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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 7, 1910, Lethbridge, Alberta The Letbbridge Daily Herald. Friday, October Let Us Figure On Your Bffl! Your Lumber Bill We Mean! No matter whether von want just a few odds and ends of lumber for fixing up about the place, or a complete house o before buying elsewhere. There are two reasons why you should do this: First the chances are that we can save you some money, arid second r because purs is the best seasoned, dnest cnances_arestnai we ca.i i j. "Drop in and let us show you." and best kept stock in this section. r J Round Street Phone 763 Westminster Rd. Phone 1063 Yards Lethbridge N. Taber Bow Island Milk River High Klvtt Claresholm Nauton Granum Carmangaj Barons Kipp Jet. BEAUTIFUL SHRUBS you aware of the large number' of; fine hardy Flowering Shrubs that are perfect-" ly the prairie and will thrive there year after year; getting'.more beautiful- every v a We can send you a selection'of twelve varieties, three years did; that will. all coming summer, jand .all.willbe. b.lopmiiig at different periods from spring mi-- tilialL -The selection includes Lilacs, Snow- Syringas, .Elders, Berberries, Snowberries, Deutzias... Honey- suckles, etc.. etc. -'Ml two to three feet high, three, years-" old, regular--yalue This selection, all express charges paid to your nearest express office at special; "price. J. TiT i H. V x f For 30 days onlyjpf Place Borders early dozen Nurseries to address you on so im-weighty a subject, I am means the1 only man whq his money! out of "wiihojot a crop, r'4 12 inches has made farming by practicin methods. There is of Utab, who plows and 'subsoils some- times" as deep as 16 inches and raises an average of 43 bushels to .the acre on 200 acres. There is Mr. Hoiden of Mont., who raised last year 230 bushels "of potatoes to plowing fmm 8 _to 10, Jnches "deep: There are Chapman Bros.' of Santa Monica, Gal., who plowed S to 9 inches instead of 4 and took bushels barley off 100 acres. There is also Galloway, of Eastern Colorado, who raised 60 bushels of wheat per acre., and Charles Green of Leroy, who-came triumpantly through every dry yeaij in the last half century and who raises fruit, shade .trees, and everything und. er the sun. on land plowed ng land and cul. George L. Farrel sunwaeiv -This shows the deep -plowing. "There'are here today who. s these :'iine'-' exhibits-, have raised magriificient crops on six and seven inch plowing, and to do this plainly '.Indicates .a .thorough knowl- edge of the art of conserving moisture; but'dry. farming has much more in store for these gentlemen. They have "Our, subsoiU.are waterlogged soils of the when water goes out. air conies in and we find cracks a'mT air fissures a hundred feet under ground. Therefore, most of our subsoils- are all ready for crops, provided .they contain enough seea like the jean easily be reached ib. horses and a good plow, and it would and" since there 1400 >j .walk- always pay 'to keep a special team for -work- More to come BOW ISLAND Bow' Island. Oct. 5. OU XV J 1 Smith lias rented Uie- Bceckenndge is usually more ..than enough in top six inches and some to nine oases out of 'ten it is quite to turn up another four o which will mix in with house and will move into town the i the winter. lor CANADA'S FAMOUS FOOTBALL TEAINEP? GIVES HIS OPINION OF.ZAM-BUK, Mr. Sim trainer; the A Hamilton Tigers- Football Team, .and -a. John Donovan will and hold the "humus much longer in 'Stt'eiermular aiej Mrs. ron ,onjraove in UieJr l 6 top soil house. "The fbest recommendation for deep "Among our experiment stations we to the at an extra cost of rtm- frioricT floOKG. WJIO o-rtino- m not come into their kingdom yet, for Ithe-end .than, if the.land were plowed the'accumulation of moisture by deer plowing; especially in clo.udburst coun- tries, as Chamberlain has pointed out is half our battle. cannot con- ser.ve-what we-'have not got, and a si-x or seven inch seed bed will not hold all .the -moisture that comes, if il all once. One more horse. plowing' Ts'tBe .'ex-tra profit derived from it, and its economy of labor. It takes 'from 10" to bushels of wheat to pay labor expenses per acre and the profit -.begins to; accrue on evera j for Mrs. bushel above that. ,The man who puts fine half find our old Dr. Cooke, who plowed adobe sod last year eight inches deep and raised produce on i-t that .looked -as if it had been rained on every day of the week, and this was a very dry year at Cheyenne. "I am particularly pleased to see that many of our most eminent pro- fessors and-, instructors, Chamberlain c-arieton, Jardine, Towar, and, oth- ers, are urging deep plowing methods because they bring jcesults. "In Algiers; Mr. Wing the (French plow their land for dry. rais- ing alfalfa inches deep, and. in, 'all the agricultural countries of we find the same thing; deepen work than .ours and "heavier- pfoduc-f tidrL; In fact, .say, that worlfe yielA follows dollar an acre is. going to raise many a; man in the" next few years out of the'20 bushel class and put him into the 40 and even oO and 60 bushel class "t have never heard any objections from..those wlio plow deep.' Do not turn-deep-plowing dowc because some one says it cannot be a: little time, i-t.-will pack J one saye it is impossible it to.good Work has commenced admittedly one" of trainers, is amongst those who havfe proved how useful Zam-Buk is athlete, as well as" in the, 'says, "I hold Zam-Buk, in highest esteem as a balm and embroca- i don for athletes. As "trainer of ton, I introduced it some'.time and it would. be -.safe to say one single member vices there in aiout: jwho has not been indebted-to 'Mr and Mrs c" "R- -Hands made a Buk for the cure of same.bad'bruise; business trip to-Lethbridge, and sary, returning J'. and Mr.-Martin .went to cut or Zam-Buk prevents" wounds 'taking the. wrong way" and; ensures rapid and healthy in his crop with-the-disk harrow three inches deep lives from hand to mouth; the man who can.raise 20 to 30 bushels by advanced methods soon becomes independent farmer who raises 45 bushels is putting mon- ey in the taking trips to The E. C. mile ste'am. out- fit is breaking 160, acres r Mr. Thorson, one mile that he re- orson, cently purchased' rrpm-Jr.Hurd at Slj> per acre -i. Mrs. A. Smitli has a'gasoline plow at. work On Mrs. King and Lester, leave -tor Florida. Everyone can getin-this class j ?..1 if he wills it so, and I want to say! this, i-t is only a question of deeper plowing and our dry land farms.will eventually produce as heavy a yield; -if. T.. J.- Question 'of the right amount of.'niQisU'.re; or be-cause .another says "In the last few years "many of our farmers have been carried away-.by the fascination of surface -work to the ne-. The Physics of Soil Moisture Two Practical Addresses Given at the 0ry Farming Congress filth. -Remember; "that; good tilth, if, of the majority.-, of .-crops as the irri- it ''doe's' not .-pay' One of Che most interesting papers yet given -at the Dry Farming Con- gxess was that given by Dr. H. H. of. Highmore, S. D., on "The Reiatioirof Physical Condition of Soils .to the Movement of Soil Moisture." __ he'said: "Being composed as the soil of disintegrated-rock it is evident that the soil not occupy all of the space-in the volume. Into the pore spaces leftjbetween the soil grains, the water finds its way and the amount of water that will contain depends upon -the nu'inoer' of pore spaces .the --soil tides the greater -are' the -number .pore spaces, and, the greater amount of it; wiir hold. "Tfce pore spa-ces in the" average west- ern soil represents- from- 30 .to oO per cent, of its volume.- .This means thai the soil will bold 30 -to cent. -of its volume of a "dry soil the pore spaces are'filled1 with air ahc] the application of water.'drives-out''the air and fills the spaces-.with When the pore spaces, are full the: soiJ- 'is satui-ated. -A saturated- draiu iiself dry. There will -b'e left ijenind around every little soirparti'cTe -a thin film of moisture which'.the pow- "er of gravitation cannot possibly move. This is known as-capillary'and hygroscopic moisture. It is .upon-this moisture which' -the -roots- _pfentJ.; ;hitist depend-for; plamifood-and water: water-of-the ..soil is removed ways; first, .by the actioif of means evaporation.. 