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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 5, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHF1RIOGE HERALD Tuesday, October 5, 1971 Roivtni Spying has to be taken as fact of life A choking compromise 'I he SIBILS iiiul purtcnls ;irc out. This ycai- Ihr People's Republic of I'hina will replace China on the Security I'oiincil. Taiwan will not be represented in the General Assembly either as Nationalist China or as Taiwan. About VA million peo- ple will be left without a voice in the world council in spite of U.S. efforts. Tin- reason of course is that the U.S.. after years of opposition, now wants Peking ill Hie and Peking says flatly that the People's Republic is Hie sole representative ul all China, including Taiwan. It is common knowledge that Gen- eralissimo Chiang Kai-shek is a dic- tator, that he (Iocs nol. and never has, truly represented the people of Taiwan. But these people, who have prospered materially under Ameri- can military protection, have no wish for another invasion from Ihe main- land. What they want, and should have, is the opportunity to make their own decision about their fu- ture. II! they had such an opportun- ity Ihey would almost certainly opt for independence, free elections and a genuinely democratic form of gov- ernment. That they should be thrown to the wolves, forced lo accept an invasion from the mainland and enforced Communism, is unthinkable. If some suitable arrangement guaranteeing that there will be no overt military offensive against Taiwan, (which would be bound lo end up in a one- sided war) can be made, the ousting of Nationalist China from the UN would be worth the admission of Pe- king. It is an unfortunate, not to say unfair, compromise: a sacrifice to principle which may have to be made in the interest of world order. But it is hard to swallow. In such circumstances, the hope is that Taiwan after Chiang, who can- not last too much longer, will re- lease itself from his bureaucratic apparatus. There are strong under- currents of independence movements in Taiwan. Now is the time for them to come forward if thev can. Espionage and reprisals There can be little doubt that Brit- ish Prime Minister Edward Heath chose his moment lo reveal the ex- tent of Soviet espionage in Britain very carefully. lie would scarcely want to antagonize the Russians dur- ing the Kast West talks on Berlin which are now concluded. The meet- ing of Ihc General Assembly ot the O7 offers Sir Alec Douglas Home, the British foreign secretary, a chance to talk lo his Soviet opposite number. Mr. Andrei Gromyko pri- vately without drawing undue atten- tion abroad. It also affords Mr. Heath an opportunity for some politi- cal gain in his own country at a time when the Labor opposition is gaining ground. Nothing is quite so likely to make friends and influence British people as stepping on Soviet interference in their affairs. Wheth- er the espionage activities were sole- ly directed at discovering industrial and technological secrets or towards finding out the latest developments in military defence, isn't of prime significance to the electorate. It's the principle of the thing that matters. The Russians have retaliated in the official Soviet press and threat- ened reprisals. They are no doubt, busy making up their minds and gathering the material necessary to explode their own bomb shell in clue course. Pravda has already suggested that British non diplomats living in Mos- cow are spies in business suits. Some of them may be asked to leave. Maybe the finger of Soviet suspicion will be pointed at a minor diplomat or two. There could also be further attempts to show that the whole thing has been engineered by the Americans through the CIA. Time will tell, but it's a safe bet that the Soviets won't explode the whole thing to the point where it en- dangers their attempts at detente with Europe. The Russians want that security conference in the worst way and they won't get il by blowing too hard on the espionage trumpet. Chinese secrets Rumor, conjecture, conjecture and rumor the air waves arid the tele- types around the world have been buzzing with them during the past two weeks. What's going on in China? Mao is dead no he isn't. His cho- sen successor, Lin Piao. is dead or unable to carry on because of ill- ness. Maybe. India is massing troops on its border with China, or China is massing her troops on the border with India. No one knows. Military- leaves have been cancelled, the great parade was called off on October 1st and none of the top brass attend- ed the receptions which replaced the country's biggest annual celebration. Why? No one has the answer, even though there are more foreign news correspondents and diplomatic rep- resentatives in Peking than there have been for 32 years. The only comment one can make for sure is that when the Chinese want lo keep a secret, they can do it better than any nation on earth. ERIC N COL Canada. 