Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 4, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
40 THB LETHQBIDOE HESAtD Ottobtr 4, 1972 .___________________________ There's ucvw' been anything quite like it wheat sale to Russia is -staggering liy DON KFADAM, Al1 ('arm Wilier (AIM Baked into loaves urn! laid eml to t-itd, 400-miiHon bushels ot United States wheat sold to the Soviet Union tliis year would make a bread line five-million long, enough to wrap around the earth 200 times. Not hiiig q uit e like 11 ha s e v er burs t so sud cle illy onto tire American farm scene, The wheat-price jump in Au- gust was the sharpest in 25 years, burdensome surpluses are fading and g r o e r s throughout the vast bread belt are talking about boos production ncxl your. And thevein lies a tlux'ut fur I the i Probably two-thirds of an estimated billion or more I of U.S. farm sales to the Sovi- i els will be In sheer statistical form, (lie sale is staggering. CHOP VAI.VK .ll'Mrs In volume, it equals about one-fourth this year's wheat i crop; conservatively, say offi- cials, the sales will iiiake 1372 product ion wort h S'2 A bilUon, about 10 per cent more than last year's crop value be- cause of higher prices. Agriculture Secretary Earl L, Buu said ii will create be- tween 25.000 and 30.000 addi- tional jobs for at least one year. If followed up by sustained fa r m sales t o Moscow, it could moan R new era for American farms in world trade, which, already is taking production from one out of four acres harvested. Wheat is tiot the most valu- able crop in terms of dollars or impact on the American [urderers serve time in open prisons By GEORGE BOULTWOOD GODTEIAAB. Greenland Tins is a place where mur- derers serve their time in an OJX.MI prison whose inhabitants go out to cam money for use on ivlcase. Once, remote settlements of hunters meted out tradi- tional Kskimo justice. An as- punished with a beat- ing up by other men. A mur- derer would be death umkr arctic conditions. Sumnimes a troublemaker would be ostracized until in eluiine be committed or self-exile. The offender har- nessed up his dog team and mushed into the white wilder- ness, never to be seen again. When the Danes begaji mod- ernizing this island they concen- trated the population in small townships along the coast and introduced European-style treat- ment of crime. They found the idea of locked up was alien (o the Greenland lemperit- ment. Tiic open detention centre, serving all Greenland, was started in 1967. Called the Institution for Convicts, it has places for 18 male prisoners, but sometimes has to take a few more. Tt is tis comfortable as a typi- cal hostel for young workers. It is that in effect, because prison- ers average 23 to 25 years of age. So long as they behave they go out to work in the town every day, at union rates. Every week authorities deduct about for board ancl lodging, and allow pocket money. After deductions for fines, damages, child support ancl clo- thing, the balance is banked for the prisoner's release. Per Hamann, chief of the in- stitute, says the longest -serving inmate has than liis credit. Police Chief J. R. Carlsson re [ports that 90 per cent of crime Is committed under the influ- ence of alcohol. Until 1954 Greenlanders had only a home- brew kind of beer. "When the island ceased to be a colony and became part of the Kingdom of Denmark the inhabitants re- ceived (he tempta- Danish citizens. When the time conies for pa- role the apparatus of the Danish welfare state is mobilized lo see that ex-prisoners have jobs, somewhere (o live and free medical treatment. Tne geography prevents fugi- tives from getting far, and most return voluntarily. Punishment for "a little excursion" is loss of privileges for a time. Long-term prisoners have sin- gle-bunk rooms, with drapes hiding the window bars. Other have t o -b u n k rooms. One long-termer displays shelves of bocks. Meals, served cafeteria-style, ire taken in the rooms. consumer. Corn is far larger in production and value. Soy beans are the glamor stocks of the farm belt, also larger in dollar value. ENJOYS PRESTIGE But wheat is grown com- mercialy in at least 42 states and, since biblical limes, lias had (lie slaff-of-lifu prestige shared by no other farm com- modity. Moving the grain lo the So- viet Union is a gigantic task in itself. The bushels is roughly 11 million tons. That would require about standard railway boxcars, roughly 100-car trains if each contained only vvlieat. AU told in this marketing year, ending next June 30, more than one-billion bushels of wheat will be exported, by far more than the old record of 867 million set in the micl- vsons. The effect: By next July 1, the beginning of a new liar- vest year, the wheat stockpile or carry-over will be down to between 500-million and 600- million bushels. That would be about the amount of wheat needed to meet U.S. food vcquircments for a year. The plain fact, one which has been a problem for producers and taxpayers, is that American wheat farmers grow too much wheat. And should tlie Soviet sale stimu- late still greater crops next year the problem could grow worse. THREAT REMAINS Because Ihe Moscow pur- chase might turn out to be a one-shot deal, the threat of huge wheat surpluses still weighs heavily. For decades, Congress has tried to design