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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 4, 1919, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE EIGHT Tire LICTIIBRinGE DAILY IITFULD SATURDAY, OCTOnElX 4, 1919 OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER The Canadian Hog in the European Market By H. S. ARKEJLL, Dominion Livestock market conditions aud consider de- mands? I come back after having been over the whole Cjuadiau war area from Amiens to Mons, Mons taken by tho Canadians tho dav on which the ar- cilsllce vvaj 1 (renkljr It mar be ol Interest. lirsl. lo taj The policr followed by ihe govern- tlial the continent; of Europe Is uu- raml toward tb> fuA Ihe WIT. was quesliociDlj-Ehort at fais and bbon ctj rilber lo discourse hos yroJiiaicin, ol hoe products generally. This is irue owing 10 Ihe verv jren need to coo- strre cereals and concentrated feeji l descriptions. b( tneniv countries nnd allied co'in tries allkr, ind parlkulirly irae ol Germany and Austria. that a report indfcated. I hero vrlth Ihe idea pi able to lell the story of Mir Canadian pro- duceri, our Canadian firmeri, I could only wish that a sufficient num- ber of (hem could see what 1 taw. man gox through the counlrf with bis conneclloa. for the livo reasons hit off. I won't very mnch more. It U not hi ft man to describe 11. Those JUT and Austria. I don't Snow nay now make reference to tbe face fl (Isures are arailaole. tut other European sources of suppli-. v'1" is havt come ia Indicating the Denmark and Holland. has oiler _ __________ _________ ________ lreine shorlaje ol live hogs, with.bjn (orced'or induced to Trade wlili lie result thst Ihere is a general short- age of la is. Now It might seem Inal It -would Germany rather tban the United Kingdom. Danish and Dutch bacon are now going Into Germany rather be, to the advantage- ol Canada 10 itan Into England. Denmark's -whole avp.ll hertelt o! Ihe market on Ihe trade conneclloa iriih the Uultrf King- continent or Europe, In view ot ihls dom to lirmlr eslaolished the shortage. lj-. irar Ii belnj broken down. Tin's ii tome of the neutral countries arc ink- 1 (aTorab'e [actor In Ing advantage ol this situation at the lermlntag Ihe outlook ror Canadian I'.me. It Is tliM the export business. It IE lo be noted I'nited States has exploited that mar- tfcat CTtn novr. on the London market, ket in the ot the- tile of Its bacon Is quoted highest lii price. products. I came to the concluilon Canadian Is second and Danish I regard It as on established jt It will take a period of years to push the rain of her pro- for European bos production to come very qulcily, boxever. that It -xau'.i third. be distinctly to the disadvantage of (aci ducts on the European mirkct and (Eat we should concentrate our ef- forts in supplying tbe United K'.ng- liom where the 5hortage of Wiltshire bacon Is as murh lo he emphaslied ai to normal conditions asain. Dur- ing tiat time Denniari will probably finj more profitable to sell lo Ger- any ratter than to Great Britain. Respecting the genera! Kuropeau the shortage ol 1st on the continent, situations as regards lood. all the I think 1 am sound in this Ibis judg- European countries find themselves in ment. In the lirst place. !he Un'.ted snri 8 [inancial poslion that they arc Slates is in a better position to cater forced -to hold purchases down to the European market Ihan is Can- to lhe lowest possible figure. They ada, In view ot the that she pro- refuse, to import other than the bare What does that signify is regards 'men hid a great work lo do mud our position here? Our farmers here gave what they gave for elTlllutlon, were formerly obliged to lace Don-'sive It to save Canada. Ish competition. wtre ujsu face lo i Gentlemen, as I say. we too have a face with a popular growiug tradd problem, tbe makMg of Canida, and r with Russia and with believe that the making of It la going countries. As againn to be done on the farms of Canada, the d'fllcluties we previously had to perhaps more there than anywhere flee. I have now indicated ibe whole elec. I don't believe that It Ii right Kuropean situation