Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 4, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
_ THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, October 4, 1971 Power and the blast liunmr hail il lhal ['resident Nixon use the nccasion of his meet- ins with Hie Japanese Kmperor in Alaska as a suitable time to an- nounce lhal In: intended to call off the umlei'f'rmiml nuclear tost sched- uled to take place this month. Mr. Nixon said nothing. His brief con- versation Kmperor Hirohito was plainly window dressing for .lapane.se homo consumption at a time when American Japanese rela- tions have cooled dramatically. Now rumor has it the blast may be delayed until after Premier Kosy- departure from Vancouver. The assumption is that Mr. Kosygin might lake offence and that the delay would he A tactful move which it cer- lainlv would be. Js Mr. Nixon indilTornil to the po- litical impact in both Japan and Can- ada of his insistence "a going ahead with the explosion1.' Kven in his own country there is opposition among scientists regarding the dangers which may be inherent in the test. If he ignores the mounting opposition in Canada and Japan lie must accept the fact that anli Americanism in both countries may build up a lieuo of steam which he is not prepared for, and which is not good for the United States, Canada or Japan. The decision is up lo him. That the choice should he up to one man is a stunning comment on the im- mense power of the t'.S chief execu- tive. Grivas comes back Four years ago a full scale war between Greece and Turkey was nar- rowly averted over the island of Cy- prus which has been independent since 1959. A peace force is still maintained there 10 keep the peace between the majority Greek Cypriots and the minority Turkish Cypriots. Relative peace has been maintained under the presidency of Archbishop -Makarios. but it lias been an uneasy accommodation. Even though the Archbishop ended the blockade Turkish sectors and announced res- toration of full freedom of movement the Turkish Cypriots have tended to crowd into the northeast section of the island around Kyrenia, leaving the Greek Cypriots the remainder. Cyprus is a microcosm of linger- ing hatreds between Greeks and Turks. Although most of the Greek Cypriots want lo remain indepen- dent, they are Greek first and Cyp- riot next. The same goes for the mi- nority (18 per cont i of the popula- tion. Old and bitter antagonisms are responsible for lack of economic de- velopment and resultant continuing poverty. It has been found impos- sible, for instance, to go ahead with an irrigation project, which would have provided water for increased citrus fruit production. Education, health and welfare projects which could go a long way to improve the way of life for the entire population have been delayed by ethnic bar- riers preventing co-operation. Now Gen, Grivas. the leader of the Enosis (union of Cyprus with Greece) is back on the island stirring up trouble. Cyprus will be on the agenda of thorny problems for the UN lo con- sider at this session. Nobody is bet- ting on success. Under the circum- stances the only hope is that violent fighting can be prevented. A satis- factory solution is a long way off. Sludge to the rescue An article carried in Time maga- xine recently could have a message for environmentalists concerned with the ecological effects of strip roal mining. It tells about the efforts of the city of Chicago to get rid of sludge, the residue of sewage treat- ment plants. Drying it caused air pollution and was too expensive to be practical. Farmers wouldn't use it because its origins were human and until recently the only way to deal with the gooey stuff was to fill man-made lagoons with it. Now a use has been found for sludge in Fulton county, a section of the country where coal is abund- ant and where strip mining has ren- dered the land ''unfit for any use but as poor pasturage." An experimental area of Fulton county was set aside and treated with Chicago's sludge. The result has been fantastic. Time reports that com in the experimental plot grew eight feet tall, while on untreated land the stalks were only three feet high. Next year a large acreage will be treated with sludge and it is expected that the entire area, once a scarred wasteland, will be returned to productivity. Environmentalists in this area will presumably be watching the Fulton results with great interest. Plans in Lethbridge are to dump local sludge into large pits in the river bottom. If it is as useful as fertilizer as the U.S. experiments indicate, it could mean that it could be sold to the strip mining area west of the city, thus helping to offset the cost to the local taxpayer as well as returning land in the 'Pass area to productive use. ART BUCHWALD In God we trust W "ASHINGTOX Here arc some ques- tions which you have probably been asking concerning the Nixon Admmistra- tion's wage-price freeze: Q Why is there a wage-price freeze in the United Stales? A Because President Nixon's economic game plan didn't work. What was his economic game plan? A To lick inflation by having a rea- sonable amount of unemployment. Q What happened? A He was only successful in 50 per cent of his goals. He didn't lick inflation, but be did manage to have a lot of un- employment. Q Who is atfectcd by this wage-and- price freeze? A Everyone but banks and insurance companies. Q Why arc they not affected? A Because they are hardship cases. Q What about schoolteachers, police- men, firemen and government employees? A They are not exempted because I hey can weather a wage-price freeze much easier than banks and insurance companies. Q Did President devalue Ihe dollar? A Absolutely not. lie asked Germany, France and Japan to devalue it. for him. 