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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 6, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, October 6, 1971 H rrTh N j i jj Maurice A ploy for the province The newly ck'ded pnninc i a I government wns iible to sinking correctional ot'iicers lo go haul; lo work by promising to enter into ser- ious negotiations It able lo do this because it was not encumbered by any previous commitments or prejudices relating io the situation. A ploy could be invoked to deal with the'teacher walkout set {or several areas in the province. Inasmuch as it is provincial legisla- tion that has led to the impasse, there is reason for the government to intervene. No doubt the government is respon- sible for upholding the law but since it did not initiate the legislation it is at least conceivable that it would be open to taking a look at any al- leged defects in the offending act. There is always the possibility without promise that the govern- ment might amend what pass- ed by its predecessor. Thus the government has the op- portunity to attempt to avert a prov- ince-wide strike by offering to seek a way out of the impasse. It ought to do this and the teachers ought to be willing to agree to a time-out in the contest. Striking teachers do not pose the same kind of threat to the public as correctional officers. Society would be inconvenienced in some ways by the closing of Ihe schools but it would in no way be imperilled. Yet a solu- tion that would avoid the dislocations and nastiness that so often accrue from strikes is highly desirable and should be diligently sought. The energy game If the federal government is play- ing a game with the United Stales on the matter of energy resources, as Ihe opposition charges, it is de- fensible in some respects. Almost the only thing Canada has going for it in the shadow of its mighty neighbor is its relative abun- dance of energy resources which the U.S. would like to have on good terms, is possible. Canada does not need to be in any hurry to make deals with U.S. interests. Any urgen- cy connected with energy is on the U.S. side where shortages loom. Although it may not be a popular tiling to say in Alberta, the conser- vation of energy resources may be of greater significance for Canada in the long run than any other consider- ation. The prodigal exploitation of those resources could lead to their exhaustion. A careful weighing of that possibility against immedi a t c wealth is in order. Unfortunately delaying tactics on the part of the Canadian govern- ment may already have backfired in one respect. The hope that flickered so briefly that the U.S. might reject, the ecologically dangerous plan of transporting Alaska oil by tankers down the west coast has been dim- med again. Stalling on energy talks may be forcing the oil hungry U.S. to act without much consideration for the protests of Canadians con- cerned about spillage in the treach- erous west coast waters. Playing a game with a neighbor as powerful as the U.S. is a calcu- lated risk. The gamble is that the U.S. will continue formally to re- spect Canadian sovereignty." To date only suspicions of American inten- tions bid to upset that gamble, there certainly have been no overt threats. Phosphate filth The decision of the U.S. govern- ment to drop the battle against the use of phosphates in detergents is short-sighted and dangerous. There is no question that phosphates are a major source of water pollution. The fact that some of the substitutes such as NTA and caustic soda may be dangerous to human health is not a valid reason to take the advice of the U.S. surgeon general who tells the housewife to return to using them. Canadian detergent companies have reduced the phosphate level in their products to 20 per cent and by January of 1972 the limit acceptable will be 5 per cent. Some detergents have already been produced which use neither NTA or caustic soda, and the detergent in- dustry, if it is encouraged by public opinion can and will come up with an acceptable alternative cleaning product. In the meantime, in spite of some minor disadvantages, there is nothing the matter with soap in the washing machine. Soap does not pro- duce t h e phosphorous discharges which accelerate the eutrophication that has destroyed the fish and turned large bodies of water, particu- larly in the Great Lakes, into filthy sewers. There is a nasty story going the rounds. It suggests that President Richard Nixon does not want to of- fend the powerful detergent lobby in Washington during an election year. He is said to believe that the use of phosphates is not a "potent political issue." He should be informed on the strongest possible terms that it is a potent international issue, and that if he does not keep up the battle against its use, he will risk the Cana- dian antagonism and reprisal. Can- ada does not want American filth destroying Canadian waters. ANDY RUSSELL way of Uie rrHERE are those who wonder how stories about people have any place in the make-up of an ecological series. They are included because people are the greatest single influence in our ecological and environmental picture. .lust because one happens to make his living working at a desk in some huge monolithic pile of steel and stone in the heart of a big city does not separate him from nature. Every time that man walks into his home, turns a tap, eats, puts on his clothes or drives his car, he is calling on nature for the means to his way of life. The mere fact that most of what he sees or touches arc manufactured things does not change the picture by even a hair. For all the raw products used by man are supplied by na- ture. If tho streams feeding the river thai sup- plies his city's water become so polluted that fish no longer live in them, water and recreational qualities drop with heavy loss to the users. If recreational areas are allowed to be exploited without plan or thought of future needs of people, the loss is beyond accounting. If soil fertility is dam- aged by fall-out from factory stacks or over-cropping.