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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 6, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta John Bums Wedneidav, October Wt THE IfTHBRIDGI HERALD 5 American heart specia ist visits China 1JEKING One of Amcri- ca's most eminent doc- tors left the Chinese capital re- cently on his way home, much impressed with what he had seen of Chinese medicine but convinced that Chinese doctors should make one immediate re- form. "I told them that they smoke too said Dr. Paul Dud- ley While, the 85-year-old Bos- ton heart specialist who spent a good deal of time in the last days denying that lie came here to see Chairman Mao Tse- lung. The doctor arrived in China as a guest of the Chinese medi- cal 'association just before the Oct. 1 national day parade was mysteriously cancelled, setting off speculation that the 77-year old Mr. Mao might be seriously ill. Faced with a lack of evidence to support the speculation, some commentators seized on the visit of Dr. White, who was called in to treat a national leader once before, when Presi- dent Dwight Eisenhower had his heart attack in 1955. Dr. White was quick to deny that his visit had anything to do with the chairman, but when interviewed in his room at the Peking Hotel he was still receiving telephone calls from unconvinced newsmen around the world. Between calls, he found time to discuss the impressions he formed during a 12-day visit which took him and his wife Jna to a wide range of medical facilities in Canton and Peking. He was full of praise for the progress the Communists have made in tackling the immense health problems that confront- ed them when they came lo power in 1949. But he confessed that the heavy smoking was a disappointment. The habit is not strongly dis- couraged, perhaps because it afflicts even Mr. Mao, who can be seen with a cigarette in his hand in many of his official portraits. It is one of those lit- tle things that catches the eye of travelers in China, but it bothers few of them as much as Dr. While. "Frankly, I was surprised to find thai mosl of the doctors here not only smoke, but make light of he said. "1 lold them that more than one hundred thousand doctors in the United States have given it up." The Chinese, who like to soli- cit criticism from their guests, were doubllessly interested In the doctor's observation. And even if it discouraged them, they could lake heart in the fact lhat he found so little else at fault. Setting a hectic pace for a man of his age, he toured hos- pilals, clinics and medical schools, chatting with doctors, nurses and administrators, and even examining some patients. He came away much impress- ed. "You have to remember the enormous problems tiiey faced. From what we've seen, I would say Ihcy'vc done remarkably we'll." Like many visitors, Dr. White was most impressed with the efforts the Chinese have made in recent years to bring medi- cine lo the 80 per cent of their population. Before the Communist take- over there was little or no health care for Hie peasants. Now, they can call on Ihc ser- vices of skilled medical leams dispatched lo live and work among them, and on the Ihou- sands of semi-skilled "barcfool doctors" who have been Irain- cd lo treat minor ailments. In a commune outside Can- ton, Dr. White was able lo as- sess the results, raid his con- clusion was lhat the level of health among the peasants, once appallingly bad, is now rather good. "From what I saw, all the old scourges are under control. Hunger has been eliminalcd, and epidemics too." In some ways, Dr. While sees a lesson for the Uniled Slales in the decision of Hie Chinese lo concentrate their medical re- sources on solving the health problems of Iheir pooresl citi- zens. "On the face of it, their prob- lem is precisely Ihe reverse of ours: theirs is to bring medi- cal care to the great majority Greedy and ugly -Americans, too By Bruce Biossat, NEA service A VERY considerable num- ber of Americans are re- markably adept at hiding from themselves. To be blunt about it, they are highly self-centered and downright greedy. There really isn't anything new in this. A kind of gold- rush grabbing for every stray nugget has marked this coun- try from the fronlier days. It's just that the phenomenon has immense force today because there are so many more Amer- icans around. Travel the land and you'll hear and see the signs in abun- dance. A dentist told a woman the other day: "You'd be astonished at how many people with dying rela- tives come to me and ask whe- ther 1 can extract the gold fill- ings from their teeth after Ihey die." Drop into an antique shop and listen to the proprietor: "Young married women whose mothers are cither dying or are infirm and no longer alert come to me with valuable objects they have stolen, unob- served, from their mothers' homes. They want quick cash. If they get it, they often arc back soon with more things to sell." These are small but shocking examples of the "I want all I can get" syndrome deeply root- ed in this nation. Those who sludy the rampant thievery by iiie affluent put some of it