1981 MINISTER TRUDEAU has warned (lie U.S. that Canadians will never serfs. He said that Canada will not stand idly by if (he Americans delib- erately block Canadian manufactured ex- ports from their market, and try to rc- arrarge the North American economy to make Canada .sirictly n supplier of re- sources. (Now items i Fronv the ncus files for September. IM1: Ottawa. In recognition of Ihe tenth anni- versary of President Nixon's imposition of a surcharge on Canadian exports to the U.S., Prime Minister Trudeau has reiter- ated that Canadians will never be serfs. At the same time he announced that Can- ada's balance of payments to the U.S. in 1981 had fallen short by geese, 000 ducks, 78.000 laying hens, and 50 million gallons of raw maple syrup. Washington. Canadian finance minister Edgar Benson ,Ir. arrived in Washington toriay for talks uilh American officials. He was met. at. Ihe airport by the President's gardener. Mr. Benson pulled his forelock by v.ay of servile greeting, and he was conducted through a reception guard of U.S. soldiers took turns kicking him in the stomach. Mr. I'.cnscn expressed his gralitude, sayiiii.': "This is a definite ri.se above they kicked me the last lime." Ottawa. The council today re- leased (iross National Product figures for IflllO which it said showed that Canada was reducing her role as a hewer of wood and drauer ri uater. Last, year Canada hewed five billion bo.ird feet less wood, and drew billion gallons less water, thus falling behind Haiti. "Canada is no longer top hewer or says the re- part. Di'lroil. C.S. automobile this week tcok Ihe wraps off Ihe new 1'JIU models of vehicles built for export lo Can- ada, which ru longer has an auto into (17. Canadian buyers wure particularly in- terested in the Ford Helot, a sub-compact ox-cart featuring a yoke that collapses on impact. Although inferior In the 1952 American automobiles in speed, ranfcrt and styling. Ihe two ox-powered Helot leads in pollu- tion control, with broom and dustpan stan- dard equipment. Vancouver. Bondman .Jeremy Thorpe of this borough was hanged in the public square today, following the complaint from two American tourists that Thorpe, a swineherd, attempted to molest Ibem while they were raping his daughter. "We spend good American dollars to come up to this country for said one of the visitors, "and we expect you villans lo know your place.'' Thorpe's uifc. Mrs. a lhatdicr, apologized to the victors on behalf of the fief and proiv.i.'cd lhat Thorpe- would nol do it again. Atlanta. Students a! Ihi- all-black I ni- versity of Georgia today staged a demon- stration demanding economic freedom for Canadians. "Canadians are human beings. same as uc Kldridgc told the dem- onstrators. "There is no evidence that they are racially inferior, either physically or mentally. They can't help ihe color of their skin. We'd lie blue ton, if we had In heal the faggots we'd galhend." Ottawa. Central Mortgage a..d Housing Corporation today announced a new plan whereby Canadians can Ilieir own hovels. Serf Yourself (Volts have easy lo. clean uiiidows mo glass', and Ihe floors are wall-to-wall dirl (Viinroiivpr Province Fcalmcs) That bomb- shell out of Great Britain about the expulsion of I0f> So- viet diplomats and officials for spying has had one predictable effect. tl has revived editorial com- ment and cocktail chatter about our own Ccnirul Inlclli- genee Agency and the "covers" it uses for spies. And it has aroused new spasms of naive comment to the effect that our country ought to get out ot the clonk-and-dagger business. Well, just as sure as Mala llari was a woman, the expul- sions will nob halt massive So- viet spying in Britain or in the U.S., at Ihe United Nations or any place else. Nor will the pinched noses and press reveliilions here have any real effect in curb- ing U.S. intelligence operations .