Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 4, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, October 4, 1973 i nc LcinDmuuc ncnMLU inuisuajr, vkiuuv Too little and too much In the lace of impending world shor- tages of food and energy, it is ironic that the world also has an overabundance of militarv hardware and might. That irony has been evident lor some time and Russia has finally seized the opportunity to suggest that something be done about it The I' S S.R. has proposed to the General of the United Nations that the great powers reduce their militarv budgets by 10 per cent and that 10 per cent of this amount be spent to assist developing countries It's hard to argue with that proposal. Alter all. a 10 per cent reduction in a 200 or per cent overkill capacity will never be missed The Russian move will be analysed with the utmost suspicion. Was the Soviet Union motivated by genuine altruism and concern lor the have-not nations ol the world11 Hardly It may be unfortunate, but altruism has no place in the world power structure and. besides, avenues- already exist for aiding develop- ing countries The tie-in with such aid was no doubt added to make the proposal more acceptable Is it u move to reduce her own military spending, with a built-in safety factor? Is it designed to stop a military build-up in China'' China is expected to object more strenuously that the other great powers. K it simplv propaganda, a way to score cheap points, or is it a wise move to dcluse l; S critics ol Russia's internal politics, since these critics are also apt to lavor reduced military spending'' Publiclv. the objections will be technical in nature. For one thing the United States will want to know how to estimate the Soveit Union's defence spending The official defence budget ot the USSR is billion but the Lonclon- basc-d International Institute 01 Strategic Studies, considered an authori- ty on the subject, puts it at about S77 billion The U S defence budget is about S83.4 billion. China's budget is 88 to billion, according to the institute, and France and Britain have budgets ol S6 2 to billion respectively. The proposal is not apt to find favor in the Pentagon, whose generals are probablv on the telephone now reminding Congressional leaders that the U.S. has alreadv been tooled by the Russians on the wheat deal At the same time, the Pentagon press department, a bureaucarcv in its own right, is no doubt readvmg estimates for the press pur- porting to show that Russians lead the Vmencans- in most aspects of the arms race, which is more like a track meet than a race. This is an old technique and it has prov- ed ellective in the past. However, there is a strong mood in the U S Congress to curtail military spending and it could be that the Russian proposal has come at the right time On the diplomatic level, were the U.S. to accept the proposition, it would give Mr Kissinger some diplomatic leverage in the current attempt at detente between Ihe two countries, which is hung up on the civil rights issue. Even though Mr (iroiruko. in placing the proposal bc-lore the General Assembly, warned against mterlerence in his country's internal alfairs by civil rights advocates. U S agreement on the reduction would strengthen Mr Kissinger s position Whatever the reasons behind the proposal and however slim the chances ol approval all the great powers, il the plan can be put into operation it will be onlv a small step backward in the ar- maments race but a welcome step lorward lor mankind Compromising the West The formal opening of a Palestinian guerrilla mission in East Berlin and other undercover activities of Arab terrorists gave rise to protests from Jewish and German leaders in West Ger- many and West Berlin The Palestinian Liberation Organiza- tion opened its office last week on the basis of a formal agreement reached in August between Mr Honecker and Yassir Arafat, the guerrilla leader It is its first official mission established in an East block city. Its purpose, according to an East German announcement, is to increase solidarity between the East Germans and the guerrillas "in the joint struggle against imperialism and Zionism and tor social progress The Arabs evidently hope to acquire militarv and financial support from the Com- munists. It is believed that the Palestinians would use their mission in East Berlin as a terror base for criminal activities in the West. In spite ot controversial world reaction Vienna reports that the pledge given bv the Austrian government to Arab terrorists to close a transit camp for emigrating Jews will not be rescinded The pledge was given for the release of three emigrees and an Austrian border guard kidnapped by two Arab terrorists The Austrian government fears that the Arab-Israel conflict may spread to its territory and constitute a security threat Israeli Premier Golda Mcir appealed to the Austrian government to reconsider B.C "s most recent oil spill, at the entrance to Vancouver's inner harbor, involving the out-bound 8000-ton Japanese general-cargo ship Sun Dia- mond and the in-bound British owned 9000-ton Erawan occurred in good weather, good sea conditions and close to port where clean-up crews and willing volunteers mopped up the 50.000 gallon spillage. But what about similar spills farther out at sea or along uninhabited coastline where help isn't handy9 Considering this latest freighter collis- sion occured in the pre-dawn of a clear September morning it is frightening to speculate what could happen in the Puget Sound and Juan de Fuca Strait area, just southwest of Vancouver, during adverse weather conditions. Strong tidal currents, fierce winds upwards of 30 