'the dollar is floating. Q Where is it floating? A Probably at sea. Two things can happen now. The dollar can be rescued or il can Q Who will decide what happens to Hie dollar? A The gnomes in Switzerland. (t Who arc the gnomes of Switzer- land? A They're liny little men, Ihrcc foot Kill, who buy and sell dollars all over the W Q Can President Nixon do anything about the gnomes in Switzerland? A He can. Just before the elections, he will announce that il he is re-elected he will go lo Zurich. Q Could President Mvon have done anything to avoid a wage-price freeze? A Yes. He could have sold Alaska. As a matter of fact there is a rumor he might still do it. That's why he asked Em- peror Hirohito to meet him there, so Japan could make him an offer. Q How will the wage-price freeze af- fect poor people? A They have nothing to fear from it. It's been set up in such a way that their poverty will be protected. Q Why did the stock market go up .so high when the president damped the freeze on? A Many top.flighl Wall Street inves- tors and brokers were called back from their vacations. They figured ss long as they were there and didn't have to go home to dinner, they might as well buy stocks. Q if my boss promised me a raise and he can't give it lo me because of the wage freeze, what docs that make him? A The happiest man in Hie world. C) How could this have happened lo the dollar when il says right on it 'Tn (iod We A (led didn'i. do this to us. was the Germans, Ihe French and Ihe .Japa- nese. Q But uby should Cod allow this In happen if he knows we put all our trust in him? A The president has asked Hilly Gra- ham to head up a blue-ribbon panel In find an answer lo Ibis question Q When will we know? A Next Sunday. lToronto Telegram Scnircj Bruce Hnlclmon. Politics takes precedence over economics ocratie administration, we feel relief at having averted the AIOST economists know lit- sily's heretical professor. tie about politics, just as most politicians know lillle about economics, and between these two stools the economic .system of North America lias lately fallen on its face. There- by hangs a melancholy little tale. On July 28. 1'J7I. Paul W. McCracken, the distinguished chairman of President Nixon's Council of Economic Advisers, found that he could no longer endure the slings and arrows of an oufraeeoiis John Kenneth Gnibrailh. Taking pen in hand, Mr. MeCracken wrote a bril- liant article for the Washington now in an economic crisis. lie- economics. Mr. Galbraith, skill- be cured. ing the successors to a Dem- cd and scarred in both profes- From Harvard I went to r a r e sensation of fulfilled crisis to which the policies of prophecy. Things a r c turning our predecessors were tend- ing." These words, remember, were printed on July 28. On Aug. 15, only 18 days Liter, the president announced that the Mr. McCracken is of small con- sequence, however, and in any sions, must be experiencing a Washington and talked with two case has been generally mis- understood. In his newspaper article Mr. MeCracken makes a convinc- ing case for the free and flex- said Mr. Galbraith's prophecy jble price system as the best (nil almost exactly as he pre- dicted and as Mr. Nixon prom- ised Uiat they would not. of file most pmrerli'l Dem- ocrats in the Senate whose names are household words throughout the nation. They About a year ago Mr. Gal- was right, his timing wrong, method of producing and con- suming the goods that the pul> braith informed me at Harvard Yes, the Democratic party that the American economy would run on a policy of con- lie wants." United States was facing a des- was moving toward a grand trols but it would be loo late. Once that system is stifled by pcralc crisis. He therefore im- debacle and actually it was Long before the election Presi- state controls, be says, freedom moving faster than the prince dent Nixon would steal the of choice will cease. 