay settlement would result in advances of _2% to three per cent in food prices in the nest two perhaps less if there is growth in sales vol- ume and productivity. Specialists Threaten To Strike MONTREAL (CP) The. Quebec Federation of Medical Specialists announced today that its members will go on strike Thursday if they are not satisfied with the outcome of negotiations later today in the medical care dispute. Dr. Raymond Robillard, pres- ident of the federation, said rep- resentatives of the specialists and the Quebec government will meet at 4 p.m. to discuss gov- ernment concessions to the spe- cialists announced Tuesday by Premier Robert Bourassa. "If there is no agreement or possibility of agreement at this meeting, there will be contesta- tion tomorrow Dr. Robillard said. Wedding Bells Ring Merrily In Alberta OTTAWA record couples were married in Canada in 1969, Dominion Bu- reau of Statistics reported today. The previous high was marriages in 1308. The marriage rate for total population rose to 8.7, the highest since 1953 and up .4 from 8.3 in 1968. The number of marriages in- creased in all provinces except Saskatchewan where the num- ber dropped to in 1969 from in 1968. Alberta registered the largest percentage increase, marriages In 1969 from in 1968, while Ontario showed the greatest numerical increase, marriages in 1969 from the previous year. The lowest number of mar- riages in 1969 was in Prince Ed- ward Island where 868 couples took the vows, an increase of 118 marriages from the in 1968. Kidnap Deadlines Pass With No Break In Sight MONTREAL (CP) Deadlines for the safe release of a kidnapped British diplo- mat, set either officially by the abductors or reported as such, all passed today without any announced direct contact with authorities. The kidnappers were said to have given authorities--------------------------------- 48 hours to act on their ransom demands, after forcing James Richard Cross, British trade commissioner in Montreal, from his home early Monday. APPEALS TO KIDNAPPERS The end of that ultimatum pe- riod at various times was un- derstood to be a.m., 9 a.m. and noon of which passed without any break in the case. The noon deadline passed about half an hour after, Quebec Justice Minister Jerome Cho- quette. said the provincial and federal governments are ready to explore "all .practical ave- nues out of this impasse." Mr. Choquette did not say whether ransom conditions Peace Hopes Sag 'Don't forget theLipsyli' B.C. May Legalize Abortions VANCOUVER (CP) Ralph Lotfmark, provincial health minister, said here he may or- der all British Columbia hospi- tals to grant legal abortions. "The time is he "when all hospitals large- ly supported by public .funds, will have to face up to their public responsibilities." He noted that six B.C. hospi- tals including St. Paul's of Vancouver, which hava facili- ties for abortions, have not set up therapeutic abortion com- mittees largely because of "re- ligious beliefs." His warning followed an- nouncements by Vancou- ver General and Royal Colum- bian hospitals that they will give priority to residents With- in their respective areas. North Vancouver Lions Gate Hospital made a similar an- nouncement recently. All three hospitals claim they receive too many abortion re- quests and cannot cope with -the volume. Travel Slowed By 21-Inch Snowfall THOMPSON, Man. (CP) Travel around this northern Manitoba city was at a near- standstill today following a 21- inch snowfall that has closed roads and left weather crews stranded in their stations. The snowfall, one of the worst in the mining centre's 12-year history, abated about 6 a.m. to- day, but heavy drifting con- tinued as a result of 20-mile-an- hour winds. The snow which began early Tuesday was accompanied by an unusual lightning storm Tues- day night caused by. a trough of warm air. Meanwhile a storm centre from North Dakota brought up to seven inches of snow to Yorkton, Sask and left drifts of two to three feet. would be met but instead ap- pealed to flis kidnappers "to allow their respect for human life to overcome their political aspirations, misdirected as they may be." He told a news conference in his heavily-guarded Montreal office he has been available for calls since early Tuesday and can be reached at his Quebec City offics this afternoon until he returns to Montreal at 7 p.m. He read a letter, signed by the Front de Liberation du Quebec and called Communique Numero 2. He said it was re- ceived by Mrs. Cross Tuesday and specified a 24-hour delay from noon Tuesday. In giving a quick English translation of the letter, he said the time on it was 12 a.m. This threw reporters into a tizzy on whether the ransom deadline was noon or midnight today. The top of the note read: "Oct. 6, 1970; 12 hours delay 24 hours." The FLQ letterhead is