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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 4, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 8 THE tETHBRIDGE HERAID Monday, October A, 1971 Major breakthrough of how life began on earth in the works MONTREAL (CP) A major nre-akthrouEh in the study of how life began on earth about 4.2 billion, years ago appears to be in the works in Germany, a day-long symposium was told here. The symposium, to explore New Frontiers in Human Biol- ogy, was held at McGill Univer- sity with speakers Irom Eng- land, Canada, and the U.S. The breakthrough involves a hypothesis just formulated by Dr. Manfred Eigen on how mat- ter organizes itself into cells in the beginning of the life-building process, a "self-organizalicn" which has long puzzled biolo- gists. Dr. Eigen, 56, won the Nobel prize in chemistry in 1967 ami now heads the Jinx Planch In- stitute of molecular biology at Gotiingen University in West Germany. His hypothesis tries to put to- gether all the pieces in the com- plicated puzzle of matter interaction that took place during the earth's earliest existence. "It will be a great event in physical Dr. Albert Lehninger, professor of bio- chemistry at Johns Hopkins U.S. neighbors warn Washington An AP News Analysis By CHAJtLES II. GItEEN MEXICO CITY (API Neighbors of the United Slates on both south and north are calling on Washington to heed their complaints or face a situa- tion they say could bring politi- cal or economic chaos to the American not. into the house. Canadians urge an easing of President Nixon's trade curbs lest Canada be forced into more economic nationalism, more un- employment and lowered stand- through strong and growing ards of living. Som'1 concerned Mexicans are saying that Washington's inat- tentiveness, as they describe it, could result in conditions bor- dering on anarchy south of the U.S. border, with possibly an eventual threat to U.S. internal idea of convincing them a hard- security. In New York this week for the United Nations General Assem- bly session, Mexico's President Luis Echevarria will attempt to convince U.S. leaders that only c c o n o ni ICE can Mexico and other Latin American nations head off violent revolution, pres- idential sources here say. Kcheverria hopes to meet pri- vately with as many Lop U.S. officials as possible with the I WANNA GO HOME With almost eye, a young dog gives a visual plea for a tear in his sistancs and a permanent home from a pen at the Calgary office of the SPCA. The animals are held for 10 days and if they ore not claimed by then they are destroyed. VOTE BASTEDO, E. W. X FOR ALDERMAN Inserted by E. W. BASTEDO INDEPENDENT hit Mexican economy would thwart his plans for sweeping reforms of political and social institutions and thereby push extremists toward violence, the informants add. Echeyerria does not feel there is imminent danger of such viol- ence, the sources reported, but if it should occur the repercus- sions in Washington would be strong. BELIEVE THE WORST Many Latin American leaders tend to believe U.S. business is trying to get as much as possi- ble out of hemisphere neighbors while putting almost nothing in. One reason they have been so critical of Nixon's 10-per-cent additional levy on dutiable im- ports is that State Secretary William Rogers promised in April, before the Organization of American States, that Nixon would ask Congress to remove all import duties on more than lOO Latin American products, including almost all manufac- tured goods except shoes and textiles. Meanwhile The Canadian Press reports that the feeling in Ottawa is that Canada and the U.S. appear headed toward a political collision of crisis pro- portions because of the restric- tions imposed in August to strengthen the U.S. dollar. The United States has said it will lift its restrictions on Cana- dian goods if Canada will nv move safeguards designed to as- sure Canadian factories a fair share of automobile production, schemes ensuring for Canada part of the production of air- craft and computers it buys in the U.S., programs that attract foreign manufacturers to Can- I ada, and laws that limit the ex- port of raw materials such as timber for manufacture in the United States. Canada insists its policies are not that harmful to the U.S. economy and that it has already taken economic steps demanded by the U.S Alternatives to strikes plan urged RED DEER (CP) The Al- berta Teachers' Association should as least look at other al- ternatives to strike action to settle disputes, says Halver Jonson of Ponoka, ATA repre- sentative for west central Al- berta. Speaking at an association induction ceremony, he said he did not mean that teachers should necessarily give up their right to strike over es- sential contract items. But they should change their approaches to bargaining to keep in step with the times, he said. "In the field of bargaining during 1972 we should be look- ing for an alternative to strike action as a means of settling disputes." In an interview later, he said the association need not neces- sarily adopt other practices. "But I think we must at- tempt to understand them and prepare our own arguments against them. And if we haven't got any good argu- ments of our own prepared we had better consider them." University in Baltimore, Mel., told the symposium. "The origin of life is the central problem of all biology." Dr. Lehninger was one of six speakers at the symposium which was held in connection with McGill University's 150th anniversary. The latest research, he said, shows Uiat the earth was along with the moon, shortly after the sun and the solar system, around 4.6 billion years ago. About 2.4 billion years ago, the origins of life showed up, very elemental components- called anaerobic prokaryotes, precursors of simple from which organic building blocks later emerged. The earth had a fairly cool beginning and was largely cov- ered with water at first, Dr. Lehninger said. The oxygen-less atmosphere contained gaseous hydrogen, the basic element, and a few other compounds de- rived from it. DUPLICATED IN TESTS As early as 1953, laboratory I experiments duplicated what appears to have happened when solar energy acted on that pri- mitive environment. Activated by an energy simi- lar to the electricity of thunder, a mixture of methane, am- monia, hydrogen and water vapor, simulating primitive earth conditions, yielded the basic componetns of life. Thesa included amino acids, glucose and fatty acids. However, the big question has been how the cells, the basic building blocks of living bodies, store the necessary information and organize themselves to form the life chain. "Eigen has, for the first time-, tried to pull together a compre- hensive hypothesis, the basic theme of which is that self-or- ganization is inevitable, an en- tirely inevitable process that simply must occur, given the right Dr. Lehning- er said. "It's the first time the physi- cal chemists have addresed themselves to this problem, of why certain kinds of matters and molecules organize them- selves. We've only had, up to Uie present, intuitive ideas of how this might happen." Let poppies grow WASHINGTON (AP) Bur- ma has rejected a United States offer to help destroy the opium poppy crop that is a major source of heroin in Asia. LEFT ITS MARK GABORONE, Botswana (AP) A hippopotamus left its foot- print in freshly poured concrete at an airstrip near Botswana'! Okavango swamps. FOR PUBLIC SCHOOL BOARD... THESE ARE YOUR C.G.A. CANDIDATES NOMINATED BY CITIZENS AT OPEN NOMINATIONS MEETING IEON WRIGHT THEY STAND WITH THOSE WHO WOULD MOVE AHEAD WiTH COURAGE AND VISION !N THE FIELD OF EDUCATION Group Participation Independent in Decisions INSERTED BY CIVIC GOVERNMENT ASSOCIATION Try a pack today! Get The BigTaste of Broadleaf-the richest mellowest tobacco under the sun. Golden Virginia... toasted to taste good as gold! cv-n-j ;