- the food chain of the eco- system is effected with massive penalties for every kind of life. As the dominant part of all life on earlh, man is forced lo manage v.ilh skill, care and foresight or perish, ft is as simple and complicated as that, and so the first thing for people to understand is people; know their weak- nesses and strength, advise their leaders and insist that representing government woi'ks toward environmental management in the best possible ways to insure con- tinuance. Probably !hc greatest single need of fu- ture is well managed and adequate recreational areas. The one greatest force in technocracy is the efficiency ot machines, and so long as a man remains master of these, not allowing "The tail to wag the we will see a predominant part of population with a great deal of spare time to do as they wish. If people are to retain health and strong bodies, then they must exercise, and much of this will stem from outdoor activities. Such ac- tivities must go farther than just sitting in a truck-camper unit or in a car pulling a trailer. For young people particularly, the need is for wide areas set aside and protected wilderness areas where no wheels are allowed to roll, reachable afoot or on horseback. The politicos, wal- lowing m the easy ways of selling out non-renewable resources at the expense of renewable ones, claim that loo few people use such places to warrant the cwl: but again Ihcy refuse lo recognize demand or capacities of areas. There arc ways to use fossil coal and fuel without wrecking the country. In wilderness areas such resources are a savings account in the great land bank. A few weeks ago, my daughter and I climbed into a high basin containing lakes nestled among some of UK most beautiful mountains in the world. Protected by a na- tional park system, Ihis place is a shrine to the farsighlod chancier of strong lead- ers in power many years ago. To get Ilicrc we had lo leave our car and climb for Ihrce hours. The way took us up over fiflecn hundred feet of cliff a really dangerous climb where one slip could Ix? the last. But in spite of Ihis natural barrier and Ihe danger, there were fwenly people enjoying the serenity and peace of that small mountain basin that day. If there had been a road or even a good trail, there would have been loo many and Ihe desirable beauty of the place spoiled by mere weight oi numbers, It it, ioineUuaJS lo Uyinit about. Manpower, costly and disappointing ITAWA The job place- ment performance of the Canada manpower centres, as placed on Hie parliamentary record by Otlo Lang, is puzzling and may explain in part Ihe critical interest lately express- ed hy the liconomic Council of Canada. Until lOBfi, this particular role of the centres was played by the National Employment Service. There was criticism of the old link with unemploy- ment insurance. According to the council, employers suspect- ed (lie service of giving prefer- once in referral to persons whose benefits were exhausted or who had been unemployed for long periods. For Ihis and other reasons the services were separated in a major reorgani- zation. We now have a special man- power department with its own minister' and .'150 permanent centres, branches or university offices. It has a variety of func- tions, including placement, training referrals and mobility grants. Expenditures have in- creased more than 50 per cent, rising from for "de- velopment and utilization of manpower" in 1960-117 to an estimated this year. There has, however, been persistent criticism of the cen- tres and doubts about the effcc- "Oh, while on the subject, Richard it's ages since I had a new hat, my coats are too short, and my shoes Letters to the editor Divided school year and examinations issue A series of reports in The Herald of late seem to indicate inaccurate reporting or poor interpretation of issues. I refer to Uie reports regarding cm- local public school board's dif- ferences with the department of education concerning Grade 12 departmental examinations and the divided school year ex- periment. The report of Sep- tember 29 was the clincher. A number of us teachers are con- cerned about these reports and wish The Herald would clarify its means of reporting these matters. The two issues must be sep- arated. Unless information has been withheld, the department of education has merely stipu- lated that Grade 12 matricula- tion students will be required to write departmental examin- ations, and not that the divided school year experiment has been discontinued the depart- ment recently extended the ex- periment. The department of education ruling regarding Grade 12 examinations should not be considered a threat to the divided school year. Con- versely, if the divided school year is so good, we should ex- pect the department to extend it to more and more schools of the province. When the divided school year was implemented, the stated purpose did not. as I recall, in- clude our becoming autonom- ous in evaluating Grade 12 