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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 7, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI, LETHBRIDGE. ALBERTA. MONDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1918 NUMBER 252 ARMISTICE ALLIES WILL REFUSE TO DISCUSS PEACE WITH GERMANS S DELIVERED GERMAN POLICE CHIEF, WARSAW, ASSASSINATED Zurich, Oct. 7.-The chief of the German police in Warsaw, Poland, has been shot by an unidentified person. The assa83in fled. IE Advance of More Than Seven Miles Registered-Enemy Fires Laon-British Take Possession of Lens-Further Allied Successes North and South of Cambrai-Germans Continue Destruction in Retreat. PARIS, Oct. 6.-French troops have smashed through the German positions in- the Champagne on a wide front. The French have crossed the Aisne canal and are now eight miles north of Rheims. They have reached the Suippe rivet-on a ten mile front, an advance to a depth of seven miles in places. GERMAN RETREAT IS ACCELERATED PARIS, Oct. 6.-^-The: German retreat before General Gouraud's army, supported by Americans on the right, is quickening perceptibly. i BRITISH ON SCHELDT CANAL LONDON, Oct. 7.-Further progress was made by the British last night on the front bteween Lens and Cambrai. Field Marshal Haig announced today that posts have been established on crossings of the Scheldt canal north of Aben-cheul-au-Bac and northeast of Oppy. 1 ~ The British also have pushed in slightly further toward Lille on the west and southwest, capturing a German position east of Berclau and progressing somewhat north of Wese Maoquart. ____ RHEIMS DELIVERANCE NOW COMPLETE PARIS, Oct. 7.-French troops have crossed the Suippe river eastward of Orainville and have reached the outskirts of Bazancourt and Boulsur-Suippe, after severe fighting, it is officially announced. At -\ Clement-a-Arnes, heavy losses have been inflicted upon the Germans, who retired in disorder. Today's fighting completed the deliverance of Rheims. The battle north of St. Quentln continued all day, and Remaucourt, Tilloy farm and several fortified woods were captured, the announcement says, The enemy resisted furiously, but was unable to check the French, who captured several hundred prisoners. LENS ENTERED; MINES ARE (DESTROYED BRITISH-HEADQUARTERS IN FRANCE, Oct. 7.-(Havas)-British troops on entering Lens found that the coal mines in the: city had been entirely destroyed. The church could hardly be found amid the ruini. The city hall, monuments and houses also were destroyed. LAON FIRED BY GERMANS - PARIS, Oct. 7.-Laon. the stronghold to which the enemy has been clinging as the key point of his line on the southwest, apparently has been , set on fire by the Germans. The town was reported ablaze yesterday' antf" fires were still burning there today." (CONTINUED ON PAGE SIX) Hindenburg Quarrels With Kaiser and Quits LONDON, Oct. 7.-Field Marshal von Hindenburg has resigned as chief of the German general staff after a heated interview with the emperor in which the field marshal declared a retreat on a large scale was impossible to avoid, according to a Central News dispatch from Amsterdam. The correspondent based his dispatch on reports from the frontier. RETREAT KEEPS UP Mines at Lens Destroyed Many Fires Mark Path Withdrawal.. and of �With the British Army in Prance, Oct. .-Many towns have been occupied by the British today' in their advance after the retreating Germans along the sector of the front from Cambrai lo Leus. In some cases the enemy's rearguards offered resistance, but they have been annihilated, in each instance. This happened at Abancourt, where the railroad station-was occupied and the entire^ garrison killed. More ground has been taken immediately to the northeast of Cambrai. Hallum. east of Lens, has been reached and passed/ The Germans have been engaged in further work of destruction, for in addition lo new fires which have started up along the front, many explosions have been observed in the great coal mining district northeast of Len3, and prisoners say that the coal mine pit mouths have been destroyed. Fires have been observed today in Naubourdin, three miles west of Lille, and in the neighborhood of La Madeline, in the outskirts of Lille. No fires of any consequence have as yet been seen in Lille itself. Douat is still burning and the country south of it has been flooded with the waters of the Sensee river. Fresh fires are reported to the east of Douai and prig-oners just captured say that before the torch was applied there, the Germans, officers as well as men, engaged in a wild orgy of looting. They scrambled all over the town, stealing the property of the inhabitants a: d many carts loaded with loot are said to have been shipped.out of the city. Clean-Up is Complete; Bags 80,000 Italians Continue to Smash Aus-trians Operating In Albania. HUNS DRAW OUT TROOPS OPERATING WITH BULGARS SENTENCED TO HANG Regiua, Oct. 5.