-limed not only at Hie Soviet Union but at 'dozens of oilier countries, friend or foe. Sonic Americans just can't get over the sanctimonious no- tion that spying is n flirty busi- ness which, like dandruff, we can wash right out of our hair. S'ome spying is a sordid, dan- gerous business. It involves blackmail, sexual entrapment, peeping Tomism, double-cross- es, political and character as- sassinations and outright murder. Yet, spying is not nearly as bad as some of the alternatives to having a good system of in- telligence. .Not many Ameri- cans would accept vulnerabil- ity lo a sneak nuclear attack as the price for getting rid of spies. The fact is lhat if we are to move closer to peace we are likely to go through a period of more spying rather lhan less. Millions of sensitive, intelli- gent Americans deplore Ihe fact that in the decade of the 1860s the United Stales and Soviet Union poured a trillion, dollars inlo arms. These Am- ericans know lhat we- shall never rescue our cities or save man's environmenl or find a cure for cancer unless we can stop the arms race and its mad waste of wealth. But the glaring truth is that distrust stands in the way of a curtailment in the manufacture of horrible weapons, not to mention t h c destruction ot those already in arsenals. Steps toward disarmament will pro- ceed only as rapidly as intelli- gence procedures make it pos- sible for rival countries to be reasonably sure that they will not be destroyed by the perfidy of a potential enemy. As far ahead as man can see, the United Slates and the So- viet Union will launch sophisti- cated satellites whose fantastic c a m 'e r a s will record troop movements, missile emplace- ments, production centres for fissionable materials, weapons storage areas and other vital information bearing on the oth- "He just saw my cr country's (or China's) inlen- lions. It is taken for granted by American officials that Ihe So- viet Union will keep XI or so trawlers operating off the shores of Ihe United Stales, their powerful, sensitive elec- tronic gear intercepting U.S. diplomatic and military mes- sages, picking up conversation at U.K. airfields and bases, or even plotting the noise patterns emanating from key U.S. cities. The Soviets likewise take it for granted that the Uni- ted States will use ships like the U S S Pueblo, special air- craft and other measures to conduct electronic intelligence that it will go on spend- ing billions lo intercept other countries' messages and break their codes. John F. Kennedy was fright- ened by Khrushchev at Vienna because intelligence told the young President that we were not as prepared to fight as we needed lo be should the Rus- sian carry cul his threats re- garding Berlin. Later, Kennedy could stand eye ball-to-eyeball with Khrushchev during the Cuba missiles crisis because intelligence operations, includ- ing the U-2 flights of the Ei- senhower years, made it clear that the U.S. was stronger if it came to nuclear war. More- over, our intelligence was such that wo knew Klirushchev knew who was stronger. President Nixon will go to Peking with greater feelings of confidence because sophisti- cated intelligence procedures have made it possible for him to know many things thai Iho Chinese do not know he knows. There are "puritans" who say that they can never ac- cept this as a necessary ac- tivity, for lo do so would be lo compromise with immorality and indecency. So it becomes a ritual of cleanliness for them to launch atlacks on Ihe CIA and olher American intelli- gence operations whenever a rews item pops up to remind them of their revulsion to "dirty tricks." But lhat story out of London is just another reminder of how mean the real world is and that the peacemakers very often are Ihose who keep us alerl to both the dangers and the promises of the real world. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Anthony Westell Kierans urges return to principles of capitalism JVRIC KIERAXS is packing his books and papers this week and preparing to move bis home back to Montreal. He is giving up a delightful bouse with private frontage on the River five minutes from Par- liament Hill which he rented when he became a cabinet min- ister, and he will spend his day here in future in a hotel. It's another step in his disengage- ment f r o n? the government, following his resignation from the cabinet last April, and it is unlikely that he will be a can- didate for the Commons in the next electi'cn. This will be, T think, a grave misfortune because Ottawa needs Kierans and others like him. He was not a great min- ister, (lie post office hardly flourished under his direction by his own account, he was never so persuasive in cabinet lhat he could swing it lo views. But Kierans is 0110 of Ihe small group of MPs who bnve. the knowledge and the con- fidence to offer a general anal- vsis and criticism of national policies. Plenty