'The cffi- posed wage-price controls far Post to explain why Mr. Nixon mere drastic than any pro- of pessimists supposed. He said Democrats' policy and enforce cient American economy will would never, no never, impose posed by Mr. Galbraith. the sort of wage-price controls advocated by Harvard Univer- wither in the strait jacket of Recently a pub- tion of the October crisis after lie affairs television pro- the initial flood of pamphlets and "quickie books." It is also the first serious exposition by an academe of the anti-govern- ment stand which was adopted during the crisis by a small but significant number of English- speaking Canadians. Before going any further, I should say that I am on rec- ord as being one of that num- ber. I opposed the War Mea- Ihat the Democratic party, of controls of his own. Thus repudiated by his boss which he considers himself ceo- Given the president's prin- an u n w o r kable bureaucracy, (who also repudiated his own nomic guru-in-chicf, would run ciples, such an act of apostasy Free enterprise, which gave the United States the highest living standard in history, will die. Ac- cordingly (as of July Hie Nixon governmcnl will nol abandon but will strengthen the price system. Though perfectly sound in theory, Mr. McCracken's case rests on certain brave ar.d du- bious assumptions in fact, and these asumptions lift the en- tire argument out of economics to tlie level of poliUcs, which is to say human nature. Since Ca- nadians are equally involved in the dilemma, they had better understand the assumptions and the tragic mistakes flow- ing from them. The cardinal assumption un- derlying both the free enter- prise and the democralic sys- tems is thai free peoples will behave reasonably and are well able lo govern themselves by self-discipline. Alas, in Ihe free enterprise system (not lo men- tion the political system) the free people of North America have not behaved reasonably for at least a decade. The frec'- ly-elccled governments of the United Stales and Canada, wilh a majority of the electors ap- proving them, misjudged ev- erything, launched a ruinous in- flation and ended, this autumn, in an easily predictable world- wide mess. Inspired by the example of government, the two largest power groups of the free so- ciety behaved with similar felly. Management sought maximum profits and, after a long boom, suddenly found its profits falling until they are now insufficient, as a whole, to keep Ihe economy fueled with adequate investment and job- creating expansion. The labor unions, even more powerful than the managers, sought Every influential Quebecois waSes. that the economy could v-- V J A "That's what I like about the United Appeal It's 16 agencies in Peter Desbarats Fear grows over another October crisis ducer here contacted the exec- utive assistant of a national party leader io request an in- terview with his boss. Executive assistant: "About what'.'" Producer: October cri- sis." Executive assistant: "It hasn't happened yet." There is still plenty of time for Uiat quip to go info the rec- ord as the worst joke and the best prophecy of the year. For the past month or so. pa- pressive actions, as elaborated this reflected a disintegration of the collective will in Que- bec, then the War Measures Act was justified. On the other band, if government ami so- ciety in Quebec were coping relatively well with the situa- tion, the act was a reactionary and dangerous intrusion. It seems to me now that one has to come down on one side or the other of this proposition and accept the implications. from Pierre Trudeau to Pierre Vallieres sensed last October that the situation demanded ex- traordinary measures of one kind or another. The best ex- provide only by raising prices uulil ihe consumers refused to pay them. In the end, Inevitably, North America entered a recession sures Act. But as time goes on, The various governments have T find less and less assur; ance to accept the depressing anal- ample of this would be the fa- the United States a for- mous analysis made by Lc eign exchange emergency Devoir editor Claude Ryan, which Mr. Nixon is trying to normally the coolest of Quebec cure by restricting imports, to intellectuals, when the crisis tho long-run damage of all na- brought him to a serious ex- 'ions, including his own. animation of the possibility of a Bourassa Levcsque govern- lice authorities and the FLQ (Front de Liberation du Quc- tion which really interests'm bee) m Quebec have attempt- is elsewhere. ed, for their own reasons, to create an air of expectation around the first anniversary of the October crisis. In Montreal particularly, there seems to be an almost in the standard "liberal" criti- ysis of Quebec society that was ques of the government's re- implicit in their decision. The critics of that decision, en (neb- by Smith. I find that the ques- side, have the burden of show- ing thai Quebec was in fact cool, calm and collected in the is question, which grows wakc "'e Cross and Laporte difficult and kidnappings. Smith does try lo prove Ihis with all the evidence at his dis- ment of "national unity." It is this instinctive asses- This process, being political and human, is far more compli- cated than the science of eco- nomies, as a science, could posal. But what bothers me is tangible increase of tension at the approach of Tuesday, Oct. That was the date last year when the kidnapping of British diplomat James Richard Cross started Canadians on a roller- coaster