down to thrill-seek- ing, and ascribe a lol more to simple greed. Many people are trying to steal Iheir way into a very nice standard of living. The incredible double plague of shoplifting and thefts by em- ployees has the same rool cause. The governing motive seems to be: "I am entilled lo live as well as the next fellow." Greed has, of course, a great array of quite legal outlets. Some corporations milk Iheir customers badly. Not loo much of that comes to light, unless the customer happens to be Ihe U.S. government. Overcharges on defense contracts arc a slory known lo us all. Labor unions, having found power al last in the 1930s, are not free of greedy impulse. They have their share of grasp- ing highbinders, though these types usually present their de- mands as mere efforts to "calch up'1 with the rest of the econ- omy. If anyone imagines this is strictly an industrial big city phenomenon, he ought to roam the countryside awhile. Want your trees pruned? Betlcr sel a money limit on what the prun- cr can do. Otherwise you may be looking at some pretty giddy figures. I know a fellow who gave the pruner free rein. He got a lot of firewood and a bill for The thing grades easily into "I want something for nothing." Don't leave anything lying about, out of your sight and control. II won'l be there long. That goes for your yard, your office desk, anywhere. A small matter, but quite symbolic: America's news- stands and magazine racks are besieged by poachers. The no- ble purchaser with cash in hand, can hardly break through the slrong forward wall of free readers "asserting their rights" at rack-side. Somewhat more unsetlling is Ihc news from federal author- ities thai many students who have obtained U.S. loans lo help finance Iheir education arc breaking faith and stopping re- payment of the money the mo- ment Iheir schooling ends. And then there are those chaps who get a free education at West Point or Annapolis, only to re- sign from the service before giving their country a day's worth of return. O.K., men, let's head on down lo the Sugar Bowl and catch up on your reading. Leave your wallets at home. You won't need them. FALL RE-OPENING SALE CONTINUES THURSDAY, FRIDAY and SATURDAY October 7, 8 and 9 Head Skis Lang Boots Rossignol Skis Rendale Sweaters UP TO ON LAST YEAR'S STOCK Spinnerin Humanic Ski Pants Boots LeTrapper Boots Dynamic Skis Tyrol Boots Pioneer Down Jackets CENTRf iiiiriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii MIC And Many Other Brands Too Numerous To Mention. Hews 1287 3rd Ave. S. Phone 328-2828 of the population that lives in the countryside, while ours is lo bring il to the minority which lives in the poorer dis- tricts of our cities. But 1 think we can learn somclhing from their experience." Another of the distinctive fac- ets of Chinese medicine which fascinated Dr. White was tiie use of acupuncture, the tradi- tional needling technique which is applied to cure ailments and induce local anesthesia. He saw Ihc technique used, sometimes in conjunction with pain-killing drugs, in a number of operations. They included the removal of part of a diseased lung, the excision of a brain tumor, and the removal of an ovarian cyst. In every case Ihe patient re- mained conscious Ihroughoul and was able to talk to Ihe doc- tors. "I was intrigued, but not said Dr. White. "It certainly isn't just a figment of Lhe Chinese imagination, but there has to be more research before we can draw any con- clusions." The research should be done not only in China, where it is admitted lhal Ihe success of the technique remains very much a mystery, but in the United States too. "Of course, we might find that the Chinese have some special characteristic a stoicism, perhaps, an ability to endure pain which makes acupuncture more suitable for them than Americans. But we should lake a look at the thing and see.1' Dr. White also saw Chinese surgeons using the slandard western technique of total anes- thesia, for example in an open heart operation. His impression was that the surgeons techni- ques were "very much the same as and their skills "perhaps not wholly up to ours, but not far behind.1' Medical education was "at a remarkably high and was distinguished by the high percentage of girl students en- rolled. In the case of the Pe- king Medical College, they out- numbered the boys Iwo to one, a reversal ol the North Ameri- can pattern. "Medical education is much more equally divided between men and wTomen. I think that's good." About Ihc only field where Ihe Chinese are deficienl is re- search, and this could be ex- plained by the in re- cent years on practical work, particularly in the countryside. "There's a clear need for more research, but I gather they're pressing ahead with this now." A staunch advocate of vigor- ous physical activity, Dr. White impressed his Chinese hosts with his energy. A couple of young workers at the hotel, when told he was 85, marvelled al his ability to keep going, "just like a young man." The grcal rcspccl for him by the Chinese was not, however, entirely a matter of age. As a man who introduced the electrocardiogram to