of politicians can pick at the detail of gov- e r n m e n t programs: Kierans sees the big picture. He ques- tions not the specifics of cur- rent policy, not (lie failings of this particular administration, but the over-all direction of na- tional economic strategy since the Second World War. When he spoke to Ihe Cana- dian Economic Association in June and developed his thesis that the tax .system is ineffi- ciently kind to big business, Ihe academics gave him a standing ovation. They were nol so much endorsing his ideas. I ?m told, as recognizing tlua here was a ion uho was cour- ageously undertaking I lie of analysis of Ihe rwtl world which is tco often ignored in Canada in favor of the Ivori- In the Commons recent- ly, when Kierans ro.se to give, his views on the implications for C a n a d a or President, Nixon's protectionist policies, the debate .suddenly alive Hansard reecrds lho en- tlnisiastie cries from I bo op- position benches. Again, T think the members were not so much concerned witli the details of Kierans arguments as with tbo thai IIP was injecting new new criticism, into a i-'orile dobnle. Indeed, it i.s doubtful if lho NDP members in particular would have been so ready to cheer Kierans if they had un- dcrsioori unat he was saying. He i.s not the easiest man to fellow. His mind seems to make intuitive leaps from as- sumption to conclusion. The listener i.s swept along and it is only later that be begins lo question what it was all about. Was the assumption really sound and the conclusion real- ly justified? There would be a temptation In fact, to dismiss Kierans as just another entertaining the- orist, If he did not have im- pressive credentials as entre- preneur, academic and politi- cian. There is a great stock of k n o w 3 edge and experience behind the ideas lie pours out, and his resignation prompted n sin-prising amount of discus- sion and sympathetic attention in government offices. This is not to say Lhat Kierans is always ripht or even that his analysis adds up to a coherent and completed policy. conversation, he often seems to be still exploring the ideas ho is seeking to explain. Even after talking to him this week to check on some of the ideas in his Commons .speech, I am not sure I understand him fully that Kierans has yet ex- plored the limits of his own critique of modern economic organizations so what follows is not an interview with Kierans or a report of what he lias said, but my best inter- pretations of what, bo means. Half way through our talk, a liclit flickered in my mind and I said: "What you're saying is that you are an unrcgcncrato free trader and He looked a little surprised for a moment, passed on to another point and then came back to thoiighlfully: "Yes, I KUC.V.S The clue to eco- nomic thinking the principal around while all his ideas re- volve, I suggest, is lhat he (iocs w.int to return Canada to l.hc first, principles of tbo capi- talist, competitive system, holh So They Say There is so much work that overylxxly has (o take his place in lho queue. You should not have joined Ihe queue. Alan King-Hamilton to a defendant who grum- bled about Ihe delay o[ his trial. at home and in economic deal- ing with the world. In his view, tariffs, the tax system, govern- ment support of technological research, the attempt to regu- late the monetary system, all tend to distort the economy and make it less efficient and less able to provide work. The current setting for UK continuing debate on Canadian Economic Policy is the crisis provoked by Nixon and it is convenient to examine Kierans' proposals in this context. He argues that the U.S. .surcharge on Canadian exports is not a temporary measure, as the government hopes, but a long- range development in U.S. pol- icy to which Canada must re- spond. Washington is telling Canada and the world mat it does not want their manufac- tured goods. This forces Canada to re- assess its own policies, says Kierans. and to adopt the sort: of development strategy which it should have enforced years ago. Oui' protection tariffs have fostered inefficient manufac- turing industries which must be made competitive. The rem- edy is to abolish tariffs, over a 10 or 15 year period which o u 1 d give businessmen time to adjust to the cold winds of free trade. Would not the small and un- prclectcd Canadian industries be gobbled up by giant con- glomerates and multi-national corporation, not necessarily, because the gianLs arc not real- ly efficient. They have tried to the free market rather than to respond lo il, lo make business decisions for reasons