-Found guilty of the murder of Mrs. Edward Beatty at her home near Theodore. Barney Belcourt yesterday was sentenced to be hanged in the Regina jail. Jan. S, next. ALLIED COMMENT "Unconditional Surrender" Keynote of Allied Press Replies to Hun Offer. Berlin, Oct. 7.-German troops which have been fighting in the ranks of the Bulgarian army have been withdrawn and �re now/ marching back toward their headquarters, says the official statement issued yesterday by the German general headquarters. ITALIAN: DRIVE QUICKENS Rome, Oct. 6.-(Official).-Italians, pursuiW the retreating Aus-troiH ungarini* ; in" Alban ja, yes-' terday passed beyond the Lyuspne river and reached the rivers Ka-vaya and Polcivia, continuing their advance toward Elbashan. More than seven thousand Bulgarians facing the Italians on the Monastlr-Krusheva road surrendered on October 3rd. The Italians captured much booty. f BAGGED 79,000 TURKS . London, Oct. 6.-(Official). - Seventy-one thousand Turks have � been captured by Gen. Alfenby since the Palestine operations began. The Arabs captured eight thousand more. Three hundred and fifty guns were taken. NEW THRUST SOON ! Athens, Oct.' 6.-Greek and allied troops, says the newspaper Embros, will yet strike into eastern Macedonia toward the Rho-dope mountains and beyond the Nestos river,  The Rhodope mountains separate eastern Macedonia and Thrase from eastern Rumelia, Bulgaria. T Installation of New Cabinet With Hara as Leader Is Great Step. Bulbars Kick Huns Out AMSTERDAM, Oct. 7.-Bulgaria on Saturday notified the powers with which she has been allied that they must quit Bulgarian territory within a month, says a Sofia dispatch to the Berlin Tageblatt. Most of the Austrians have left Bulgaria, ihe disjpatch adds and the Germans are leaving. Tokio, Sunday, Oct. 6.-The installation today of the new 'cabinet headed by Takashj" Hara, leader of the Seyukal party, marked an epoch in Japanese constitutional history. It is the first ministry presided over by a commoner and is based on the system of parties. The newspapers, consider the Hara cabinet as a first great step toward a non-bureaucracy people's cabinet and urges loyal national support of the new government, as, they say, failure would prove a set-back to constitutional progress. BULLETINS NO ANSWER TODAY Washington, Oct. 7.-There will be no answer tonight to Germany's peace proposal. This was made known officially. WHAT WILL HAPPEN? Constantinople, Oct. 7.- The Turkish parliament will open its-^ session on October 10th in the presence of the Sultan. U. S. SENATE DISCUSSES IT Washington, Oct. 7.-Discussion of Germany's peace offer began in the senate soon after today's cession convened. Senator Poindexter of Washington, Republican, declared the proposal for an � armistice as a "most insidious danger." (Special to the Herald) Fernie, Oct, 7.-Michel local union voted last night to return to work on the single shift pending the action of a royal commission, and Gladstone local is now voting by ballot on the same proposition,, with indications of a favorable NO ARMISTICE London, Oct. 7.-No armistice will be gran-bid the central powers before the complete evacuation by them of ?Ji!ed territory with a cessation of the destruction and burning of allied cities. This-is the personal opinion of' foreign diplomats of the highest rank here, who have been questioned concerning th> peace speech of the German imperial chancellor, Prince Maximilian of. Baden. FIGHT HARDER NOW Washington, Oct. 7.-In an appeal to the peop!,; not to lit victories on the battle field and peace overtures from the ensrny Interfere with the fourth Liberty Loan.vSecrutary McAUoc said te-^ day; "Our boys in the trenchi'S arc not step firjhtinn because th� enemy'is on ths run. Now is the timo to fight harder and keep moving until the victory is clinched.'