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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 4, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LETHBRlDGE. ALBERTA. FRIDAY, OCTOBER 4, l^J NUMBER 250 � PLAN BLOW Retreat In Albania Is Blowing Up Depots-Arc Followed by Advancing Italians. HUNS" ARE IN BULGARIA Seize, Railway to Constantinople --Bulgar Socialists Demand Early Peace. London, Oct. 4.-Austro-Hun-garian forces in Albania are retiring In considerable disorder before the advancing Italians. The Austrian forces are blowing up their depots. ON 50-MILE FRONT. Rome, Oct. 4.-On a front of 50 miles, the Italian forces In Albania continued to advance during the day yesterday, the war offce announced today. In addition to occupying Berat, they are advancing in the direction of Elbasan and in the Devoli valley. CROSS SEMENI. An Italian column has crossed _ the Semeni river In Western Albania and has' rushed across the plain of Maiukja, on the Liushna river, which was an important enemy supply centre. BULGAR WITHDRAWAL. Paris,'Oct. 4.-Greek troops are . continuing, to press into Macedonia, following up the Bulgarian evacuation. They .entered Seres this morning . and have occupied the Demlr-Hlssar pass. The Bulgarian retreat'Is being conducted according to the armis-' tloe agreement. , "fr'EfcAT' C"APTURED; Rome, Oct. 4.-(Albania).-After the capture of Berat by the Italians, cavalry joined in the pursuit of the retreating Austrlans and have made a considerable advance, according to an official note Issued today. TURK MINISTER QUITS Amsterdam, Oct. 4.-The Turkish minister of the interior has resigned, according to a Constantinople message today. BULGARS LAID WASTE Salonlki, Oct. 4!-'Burning villages marked/the trail of the retreating Bulgarian army in Macedonia, according to telegrams ret-ceived here from the front. Bodies of slain civilians were found In the smoking ruins at many places by the advancing allies. - Advices state that this work of destruction surpassed even that which had been reported from districts in France and Belgium, from which the Germans have been driven. HUNS SEIZE RAILWAY Paris, Oct. 4.-Emperor William sent a military mission to Sofia as soon as the situation there was reported to him, according to the Nueste Nachrlchteri of Munich. This mission, it is stated, has. placed German and Austrian troops at strategic points along the principal Bulgarian railway*. Bulgarian deserters reached a point within six miles of 8ofla, according to a Zurich dispatch to � the Journal, but were driven back by. Bulgarian contingents. Want Balkan League Basel, Oct. i.-The Bulgarian Socialist party will support the government in the Sobranje on the aole condition that the government makes peace, according to the Socialist newspaper Narod, of Sofia, 'which Is quoted In a dispatch received nere from the Bulgarian capital. As a further condition, the Socialists demand that the government shall make such negotiations as are necessary to insure good relations between the Balkan peoples and which will tend toward the establishment of a Balkan league. Yanks Over There Now 1,800,000 Washington, Oct. 4.-American troops overseas now number 1,-800,000, members of the house military committee were/Informed today, at their weekly conference at the war department. Spanish influenza in camps and cantonments will retard shipments somewhat In the immediate future, they were told, the department having adopted the policy of not sending men overseas who have been exposed or show symptoms of the disease. Gen. Gouraud's Advance Along Aisne Within 25 Miles of Strategic Railways. Paris, Oct. 4.