North America, helped found the Am- erican Heart Association and the National Heart Institute, and found time to sprain an ankle skiing at the age of 82. he had the professional respect of his hosts. One of the lasl meetings on his schedule was wilh Kuo Mo- Jo. Hie president of Ihe Chi- nese Academy of Sciences, who is himself 80 years old. In addi- tion to Ihe presidency of Ihe academy, Mr. Kuo is a mem- ber of the central committee of the Communist party and a vice chairman of the National People's Congress, China's Par- liament, which is scheduled to meet later this year. Dr. While took wilh him a message from the National Academy of Sciences in Wash- ington, which is anxious to re- new exchanges il had wilh Ihc Chinese academy before He wns told lhal Ihc Chi" ncsc are ready lo encourage friendship between profcs sional associations in Ihe two countries without, waiting for a broad settlement of Sino-Am- crican political differences. But he cautioned that, for the mo- ment at least, it would be bet- ter to delay any concrete steps until after the Peking visit of President Richard Nixon. It an intriguing inter- view, one which might havo lasted much more than I he. hour if. did if Dr. While had not had fo answer yet onothcr tolr- [ihone cvill, this lime from Tho livening News in "No. I know nolhing aboul lie said as this correspondent .slipped out of the door, "I've not met Chairman Mao nor any of tho other major politi- e.'il lenders. I've been told the. chairman is in good health and that's all I C.MI say (The Herald Peking Bureau) UQ Strike, indicates malaise in society liy Claude Ryan in Montreal I.c Devoir WHEN one considers the exlremc grav- ity of the strike taken by the unionized members of the Quebec Provin- cial Police, one cannot help but be struck by the enormous disproportion between Ihe nature of tire dispule over overtime pay and the possible repercussions of the work stoppage by the policemen. We know of no tragedy which can be directly attributed lo the policemen's strike. The work stoppage, however, Icfl such dangers hovering over Ihe people of Quebec thai we saw nothing thai could jus- tify it being prolonged. Some will see in ihc policemen's move such a serious breech of tire law and of Iheir oath that it must be followed by un- reserved censure and the most severe pen- alties. We prefer to sec In the police walkout a new manifestation of a profound malaise at Work in our society, a malaise before which no one, including political leaders, can claim to have no sin Suppose bolli parties (government ami policemen) decide lo harden Iheir pix'scnl positions, it will quickly lead to the issuing of an injunction or the enactment of emer- gency legislalion. In cither ca..c, we would be no further ahead lhan if the strikers decided of their Qwn accord lo rclurn In work immediately. If these Iwo mclhcds failed, there would be nothing left bill lo call hi the armed forces. To take recourse to Ihe armed forces three in tliree years would be too much. It would be the sign that this so- ciety is not only troubled but thai il is rapidly reaching the stage where il is no longer capable of governing itself. We refuse to believe that Quebec has reached Uiis point. It is up to the govern- ment and to the striking policemen to prove us right in the course ol the ncM. few hours. A loss Lo Toronto I The Toronto T has been evident for several years that the economics of daily newspa- per operation in Toronto could not indefi- nitely continue to support two aflernoon newspapers. The long, melancholy lisl of newspaper deaths in North American cities was bound to have another entry added from Toronto, where no newspaper had either folded or disappeared in a merger since the Globe absorbed the Mail and Empire 35 years ago. Since 1954, 31 newspapers have ceasod publication in the Uniled States, and today only eight metropolitan centres in the United Slales have more lhal two newspa- pers. Only five of Chicago, Wash- ington, Baltimore. Philadelphia and l-'ort Worth, Texas have both morning papers and competing afternoon papers. Fn Can- ada, two cities, Winnipeg and Ottawa, also have compeling afternoon bul Ihe Davey committee on the mass media found that in both places, the compctilion is much less lhan the full-lhrollle kind we have had in Toronto. Why the high mortality rate for news- papers? One cause is that ncwspapering is a very labor-intensive industry compared with the other mass media, and that some inflexible work practices have been built into the operation of most newspaper Daily Star plants. Another is thai Ihe electronic me- dia, and especially television since the early 1950s, have become slrong competi- Icrs for advertising revenues. Apart fi'on: these general causes, Ihe Telegram, once its circulation fell far be- hind The Star's, was inexorably caught in an economic bind of a type that has led to one-newspaper cities across the conti- nent. This process was analyzed at length in the Davey committee report, The essen- tials of it arc as follows: The smaller pa- per, if it tries lo compete in quality and range of services (as the Telegram