m.p.h.. visibility limited by heavy fog for 50 clays a year lo less than a quarter mile and drastically reduced by precipitation lor days annually plague this heavily travelled area. At present some 140 ships, including oil tankers, plus ferries covering seven routes, manoeuvre through these tricky- waters daily but by 1978 the big ones a tanker a day from Valdez. Alaska, will bring North Slope oil to Washington's Cherry Point, just south of the inter- national boundary The route proposed for Alaskan tankers has raised the need lor a Canada-U.S. agreement on a plan to guide the big ships through the treacherous Juan de I-'uca route like air- craft approaching an airport. Canadian ministry of transport officials arc curvontl' discussing with members of its decision and not sunender to Arab terrorism as this may encourage the guerrillas to lurther reprisals. From Beirut the Palestinian com- mando that claimed to be responsible for the Vienna operation threatened retribu- tion against Austrian citizens and Austrian interests throughout the world 11 the Austrian government went back on its promise Britain offered to provide transit camps tor Jews bound tor Israel and the U S disagreed with Austria s move on the grounds that capitulation to terrorism was a mistake and would breed more terrorism. II the stepped-up Arab guerrilla ac- tivities arc condoned by the Soviet Union and its vassals by giving them official status this puts the sincerity of the West's principles with regard to human rights and morality to a severe lest. While the West is bargaining tor more relaxed conditions for Eastern bloc intellectuals in connection with detente it now must look on in impotence when the lives ol Jewish refugees are threatened. lest is endanger its Arab oil interests. In addition the granting of formal status to the Palestinian Liberation Organization, however criminal its activities, enables the Russians to lump them together with their own freedom fighters Touclic to the Reds It is another one of those master strokes of deflection when pure ideas become contaminated, and the West is incapacitated for fear of em- barrassment. the U S. coast guard proposals lor traffic management through this "precautionary area" where vessels slow down to pick up pilots It may necessitate amendments to marine legislation in both countries so that controllers could pool their information and take over direction of shipping. The coast guard recommends that all large ships come under joint traffic control through communication centres in Seattle and Vancouver. Equipment has already been installed to link the two centres, starting in January, but more study is needed before an international agreement on co-ordinated traffic control is achieved Ships entering the control area will be required to maintain radio contact with Seattle on a VHF FM communications system already in operation and be guid- ed into a pair ol one-way traffic lanes, each 1.000 yards wide and separated by a 500-yard gap. marked by buoys already in place at 17 locations. The most dangerous area, in Rosario Strait, where tankers will head to Cherry Point, has a single traffic lane. However elliciont the navigational systems are. there remains the element of human unpredictability. Ships can collide even on a clear day: com- munications can fail A study prepared bv the coast guard on the basis of worldwide tanker traffic during recent years reveals that up to 140.000 barrels of oil could be spilled each year on the Alaska pipeline route The tost will come when the tankers arrive, and west coast residents are understandably expecting I he Letters Deserve what they get Canada spurns safer ships By Frank Rutter, Herald Washington commentator WASHINGTON Canada has opposed what is regarded here as an essential safety measure lor the tankers which will carrv oil from Alaska through the Strait of .Juan tie Fuca and Puget Sound The opposition batlles I'nitcd States officials who aie Irving to win an inter- national agreement on the measure, requiring all large oil lanker.s to have double bot- toms Double bottoms would compleleh separate oi! cargo Irom ballast and would provide an protective skin ol steel in the event of a collision or piounding There has been a furious de- bate on the issue behind the scenes heie vulh the oil and shipping industries opposed ,md the I' S Coast Guard leading the supporters The issue will come to a head at an international conference on marine pollu- tion m London, beginning Oct H The U S adopting the coast guard view, has been trving at preliminary meetings to get a double bottom clause written mid the draft ol an inter- national convention Hie opponents to Hie clause has been Canada It would seem to me that in the interests ol British Columbia. Canada should sup- port the toughest anti- dovices possible savs a I! S delegate to the conference 'Hut thcv really haven't sup- ted tins Canadian ollicials have been cautious about com- menting on the situation. In principle. Canada is in lavor of as high standards as possible lor the hulls of ships said one olficial But the I' S delegate to the 1MCO conlercnce suggested that there is a contlict between the Maritime provinces and B C on the issue lie explained that this would tend to discourage oil tankers going to U S ports. They would go. instead, to ports of countries where the double bottom standard was not re- quired The big tankers would go to Nova Scotia, to the super- ports want there." he said Nova Scotia is actively soliciting development ol large refineries and offshore oil terminals, apparently less concerned about pollution perils than its New England neighbors At least one com- panv has said it will build deepvvater oil docking lacdities in Nova Scotia if re- luscd a permit by the State of Maine The official U.S report ol the preliminary sessions this spring savs that Canada join- ed with Britain Japan. Liberia. Norway. Denmark. Finl-md and the Netherlands to voice "strong opposition'" to the double bottom proposal. Canada's position is viewed with dismay bv Washington State representatives in Con- gress, particularly Senator Warren Magnuson and Congressman Lloyd Meeds, both Democrats and co- authors of the Ports and W alei wavs Safety Act of 1972 The act authorizes the U.S. Coast Guard to set regulations lor construction standards of tankers and it savs these regu- lations must be implemented bv June 30. 