in a general way. jor ut to quietly sit down and let the 1 cetO not sumnarire. for Ibc Import- future take caro of Itself. I believe anco ot our opportunity will be clearly tiat every honest Canadian Is going apparent. must, however, con- lo [ace the situation as a man. what ire must do to properly have a chance to build up a big In- meet this situation. In my Judgment Jus-try, to develop a bljf eiport busl- there are two things which stand out ness. You say the gorertiment should prominently. F-T-I. volume or supp'y. assist. Certainly the government We must increase our supply very should givo assistance and eipoct- materislly and with reasonable speed cd to give It. Dul the farmers ilio aaked to co-operate in this 5Kat movement anil (hat can't be jono by willingness on their part lo to enable us lo hold our positions EaliElactori.y in competition Trlih oiher countries. Second, -no must _____f _ ____ _____ supply a product o( standard quality. coineTn and M pleasure. And High class bacon alone will j beltera lhat If the farmers ot Can- meot the requirements or ihis trade. arjft are prepRrCrt to (are the JSEUC on If. however. Canada can supply a pro- tol5 ,hc_ are FCinB to accomplish cuct regularly In sufficient volume and E0metlilng that la irorih while. or Proyer quality, I look for the de-j NoK senllemen, il Is that, IhiL I velopment oC ilio bacon Industry as aru.lrrjng toll you should go borne oao of ihe most profitable we can undertake. How Ions will this trade last? The Danish tog populaliorr has decreased from 2 l-_ millions to Den- mark is not in a position lo supply m view 01 ino inai sue pro-'rer-js6 lo ]mport other than the bare m PU.-ULUH io surpiy make lhe [u s (tie lard hcrg. Tbe roarfcet in of life. Houmauia has trade, oor will be for soxe time. the United Kingdom is for a h'gh-class intimated her people would have bacon producl lor which proportion oa ferMls and Franco simply ately high .prices will be peld and thai that sha will .market in the ecfl is likrly lo the out- let for oar Canadian bacon. Thai we iply refuse lo let gold Hog production is dependent upon Europe and will not be as quickly as to each farmer in duty. his service Iu the mnXing of Canada for the fularo, I would like lo anal- yze with you He service'ire should Siva, ihe manner in which we can fullest contribution lu the of in Just ry along lines staled, but the field has al- clear that, i( we lollow this thing variations in outsido temperatures, it should be dark and dry ami the lom- ihould, be refiulaloj so as to Eland at K. Very UULe ven- tilation is required. Tbo bees should not be disturbed any more than La absolutely necessary durinc 'the entire winter. For. pulside wiuteriogj cases run In uied will hold or more one holding four siouW bfl large enough to allow frgui Lhrcu laches to sli inches of packing on Uie bottom and four fides, and about iO inches on lop. ror packing'. cither placer fhaviugs, forest leaves, or chaff. can ta useJ. There should also ija wiiiu wreak around ihe apiary. An evergreen, hedge or tin eight foot board fence are the best. Before deciding which mpliM to dopt. ihe. beefceopcr should study his coudLUons and what tie has available. It be has a good cellar meeting tho above requirements. It woulil Le ad- visable (or him lo use it, especially If he has only few colonlea. Under oilier conditions U bq easier and cheaper for hipi to build cases end wimor outside. There. Is more labor attached to packing bees In tbe fall and unpacking in tho spring Iban lucre ia lu earn lot Ihe bees Into Ibe cellar aud out again. On tho other hsnil, beea iu lip collar will neeJ more attention during'the'winter. As rule, beea packed oulside do not meU attention from Ihe Uruftlioy are pack- ed until they are unpacked In the spring, whereas ths, cellar will need leaning up and regulat- than upward venlllalloD. ed throughout the vluler. Bolh methods, of wintering have, been tried for a number of'yearj at Ihe Eiptrlmentul Farm. OHaua. The wintered inside aro placed in tile cellar beneath Ibe Boo Ilulldlng, and those Winifred outside are placed In quadruple cases with planer