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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 3, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UTHBRIOOE HERAID luoidny, October 3, 1972 Pcler Dvsba-mfs The price of forgiving Military bands, Premier Cliou Kn- lai smiling graciously, shaking hands Prime Minister Knkuei Tanaka of Japan, a welcoming cavalcado through the streets of Peking, chats with Chairman Mao it must have shaken the silent Cliinese majority to the soles of their slippers. Those old enough to remember the terrible events connected with the Japanese invasions of China and the atrocities committed during the occupation must have been especially shaken. The Chinese people have not been allowed to forget those terrible years ot Japanese imperial expansion. Pek- ing's propaganda machine has been grinding out its message of fury and hatred during the intervening years until immediately prior to the fall ot former Japanese Prime Minister .Sato. Mr. Sato himself was accused, in the Chinese official press, of at- tempts to revive Japanese economic imperialism and militarism. Practical economic needs, a politi- cal reversal in Japan, the American wind-down in the Far East, have re- versed the picture almost overnight. Dissident elements in the Chinese leadership have been eliminated, and Premier Chou En-lai, super diplomat and pragmatist, having got his own house in order, has set the stage for a rapprochement that will, in time, put the Nixon visit in second place of importance in the historical context. Taiwan's diplomatic break with Japan was, of course, inevitable. At least the Nationalists have (he satis- faction of initiating the break in a save-the-face gesture which may do a little to minimize the diplomatic humiliations they have suffered dur- ing Ihe past year. From news reports available, it appears that Japan's diplomatic about-face will not be tied lo trade stoppage with Taiwan, as some observers had predicted. Two- way trade will continue, if Taiwan wants it that way. Few specifics have been spelled out. Will the Japanese-U.S. security treaty wither on the vine with the passing of lime, what is in store for Soulli Korea if Japan should decide lo build up the North Korean gov- ernment with economic, and later political backing'.' Thailand, the Phil- ippines, Indonesia, Malaysia all of these nations must be waiting ap- prehensively in the wings anxiously watching for the next developments. And what about Russia, which maintains one third of its army along ttie Sino-Soviet border'? The .So- viets will surely demand some kind of detente with Japan as its relations with Tokyo and Peking grow closer. The flag waving is over. The Chi- nese people will accept Peking's change of heart. The masses have no means of protest, and if Chairman Mao thinks it's time to call it quits so will they even though officially a stale of war still exists between China and Japan. As the Far Eastern Economic Re- view says quite simply, "if the price is right, both sides can find the means to be all forgiving." A promise hard to redeem Election promises are often hard to redeem: none will prove more dif- ficult than the Conservative pledge to remedy "the outrageous treatment of our native people by policies that respect their cultural heritage, not destroy it." The Conservatives ought to ponder the fact that the Trudeau govern- ment proposed lo follow a policy it thought was in accord with the wishes of the native people to treat them as full citizens. Rejection of this policy by the Indians surpris- ed everyone in Parliament, including the Conservatives and their leader, Robert Stanfield. Even if the Conser- vatives can come up with something that seems better, they may not find acceptance of it by the native people either. The Indians do not appear to know what they want. Sometimes they seem to want to he full citizens. Some- times they give the impression of wanting to recapture a way of life that prevailed before the arrival of European settlers. The Conservatives would do well to discern what is desired, let alone devise a policy for implementation. Any party that holds out the hopa of the Indians preserving their cul- tural heritage does so in the face of the fact that a global liomogeniza- tion processs is at work that makes the effort of going contrariwise seem futile. The Indians in Canada have not been immune to the process s.j that talk of preserving their culture leaves doubts as to its validity. In actuality, the Conservatives may be setting the stage for a greater experience of disillusionment among the Indians by nourishing a false hope. Of course the Conservatives may not win the election and might not have to try to redeem their promise. Hockey reprise A rule, sports writers refrain from editorializing alwut world or even local affairs, while those who toil at pro- ducing editorial pages quite properly re- strict their sporting comments to coffee- room conversation. At times, however, the game itself is on'y part of the event, as in the case of that curious American rite known as (he World Scries, or our own na- tive Canadian paroxysm that peripherally concerns the Grey Cup. Such affairs aro exceptions to the rule, and such an affair was the recently concluded hockey series between Canada and the U.S.S.R. Nothing need bo said about the outcome of Uie series