asso- ciated with an underground ter- rorist organization which has demanded Quebec independence from Canada by any means in- cluding violence. It has claimed responsibility for several bomb- ings in the province in the 1960s. LIFE THREATENED The note in French said that when the 24-hour delay has run out "we will in no way hesitate to do away with J. Cross the life and liberty of political prisoners and the men of Lapalme are worth more than hundreds of diplomats ded- icated to the sole interests of the financial interests of big- boss Anglo-Saxons and Ameri- cans." Mr. Choquette said Mr. Cross is "an innocent individual who bears no responsibility what- soever for our internal problems and who is held as hostage." "It is the gravest form of blackmail that exists." He condemned the ransom de- release of more than 20 imprisoned Quebec ter- rorists and in bullion. In Ottawa, Prime Minister Trudeau said earlier today the federal government's decision to reject the demands was diffi- cult because the life of a man had to be weighed in the bal- ance. Meanwhile, Montreal police staged llth-hour raids at dawn today to track down the kidnap- pers. Thirty suspects, including two women, were picked up. Also See Page UNITED NATIONS (CP) Hope, for a negotiated settle- ment of the Middle East conflict has slumped to the lowest point since the end of last year. Ths already sagging hopes suffered two more blows Tues- day: United States backed out of the deputy-ambassador level of Big Four peace talks in New York, saying ii is pointless to go on until Egypt rectifies violations of the Suez canal ceasefire by removing newly-in- stalled Soviet anti-aircraft mis- siles. Foreign Minister Mahmoud Riad said that, while Egypt is willing to extend the 90-day ceasefire past the Nov. 5 deadline, it will not remove mis- Biles from the Suez. The American statement, de- livered by Deputy Ambassador Christopher Phillips: to sur- prised fellow deputies in New York, put the whole Big Four Middle East peace effort in question. U.S. sources quoted him. as saying that the alleged Egypt- ian violations "have raised doubts whether there is a sin- cere desire for peace and have created an obstacle to the nego- tiations under Gunnar Jarring." CAN'T BRIDGE GAP They said that as long as there is no rectification of the situation, "we see no possibility of bridging the gap that, still separates the Big Four powers on certain important points." Although many here were confused by the U.S. attitude, there were those who said the U.S. action was a clear warning to the Soviet Union and Egypt that the missiles must be re- moved, if the Big Four efforts were to make progress. The ambassadors will meet Oct. 12 to continue a series of discussions on the Middle East that started last Dec. 2. SIGN DOCUMENT-Pierre Dsmers, left, and Robert Hudon ore tyo of several jailed Quebec terrorists who have signed a document accepting to be set free if the federal and Quebec governments accept demands for the release of British trade commissioner James Cross. Mr. Cross was kidnapped at gunpoint in Montreal Monday. Bolivian Leftists Claim Victory Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN II fURLER Dr. John Hnnt, dressed in ice-lane togs and carrying a vacuum cleaner practising his new "clean-sweep" technique no doubt Wilf Bowns dash- ing through the snow, break- ing the 'minute mile' to get to the Golden Mile Drop-In Centre opening on time Lt.-Gov. Grant MacEwan ac- cepting a one-inch section of Whoop-Up country at a travel meeting in Lethbridge and declaring ranch it with .t h r e e-leggod horses, seven roosters and a chicken. LA PAZ forces claimed victory today over rightists in the struggle for the Bolivian presidency- and their leader, Gen. Juan Jose Torres, marched into La Paz in triumph. With popular support .grow- ing for Torres, Gen. Rogelio Miranda, the conservative army chief of staff who forced Alfredo Dvuandp Candia to .re- sign as president Tuesday, was reported to have taken asylum in a foreign embassy. Two members of his junta also were said to 'nave taken similar refugs. Torres pledged 5 new. mili- tary-civilian government in a speech to the pesple and said it would be a popular' one of the nationalist tendencies. He is expected to assume the presidency. He said the government would have four btsic the farmers, workers, students and the armed forces. He said his was "the revolu- tion of the people and mani- fests its unwavering will to con- tinue toward the goal of na- tional liberation." ROUTED RIGHTISTS Groups of leftist university students forcibly occupied the homes of .military men and ci- vilians considered 16 be right- ists. Union workers, took over the conservative newspaper .El Di- ario. the oldest and most re- spected in Bolivia.......... Death By Mail LONDON (CP) Two live grenades