- ., London,. Oct. 7.-Distrust of Germany's intentions and skepticism as to the result of the, peace overtures of the central powers are reflected in comments made on the peace proposals by the newspapers here. The Mail will have nothing to do with the German offer, which, it says, "means not peace, but trickery. In prince Maximilian's speech there is not a word of repentance for crimes Gevmanr, has. committed. He offers 'prb"po!sai�%'hic'h:"are less'1 than' conditions that would be imposed by the allies as preliminaries to any discussion at all. We did not allow Bulgaria to tell ns what to do. We told her what she had to do. We intend to act precisely in the same wTay with Germany and Austria. If the German people wish to know what guarantees President Wilson and the allies require, they may be embodied in two words, 'unconditional surrender.' The Germans must leave the territories they have occupied, restore the property they have stolen, pay for all the damage they have done and surrender for trial by the allies the great criminals of the war." Paris Comment Paris, Oct. ti.-Unconditional surrender characterizes the general comment in Paris on the demand for peace sent by the central powers to President Wilson. It is felt here that Germany and her allies have not gone far enough in their request to the president for an armistice and that although they have stated that they are willing to talk, peace on President Wilson's plans, they have not shown submission, such as was forced upon Bulgaria. U. S, Comment New York, Oct. 7.-The Providence Journal says: "It seems incredible that Germany should believe that her monthings about the rights of nations are going to bring the allies to kiss her bloodstained hands at the moment when she is facing the justice which'3 Eooner or later to those who violate the laws of God and man." The Baltimore Sun: "There can be no safe peace but a dictated peace written with the sword. When we reach that objective, we can seriously discuss .peace principle and establish the basis for the new order;, but until then the word 'peace' is a word of dishonor and deadly danger." The Baltimore American. "There can be no peace negotiations with the central powers as at present organized. This suggestion cannot be put too nakedly or. bluntly. The United States is preparing to put all of its tremendous potency- into the smashing of Hunism." St. Louis Globe-Democrat: "It is useless for the central powers to talk of peace when their talons clutch the lands which they have grasped and while they'.hold the people of the countries they have overrun in enslavement.'' Kansas City Times: "The allies have no interests in this sort of a bargained peace. The only peace that will concern them is a peacs with G�rmany that has learned by bitter experience that in the modern world, wars of conquest are disastrous and that, the way of the transgressor' is hard." � 10 ARRANGED PEACE Note Received by U. S. President from Germany, Austria and Turkey-Reply Will Be Prompt and Decisive-No Peace With (Murderers-Kaiser Admits Macedonian Front Has Crumbled. MARKETS Opening. Winnipeg, Oct. 7.-Oats opened 1% to IVifC lower for. October at S2 and Si-'-! to l',4c lower for December at 78% and 7S. , Bi'.i'Jyy opened 2%c lower for December, ul 2 04'i... V'lex ppsned 1c lower for November at ,35r> and 3c lower for December at 345 . WASHINGTON, Oct. 7.-The Swiss legation today received the German note to the United States and will transmit it to the state department at once." REPLY PROMPT AND DECISIVE WASHINGTON Oct. 7.-A prompt and decisive reply to Germany's latest peace proposal is indicated by developments in Washington early today. .' 7 ' President Wilson cancelled his usual morning recreation hour and remained secluded in his study at work. Prince Maximilian's note was received during the night at the Swiss legation, where arrangements were made to deliver it at once to the state department for transmission to the president. , THE FIRST REPORT OF THE NEW MOVE AMSTERDAM, Oct. 5.