-Germany Is now throwing in her general reserves into the battle on the St. Quentin front. This accounts for the stiffening resistance there and also along the German left flank and marks the beginning of .the last phase of the great battle. Notwithstanding violent counter-attacks by the enemy, the allies continue to make gains, which, although local, are still' Important as they have a cumulative effect on the .centre of the 'line. British armies commanded" by Gen. Ryng and Gen. Rawlfnson continue to press the enamy hard. They have captured t-e Catelet. Gen. Dsbeny, east of 6t. Quentin, is slowly pushing"the Germahis'Sick toward the upper Olse valley. Gen. Berthetot iV continuing his advance north of RtieimV and" has now'be'eupied the v/hole. Alshe line from Vailly to Bery-au-Bac. THREATEN COMMUNICATIONS Principal Interest along the front to the east centres about the operations conducted by Gen. Gouraud, who has pushed forward until he is now within six miles of Vouzieres junction, a base of great importance, and Is. 25 miles from the great railroads connecting the German army with Germany. He is also solidly established at Challerange, which assures" eventual junction with the Americans on the other side of the Argonne forest. He has added another 3,000 to the 13,-000 prisoners taken since Sept. 26. Better still are the results along the northern sector-of the battlefront. The German retreat oyer a 17-mjle line in the Amiens sector was accelerated today. " ENEMY IN: PERIL As a further result of the retreat, the enemy now is In peril of losing the Belgian coast, should the allies succeed in forcing their way through the gap between Ostend and Lille it would mean, disaster for the Germans. Even If the drive should stop, on the Escaut, Gsn. Ludendorff realizes It would, be diffloult to resist indefinitely the growing strength of the allies in Flanders;. Austrian Fleet at Durazzo Smashed Brilliant Feat of British, Ital-...ian and American Warships -Port Destroyed. THROUGH MINE FIELDS Austrian Destroyer and a Steamer Torpedoed-Hospital Ship Untouched. Rome, Oct. 4.-American, British and Italian warships have destroyed the Austrian naval base at Durazzo and the warships anchored there, according to an announcement made by Premier Orlando. The attack on Durazzo took place at noon Wednesday when Italian and British cruisers protected by Italian and allied torpedo boats and American submarines, succeeded in making their way through mine fields and avoiding attacks by submarines and got into Durazzo harbor. An intense bombardment followed until the base and the Austrian ships anchor ed there were completely 'destroyed. Italian sailors, in (he" face-of hot enemy fire, torpedoed an Austrian destroyer and a steamer. Another vessel, which was recognized as a hospital ship, was allowed to withdraw. Chasejfurks Into %sia Is Next Move Salonikl, Oct, 4.-"We will soon direct our blow at .Constantinople and the vanquished Turk will be thrown once and for all Into Asia," declared Gen. Franchet D' Espery, the .allied commander-in-chief on the Macedonian front, in replying to a demonstration today. -  The allied commander said that the beginning now made be continued. _ The carrying out of the clarses of the armistice between Bulgaria tm.i the allies began. Wednesday. The pa-pulatioh of Salonikl today had an en.' thusiastic meeting at the Place Tour Blanche. Resolutions of thanks ad dressed to General D'Espery and Pre mier Venizelos were adopted. Premier Venizelos said that the vie tory just completed by military convention and by- which Bulgaria recon nized complete defeat would exorcise great influence upon the issues of the world war. The ^defeat of Bulgaria definitely removed the danger of Bulgarian supremacy in the Balkans and assured a liberty of peace. "We rejoice at the resurrection of Serbia," he said. "We do not know the date of the end of the gigantic war, but we are absolutely sure of complete victory and we are ready for every sacrifice." Gen. Gouraud's Advance in Champagne Threatens Communications of Huns VIOLENf ATTACK During Peace^Discussion in Aus-'triair*vfl#MiSf -- Socialists -MaTf5e"JPeac*rli>?mands. Rome, dct. 4.-American submarine chasers destroyed two enemy submarines yesterday during the bombardment of Durazzo, It was officially announced today. The chief of the general staff., of the Italian navy made the ,an-� nouncement. The chasers were, engaged in patrol escort service for the protection of the larje warships taking part in the bombardment. Much Damage Done London. Oct. 4.-In the levelling of the fortification and depots at Durazzo Wednesday the entente squadron, according to a Centrai News dispatch from Rome, destroyed much material for the Austrian army in Albania. Try. to Reach Settlement of Labor Trouble in Fernie Mines. ,,.- IS T (Special to the Herald) Fernie, Oct. 3.