oilier lhan ceonutr.ic efficiency. Now they are in trouble all over Ihe world, ar.il the era of the giant is passing. The miilli rational corpora- tions have nol spread lho bene- fits of technology across the world as Ihey claimed, says Kierans, because iJler all, tin; purpose of ownership is ex- ploitation to rolurn beliefiIs lo the home country and na- lionnl governments are every- where, renrting against, Ihis. all their advanced tech- nology, they cannot employ Ihe work force in the UniLd States, and Wa-hinglon i.s now back lo protecting such hum- ble, jolHiiaking industries as ninl shoe- nnr.iifjirhirers. The taxpayers are at last be- ginning l.o understand that, they arc being soaked by govern- ments to give subsidies, in the form of preferential tax treat- ment, to business giants, and a middle class rebellion is com- ing. The Kierans analysis thus leads to the conclusion that Canada should not try to com- pete in the passing world of multi national giants, but to give scope to smaller and new- er national businesses. He would do this by taking away the hidden tax benefits which he says the big business- es enjoy. Young Canadians who now have little choice except io v; o r k for private bureau- cracy of a big corporation or the public bureaucracy of gov- ernment could then have at least a fair chance of going into business for themselves. They would succeed because they would be more efficient than the giants stripped of their special privileges. _____ What's IT.are, Ihis new prrt- lern of Canadian business would tend t'o spread itself across the country instead on concentrating in Toronto and Montreal. And it would make jobs for Canadians and end high unemployment. But if the United States does not w a n t our manufac- tured products, it is eager to gchhlc up our natural re- sources, says Kierans. There will be a temptation to offset the loss cf manufactured ex- ports by increasing sales of raw materials. But we should not let that happen for several reasons. First, resources arc national capital and wo have no right lo s q u a n d e r them. Second, when we sell raw material we don't gel. much in return: these industries pay little in taxes, employ few people and even- tually send their profits to their foreign owners. Third and this is a key to the Kk'rai-s .strategy the sale of raw ma- terials puts an artificial value on the Canadian dollar. Al- though our industrial produc- tivity is about 15 per cent low- er than that of the United States, our dollar has risen to roughly the same value. If we restrain the sale of re- sources, perhaps holding the volume at the present level, the value of the Canadian dollar will fall. Kierans suggests that realistic value would be about 85 U.S. cents. Canadians should regard such a devaluation not as a de- feat or a humiliation but as an advantage making it easier lo sell manufactured goods in the United States. And we should at all cost resist any attempt to place the value of cur dol- lar under control by the man- darins of the International 'Monetary Fund. This is tiic Kierans' doctrine as I understand it. T repeat that it is in no way an au- thorized version, and no doubt it is over-simplified. The temptation in fact Is lo say that I must have misun- derstood Kierans grievously because the essence of his thnnghl. appears so simple a return to the principles of capi- talism or his ideas, if I have grasped are too simple to be of value in a com- plicated v.orld economy which long has departed from free market principles. Perhaps? But great ideas are sometimes simple, and Kierans role mny he to recall us to some basic truths which we have ferjntlcn hut which we arc going lo have lo re-lcam as our sophisticated world eco- nomy crumbles. But of one thing we can he It is a sad day for Par- liament wlie.n if can no longer .serve as ;i foniiv. holds tlv loyality of a critic and thinker such as Kric Kierans. (Toronto Mar Syndieiitr) The Lethbttdge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lelhbririgc, Alberta LETIIBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1903 -105-1, by Hon. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mnll No 001! Member of Tho Canadian Press ana me C.-inndinn Driily Publishers' Association nnd the Audit Bureau of circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor nnd Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Gencr.il Miin.ificr JOF RAl.LA WU I lAM HAY MMniiriinji F.rfitnr A'srdnli! Editor ROY V.ILCb K WALKER Advertising Manager t: Hi lor In I Urtitor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;