stu- dents. Teachers were merely saddled with countless addi- tional hours of constructing and grading Grade 12 examinations, which, in my opinion, cannot be as reliable as departmental examinations due to limited samples of students, limited or no pre-tcsting of iest items. limited (line for construction of examinations iwr miiM conlin uc to carry our regular leach- ing load'. Those nf IK, u-lin do nnl object to departmental examinations in Grade 12 are not trying lo scuttle the divided school year. The Herald reported that of Ihe teachers in Ihe high schools in- volved ''a large majority favor- ed continuation of the program while teachers at the I.cth- bridgc Collegiate Inslilutc show- ed slightly less supporl." Support for what'.' I think the majority supports Hie dhidcd school year, but Hie majority nf Grade il' teachers at did not support rojcclinn of doparlinoit. lal examinations in Grade. 12. Italher, the molion passed fav- ored acccplance of fho depart- mental examinations and sup- port to the board in keeping Ihe door open lo future discussion on counlrirs progress as well as in ils offorls to try to Ihe departmental examination.', dates changed. The Herald reported (prob- ably correctly) that student letters endorsed the divided school year concept, but the impression left was that the let- ters supported local examina- tions. Please are separate issues. Many teachers would favor autonomy (and I wish someone would explain this word, and its implications, to the public) in 'setting1 our own examina- tions if we could see any real advantage to the students. We see only the replacing of de- partmental e x a m i n ations, which may not be perfect, with local examinations which are likely to be less perfect. At least with departmental exam- inations students throughout the province have an equal opportu- nity for success in Grade 12. In my opinion, borderline, or under, students have less chance of pass standing i n Lelhbridge schools why else would it be common practice for teachers to recommend that such stu- dents write departmental ex- aminations rather than accept the school grading? Many of us favor a final grade based 50 per cent on the teacher's mark and 50 per cent on departmen- tal examinations, which is the case hi some subject areas. In summary, reports would have the public believe that the issue is over the divided school year. This is not the department of education is not taking away the divided school year, but merely supplying ex- aminations (prepared by ex- perts) and evaluation facilities for those on the divided school years. GERALD E. TRUSCOTT Lethbridge. EDITOR'S NOTE: The Her- ald disagrees. It is not confus- ed. The two issues impinge very much on each other. Under the new Alberta School Act, school districts have total autonomy in establishing instructional periods, so the government can in no way deny Lethbridge school officials the right to con- tinue with the divided school year in whatever way, or for whatever time, as they see fit. However, the department of education does have the right to set final examinations, and it is in this area the problem has arisen: the dates ordered by the department conflict with the teaching time permitted in Uie divided year schedule. Oth- er schools in Edmonton and elsewhere, also operating a di- vided school year this year, are involved in the same examina- tion timing dispute with the government, which so far has refused to reconsider its posi- tion. Anti'fluoridationisls defended We are living in a great and beautiful country, but its peo- ple are sometimes hard to un- derstand. We believe in free enterprise but create groups of stores to eliminate its effects. We believe in democracy, the right and duty to vote, but only when v.e. are sure we are going to have it our way remem- ber the university vote7 Now we have this Iiogwash about fluoridation again. Will some people never accept any- thing but THEIR way? Since the last rejection The Leth- bridge Herald never stopped running articles in favor of flu- oridation. Docs The Herald not recognize that, people thai, are against have as much right in a democracy to their opinion, maybe even more? Do you Mr. Editor have the right lo accuse people of scare campaigns, inability lo judge, just because wo happen to dis- agree with you? J state here that of Ihe total wjitrr supply is nn- ncccissfiry, wasteful, harmful and polluting and no ex- pert can deny Ihis, because no- body but nobody is willing lo stick his or her neck out and As- sume responsibility. The sim- ple fact is, that fiuoridation is unnecessary because it. is AVAILABLE. RIGHT NOW, for everyone who wants il, Or arc you. Mr. Editor, also Noin de plume disgrace I Iliink it'r, a disgrace that people can hide behind a ngm clc plume and smear somebody (a disgusted Andy Anderson and Rex Lit- tle have done a fine job in their lernis of office. 