1 As the.-capil- lary water. from' a. soil is. evaporate.d the surface tension of the water tends to approximate the soil particles un-_ by, the, time all of the capillary I .water is removed the "-oil particles t have been brought within- cohesive range of each other. This causes the soil to shrink in volume, and the sou parr-icles being now 'brought "within close enough relationship with each other that the power of -cohesion- may act between them, water, .-readily passed from one soil grain to another. This has been incorrectly called capil- larity. "I-t is not because capillary tubes are formed in a crusted soil that water is lost by capillarity, but because, the 'soil grains during the drying process have.been-so closely approximated.to each' other that the dry vspil-f grains steals the water frork the moist ones below and carries it in a stream from one soil particle to another until fin- ally i-t "reaches the uppermost one., when it is carried off into the air by 'evaporation. If a soil thst has been subjected to the drying and contract- ing proc-sss be stirred with any im- plement the soil particles will be sep; so far apart that they will lie beyond cohesive rtinge of each other Irr.'a soil so treated it is next to im- possible -Xor water to travel'from one grain to another and thus the "efficacy of the dust -mulch.) In tins case the water rises by capillarity from the moist soil below until it comes into contact with the dry. loose and' separated particles of the mulch where it is diverted from its upward course." Drouth "and Deep Tillage A very practical and therefore inter- esting" paper'.-was that given by E. P. -Parsons; of-Parker; Col., on "Defeat- ing Drouth u'y Deep "I have been requested to speak -on deep plowing, but, you must under- stand that' although the- honor has Often Meed a yon_ car.noi be too careful what you purgatives injure the bo-velc and pave the way for .life-long troubles. ..The m m i mr docs the work most effectively without irritating the bowels or causing any discomfort. The children like them for they taste like Cindy. One of the most popular of ihe NA-DRU-CO preparations. mail 20 2iw-.''n Tf vovii- yst National Drug and ChcmfcaS Company of Qurutda. gleet of the plowing, but th I ing is and always will remain the tirst and most- vital operation in every form agriculture, and' instead "--of putting the cart before the horse, we should -give it its rightful xHace.. in our; dry farm .economy and all other operations as supplementary to the plowing. "Success in dry farming depends most entirely on the condition of the subsoil. In speaking of the. subsoij we use the word to mean the solid ground underneath the. plowed sur- face. If it is kept moist -the .roots q; crops vv-ill penetrate it; otherwise they will not. "The normal length" of the roots of small grain is three to feety- corn four to seven feet or over: it' the farmer plows only six or s inches and his subsoil, through batt management, is dry. the roots -never iuto it and he'is trying to raise a crop on seven inches which need; four fee.t, and if he gets only three-bi four Dushels to the acre he -wonders what the trouble is. The deeper Aha plowing jhe is from' the- surface and the longer it takes" to dry out. Drouth, as we all know commences at the surface and goes down inch by inch a little at a time and it takes about three times as Ionr5 to dry out ten inches as it does six: for every inch you go down the" slow- er the action oC the drying out pro- cess, and since the plowed land oh top of the subsoil acts as a mulch, il is an utter impossibility when onco the subsoil is wet up for any drouth, to dry it out so that the roors of crops will not penetrate