-International Board Member, R. Leavitt, of District 18, accompanied by International Organizer, Irvine, of Seattle, arrived'in' town today and are in consultation with the local officials upon the deadlock J brought about by the rejection of the proposition to return to work under the single shift proposition, pending an investigation by a royal commission as proposed by Minister of Mines Sloan. Nothing is given out for pub lfcatlbn but it 1b thought that these officials are endeavoring to bring about an adjustment of the differences to facilitate the speedy resump Hon of work inline idle mines.'  Amsterdam, Oct. i.-Prince Maximilian oi 'Baden has been appointed Germans-chancellor, says an official announcement received from Berlin.  Deputy Grober, Centrist, and Deputy Scheidemann, Majority Socialist-Democrat, have been appointed secretaries of state without portfolios. The official., statement adds that Prince Maximilian also has been named Prussian foreign secretary. He will unnoun^e his program at a full meet-Uu; of the reichstng on Oct. S. U. S. LAUNCHED 100 SHIPS, SEPT. Washington, Oct. -4.-One hundred Bea-gping vessels, 46 steel and ,54 wooden, aggregating 301,433 gross tons/ were ,� completed in American shipyards during September and officially numbered by the bureau ojt Mr vigation. In addition, TO npn-sea-go-ing vessels, of 7,037 gross tons, we're built during the same period. This is a greater tonnage than was built the whole fiscal year of lfllo. During the I nine months ended Sept. 30, the total rof sea-going and non-sea-going vessels built was 1,357. : � Vienna, Oct. 4.-Discussion of the government's declaration, and the question' of peace was begun Wednesday in the Austrian chamber of deputies.. The .Socialist deputies demanded 'peace on the following basis: The creation of a league of nations; no economic warfare; no annexations; the restoration of Serbia',, Montenegro an* Belgium; revision of the treaties of ; Bucharest and Brest-Litovskj a settlement of the eastern questions on the- basis of nationalities; the regulation of the Polish question by the Polish constituents; the establishment of autonomy of each nation in Austria-Hungary. � M. Stanek, a Czech deputy, caused an uproar in the chamber by violently attacking Germany. He re-affirmed the solidarity1 of the Jugo-Slavs. Poles and Czechs and declared that the only means of reaching peace was to accept President Wilson's 14 points. The sitting ended with-.the introduction of a motion demanding an international congress of peace to settle the Polish and international questions. Germans Nervous Amsterdam, Oct. 4.-Commenting on the recent statement of Dr. Alexander Wekerle, the Hungarian premier, to representatives of the Budapest bourse that "our repeatedly expressed readiness for peace holds today and we have taken the necessary steps In full'Scoord with Germany," Germania of Berlin says ' "It; this means that Hungary has made fresh peace overtures, nothing is known of it in competent Berlin official circles." NO "STRIKE AT SASKATOON  Saskatoon, Oct. 3.-There is no strike of Canadian Pacific men here. E. Hon. N. Vf. Rowel I arrives here tomorrow afternoon, accompanied by Commissioner' Perry, of the Mounted Police. He will speak at Knox church, in the evening. The church should be filled. No abler speaker has visited Lethbrldge. Mr. Rowell ranks as one of the best speakers in Canada. He has been close up to the war front several times since 1914, and his talk on the war is bound to be of the most Intimate character. He is a close personal friend of Lieut-General Sir Arthur Currie, the commander of the Canadian corps. There is no admission fee to the church. Toronto, Oct. 4.-Lieut.-Generaf Sir Arthur Currie is, according to rumors in well informed military circles, going to shortly resign the command of the , Canadian Army, Corps at the front, and will be given command of one of -th'e"BWtl�h-armies on the western f roj�|.... ,,Major:General Sir David Watson, of Quebec, who a fewday* ago was.lnvested by the King with the K.C.B., is mentioned as.likely to be given command of the Canadian Army Corps in France.   AT ST. THE WEATHER High...................... Cow................;..____ . Forecast-Generally fa|r. 69 49 Paris. Oct. 4.