Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 4, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
38 r-E IIFKAIO Woilni-Mloy, October 1972 4 GETTING READY Rehearsal for (he flag raising on the moon during the Apollo 17 mision in December has a particularly interested audience. Mission commander Eu- gene Cernan plants iho Stars and Slripes in simulated lunar sail with his wife Barbara and daughter Teresa looking on. wanls highway ami pipeline delayed Fight for native rights could be nigl Ky WAl.TKK KUKVICNCHUK YELLOWK N I F K, NAV.T. (iglit for native lane] rights in Hie Yukon ami Northwest Territories may turn into a legal and possibly violent for n pro- po.sed all-went her highway and natural gas pipeline in the North. Native groups waul the highway and pipeline delayed until their claims are' settled. Spokesmen indicate they will try to stop the developments morally, politically and le- gally Francois PaulcUc, a young Chipewyan chief Fort Smith, says that if that doesn't work "we'll just have to blow the thing up." Mr. PauteUc, a special as- sistant to President. James Wah-shee of the Indian Broth- erhood of the Northwest Terri- tories, said violence may be the only choice Jeft "if they try to go over the land we're 011 while negotiations are in progress." Native organizations con- tend Ihcv need time and money to do the research and gain the information needed to establish a bargaining posi- tion for the negotiations with the federal government. To counteract what they maintain is an Ottawa advan- tage the native groups have formed a federation to co-or- dinate their legal and politi- cal activities. The federation, formed at a meeting in White- horse in September, em- braces Indian, Eskimo and Metis groups from Alaska, the Yukon and N.W.T. PLAN JOINT ACTION "It's no longer going to be little Indians or Eskimos going it said Caroline Wah-shee, a former commun- ity development officer nnw working as a trades the N.W.T. Indian broth- erhood. "They're all going to work said Mrs. Wah- siiee. wife of the brother- hood's president. Mr. Wah-shee criticized Ot- tawa for nol providing the funds required for ?ega! re- search hy brotherhood lawyer Gerry Siilluii. The government has had 50 years to do its research, lie said, while tJic formed in had Iwo. "Tho only alternative left to us is to sec if there is some method of stalling the high- way by lejial action because tliis is the position the federal government is pushing us Into." Mrs. Wah-shee said the brotherhood is at a disadvan- tage because is the youngest Indian brotherhood with the most amount of space ot cover and the least amount of funds and experi- ence." There are about 22.000 na- tive people in the territories, which cover about 1.5-million square miles. USIO OWN MONKY People working for the brotherhood, which depends on the secretary of state's de- partment for funds, have liter- ally had to take money "out of our own pockets." 412 Enjoy virgin wool. Snuggle up to a natural beauty. Soft, Fluffy. And, with its new schiffli embroidered border, it's a real fashion show-off.Temptingly priced for 3 days only. Reg .1658 Inlhisday of synthetics, wouldn't the utter loveliness of pure wool. So touchable. So warm and fluffy And so practical! Wool Eshard-weailrrg.Won'tpNlormal. Machine wash and dry it with cars. And fo; extra long life, this fine blanket Is specialty treated to be moth and mildew proof. schiifli embroidered border blhlsyear's lashion plus.Today's colourr. Marina Blue or Marigold. Makes a luxurious treaHor yo'jrselfora Ueasured girt for someone special. Save 27% on queen size. 1599 M-.., Reg 21.98 NOW impspns 1 value. AvaJlabfa from coasl to coast In Canada Through alt Simpsons-Sea restores and selecled catalogue safes I Ms very special offer fstheslnceresl effort Simpsons-Sears can make to bring you merchandise that combines fine quality wltti the lowest possible price Teleshop 328-9231 l J and free delivery prMecis you every incri ol the STORE HOURS: Open Daily 9 o.m. lo p.m. Thursday and Friday 9 a-m. to 9 p.m. Centre Vilfqge. Telephone 328-9231 No More at Simpsons-Sears "We've Rone withovit for totally unable even to hire the good resource per- sonnel we Mrs. Wall- slice said. One of tlic for the bvylherhood's sporadic start that "the influence here was more subtle and be- cause they were in the major- ity the native people wero convinced they were still safe." But the feeling of security was shaken when native peo- ple encountered ttie forces be- hind resource development in the North. Mrs. Wah-shee said the In- dian people, "who were here suddenly found them- selves "ttie hunjp'y hyenas kicked around ttiey feel they have not benefited, I in tact everywhere they look s o m e t hi n g is being taken away." OIL UIG ARHIVBD For instance, she said, a un- live family that had lived in an area of ttie Mackenzie delta east of Aklavik for 39 years woke up one morning to find an oil rig on their door- step. "There was a man at the door saying could you please move your dogs and your smoke house." Native groups managed to get the operation shut down a month later, she said, "but the