shavings' used as a parkltiK, ami an eight foot board fence as a windbreak. The aver- age loss of bees In the cellar Is nil against B.I per cent, (or outside, while the consumption of stores does not show much difference; (or Ibe cellar It was 31.3 pounds ugalaet 23.S pounds tor those In the cases. Tho averago number of combs covered iu tbe spring shows an advaulaee for those winter- ed oulslde, bolng 5.4 H3 against 6.0 for lie cellar. Tbesn ngures are lakcu froro October 11, when the bees were packed outside, anil April 15 when tbe becj wore removed from Ibe cellar. II has also been found that sealed covers liaie given belter remlu at Ottawa _ ......_. also thai ihrce inches of packing gives as good results as six Inches: In coinparlug Ihe above figures, Ii will bt> founii thai there Is a greater rlcVof loss from outside wintering. especially during a very cold winter ai lu 1917-lS, wueo our loss occurred, Ibal Lhe coEisunipllon of stores differs but very little in llie two methods. Also that the bees wintered outs Id o were stronger In Ihe spring- C. GOODKRHAM, to Apiarist. Central Eiporlmeolal Farm. Jeave lie country. The general People Europe will only have to ,1CG dlffl. Enropean demand, therefore, aotj a partial harvesi this year owing lo muBt be wiling'to tihe do well to mhke a special-effort be for meats, other than wlial Marcily ol seed. I.look for low production will n cAniiT-a a fnntinr tn _.._. i .-_ ii______-m __ -___i_ lift Inn i h o fn-i. l 1 THRIFTStamps.- We strongly re- commcud the purchase of Thrift Stamps and War Savings Certificates. In this you not only are aidiug your country's finances, but VL. lui uii.uko, iiiiwi. M 111 n 11- lo secure a permanent rootms In the quired in vti- o, llve aDimaij for prcdutllon on Ihe European cos- hope and areforminK theSavmgshablt. iProdnc.lon Tb8 tor two or (hree years as.hc js EoinB to pVliased tBe first general conclusion reached. I continue, however, for cereal products Following that, the question natur-[ uniji vfheal prodoction comes tuck-to Elly arises as lo what Is exactly the Canadian position in her cKort to es- tablish a trade with the United King- normal eaii it may be pointed oat that European wheat production, on acount o( lack of seed, cannot brought wo or IhreB years as the supply o( leed is away below normal. It will take some time to rully requireoifniB and to Kuropcan hog prcduction bgck 10 nyr- msl lerels again. In the meantime, you in the end. flnrt in the develop- tlom? First the home production of: back to normal this ysar. hogs in England, Scotland, and in addition to cereals. Enrope will during Ibis period she ,can (irmly es- land is it a rather low mark. .Irish fats. This indicates the de-1 lablish lerselt on the British market. ment of Canada no other policy la worthy of the serrlce and sacrifice that have alrpaaj- been given for us Canada has "her opportunity, and, If the of war _ .i must say that I appreciate these words very much. It is not In the The Roy ail Bank of Canada Incorporated IMS Head Office -.......Montreal Capital Authorized.......................... Capital Paid Up-............................ Rfacrvc FuntJa............................. Total Axits............................over President. Sir Herbert B. Holl. VIce-Presldent and Managing Director, B. L. Peue. General Manager, o. E. Nelll. Supervisor o( -Central Western Branches, Roben Campbell Special care given to.Savings Accounts, Sav- ings Bank Department at all Branches. A general banking- business transacted. SOUTHERN ALBERTA BRANCHES Lothbrldge ....r............................ IL M. Hanson, Manager MaBralh K. Atkinson, Manaiar Cardstoh w. H. McKay. Manager Tabcr .......................................j. Dons, Kingdom to a greater eitent that the American this comparison jby 'DC feelins lost esists in London. ol other classes be The AtnErican product I On one occasion, officers ol the Swollen Joints tTBrntle ill ita an enUj rtLMrrrd ofmtKmt by tie timely Get box j Your Hocrj lelnaded if joa lie lieved, rm deserves plain cpealunf. >nd plain Ihinklng. I only hope lbat we can make something out ol II. I can say Ibe VBS purchased by the Allied British Ministry o( Food said to me, make something out or It. I can ta his comm'Eilon during the war period. do you think will he the price 'nat I shEllI now so back to Ih to thb ut.nt of the avallabls supply f0' if we taka oft Old Country with ft feeling of encou hacon and lean iacon -were afraid prices would mount agement tbat when yon go tack lo oracl'lcaHy Ihs lame prices. Further; I if conlrol were takcn'off and lhat the; carry on you will do icrne- the -Injerlcins used the dry salt cure consumer would bare lo par blga.; thing that will be worlh while ,ior mnd, IB rlew of the necessity of pre- The history ot the market since de- Canada. TVe are going to meet dlt- serrmt Ih9 bacon for Indefinite per- control makes It clear that a general flcullies in Ihe. future. There will be loiia, they used a great deal more salt European fat and bacon shorlaga times when perhapJ we shall hare to In Iho cure than la desirable for or- really exists. Further, Ihe high r-ices iaco1 hard sledding.. Possibly this is dlniry purposes. Under conlrol. there- telng' ptld In Ctnada at the present the test way to get orer such dlfli (ore, British consumer was Uime shouW serve as a clear indication culUei. I' trust that Ibis will not ha obliged to bny and eat American fat ot the opinion of Ihe packers and as the last occukm ot our meeting to- tacon so salty that It was almost nn- reflecting the general Judgment of the gelher." palatable. Great Britain still has trade as regards future t prices'and ___ _ of -American bacon ori'hand iuture demaDds. and It Is an. nnsatlsfaclorr partially unmarketable article. All the lime Ibal tills business was going on, Canadian cared in brine, all lean Willsh're .'typca, rfii being pnrchued and lenl to the smoV Asked as to his opinion as" to what should tc ilonc to promote confidence amongst farmers, Mr. Arkell said that there should be la. regular supply ol InformBtlou frcm ing Jn London by Ihe British Uie export market If we can funilsb Ministry ol Food. The British trade, UOE you a regular supply of mforma- thtrefore, had lull opportunity lo com-jtion ayallahle from tho export WINTERING BEES IN CELLAR VS. OUTSIDE (Experimental Farms Kotc.) In all parts of Canada it Is necessary "I cm satisfied lhat one thing should io provide protection lor. the u lon cold beca during the long cold monlhB In order to obtain the besl resnlta from Uiem. This protection can 6e gUen lu two -ways, eltber. by placing the whola apiary In a apecia para the high-class Canadian product market as to receipts, prices and the repository or cellfir, or by pacfc.ijj the -with the dry-ealt cured heavy Amerl- tone or the market itself, I think that: beea in cases oulsldo. In the cotder can lypes, and lien were obliged to j will go a loog way lo promote con-! parts ot Canada such as the prairie look on while the Canadian bacon was fidcnce and lo check the fluctuations.! parts of Canada.' prairie provin taken out or civilian use entirely anil that occur here. T tliink that should immediately shipped lo the armies, i be done'and I hope, that'll will be ar- Tou cm very well understand how tlie ranged. First of all I am myself In- demani or the desire lo secure this structcd liy the Minister to return lo ces northern parts, of Ontario and while II may be possible to winter outside if sufficient packing IE given. It would bs aafar to winter in product jrew In the mind of tbe not principally for ibat pur- the cellar. In tbe warmer Ish trade, coupled with Ibe feeling of' pose alone, but with a vipw to organlz-1 outside wintering appears to be equal- annoyance that they were forced lo jng our work over here and 1 have j ly as good as cellar winlering, late ths American bacon, although {already recommended the securing of The first essentials for successful they had always been willing lo matl in tho marketing of' wintering Inside are that the cellar Ibe price (or the belter article. Un der coutrbl bacon was sold at 'a J single, price no matter what tbe rjual- A Financial Highway for Canadian Trade Coincident with Canada's foralgn trade ambitions, we hftva made remarkable