-An enthusiastic account of the work.of the English and Australian troops in,the operation that terminated with the fall of St. Quentin and the capture of Le Catelet was telegraphed yesterday by the correspondent of the Hayas i Agency on the British front. .-. It is. not belittling the French victory at St. Quentin to say it was made possible by the magnificent1 success gained the. same, day t>y the BritiBh troops north of the town, the'^correspondent says.. ' '. _ Taking of St. Quentin marks a stage in the chain of events of which the most .important was the complete and definite breaking through, not only of tiie famous Hindenburg line, but also the support line eight kilometres beyond^.:. ...''.-. , Madrid,..Oct;,!.-The Spanish steamer Francbli has-been torpedoed by a German* submarine, according to an announcement made by the minister of marine. The Ff-ancoli ;was an iron steamer of l,24i tons. She was built, in 1865 and Was 256 feet long. A FINE SOUTHERN ALBERTA HOME FOUR OFFICERS GONE Ottawa. Oct. 3.--The-following wea-tern men and officers were Included in today's casualty "list: Infantry Killed in Action-Lieut. R'.'B. Lloyd, D.C.M., St. John, N.B.; Lieut. R. C. Bean, Dalhousie, ty.B." Died ah Wounds - Capt. H. A. Thompson, Mitchell, ' Ont.; Lieut. W. E. Tait, Vancouver, �' (Additional War News on Pane Five.) The fine residence of C. homes in th�i �2�r� province are few better Advance of 25 Miles From Challerange Would Spell Disaster for Enemy-British Cavalry Operating Behind Huns on St. Quentin Front-British Take 4,000 More Prisoners ;-Retreat of Enemy in Belgium Continues. PARIS, Oct. 4'.-Fr*neh troops In the St. Quentin region have advanced east of Lesdins, saye the war office statement today. American and French troops in Champagne have made further ad. vances northwest of Blanc Mont and Medeah farm. North and northwest of Rheims the French have Inoreased their gains somewhat and improved their positions in the region of Betheny. BRITISH TAKE 4,000 PRISONERS  LONDON, Oct. 4.-British forces, pursuing the retreating Germans in the Lens region, have reached the railway ea6t of Lena, Field Marshal Haig announced In his official statement today. To the southeast, the British have made progress between Oppy and Merioourt. More than 4,000 prisoners were taken yesterday by the British In their operations north of St. Quentin. The point of the British wedge in the region north of St. Quentin had been pushed at the end of yesterday'* fighting to the high ground a mile northeast of Sequehart. The British are holding this ground, having repulsed a counter attack. HUN COUNTER ATTACK REPULSED LONDON, Oct. 4.-^Jerman forces last night delivered counter attack*) at Gouy and Le Catelet, midway between Cambrai and St. Quentin. Field! Marshal Haig announced today that the enemy assaults had been beaten off. I GEN. GOURAUD'S ADVANCE London, 0,ct. 4.-(L30 p.m.).- French forces in the Champagne have' captured Orfeuil and Belmont Chateau, northeast of Somme-Py.' Mont Blanc, a position of considerable tactical importance, also has been taken from the Germans. CHALLERANGE TAKEN. With th� French.... Army, in France, "Oct. 3.-Gen. Gouraud's troops' crowned their! 'successful campaign in the Champagne last night by taking Challerange and advancing to, the. southern, edge .of the village of Mouron. The latter town front. of;the Western exit from the Grand; Pre'flap. ' Further west, GouraUd's m^n also took the crest of heights call-' ed Croix des Soudans, from where they command the valley of the Aisne northward. NEAR LATERAL RAILWAYS French Headquarters In France, Oct. 4.-With the progress of the allies along the front from, the Aisne to the Meuse, the Germans are daily becoming more alarmed over their situation /in central Champagne between Rheims and Moronvillers heights. All the enemy troops which have appeared in this battlefield belong to 'good divisions and have fought with the utmost tenacity. The sole exception to this rule was the 16th Bavarian division, which was withdrawn after a single day's fighting. None but first class troops are of any value between the 8uippe river and the Argonne.because the Germans cannot abandon positions there without the greatest risk. Allied force* are daily nearing the lateral railways which permit the enemy to move hie reserves from point to point. During the last two days the advance has made his route from the Ar* gonne along the Aire, valfey use less, except by night. Hie next line of communication is 12 mi lea to the north. In this sector, however, the allies have to deal with the German crown prince. CAVALRY BREAKS THROUGH With the British Army in the St. Quentin Sector, Oct. 3.