Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 3, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
Joseph Kraft A New Perspective Former U.S. Secretary of Defence, Robert C. McNamara, recently delivered a lengthy diatribe against defence spending. He said defence spending in both the developed and the developing world was out of hand. A different ordering of priorities is needed if the world is to solve some of its vexing problems. It will be agreed that the spending of $180 billion annually on arms as compared to only $7 billion on economic development aid has the appearance of folly. But for this to be pointed out by Mr. McNamara seems somewhat ironic. During the years he was U.S. Secretary of Defence he was party to generating huge increases in military spending for the Vietnam war. As president of the World Bank Mr. McNamara has acquired a new perspective from which to view tilings. He knows now the urgency of providing funds for development and the imperative of checking the population explosion. This has turned him into a crusader and made him one of the most controversial figures on the world scene. Mr. McNamara's past continues to give him trouble. At the annual meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank held in Copenhagen recently he found himself, as usual, the object of demonstrations. He symbolizes for the left-wing groups the Bank's entanglement with capitalism, imperialism and the United States. As both a former President of Ford Motor Company and a former U.S. Secretary of Defence he obviously has a very provocative pedigree. The protesters insist that the World Bank is an instrument of monopoly capitalism. They argue that it helps the rich countries to become richer at the expense of the. poorer ones. There may have been some truth in such criticism in the past since so many development projects were tied to the interests of donor countries. Those in a position to know, say that Mr. McNamara is not guilty of being party to such manipulation and works hard to make the bank truly an instrument of development. Under Mr. McNamara's leadership the World Bank has changed sufficiently that its former reactionary image is out of date. One official lias perceptively noted that an effective way to stop the demonstrations would be to stop using the name bank. Consider Case Closed It may be about time for the Jack Day case to be dropped, by the CBC, Grant Notley, The Herald, and everyone else who has expressed outrage at the provincial government's handling of it. As The Herald suggested earlier, if an injustice has been done, Mr. Day should take his case to the provincial ombudsman. Otherwise we see no point in pressing it. The government's position is clear. As Mr. Day's employer it has every right to dismiss him at any time and it has no obligation to make a public statement on its reasons. The attorney - general has stated that the criminal charges against Mr. Day none of which stood up in court, were not involved in his dismissal. Mr. Day has said that he was never informed that his work as movie censor M'as unsatisfactory to the government. Why, then, was he dismissed? The people have not been told, and Mr. Gerhart says they will not be told. Mr. Day has taken a financial beating over this affair, and the ordeal of the charges and accusations must have been almost unbearable. But he now has another job (with the CBC) and life might look better. It is no kindness to him to keep old wounds open. The Jack Day case should be considered closed. Commission Upstaged Nearly four years have elapsed since the Royal Commission on the Status of Women was appointed. It is almost two years since the cross-Canada hearings concluded. Yet no report on the findings has been made. When the report is finally published it is apt to be found to be outdated. The Women's Liberation Movement has come into existence since the hearings were held. Very likely it has anticipated the conclusions the commission will reach and has set in motion the forces leading to change. But the report of the commission will be of interest nonetheless. It is bound to be somewhat more objective and less extreme than the positions taken by various representatives of he aggrieved women who identify with the Women's Liberation Movement. The commission's report is not now likely to be the stimulus for any reform movement. On that score it has been upstaged. It may very well be used, as ammunition in support of the demands being voiced by militant feminists for equality, however. Perhaps the greatest value that will be attached to the report will be as a guide in assessing the demands currently being made. Many people do not know whether to take the women's war seriously or not. A royal commission ought to provide some help. Although the commission's report has in a sense been upstaged by the emergence of the Women's Liberation Movement there is another sense in which it has been