itself; after all, we won, and what is there to a sporting event hesides winning? And the economic, political, and sociological differences between our respec- tive ways of life have been more than ade- quately dealt with by the players, officials, spectators ar.d other experts who actually made the trip to Moscow. But there is an- other important field that merits careful appraisal, and that is the artistic, which might be more readily recognized if it were termed spectator appeal. Having known and practised hockey for BO much longer, and having evolved it to the point where for every player there are a thousand spectators, naturally we havo found all sorts of little ways of heightening the drama of the game, of making it more exciting in ways those dull, socialist clods would never even think of. Take the Eagle- son thing, for instance. Totally unaware of the advantages of owning percentages of the players and their services, they don't even dream of having entrcpeireurs .silting tm the players' tenches, ami trotting nut New light on unemployment insurance ryn'AWA Documents pre- pared for Immigration and Manpower Minister Ilryco Mackasey lend lo disprove campaign charges that his new unemployment insurance pro- gram is so generous and loosoly administered (lint it is contributing to unemployment by permitting large numbers o[ idlers lo frecload on (he backs of working Canadians. The internal dossier claims (hat "more 'rigorous exam- ination oE eligibility1' in the 12- month period up io last Aug. 1 resulted in claimants Ixnng declared ineligible for increase of 89 per onto the ice whenever they feel the offi- cials aren't doing right by their chattels. Little excursions like that acid greatly to the interest and excitement of any game, as we all know. After all, what would a Grey Cup game he without a drunk or two. or a stray pup, running about on the field? Then there is the matter of suspense, which can be built up in a number of ways if you have sound direction. Take team identification, for example. Almost until the final whistle, people were unsure of the real affiliation of the Canadian players. Of course it was always understood that the name Team Canada meant something, but there was always that element of doubt. During the preliminaries, for in- stance, whenever anyone mentioned Bobby Hull, J. C. Trcmblay, et al, we wondered out loud if this was really a Canadian team. Then, just after the first game in Montreal and the fourth in Vancouver, it was pretty well decided that this was really a bunch of pros (awful, from the National Hockey league. Later, after the first game played in Moscow, it was subtly suggested that really they were just a bunch of guys from New York, Boston, and even such outlandish places as Min- neapolis and Buffalo. It wasn't until tho last moment actually until Henderson scored the winning goal in tho deciding game that it was finally revealed that these were truly Canadian boys, playing their hearts out for Team Canada, their country and, of course, the democratic way of life. The Russians, v.ith their monolithic ap- proach to hockey organisation, could never have thought of (hat. mi over the pvevia us 12- inonth period, 11 reveals t tail a recent concentration" on the ago group in the files of the Unem- ployment Insurance Commis- sion resulted in claimants being interviewed and found in- eligible for benefits because they were not "available, ca- pable and willing to work." The dossier states that since mid-July, the commission has started to enforce, by region, a new regulat ion a dopte d last July 12 which requires that a claimant for unemployment in- surance "must provide positive evidence of his interest in be- coming employed." Before that time, a claimant merely had to stute that he was available for work. In one region, question- naires sent out to unemploy- ment insurance recipients brought in 400 "suspect" re- turns. Further study of these returns resulted in 300 chiiiu- ants being declared ineligible, saving (he taxpayer about in each case. Each question- naire costs the government about to mail ami process. According to the documenta- tion now in Mr. Mackascy's knnds, the Unemployment In- surance Commission's "abuse- detection program" has pro- duced bettor results, in tho past, than similar programs in the United States. CurreiM. up- grading of the program will mean t h at its Invcstl ga t ive staff will be increased from 227 to 307 by mid-November. The dossier is the first de- tailed refutation of criticism of the unemployment insurance scheme that has Income one of the major issues in the first phase of the election campaign. It is being used by Mr. Mac- kasey in a stcpped-up defence- of the scheme. Typical of charges made against the scheme was lha "You better let me go in there, Andy I speak their language." Released war prisoners treated as pawns KV TOM ]VEW YORK The United States government did not arrange for the release of the three pris oners of ar from Hanoi. Why then should Penta- gon officials, including Secre- tary Laird, be raising the threatening possibility of court- martialing them? It goes without saying that Hanoi has its own propaganda, and no doubt diplomatic pur- poses in relc asing t tie th ree prisoners, and may even be trying in a roundabout fashion to aid Sen, George McGovern's presidential campaign. Even so, it