1976. The coast guard has already issued notice that it will issue the regulations by January 1. 1974 It has held off pending the results of the Imco conlercnce in London. "I find it very ironical." Meeds said of Canada's posi- tion "It comes kind of with ill- grace On one side of Canada they are saving 'We protest these ships going out into the Strait ol Juan de Fuca.' and on the other side of the nation they are against a protective method ol making such transit safer." The opponents also say that the extra cost of building dou- ble bottoms could lose contracts lor US shipyards In addition, the requirement might mean a higher tran- sportation cost for oil The coast guard conducted a 250.000 dollar study of double bottoms for IMCO The conclusions were re- ported bv Rear-Admiral Wil- liam F Rae. chief of the coast guard's office of marine sat'etv Vorster threatens press freedom By Humphrey Tyler, Christian Science Monitor commentator CAPKTOWN. SOUTH When things go wrong the last thing most people want is for somebody else to trumpet it trom the rooftops The government is running into serious trouble over its race policies, and it does not know bow to get itself out. The government would desperate- Iv like to keep the country and especially its own sup- porters in the dark about what is really happening So it is not surprising that a senior cabinet minister and Prime Minister John Vorster have just attacked the opposi- tion press bitterly at party congresses in two ot the most conservative provinces in the count rv Hut what is surprising is the wax the editors ol the National party's own new- spapers have come out in delence ol the need tor press Irccclorn For a long time, the national newspapers were well-greased cogs in the par- tv's machine But a rebellious and highlv successful new- spaper called Beeld, owned by the more liberal Cape Nationalists chang- ed that. It started talking back' at the government, even to cabinet ministers on its own board ol directors this time, when Minister of the Interior Con- nie Mulder, who has been cultivating a tough image for some time, and Prime Minister Vorster, who earned his own spurs in this league when he was a no-nonsense minister of justice, threaten- ed the opposition press and told them on Sept 12 to "put vour house in order or else." it was the Transvaler. itself, that rebutted them most bitterlv When it repudiated the prune minister, referring to "unmerciful attacks on the press and accused certain political leaders of being irresponsible." the effect was rather like a Chrylser corporation house magazine attacking the profit principle and coming out firmly m favor ol communism. The message got through to some extent, at least, and when Mr. Vorster returned to the subject Sept 18. he ad- mitted he had some "well- meaning who thought he might be going too lar and that he had been criticized in quarters where he had not expected it. Mr. Vorster said also that he was not prepared to in- stitute general censorship of all newspapers, because, in the first place, it would be an insult to them since they should know how to do their work better than to have it done for them and. in the se- cond place, censorship would be a hopeless task. NEWS ITEM..CANAPA AND THE U.S. NEAR OIL SPILL AGREEMENT... So the farmers, the ranchers, the businessmen. the tradesmen (or the -inker-' are all crying because the world's mess is putting them in the squeeze and they are getting hurt. Well, they have it all coming to them. 'The mills of justice grind slowly but they finally catch up with us This may all sound very hard but the truth is sometimes rather rough to cope with and eventually has to be faced head on The time of reckoning is here As you can guess, they are not getting much sympathy from me I have spent 36 of my 66 years making a search of the world situation to find causes and results and have watched the present predicament arrive as a normal, natural evolvemenl from what I have seen taking place through those years. I have tried to send out warning signals to tnose around me but they have all been too busy being big (and getting bigger I and too smart to spend time with such trivia as learning the simple principles upon which the economy works (or doesn't work) "and the difference between right and wrong or studying the road map. so to speak, to find out where they were going. They have teen hard years for me. to watch the human race move in the direction they have, knowing what their fate would be. In spite of the hard line I am taking in this I wish to direct attention to recent news releases regarding the sale of Bowden Institution to the Canadian Penitentiary System. Published statements attributed to Solicitor General Helen Hunley and Attorney General Merv Leitch are so far removed from the facts that one wonders where they get their information Miss Hunley, a resident of Rocky Mountain House, should realize that ad- ministering Nordegg Correc- tional