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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 5, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDQE Octobtf Ask Andy YEAST Andy sends a complete 20- volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Edwin Wheland, age 12, of Youngstown, Ohio, for his question: What do they 'use to make yeast? Yeast, as we know, is that wonderful springy stuff used to make our bread light and spongy. Believe it or not, it is alive. And the only way to get more of it is to coax it to mul- tiply. This is done by providing it with warmth, moisture and helpings of sugary foodrPeople have been doing this since the first bakers baked yeasty loaves in the coals of the family camp- fire. We share our world with multitudes of mini plants and animals, most of them too small for our eyes to see. These midget populations include thousands of different yeasts, all of them single- celled relatives of the fungus plant family. Like their larger mushroom the yeasts need warmth and moisture, shade and rather rich diets When all these conditions are just right, one pound of yeast can multiply and become 30 pounds of yeast in about 12 hours. There are numerous wild yeasts with known and unknown qual- ities. But most of the types we use are well-known, highly purified tame yeasts. The most common domestic types are used in bread and bakery products. The multiplication problem begins with a pure culture of this or that suitable yeast strain. This wad of original seed is made of living, sausage-shaped cells, which measure about in an inch. The project is performed in an enormous vat, fitted with pipes to let in air and more pipes to keep the mix- ture warm. Maybe the original seed yeast is a 500- pound wad of pale cells. Moisture and food are added in intervals, and the mul- tiplication proceeds at a fan- tastic rate. A thriving yeast cell mul- tiplies by budding an identical daughter cell In a couple of hours the well-fed daughter sprouts a budding daughter and so on After 10 hours, the original 500 pounds of yeast becomes pounds of iden- tical .yeast. This astounding multiplication continues at the same rate as long as the soupy mixture gets regular helpings of suitable food, warmth and moisture. As a first meal is a watery mixture of sugar molasses with a small helping of ammonium salts to provide needed nitrogen. The feasting, seed cells gorge, multiply and double in weight in about two hours. Then the batch is ready for a more concentrated meal. In two hours, the mother and daughter cells sprout new daughter cells and theyeast doubles again. After 10 to 12 hours, all the food is converted into yeast and the soupy mixture is ready to be processed for market. When the moist mixture is lively cells sink into a dormant state. They may be packaged like dried crumbs or mixed with starch to form yeast cakes. When the dor- mant cells are mixed with warm water and sugar they wake uptand start multiplying again. But this time they work to add spongy lightness to our bread. Flashback By THE CANADIAN PRESS Oct. 5, 1974 United States forces under Gen. W H. Harrison defeated a combined British and Indian force near Moraviantown, Ont., 161 years ago in 1813 during the War of 1812. The British commander, Col. Henry A. Proctor, escaped, but the Indian chief Tecumseh was killed. After the battle the village of Moraviantown was destroyed. 1502 Christopher Colum- bus discovered Costa Rica. 1880 Composer Jacques Offenbach died. 1930 Airship R-101 crash- ed at Beauvais, France, kill- ing 46. 1934 A revolutionary general strike began throughout Spain and fighting occurred in Madrid and many other centres. 1950 The United States announced its troops in Korea had suffered casualties. MUST DECLARE ASSETS NAIROBI (AP) Prospec- tive emigrants from Kenya must declare all their assets, the Central Bank has ordered. Its directive said the declara- tion will be required before- any application to transfer money out of the country is considered Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN Both vulnerable, as South you hold: VAKQ943 The bidding has proceeded: South West North East IV 2 NT Pass Pus 3NT Pass What do you bid now? Neither vulnerable, as South you hold: 983 The bidding has proceeded: South West North East 1 Dble. Rdbfe. 2 9 What do you bid now? Both vulnerable, as South you hold: VA102 4AQ1092 4KQ107 The bidding has proceeded: South West North East 1 1 29 Pass 7 What do you bid now? Neither vulnerable, as South you hold: The bidding has proceeded: North East South West 1 Pass 1 9 Pass 1 Pass 2 9 Pass Pass What do you bid now? vulnerable, as South you hold: J873 VQJ854 4643 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West Pass IV Pass 1 Pass What do you bid now? vulnerable, as South you hold: VKQ1054 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West 1 Pass 29 Pass 4 Pass 4 Pass 6 V Pass What do youttd now? vulnerable, as South you hold: A7 V943 4VQ1097 The bidding has proceeded: North East South 3 NT Pass What action do you take? vulnerable, as South you hold: VK652 AK 4K1092 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West 14 Pass 1 V Pass 1 Pass What do you bid now? Your horoscope ByJeaneOixon SUNDAY OCTOBER 6 Your birthday today: You now face a broad path of many alternatives, many oppor- tunities smoother going than in most recent years. Temptatiqn to follow the easiest course must be put down consistently if you are to come out with what you will natives harbor uniual ideas, are willing to go :ar-afield, go it alone. ARIES (March 21-April Be early for your community gathering. It's time for family excursions, sentimental ven- tures. Short travels start a new train of thought. TAURUS (April 20-May Enjoy what this Sunday brings forget about unrealistic schemes to make temporary conditions permanent. You attract support for your ideas. GEMINI (May 21-June Depart from your usual habits for a pleasant, somewhat lazy holiday of mental stimulus go easy on physical exertion. Catch up on correspondence. CANCER (June 21-July Get out, see how others live. Renew acquaintances briefly, keep moving to take in everything worthwhile. News of romance cheers. LEO (July 23-Aug. Spread yourself a bit to absorb the rewards of good fellowship, social connections. Spending does not of itself get you anywhere. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. Home and family are not to be neglected today. Catching up on neglected hobbies is time well invested. No shoptalk leave work out of it. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Seek mental rather than physical pastimes. Stretch the day thriftily, enjoy it all: Later hours bring inspiration, further plans. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. Early conferences with im- portant people faring benefits, relief of doubts. Then organize a serenely successful day of simple celebration. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec. Get away from business considerations, altogether. Concentrate on just being alive, in pleasant contact with those who mean a lot to you. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. Further success requires hard work and putting aside pleasure for the time being. Finances are involved; watch the details. Complaining won't help. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. Your money escapes at the slightest chance, leaving little to show for it. Apart from this, it's an exciting day of many interests, romance. PISCES (Feb. 19-March Family life thrives, although not all your personal wishes can come true at the moment. Finances are promising, it's up to you to follow through. MONDAY Your birthday today: The chances are, the going will be so smooth during the year ahead that you won't make full use of your opportunity. Resolve to push for the greater result all the way. Self improvement offers the most in material benefit. Strive for spiritual growth to balance your life. Today's natives are very perceptive, willing to stick with difficult work. ARIES (March 21-April Being tactful is difficult today but brings better than usual results. Family happenings continue on yesterday's momentum, require much attention. TAURUS (April 20-May Be prompt and courteous early. Forego unnecessary or sarcastic remarks. Mechanical or electrical equipment needs checking out and great care in its use. GEMINI (May 21-June You can avoid being provocative or provoked today; realize it's a normal part of experience. Try for self discipline and, above all, a sense of humor. CANCER (June 21-July Seek solitude where you can. Don't stir up extra turmoil. Enough words are tossed about without your com- ments; nothing is gained by squabbles. LEO (July 23-Aug. After a smooth start, there's a midday adjustment. Things are not a's simple as they had seemed. You can handle your own course easily if you aren't too competitive. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. Begin early, but keep com- mitments tentative. Refrain from spending until afternoon. In working on a new concept of an old project, go it alone. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. What seems within easy reach this morning turns out to be difficult or out of the question. Be patient, prepare for a ma- jor effort tomorrow. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. Technical or legal subjects are better postponed for more information. Proceed with routines, clear away the mountain of details. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec. You can- quickly drift into an untenable situa- tion today. Face issues clearly, make a choice and stick with it. Evening is for serious study. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. Strive for tolerance in navigating today's social cross currents. Most of your associates have ideas that clash with yours and each other's. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. The news is good but in- complete. Don't act until tomorrow's research is com- pleted. Meanwhile, your ideas are lively, worth investigating. PISCES (Feb. 19-Marcb Early complexities resolve themselves if you keep a calm attitude and work them out. Family ties demand painstaking attention. Cuban health service impresses medic team CHICAGO (AP) The socialist revolution in Cuba has resulted in universal high quality medical care for the Cuban people, says a United States physician just back from a month's visit. Dr. Quentin Young said health care has had a high pri- ority in Cuba since the revolu- tion in 1959 and is considered a social right, available free to all. Young was one of a group of 16 U.S. medical personnel who visited Cuba under spon- sorship cf the U.S.-Cuban Health Exchange. Young, head of the Cook County Hospital department of medicine, said Cuba was left medically impoverished when 60 per cent of its doctors left and the medical school lost 85 per cent of its faculty after the revolution. But be said the emphasis on health care led to a crash pro- gram for replacements. And while there is stll a shortage of nurses, there are now of them better distribu- tion so that Havana has fewer doctors and some smaller cities have more. Young credited block organ- izations with helping to im- prove health care and said the committees have created "an enormous health education which be said the U.S. might emulate. Their programs have resulted in pregnant women averaging 6.5 visits to a physi- cian before delivery in un- complicated pregnancies, whereas, said Young, one- third of the pregnant women seen at Cook County Hospital have seen a doctor only once during pregnancy. SCHROEPER, PO VDU HAVE THE PIANO? CAN YOU HAN6 ONTO THE PIANO AND THE ROPE" AT THE SAME TIME CHAT'S THE SHORT RIBS HE REALLY MUST A BIG- 1VE SOTA SITE, GOOD. SOMETIMES J WONDER WWV We BOTHER ID FISH IN AMERICAN WATERS. HI AND LOIS THANKS FDR THE BEER, THlRSTV. ilow COULD. YOU DO THAT? fUGSBUKOT BUSS, CAN I HAVE SOME MONBi' FORTHE MOVIES? OKAY... OKAY... MERES TH' POSCOE, NOW YOU TkROW A---------- TANTRUM BLOMHE SIR, WOULD VOU CONSIDER LETTING ME HAVE YOU MUST BE OUT OP YOUR MIND EVEN IP I MAD I WOULDN'T LEND IT TO YOU I HAD YOU FIGURED A TIGHT SVENSEN IS SUPPOSED WHAT'S TO PUT THIS A IT ON ON YOUR JTHE FRONT DESK? A X THOUGHT IT WAS TO REMIND YOU TO PUSH YOURSELF AWAY FROM THE I I INir-U TACLI P LUNCH TABLE GOOFING OFF HASN'T EVEN SWEPT THE1 CORRIDORS VFIC HACAR THE HORRIBLE POMT JU6T IT'S A BUSINESS... SERIOUS WE IMVAPE TAIUS WE. INVPE- RUSSIA tfETLEBAHEY WHAT ARE YOU THE J2EC1PE TO SALUTE THE ONIONS IN BUTTER TILL TEMPER THAT'S SAUTE, NOT SALUTE.' THERE'S- NO V IN THAT WORD.' WHY WOULP ANVBOPY WANT YOU TO SALUTE iPiMNO-JNTME YOU CAN NEVER BE ulnae THe MAJORITY SftfS ;