-British forces broke through the entire Hindenburg defense system in the neighborhood of Fresnoy today. As soon as the break has been made, cavalry forces swept through, being followed closely by tanks and armored cars. According to reports which , are considered reliable, the village of Fresnoy itself was taken aoon afterward. Allied airplane*, which have been flying low oyer the country in the rear of the Hindenburg tine', report that there are only one or two thinly" held and. hurriedly built trench lines in front of the advancing British. � This is' a perfect 'cavalry coun- try and with this force free behind the enemy's lines, the entire German positions north and south of St. Quentin are gravely menaced. After the cavalry and tanks had dashed into the open country behind the Hindenburg line, infantry and masses jof machine gunners poured through the break. This force is taking positions and the Germans who have held their lines in the' defensive system are in danger'of being cut. "-, IN FULL FLIGHT The enemy appears to be in full , flight north of the break in the "" line.. Allied patrols" have penetrated further ,intoCambrai, from � which* the^ Germans-'seem-, to be � "* withdrawing." v ~* "~ '* * Prisoner* .from 10 German divisions and 41 battalions were captured today. Regiments which came into the (jne from Flanders . and Verdun have been identified. Last available report* are to the effect that the advancing BritUh troops are 6,000 yards beyond the Beaurevoir line. Machine gunners in large numbers are said to have poured through the breach In the Hindenburg system aboard motor busses. Many of these vehicles are double deckers, which used to run on the streets of London. They are able ta follow'the cavalry closely. Washington, Oct. 4.-Capture of Blanc Mont and other positions in Champagne was reported today by General Pershing in his communique for Thursday, announcing further gains by the American forces fighting with the French. British Offioial. London, Oct. 4.-The text of the Brfc tish official statement reads :^ "At the end of. the fighting yesterday we held the high ground one mile northeast of Sequehart and had suet cessfully beaten oft the enemy's counter-attacks at Guoy and Le Catelet. A second hostile counter-attack at Sequehart also was repnlsed. "The number of prisoners captured by ns in yesterday's operations north of St. Quentin totals 4000. (Continued oar Pao� 4). ' Tl AFRICA, BEATEN Paris, Oct. 4.-Portuguese forces in Africa, in conjunction with the British, have thrown the remaining German troops in German Bast Africa back across the Rovuma river, according to the Petit Parisien. The Rovuma rims from the region of Lake Nyassa to the. Indian Ocean and forms the boundary line between German and Portuguese Bast Africa. The Germans were compelled to' abandon a great quantity of material and lost numerous men in prisonor*. Woolford Man Gets V. C. London, Oct. 4.-fh!e; Canadian Associated Press correspondent today- met' one of Canada's latest Victoria Cross winners, Sergt. Raphael Lewis Zengel, who Is on leave for 14 daya In London. - Zen-. gel belongs to Virdeni Man. � HI* parent* live at Woojford, Alta. He hope* to get leave to Canada. Zengel won the decoration at Amiens on Aug. B. He ha* hot been engaged in active fighting' inee, although looking in the pink of condition.' Sergt. Zengel declinea to talk about his achieve- ment, thinking the London ' GaV zette announcement, which tells how he silenced a machine gun, killing the officer and dispersing the crew,', is notoriety enough. Zengel, who Is 22 years old, also won the Military Medal at Pass-chendaele. Sgt. Zengel at one time lived at Woolford. His mother now live* in Calgary, 104 17th Ave. N. E. His sister, Mrs. Frank McTighe, lives at Woolford. Zengel has been in the army since the early of the present waf� 8us> 163772 ;