mm toward the fulfilment of our policy to build up an fautltutlon of an InterEa- Uonal oharaolOT which will provide B financial highway for Canadian Trads with i oouDtrlea. liu, and that. ooU-Ilbslacdlns Iho'port raartel. ''This mm should be 'blEh dais [utldloni demajid lor the jctimpetent to analyze the whole trado particular trade ol Loiulcr. In Ihli jnci report his Inlormallon In a man- waj, the British consumer was oblls-1 ncr be of real service lo Can- ed to eat this silt tacon and riiy the j aalan [armers. i understand lhat this I same price for it as (or the beat-is done in The Irish farmer that cam. to Ihe market. This (ronl oar to what .plans the slluallon and, while 1 are in the bacon ra'ar- lEMIillei that the eellns of annoyance, Xet thl. 7aluo 0( nis J again..! iha-American product Is par-ih thc ice quolatlons ,ri3h moats 'and produce, who will act as! should le well Insulated against the our agent In obtaining and transmit- ling Just such Information from the ei- unwarranted, it and for the reason Ilure imli- (ated. Ihe Comr.d, therelore, (or Cinarlhi bacon. K we can develop a similar system of ciport information, it will go a long way lo establish confidence amongst our farmers." a time during the past four or five In consideration of their special war ellorl lo secure Ihe bacon aupul? of Ihe armies and for the reputation that years lhat the farmers have'not made money In hogs, and 1 am personally lhat Ihe government was Jus- Canadian bacon now It should ,_ Ibe Known that that reputation has unacrMam Ing Ihe sllua ,on. In askmK farraere lo pro- i never been so i.'sh zi tts prefect I moment. duce. We Jual now face Ihe period of Onr Brmnonw In London, Vvw York, Tor. onto and Winnipeg ars equipped -with Forelifn Bi- Departments pre- to finance and nd- Tin Canadian wi UNION BANK Of CANADA BUOUKCU OF W93.bOO.000 LETHBRIDGE BRANCH A, Dunbar, Manager at CtrdAlon Baions iiiuineiii. i----- What then eiaclly Is tne exisllng rbconstnictlon and It repiMcnla a very .lluallon on Ihe Dritlsh market? h'K tc.u Io Tint that Canadian packers are not lovcl' ''lln't 1 as able'to supply anything like the situated, mud and are quite unable to 1111 their i of view. BI most "untrlei I be- ordera. That Ii true of .the London 'h3' "ur [ulure- "nandslly and market. Tho .arae true ol Ihe nationally, depends lo a large rxlent Glasgow market. In the same sense I de-elopment of our live as In London, the people "of Glasgow I It is live slock that la go-j are forced lo eat American to calaMiah our future. The coun-1 Th's will bo of Interest to yon, lhat toHf? I" lhis po'l'lon- We have a hig a degree never before linown, British debt on our liands. To secure pros-1 trader's are asVlng how to secure' Cnnacla must discharge lhal trade connections wllh Ccnada. Aidebt and must develop our industries number of produce, men asked how: to do so. Tho only way lo dlichargc trade connecllonp could be built up' that dent, lo make Ihe wliole country with this country in the handling of i prosperous. Is lo develop our live dairy products, butler, cheese, bacon ;slock Industry an one of our most Im- beef, and I had an opportunity ot norlsnt an! promising assola. We aro placing certain of Ihese. In touch wilh trying lo analyzo.for you the situation Canadian packers. The con-' na regards the lulure ol [his business, aumlng public has never been so eager tho view of definitely developing to trade with Canada on account of [an c-xjiorl live slock Irarlc. We liavo Iho good qnallly of stuff Bent already nllaincrl certain but apd due also to the lacl thai Canada, j-vvc are only on tho fringe of what.In as they say, "played ihe game'' during'possihlp. Arc we, na Canadians, alm- Ihc war. We" these facts cmplia-1 going lo nil down anrt this op- sized wherevcf the lilnatlon Is dls-] porlunlly? Or are we willing to exert 1 dm BallMlcd lhat we shall twrs? (o secure what is oponinK find lIKJe ju JHcrt'asing yur-ni; lycTorc- vvlien ive Invt-'tigsU' LETHBRIDGE BRANCH WARNER BRANCH MILK RIVER BRANCH The Stamps may bt purchased it any branch of THE STANDARD BANK J. C, SCOTT 131H STREET WORTH I G. F. BLETCHER MAHACEX