-Immediate suspension.of hostilities has been proposed by Prince Maximilian, German imperial chancellor, in the Reichstag according to the Berlin correspondent of Tijd. The entente allies are asked to state their terms. The proposal embraced also the dispatch of plenipotentiaries to a neutral place to discuss the question of a league for national arbitration and disarmament. The plenipotentiaries are further empowered to discuss the creation of federal Austria; the right of self-determination for Russian frontier states; the restoration and indemnification of Belgium; autonomy for Alsace-Lorraine and the return of the German colonies... The terms -of the entente allies would be asked at the same time, with the object of forming a basis for the consideration, of these questions. Other advices say the chancellor has not yet made the �t�tements credited to him regarding the suspension of hostilities', the appointment of plenipotentiaries and the request for the allies' terms, but that It Is understood he would make such proposals. THE PARIS VERSION OF IT PARIS, Oct. 5.-Germany, Austria-Hungary and Turkey have resolved simultaneously to ask President Wilson to make representations in their . interest for a general armistice ana negotiations for a general peace, according to a Berne despatch to the Havas Agency. LONDON HEARS OF NEW MOVE LONDON, Oct. 6.-Prince Maximilian of Baden, German chancellor, announced yesterday that he had sent a note through the Swiss government to President Wilson in which Mr. Wilson was requested to take .up the bringing about of peace and to communicate upon the subject with the other belligerents. Chancellor Maximilian told the vReichstag his note was directed to the President of the United j-States because in his message to Congress on August 1, and in later proclamations, particularly in his New York speech, President Wilson proposed a program for a general peace which Germany could accept as a basis for negotiations. . - NOTHING OFFICIAL AT WASHINGTON WASHINGTON, Oct. 6.-No communication has been received in Washington yet, at the Swiss legation, from Germany. If such a note is received the Swiss reply will be sent by the same channel, but it is felt here that no showing has been made by Germany which would warrant the Allies entering upon a peace discussion at present. KAISER CONFIRMS PEACE MOVE BERLIN, Oct. 6.-Emperor William issued today a proclamation to-the German army and navy as follows: "In the midst of this severe struggle the Macedonian front has crumbled. Our front has not been broken and it will not be. I have decided in accord with my allies once again to offer peace to the enemy, but it will be only an honorable peace for which we extend our hand. We owe a duty to our heroes who have . given their lives for the country and our children." Vatican undertake steps toward HIGH COMMAND APPROVED Berne, Oct. 7.-The.German-government took its latest peace step upon the advice and. with approval of the high command of the army,' says the Stuttgart Neues Tageblatt. Germany,L_the. newspaper adds, has decided to consent to very heavy sacrifices. DELIVERED TO WILSON. Washington, Oct. 7.-Minister Ekergren, of Sweden, presented the note from Baron Burian, the Austrc-Hungarian foreign minis-  ter, to Secretary Lansing at ten o'clock. He was at the state department only a few - minutes. Washington, Oct. 7.-Germany's peace note was delivered to president Wilson personally today by Frederick Odotrlln, an attache of the Swiss legation. This gave rise to suggestions that it came from Emperor William himself. ' VATICAN REFUSED. Paris, Oct. 7.-Austria-Hungary recently again insisted, that-the peace, it is reported in Rome, according to a Havas dispatch from that city. The Vatican, It is added, rejected the demands. To Save Their Own Skin. London, Oct. 7.-Germany, in her latest peace offer, seems anxious to save her own skin, even at the expense of her allies, said George Nicoll Barns, member of the war cabinet, jn a speech at Derby last night. . The latest offer shows no change of heart and no change in the German system. The peace proposal only indicated that the Germans realized the. change in the military situation and the shirting of the balanoe of power) , - ' "If anything could come of tlio overtures," he said, "we shoujd be foolish to deny ourselves'-that chance: , but it would smooth and facilitate the?path to,, peace if the Germans showed some evidence of work, following, their; vro-. position of faith.-- By clearing out. ot (Continued uh f aob 6X -~V'-\f ^1 ??7513 79 12562671 ;