dive that ended in the death of Pierre Laporte and Ihe sickening pull-out at the last terrifying moment when it almost seemed lhat (he struc- ture of the country would fly- apart under the strain. insistent, is simply stated: What was really going on in Quebec when the governments in Montreal, Quebec and Ot- tawa agreed last October that __.._., _.._....... it was necessary to implement with the analysis which' "was Ihe War Measures Act? that his analysis of the situa- in Montreal was really tion, as an outsider, conflicts J wasn't. As for the future, Smith is ml was in fael dis- eluding those who opposed'the more or less forced by his ment by French-speaking Que- foresee. And the resulting puz- 10 not by Mn McCracken's theory, Mr. Nix- on's acts or Mr. Galbraith'! price-wage controls. It will not be solved, under any system tolerable to free men, until they are ready to be- have reasonably; until, in short, they slop demanding iriii more (ban the economic sys- under control during the tcm can possibly produce and I was there and I know that it uslnS "le power of privileged beckers last October of Ihe awesome instability of their own society that impresses me as time goes on, and Hiat seems to hold clues about Quebec's fu- ture. I would have liked to see Smith explain this phenomenon instead of attempting to tell me, from a distance, that ev- made at the time by every If the authority of the Que- French-speaking Quebeckcr, in- inlegrating at thai time, and if Letters to the editor government. groups to exploit the unor- ganized, helpless public at large. Prime Minisler Trudeau, af- ter his own grievous errors, seems lo understand what has Theatre admission rates "Since then the n tllc favoritism in admission been T Q f Lcthbndgc >s comprised of rates which the theatres arc D.c has been uncanny. Is the high school students, and sec- endorsing rule over, or arc we just coast- oidary education students Affluence is not common mg o the brink of another de- (LCC, U of L, and nursing stu- critique of last October to pre- scribe tlial "in the event of re- newed terrorism, the alterna- live would thus be to contem- occured below Ihe evel plate what was unthinkable for fie failure of the tlie governm e n t in October m Canada to rc- 1S170: to meet Ihe challenge by jf ?ln appetites, rejecting extraordinary mca- a ?mP', Kot than sures and concentrating in- lhc tiaffic will bear, at the ex- stead on creating a Quebec of'he public he says, is government of national uni- aljdown of democracy." ly 'So indeed it is (though Mr. Tru- sccnt? Barring a major upheaval in Quebec, there is one thing that is entirely predictable. The next few weeks will witness a spate of crisis-inspired books, sion to As proof of their stu- dent stains, student cards are issued to each of them for iden- bc fnnowcd bv tbc im_ newspaper articles and radio and telcvisicn documentaries. As I've contributed to a num- ber of them myself, I can also predict with Mime confidence that none of them will answer I lie simple question: What did i' all mean? The fact is I hat Canadians are .still too close to the enor- mily of Ihe crisis and still loo hocked by it. to make much sense out of il. Most of us re- main frown in llui attitudes we adopted at Ihe lime. among Ihe student, population and in particular Ihe nursing fification purposes. This should disbandlllB enable them (a obtain admis- oral we formerly been discontinued. U is wilh The b r r n k d o n in clem- for student prices. This premise is unfortunately mind thai we feel that the ad- lrlie fcr "f mission rales at Ihe theatres government, not to men- lion Ihe traditional party and elecloral systems in Quebec, in at cardinal freedom ilself. Rut perbap coalition. If Ibis was a far-dis- full u.se of our sludenf cards JUDY mmoKss, PRESIDENT, facilities. Majestic Theatres has recently seen fit lo segregate I lie high school student from the students who wish to further their education beyond Ihis level. This would hardly seem a fair reason for Refused expediency I could care less on your flu- only offer my sincere thanks to Any analysis of Ihe crisis that produces such an unreal scenario for the future has lo bc (Toronto Star Syndicate) denl Nixon's temporary eco- nomic freeze can have some permanent usefulness when it thaws. Not otherwise. (Herald Special Service) Coimlry released a few days ago by Edinoiilnn publisher "viei iiurtig. .Smith's 177-pagi; is Hie first thoughtful examina- lo overlook the wishes of some signatures hona fide or olhorwiso. If Hie city solicitor labels this on illegal petition, then 1 rim assured of my vole as I app.-e ciale Hu'jr wish to he fair to Ihe electors of Ihis city. MRS. LINDA (JAU.ANT. I-othhridgc. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETilEniDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second CMss Mail No Thc Daily Ncmttnr Publishers' Association and inc Aurlii Bureau ol clrcilaiionl CUEO W. MOWERS, Erlilnr and Publl'hor THOMAS H. ADAMS, Control M.in.WiT "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"