would make more sense and be incomparably more_hu- mane and civilized if Washing- ton si mply welcom ed these men home from their ordeal, lot them have their say, then "debriefed" them later. What, after all, these men likely to know in the way of military information that would be so valuable to the war plan- ners in the Pentagon? What are they likely to say publicly that would be so damaging to ad- ministration policy or to tho peace talks or even lo Nixon's prospects? Isn't Ihe main thing to restore men to (heir families and let them alone for awhile to enjoy their new free- dom? A kind of veiled threat is plain in the words of Pentagon officials who, while professing anxiety to guard the rights oE the released prisontrs, have raised questions alwut unspeci- fied quotes they attributed to them in North Vietnam. This is in sharp contrast lo the attitude of Ronald Ziegler, tho White House spokesman, has said there is no pos- sibility the government will bring charges against any of the released prisoners for any- thing they might have done while in captivity; and who put the matter in proper perspec- tive when he said, "these men have been through a terrible ordeal. Our interest is their safe arrival back home." That ought to be the Pentagon's in- terest as well, and the White House ought to enforce it. Meanwhile, as an intercontin- ental struggle is being waged over the freed prisoners, tho House Internal Security Com- mittee bas approved a bill to prevent American civilians from visiting Hanoi, This is a measure to "get Jane Fonda and Ramsey Clark" after tho fact, but it bas far worse de- fects than that futile purpose. Tt appears to run afoul of a Supreme Court decision strik- ing down travel restrictions, for one thing; for another, no legal state of war exists lietwcen the United States and North Viet- nam; for still a third, the civil- ians who would he stopped from going to Hanoi are the only people who have ever brought any prisoners out, and the only people who have ever inform- ed the American public about the effects of (lie American bombing atul blockade; finally, the measure would hand even more power to President Nixon, since it would allow him to au- thorize visits it would other- wise forbid. If the House Dem- ocratic leadership doesn't bury a monstrosity like that, it is no leadership at all. (Tim New York Times) By JAMES RESTON ]VEW Communist leaders in Hanoi keep on misjudging American public opinion. They seem to believe that if they release three IIS. prisoners to antiwar and anti- Nixon while holding on to the other pris- oners, the American people will be impressed by their generos- ity and turn to George McGov- ern in the election as a way lo end the war and bring alt the American prisoners home. Even from the Communist point of view, this is undoubted- ly wrong on several counts. First, the three released pris- oners will not all agree to fol- low the Communist propaganda lines when they come home. Second, releasing a few pris- oners to critics of the president end supporters of Senator Mc- Govern is obviously an Inter- ference, in the American elec- tion, which hurts both Me Gov- ern and Hanoi. It is true that the Communist leaders in Hanoi are doing what most governments do with prisoners of war. They are hold- ing on to them and trying to use them to force the president to accept Hanoi's terms of peace, But their tactics are em- bittering the people they are trying to persuade- They seem to be Irrifling with the sorrow and tragedy of the families of (he prisoners left Ijchind. The American prisoners in Hanoi could influence the peace terms and maylx; even the American election, but only it Hanoi released them all, not lo antiwar activists, but to their families. If they turned all the Theft is the main problem CHAT'S the biggest security problem in industry to- day? Espionage by competi- tors? Bomb threats? Riots? None of these. According (o a nationwide survey by tho American Society for Person- nel Administration in tion with the Hureau of Na- tional Affairs, the No. 1 head- ache is still theft most, often theft by employees. Vandalism comes .second in frequency, bomb scares arc third and drug abuse is fourth. To get an indication of cur- rent policies and practices in industrial security, the two or- lions polled a cross-sec- lion of companies tn 3 variety By Don Oakley, NKA service of industries. Responses wcre received from 176 of them per cent manufacturing, 25 per cent non-manufacturing and 12 per cent governmental and nonprofit concerns. Security problems have brought many changes in com- pany policies, The survey found that, practices include: Lie Detector TCKI.S per cent of the large companies (morn th.'in employers) use them. Package Checks 40 per cent of the large companies and 20 per cent of the small com- panies (fewer llian em- ployeesj have initialed them. Identification Radges 50 per cent of the large companies use them. O Electronic Surveillance 30 per cent of (he large com- panies use it in high risk areas- This includes closed-circuit tele- vision. Moral deterioration, less re- spect for authority and greater instability among today's em- ployees were some of the ex- planations offered by personnel executives for the increased need for security programs. On the encouraging .side, how- ever, while just under half of the companies .said