were discovered Tues- day night in packages ad- dressed to the Israeli embassy and El Al Airline offices here. They were fused to explode when unwrapped. They were found in a locker at the British Overseas Airways Corp. airport terminal after it was opened wlien its rental time expired. Dispatches from the interior said leftist workers in the tin mines had expelled Bolivian and foreign technicians of the Mining Corp. of Bolivia, known as Comibol. Bank Robbers Escape In Motorboat ALEXANDRIA BAY, N.Y. (AP) U.S. and Canadian po- lice pressed their search today for two shotgun-wielding rob- bers who seized more than from a bank in this Thousand Islands village, then made their getaway by motor- boat on the St. Lawrence River. The masked robbers left five employees locked in a vault at the branch office of the Marine Midland Trust Co. of Northern New York. State police said today the loot was more than Previous estimates had been in the neighborhood of Shortly after the .robbery, a helicopter and Canadian police were called into the search. But police said they believed the pair remained in the United States. Peanuts Is 20 SAN FRANCISCO (AP) Charlie Brown, the Peanuts comic strip character who can't win an argument with his own dog, is 20 years old this week. "Is that said his crea- tor, Charles Schultz, when tele- phoned for an opinion on tiha weighty matter. he added, "back to the old drawing board." De Gaulle Found Canada An Uneasy PARIS (Reuters) Former president Charles de Gaulle, in a new volume of his memoirs published today, says he found Canada an ambiguous, artificial and uneasy slate during his first visit after tho Second World War. The 314-page book, part of his Memoirs of Hope, covers the pe- riod from 1958 to 1962 and is called The Rebirth. It is his first book since resigning as president in April, 1969. De Gaulle, who as president arrived in Canada on April 18, 1960, for an official his impressions of Canada's French-English problem and an evaluation of France's role. Steven years later, in July, 1967, de Gaulle made another Canadian visit which was termi- nated prematurely after the French president made his "Vive le Quebec librc" (long live free Quebec) call, drawing fi rebuke from tho Canadian gov- ernment headed then by Lester B. Pearson. But his book of memoirs deals only with the 1960 visit. De Gaulle writes that in 1944 and 1945 war had hidden "the profound realities which make the Canadian federation a per- petually uneasy, ambiguous and artificial state." "This time I am going to see it clearly although still only under a shaded light." Despite the efforts of the late Gov.-Gcn. Georges Vanier to inake "everything appear nor- mal and correct, the inherent contradictions in the federation do not fail lo appear." De Gaulle says that iii the ceremonies in his honor, includ- ing a cabinet meeting he at- tended, "there 'is always, present and weighing, the fact that Canada is separated into two radically different ethnic communities." Doubtlessly, the two commun- ities got along togeUur. more or less because the., lived in the same country and because they fought together in wars, he adds. COMPROMISE CLEAR "But it is clear that this is only compromise of submission and not at all national unity." The former French president says he told then prime minis- ter John Diefenbaker that France was concerned about the future of Quebec ant! of other French-speaking populations in olher Canadian provinces. He told Diefenbaker France was opposed to a takeover bid of Canada by the United States and willingly foresaw an in- crease in its own industrial, technical and cultural invest- ments in Canada. "In conclusion, ,1 told the prime minister, whose inten- tions are certainly very praise- worthy, that France would be prepared for much closer lies with ills country. "But, so that Franco can do It wholeheartedly and, moreover, so that tlie Canadian entity can have sufficient resilience and weight, he must want and know how. to solve the problem set by his two peoples, one of which is a French people which must, like any other, be able to deter- mine its own future." SAW LIGHT IN SMOG Of his visit to Montreal, where he saw buildings and fac- tories mushrooming with the help of American de Gaulle writes: "Never more than on that day have I seen more clearly how much expan- sion abroad is necessary to France's place in the world." The general writes that at the end of his 1960 Canadian tour he wondered whether in the long run a Canada made up of two of French and one of English frceh- and preferably togclhcr, "asscciating their two independ- ences in order to safeguard them; would wipe out the his- toric injustice which marks it, will organize. itself in accord- ance with its own realities and will be able to remain Cana- dian." CUAIILES DE GAULLE ;