it. provided the plowing is good and deep. "On our ranch when we have three feet of wet subsoil with a 10-inch mulch of plowed laud above it und the surface cultivated besides, we don't care live cents whether it rains or not. When the glorious -June weath er commences, which the shallow plowers cali a drouth, we put a good mulch on our crops and go fishing. but to be fair. I must a-dd that an average precipitation is close on 15 inches. It makes all ilie difference in the world whether you farm on the surface or farm on the subsoil. In r. wet year shallow plowing often give? ;ood results and fools the farmer, for the reason that if there is enough moisture to wet the subsoil the root? will go into n and he gets a crop m spite oi poor- plowing. Our Canadian friends have an atl vantage in- the deep freezing of their subsoils, which in some parts do- no! thaw out at the lower depths -untii wheat planting time-. This prevents evaporation, opens thetn up for root penetration and -to some extent ob- viates the necessity for plowing a? deeply as in countries further south "The rule should be. the hotter anci drier the'country -the deeper tlie void of humus. 'In.'an'swer to 'this if your subsoil is .sterile, plow? .grees -get depth." at any w-ill pay you" 'a hundredfold in Fall rye is the'best crop for this purpose. At the same time it Js-'' better to farm. "where -there is plentjHyf and leave' U.-LJ.U. on spend the seo.uel to last week'.s runaway match, Mrs. Geb. the fifteen vca'f 'oWUride; has'been, taken home and.-stattecL'to.. and the eroom .-she grows up Mr., and child are'.doing' nicely, "How deep Mr.' and', .Mrs. Donnelly' expect for Calgary, the first 01 to -the, shallow of ten inches, for this depth 11 riOi O ITJ.I-. ctuu gated and the quality, as we all Oct. 1st, a baby boy: Moth, I-am' -of ten. "asked: woul'd you This, like every- thing .-else." diepends. My experience on my soil is. that-.the greatest pro- portional increase in" crop production, is- from, the the-.increase for every ad- ditional inch plowed is not so -great, for this I have been recom- mending the. small farmer to plow a tives at The wife of Dr. of cause hard encrustations to .form ?pn a wound or -cut, and when these-get- fcnocked off, the wound is' xthan; ever. Zam-Buk on the contrary, healing a wound keeps; "In my estimation it is the -finest healing balm obtainable; and mo- letic institution or no be without it I say this' after ;_oyer.; fifteen years' experience as a of athletes; and after .'experimenting, with nearly all Zam-Buk without doubt, should-note that opinion'.is. shared Tjy. sportsmen and -athletes as Sblerrinsi" the'lof Hamilton, Longboat..the of New Zealand, and allkth football organizations of England: Fjjr sprains, cuts and aorasions, for.suff- ness, muscular rheumatism, and..asjan toon, was badly ourne-t when; her aress caught fire.. Tnere is a strong. agitation in 'Aus- tralia and New Zealand tf-r the re all' around''embrocation and .balm, Zkni- Buk Mr: Vaughan' "superior." All -druggists. and 50c Refuse -.trait-- auction of the Pacif-s cable rate." 'ationsr TINWARE Few odd Below cost. 3et't. STOVES' RANGES .-.Going: Fast. Selling below cost. OIL HEATERS Reg. call- Reg. call- S4.00 BOARDS' 'Reg'. call- iiuu 70c 80 c 90c Ke2i'. BARN DOOR HANGERS RO-JT. Final 60c Track for same Per foot 5C CROCKERY Odd Below Cast. GRANITEWARE Lunch 75c. Clean-up......... Just a few lines left. 50c Reg-. 30c. Final PAILS Galvanized 20c Resr. 40c. Final 25c Reg. 45c. Final 30c 60c. Final 40c VVKIGHT'S IXXX ANTI RUST and best macic Regular 50c Kegnlar LANTERNS Cold Final ?0c Square Final Round Reflector Reg, Final LAMPS Solid Brass (From England.) Regular S1.15 3 Fancy-Stand ONE-HALF PRICE GALVAIVIZED WAKE Goal Reg. Socf'j 35c Hotel 85c VARNISH Berry Less itlian Cost. PAINT Per gallon 'BRUSHES Jr'; AU styles-- Your own price. BUILDERS' HARDWARE 10 Per Cent, off Cost, NAILS Base Price......S3J5 HINGES, NUTS. rBOLTS Perlb. 10c PULLEYS AND SNATCH BLOCK At Cost longer will a crop stand in dry weath- ;