Dial em- ployee (heft, was a relatively frequent occurrence, more than hrtlf reported it was rarely, if ever, a problem for them. prisoners over to the wives, parents and clutdren of Ihe captive Americans, how would president Nixon explain to the American people that it was necessary to carry on the war and the most savage bombing of the century? This is tiie point Henry Kis- singer has been trying to make to the Communist leaders in his private talks with Le Due Tho in Paris. He lias been try- ing to tell them that their ef- fects to manipulate the Amer- ican prisoners won't work, won't defeat Nixon in Novem- ber, but merely give Nixon a mandate to carry on the war in his second term. Kissinger made the same point in missions to Moscow and Peking, and the Russians and the Chinese, who support Hanoi but need an accommoda- tion with Washington, have worked quietly for comprom- ise. But Hanoi is not listening, even fo Moscow or Peking. It is making the same mistake about America that Presidents Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon made about North Vietnam in tho last few years, Tt thinks the United States will collapse under pressure, just as the last three American presid e n t s thought North Vietnam would collapse when we sent our men and bombers into the battle, but Washington's assumptions m the past didn't work out that way, and Hanoi's assump- tions now are not working out either. The longer Hanoi bolds on to tnc American prisoners, and the longer Washington insists on supporting Thicii, the longer the war is likely to go on, and this will only increase the trag- edy for concerned. They are all prisoners now, not only the three Americans who have come home, and the pris- oners left behind, but tho gov- ernments in Hanoi and Washing- ton, who arc still working on assumptions that are out of (late. The New York Times statement by Conservative Leader StanEicld in Vancouver that "the Trutleau government went, Into this campaign with a clear record of legislation to put a heavier nnd heavier bur- den on those who are working to maintain those who are able to work but are not doing so." Mr. SlanfieM has called the scheme a "national scandal" anil claimed that it would cost the federal government up to million by the end of the current fiscal year. Mr. Mackast-'y's dossier has no figures on the government's contribution to the plan this year, buL it quotes Statistics Canada information that total unemployment insurance p a y- ments in the first seven months of Ibis year were million, an increase of million or 88 per cent .over the same period in 1071. Tho government claims that releasing information now on its own contribution (o the plan would be misleading as it would not contain, among other things, accurate assessments of the amounts thai the govern- ment will recover eventually through income tax paid on unemployment Insurance bene- fits. The main reasons given for the increase in total payments are: The average weekly bene- fit under the scheme has risen from in the first seven months of 1971 to in the same period in 1972, because of wage inflation and more gener- ous benefits. Starting last .January, nn additional 2.3 million workers were insured under the scheme and between and of these have actually claimed benefits. sickness and retirement benefits, which didn't exist under the old scheme, now amount to about million per month. The dossier now in Mack- Rsey's hands deals with a num- ber of specific criticisms of the scheme. Tt states, for example, that "there is little evidence that the new unemployment in- suranc e progra m has sig- nificantly decreased the in- centive to look for cit- ing statistics lo prove that there has been a slight increase this year in the number of un- employment insurance claim- ants returning to work. It also deals with the claim that students have preferred (o take unemployment insurance be ne fits d uring t he sum mer rather than work, since a stu- dent leaving school in tho spring is eligible for benefits if he has worked at least eight weeks the previous summer. Of an estimated stu- dents who worked months or longer in the summer 1IJ71, about were unem- ployed in July 1072. Between and were on the UIC claimloatl. Special efforts to investigate ibis group havo resulted in claimants declared ineligible. Positive aspects of the new scheme summarized in the documents include a reduction in the number of welfare cases in many municipalities (Ilia of employable welfare cases in Toronto decreased from to between July 1071, and last July) and stimulation of consumer spend- ing, particularly in areas of high unemployment. Tn the first seven months of 1972, for in- stance, New Brunswick claim- anls received S-M million com- parcel with million in tho same period last year. (Toronto Star Syndicate) cra The LetMmdge Herald 5W 7th St. S., Lcihbridge, Alberta LETHBTUDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1Q05-10S4, by Hon. W. A. RUCHANAN Second RegKlrolir.a No Werner ot Trie Canadian Press end Ihe Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Asocial ion and the Audif Bureau of Clrculalloni CLEO W. MOWERS, Edilor nnd Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General OON PILUNG WILLIAM >lflY M.inagir.g FdiMr E'lilnr ROY F t'.. WA1KER Advirtising AAamger feililcrnl Ta'fi Edilcw "THE HERALO SERVES THE SOUTH" ;