1 am sad to see Hex retire and happy that Andy chose lo run again. Pis- lioinl> I would likr lx> comment, on I lie letter sent in by Ihe dis- gusted ratepayer. The clumsy cement block he refers to I thought was a bomb shelter. I kept looking for I hat beautiful building they were to build on top that hill called the university. What a letdown! ALSO A DISCUSTt'.I) RATEPAYER. Letlibridge. giislrd will have trouble voling for a mayor tliis time as he or she evidently doesn't like Andy or long hair and Andy's opponent falls into the last category. I can't sec why long hair is mentioned at all. In closing. I am a Social Credit supporler. The govern- ment did a gncd job while in office and I presume they dn Ihe same in opposition. I den'l consider myself a reli- gious (analic bill ichgion has a place in our life. T agree with 10. S. Vaselenak that people shouldn't allow- ed to use aliases but then thcso cowards wouldn't write any let- ters lo Ihe editor. accusing us of NEGLIGENCE are we also incapable of looking after our own kids? My hat is off for the two peo- ple who had the nerve to stand up and he counted. We sure WILL remember them in the next election. M. C. BOUTESTEIN. Lethbridge. Unjustified Regarding the letter from Disgusted Rate-payer I entire- ly support his viewpoint re- garding city council business, and I think (he letters con- demning the two members who voled against the fluoridalion plebiscite quite unjustified. They were simply Irving lo save the city some money in preventing an illegal proceed ing, which would have been Ihrown out later. We have many problems more urgent than fluoridation confronting this city and when election day comes around, I hope Alder- man Ferguson is at the lop. G. KEN WATTS. Lethbridge. tiveness of the service. It now appears that there has been a surprisingly steady decline in Ihe number of placements. The figure for Ihe last year of the National Employment. Service, was There has been a drop every year; the lotal lor 1U70-7I being In the case of Manitoba, tbo decline (also nnihlcrrupl- edi was from (1965-G6) to The story is generally the same for other provinces, wilh the exception of the Totals do not necessarily mean very much. If the econo- my was booming, one would not expect much pressure on the centres. What is surprising is that the trend has been so constant over a six-year period marked by economic lips and downs. The centres, no doubt, are doing their job when Ihey refer people to training programs, re- sulting in an upgrading of skills. But Ihe objective is not education; it is the labor mar- ket and one would expect to find such people, on completion of training, returning to the centres for placement in vari- ous occupations. In fact, the studies of the economic council do not sug- gest (hat ilie centres play any- thing like the role which is often assumed in public dis- cussion. One table (for 1968) re- cording the search methods of workers, shuws that 76 per cent consult a Canada Man- power Centre as compared to 67 per cent resorting to em- ployers in the area or 20 per cent outside. But another table on the aver- age success ratio is much less impressive. According to tliis, the success ratio of those rely- ing on a centre only 11, as compared with 27 for those checking with area employers. The ratio for those depending on friends or relatives was 24; for (hose using or responding to advertisements, 18. There is another table on job matches; percentage distribu- tion of the total number of suc- cessful searches. 'The centres rate 16 per cent but 34 per cent obtained jobs by checking with employers in the area and an- other five wilh outside firms. From the standpoint of em- ployers, Ihe situation is much the same. In 1970, they found only 10 pel1 cent of their pro- fessional, technical and man- agerial pc-ople through the cen- tres (the same figure shown for private employment agencies) as compared to 42 per cent re- cruited through advertising and 20 per cent drawn directly from universities and schools, includ- ing trade schools. For (he clerical and sales category, the manpower figure was for services 24 and for 36 per cent. For all occupations it was 22 (40 per cent in Ihe case of Only in tiie Maritimcs was there a somewhat greater ten- dency to resort lo the manpow- er centres. This was mainly due, it appears, to the absence of private agencies, since the number of employers relying on advertising was Wgher than national average 43 per cent. The economic council found il extremely difficult to evalu- ate the centres because they have teen given such a range of objectives. Referring to the placement function, the council observes, "Unfortunately al- most, no data available in the public domain." Until 1907, some information publish- ed in the Labor Gazette. It was then stated that new statistical scries were being developed to give "more significant informa- tion'' abmil persons using tbo services of (lie manpower cen- tres. Apparcnll.v, Ihis enterprise miscarried because Ihe council now finds less information than was previously available and urges Ihaf the old survey of hir- ings and or some- Ihing similar, should he resum- ed on a regular basis. In any case, it would appear on the surface that get- ting less for more money and a more elaborate organization. .Statistics often mislead and, in llic absence of delailod inform- al in'i. caii only be lonlativr, Tht'sc various lablcs and Appear, however, lo be ponnr.illv ronsisfenf wilh earh oilier. What Ihey suggest is I hat. Ihe manpower centres have not, to dale, been conspic- uously successful in winning the confidence, either of employers 01- of persons on the labor markc! (Tin- Ilrralil ( llurrim) JOHN MUUIKIOW. Lethbridge. The Letltbridgc Herald 50-1 Vlh St. S., Ijolhhnrific, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published Hon. A. BUCHANAN Socona ctass Mali Rcqisiration No ixn; Member of Tho Cnnndlfln Prrss me C.'mniiian O.nly Nnv.'Spiipfr Publishers' Associnlion and the Audit Biirrmi ol circuialions CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and PuWlrncr THOMAS H. ADAMS, Grricrril JOE OAl LA I tAV MAY i l-Mil-r ROY PUIH.-I K WAI KCR Advertising WUinflpcr Editor "THE HERALD THU SOUTH" ;