Institution from Calgary is unfeasible by reason of distance alone. Calgary is more than 200 miles from Nordegg whether travelling by Banff-Jasper highway, Highway Two, or the forestry trunk road. In winter the forestry trunk road is closed, usually the Banff- Jasper highway is also. The provincial government does not have "to spend a lot of money at Bowden or get out." The institution has been in use for over 20 years. The main building and all services have been renovated and are in perfect condition. All that is required is the replacement of the old war-time hangar which has served as a gym- nasium and workshop since the whole property was purchased in 1950 for The present workshops and gymnasium owe the govern- ment nothing and should be replaced Miss Hunley should be ashamed to try to justify the sale of the institution by say- ing "the people of the area will be much better off because federal employees are paid more than ours." How do you like that? I wonder if the civil servants association will take the cue and demand equality? That the training program at Bowden "has never worked effectively" is blatant non- sense and utter stupidity. Almost young men have attended Bowden since it opened and have had the op- portunity to improve their academic standards and at- tain apprenticeship recogni- tion in seven different trades A conservative estimate in- dicates that at least 500 attain- ed first year apprenticeship letter, humanity has meant a 1m in me I sacrificed my own welfare to try to help them and would have done more it some appreciation had been eudeni But I have had to sit by and seee them toss nut men who had their leet flat on the ground and who un- derstood the problems and answers, who were willing to face the whole world for the benefit of their fellow men Instead they elected people who threw out petty bribes to catch the unwary, knowing lull well they could not deliver any benefits from the system they represented Well, when this economical bubble breaks there will be real smoke rising from the nuns ill what seemed to be a thriving world which because ol plain old ignorance will have fallen prey to mob violence It is sickening All our problems could have been relegated to their proper place oblivion with half the effort we have demonstrated to continually Miiigglo with the impossible The good book says "the wisdom of the wise shall perish and the prudence of the understanding man shall be hid It is still possible to cor- rect past mistakes and the human race is still the master bin il will Kike knowledge and quick action. There is no problem that does not have a solution, you just have lo know both Claresholm H M KIDDLE certificates and all others at- tained credit hours academic upgrading. "Researchers have found only three people were work- ing at the trade for which they were trained at Bowden." That statement was attributed to Miss Hunley recently Let her name the researchers, when did they carry out the research' How did they research? I know that they did not consult any of the staff of the institution, or elsewhere "Statistics prove make- work programs do not rehabilitate" she said What statistics? What make-work programs'' Merv Leitch says the in- mates of Bowden will be transferred to other centres to continue their training. No other centres have the shops, equipment, or the instructors, with one very minor excep- tion, to provide for their load. The others, he says, will be transferred to forest camps Yes this would be an escape (a) if they were suitable for such work and (b) if they were amenable to the requirements of a forestry camp. The new remand centre in Calgary, he says will "more than make up for the loss of Bowden." At least he admits it is a loss No. it will not make up for the loss of Bowden. It will not have' instructors and teachers, it will not have shops and equipment, it will be max- imum security institution and will receive only those people who are awaiting trial, not sentenced men. It is a sad fact that most of the young offenders now at Bowden and those yet to be sentenced will be returned to or held at the larger in- situtions at Calgary and Fort Saskatchewan to be in- doctrinated in crime by the habitual offender and forced to accept homosexual assaults Miss Hunley and Mr. Leitch have exposed their ignorance of the facts of the institutions for which they are responsible and should reconsider their positions or resign (MRS.) V. G. ENFIELD Edmonton La cucaracha vamooses By Don Oakley, NEA service h.iu- lii In- I lii endlli e imllinii VC.MNI cockroaches novoi ii ii iii boric and nldrsl msec! eilcinv i he u 1 ciick roach is ineriinu IMS ni.ileh in ot all nrdm.ii boric acid II u in lh.it I 'imeisi- nl ililm MI. i entomologist vt.ill'M Kliolini: liuind boric icul in In- iho cheapest roach Kllli'l ill'l one nl (lie must I'lliTiivo ulnlr heiim viriual- K h.ii in hum, ins 'MII, u I Kiev are (and von .iiid teams o I 'i s nh Ihe Pas.ulena CiiMimini'i 1Normal ion ViiM r lie iteil mm e Ulan 700 linim-s in Mi M The i eport iv Hi ,1 home uheie the Inn u .irnl u is lell planted" ii-iii nn> I roc ol i naches The Uthbiitkie Herald 504 7th SI S Lethbndge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors ana Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon WA BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member ot The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers Association and the Audit Bureau ol Circulations CLEOW MOWERS Editor and Publisher THOMAS H ADAMS General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY MILES DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Ednor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"