didt, has staff and production costs comparable with the largest one. But it cannot achieve the same economics of scale; its papers cost more per copy to produce and distri- bute. To make revenues offset costs, it is forced to raise advertising rates lo a point where they arc higher for each copy of the paper sold than Ihe rates of its competitor. Tliis causes advertisers to move to the larger paper, and the smaller paper is faced with an evil choice. It can raise rates again, and drive away more advertisers; or it can economize at the expense of quality, and ultimately suffer a further loss of circulation and advertis- ing relative lo its competitor. This vicious circle leads eventually to financial col- lapse. The plight of rural states The Great Falls Tribune "THOUSANDS of American families who cherish rural living migrate annually to problem-plagued cities. They hate to move but find it necessary' because they can't make a decent living on small farms or find jobs in their towns. When they leave, rural communities suf- fer a crippling blow. Businesses fold, schools are weakened, services are re- duced and soon a farm town is decaying or dead. Technological advances thai reduce the need for farm labor have been responsible for much of the migratory movement. And, marginal farmers have found they can't make ends meet when they farm on a surall scale with expensive machinery and low grain prices. There has been a steady decline in the number of farms and an increase in the size of them. Authorities, who expecl this trend to continue, estimate Ihe number of farms in the nation will decline from about 3 million lo aboul 2.1 million by 19SO. The flight of rural families lo the cities has been especially conspicuous in Mon- tana and other Missouri River Basin states, Scores of rural communities in Montana have become virtual ghost towns in recent years. The same is true in the other basin states. The movement of rural families to the cities can be slowed and even slopped if the stales and especially Ihe federal gov- ernment will make the needed investment in the rural sections. Gus J. Karabatsos, chairman of the standing committee of the Missouri Basin Inter-Agency Commiltec, flunks it will cost about ?26.5 billion in the next 50 years to halt the migration. In a report at Kan- sas City recently, Karabatsos said the pro- jected total of billion would be con- tributed by federal and stale governments and private interests over the half cen- tury. That's a lot of money but it would he spread over 10 Missouri basin states Montana, Missouri, Kansas, Iowa, Ne- braska, Colorado, Wyoming, Minnesota and the two Dakotas. Tire federal government ought to view a program to revitalize the basin slates sympathetically. After all, a contribution of billion over 50 years to help save rural living in 10 states is peanuts compared with the ?130 billion the nation has poured down the drain in Vietnam in the last de- cade. ill-timed vole The Christian Science Monitor rPHE United Senate, we believe, is mor- ally wrong in voting to lift the ban on the import of chrome ore from Khodc- sia in defiance of a United Nations em- bargo. Us decision is all the more unfortunate in that it comes at a time when the Brit- ish Government is engaged in extremely delicate negotiations aimed at finding a formula for reconciliation with il.s rcbr-1 c.x-coloiiy, II is true tJial the sanctions by the Security Council in 1968 have failed in their purpose of bringing down Rho- desia's white minority regime. But they have probably hurl the Rhodesian economy more than Prime Minister Ian Smith would like lo admit Inevilably the Senate vote, which seems likely lo be confirmed by tlic House of Representatives, will be hailed as a major victory to Mr. Smith. It could cause him to toughen his stand in the negotiations with Britain. These talks can only succeed if Mr. Smith can be persuaded to agree to start his country on Ihc path toward majority (i.e.) black rule. If lie thinks he can ensure Rhodesia's survival otherwise, he will certainly nil. yield on this one all-important point. For to yield would mean agreeing to elimina- tion of the very raison d'etre of his regime. Now the U.S. Congress is in the process of encouraging him to hold out. Apparently (he Senate decision was in- fluenced by a powerful lobby representing American metal companies with mining in- terests in Rhodesia. This will only make it look all the worse in the eyes of the black African countrio.s which have long campaigned for tougher action against Mr. Smith's Khodcsia. Lilted nhat lie saw 11) Doug Walker 1 List reported on W. ,1. f.'iw. A couple of tunes recently when I Gamble of the Pentccoslal Tahcr- passed the church 1 again encountered him naclc he was indulging in a favorite lei- bu( ,he sujt mif] way to sure-lime activity: sidewalk superintend- ing. He logged quite a bit of time at it during the summer as Ihe addition lo Ihc ti.iircii was lakiiu; sh.'ipe. working clothes. The congregation had bel- ter keep a close eye on their the construction company mmcs off it Mr. Gamble must have liked what he. may take, tho now workman ;