farm-control programs aimed at curbing costly surpluses. Wheat has been one of the stickier ques- tions. Last July 1, the surplus climbed to 865-million bushels. Here is why: The 1971 crop was more than 1.6-billion bushels. Added to it was a carryover of 730 million. That means roughly a 1971-72 sup- ply of more than 2.3-billion bushels. Some 523-million bushels were used as food for Ameri- cans: 64 million by farmers as seed; acid 287 million as livestock feed for a total do- mestic use of 874-million bushels. Meanwhile, exports totalled 632-miIIion bushels, making a total "disappearance11 of slightly more than 1.5-billion bushels or about 135 million less than farmers produced in 1971. "i ne moonwalkers. A shoe fashion odyssey. Blast off in bold new higher heels. Slip into new bumped toes for added comfort and space. Or tie one on in full grain batik leather. Twilight colours of black or brown. Half sizes 8 to Medium width. Quality Costs No More At Simpsons-Sears STORE HOURS; Open Dully 9 p.m. to p.m. Thursday and Friday 9 a.m. lo 9 p.m. Centre Villaao. Telephone 328-9231 DUCK WALK Corky ihe duck moves to the lead as he leads tfie way Ficme for 10-year-old Janice Erickson of Burnaby, B.C. Venereal disease rate is cl By GLENNIS Z1LM OTTAWA (CP) Rales of venereal disease continued to shoot up during 1071 with cases reported-and health officers say this proba- bly represents only about 10 per cent of the true number. The rate reached a national average of 170 cases for every population Statistics Canada figures show. This is an increase from 159 cases per population in 1970. The 1971 rate is the highest In Canada since 1950, during the post-Second World War epidemic and when penicillin was still being called a "wonder drug" for treatment. Statistics Canada reports that the lowest rate was reached in 1959, when only 97 cases for every per- sons were reported. Rates have crept up gradually every year since. Rales for the venereal dis- eases, which include syphilis and gonorrhea, were higher in 1971 than the combined rates of German measles, strep throat infections, scarlet fever and hepatitis. These were the next most common reportable public health diseases. MANY NOT REPORTED Dr. John Davis, chief of the epidemiology service of the national health department, said In an interview that the figures probably don't reflect the accurate picture of vener- eal disease in Canada and that the true rate is much higher. Many doctors did not report cases lo the VD control clinics as required by law. The figures for the Northwest Territories cases for every persons--porh- ably give a more accurate re- flection of the true picture, he said. Studies en women of child-bearing age show that be twcen (ivo-nml lipcr-eent rates of infccliui are com- mon. The number of cases in- cludes persons who have more than one infection in a year, he noted. Even assuming that half the cases are Ihe statis- tics mean that one out of every 4fl persons had VD fn the Northwest Territories. Rates such as Jlicsc make VD only slightly less "rare" than the common cold. If syphilis and gonorrhea were "respectable" diseases, such as Hong Kong flu, such statistics would have doctors and public health clinics in an uproar. EFFKCTS Gonorrhea, the more mon of Ihe two diseases, may have serious effects it it is not Ireated, Dr, Davis said. It may cause sterility, it may lead to painful, crippling ar- thritis and it may cause blind- ness in newborn children. Unfortunately, the problem is not one that doctors alone- can tackle, he said. "It's a complicated social- medical problem, involving morals and social standards and responsibilities as well as treatment." Changing standards In mor- als played a part in the in- creased incidence and the younger generation wasn't aware of the sufferings caused by VD. Mr. Davis said the depart- ment is increasing its educa- tional programs in this area, producing films for high schools and more pamphlets explaining the disease and its treatment. The health department also Is supporting research Into Ihe development of a vaccina against gonorrhea, currently being tested In Africa. Government visa ruling said unjust LONDON (CP) Twenty-six faculty members from the Uni- versity of Sussex have written to Prime Minister Trudeau crit- icizing what they describe as Uio Canadian government's un- just decision to refuse an immi- gration visa to a Hungarian- born professor. Istvan Meszaros, who holds a British passport nnd says he is a Marxist, was refused landed immigrant status by Canadian immigration officials here when he applied earlier this year in order to take up a post at To- ronto's York University. He since has reapplied at an immigration office in Orillia, Onl., after travelling to Canada lo discuss the problem with senior government officials. In addition to the letter from faculty member.i to Trudeaii, Meswros has drawn support from student body at Sus- sex and tho National Council for Civil Liberties. Both have written lengthy letters to Trudeau A loiter in The Times today, signed by three professors from Sussex, says: "In liis 13 years at British imlversilies, during a time of severe political discontent and u n r e s I, this distinguished scholar hn.s been scrupulous in ins observance of the academic code and has never Ixxrn tha object of any complaint."