damage had been done the land will never be used properly again." "Two weeks ago at Fort McPherson we Investigated a case just eight miles down the river. Two families had lived and trapped there for 37 years. Again the same kind of thing; someone had come in, bulldozed all the willows and redefined the bank. The area now is five or six acres of plowed permafrost which next year will be five or six acres of swamp." Mr. Wah-shee said the high- way Is being built strictly for the pipeline and to make it easier to search for oil and gas and not to benefit north- ern natives. CLAIMS LAND RIGHTS A commission which studied the land rights dispute in 1859 criticized the federal govern- ment and said "the Indians of the Mackenzie district would he more advanced and would now be enjoying a greater measure of economic and so- cial independence if the prob- lem had been dealt with years earlier." The government claims that In treaty No. 8, signed in 1899, the Cree, Beaver, Chipewyan and other tribes ceded the rights to square miles In northern Alberta, the N.W.T. south of Great Slavo Lake and northeastern British Columbia. Ottawa claims that In treaty No. 11 the Slave, Dogrib, Lou- cheaiw, Hare and other Indi- ans ceded the rights to square miles in the K.W.T. north of Great Slave Lake. Mrs. Wah-shee said one of the original treaty signers has sworn that the chiefs did not give away land. In addition to the treaties, native groups will also base their land claims on aborigi- nal rights. "They're going lo deal across the board and not leave the people with aborigi- nal Eskimos and behind. No one is going to be left out." Controversial skyscrapers SPOUTS FAN be may hut President Nixon ta nol demonstrating Ids push shot here. 1-clting liis hands dn some oE the talking, he struck Ihe pose while greeting group of new nmha-ssadors presenting their credentials at the White lloufie. To the suburbs Calgary go-ahead PARIS fAP) Premier Pierre Messrner has given the go-ahead order for the con- struction of tliree conlroversiril skyscrapers rear 1'Arc tie Triomphe but said other build- ing plans that could alter Paris' old city look would have lo be reviewed. Messmcr, who made his decision afler consultation will) President Georges, Pompidou, ended a controversy which led many Parisians (o complain of the three skyscrapers now un- der construction at a new busi- ness centre. The opponents said the buildings would he seen L'Arc de Triomplie frnm the Louvre, Place de la Concorde and (he KlysoM. This would in- lerfcro with Paris's historical and harmonious perspective, the complaints charged. TJtAITJKK GUIDE EDMONTON (CP) Tlic AI- hcrta Safety Council has pro- duced .1 'M-pagc holiday trailer guide. The ixwklct contains in- formation about regulations, planning trips, and suggestions for hauling am] handling holi- day trailers. By BOB DOUGLAS CALGARY (CP) Calgary Is fighting the night to the suburbi with a system of elevated con- crete open spaces in the dovra- :own core. Like all major Canadian cit- ies, Calgary has a downtown area crowded with tall office blocks. That attracts lots of of- fice workers. In this situation, discouraged shoppers and residents gener- ally move to the less-crowded suburbs. The inner-city eoro dV dines. But Calgary hopes to revem the trend with a system ot ele- vated bridges and open concrete plazas. Barry Graham, until recently senior architect in ttie Calgary planning department, says the system of concrete wallroayi will provide more breathing room for pedestrians. lie said in an interview that covered walkways bridging in- ner-city streets will make down- town strolls safer. They would also protect pedestrians against the chill, windy Calgary win- ters. The main a'm !s to make the downtown area a worth-white place to live again. Mr. Graham, now a prlvata consultant, said that city council decided there would be no major office developments out- side the downtown core. The city searched for a way of dealing with the expected crush of people downtown. It came up with the walkway sys- tem. Mr. Graham said the down- town area offers more to resi- dents than the suburbs. There wns ink-rsting nightlife, a wide variety of shops and mu- seums and art galleries. The crtvei erf bridges and open around major buildings would encourage people to ven- ture (lo'.vritown, knowing they would not be b a 11 e r e d in crowds. "I think 11 is extremely Im- portant lo have open Mr. Graham said. "It is vital to the health." Families often fled the down- town area because it was a poor place to bring up children. "If we can get a healthy ard high-density development can solve a lot of transporta- tion and social problems." Developers have already promised fo build about 19 cov- ered tridfjcs in the downtown core. Mr. Graham said. The bridges will link elevated con- crete so that pedestrians will not liave fo go down to street level. My. Graham said developers originally romnfnincd alwmt the plan bccnure Ihev fell they wero being 111K-'rinai'cd by the city into building [he plazas and bridges. But, ha Bald, reaction la changing as people realize its attractions for shoppers.