given assurance of attention that it might not otherwise have received. Weekend Meditation A Few Certainties TN his autobiography Sean O'Casey tells of a confrontation with an Ulsterman who asks "I want to know if God is a Catholic or a Protestant :onser that, wull ye?" "He's neither," said Sean laughingly, "relationship with Him isn't sanctioned by the push button of an opinion. He may be more than He is claimed to be; He may be but a shout in the street . . . When God is a shout in the street, the shout is never a creed . . . ." Is Sean sure of that? Isn't hunger a creed? Isn't it a creed to say that "the soul of man was made for God and is restless until it finds rest in Him?" Is not the anguish of the human soul a creed? When a man knows that apart from God lies only death he has the beginning of a creed. Tennessee Williams, author of some fearful plays, grandson of an Episcopalian minister, once stated his creed as quoted in Time Magazine, "There is a horror in things, a horror at heart of the meaning-lessness of existence . , . Life has a meaning if you're bucking for heaven. But if heaven is a fantasy, we are in this jungle with whatever we can work out for ourselves. It seems to me that the cards are stacked against us. The only victory is how we take it." Many others have said the same thing today, men like the existentialist, Jean Paul Sartre for example. A German professor remarked that the statement he hears most often from university students is, "God is dead for me." Albert Camus expresses the cry of the age: "What the world expects of Christians is that Christians should speak out loud and clear, for between the forces of terror and the forces of dialogue a great unequal battle has begun ... We are still wailing, and I am' waiting, for a groviping of all those who refuse lo be dogs, and are resolved to pay the price thai must be paid so I hut man can be something more than a dog." Dealing With Russia Must Be Realistic WASHINGTON - Perhaps the worst feature of the Middle Eastern crisis is the lesson apt to be drawn in the White House about how to deal with the Soviet Union. For events seem to confirm the president's gut feeling that missile-rattling pays off. In fact, Mr. Nixon needs to devise a much better approach to Moscow. That he felt obliged to act tough in the Middle East was the sign of diplomacy that had failed. The president's gut feeling about how to deal with the Rus-sians is not in doubt. Decisive evidence is furnished by the unguarded statement, taped by the Miami News, which Mr. Nixon made to delegates from the South at the Republican convention. "Critical to the settlement of Vietnam," Mr. Nixon told them, "are relations with the Soviet Union. That is why I have said over and over again that it is going to be necessary for the next president to sit down and talk with the Soviet leaders- and talk quite directly, not only about Vietnam-you've got to broaden the canvas ... We could put the Middle East on the fire. And you could put trade on the fire. And you put the power bombs on the fire and you say: Now look here. Ths is the first great certainty. Man is more than a dog, Christ on the cross saying, "Father-forgive them," is sublime, and this is the supreme wonder, not that he is so much like a beast, but that he is a little divine, a little like Jesus Christ. Here is the light that has come into the world and, as John said, touched every man so that every man may become a Christ to other men. Jesus gave man a new dignity and meaning and the divine stamp can never be effaced. That is man's doom and destiny, so that the fact of original sin is a primary, distinctive fact of man's uniqueness and divine origin. Another certainty, then, is the doom of sin. There is no such thing in this world as sinning and getting away with it. Sin and selfishness destroy men. Love and sacrifice, on the other hand, glorify life. Tnis world has a morality which, denied, turns the world into a hell. Truth is greater than falsehood, love is better than hate, faith is truer than doubt. Faith does achieve miracles and moves mountains. Beauty is more joyous than ugliness and what in nature does not have beauty? A fourth certainty (we have the hunger of man, the fact of man's divine potential, and the moral order of the universe) is the fact of the Christian Church. Prey to man's weakness, crucified by man's stupidity, derided and neglected, the church provides a place for prayer and witness to the wonder and glory beyond sense and time. More, in her worship she draws men into a holy family and eternal unity. To the believer her sacraments become inexpressibly dear and meaningful and countless millions by the ministry of the church have touched the hand of God and been satisfied with life's ultimate certainty. Prayer: Merciful God, take from our minds the delusions that threaten our sanity and destroy our peace; reveal to us the source of our true life and the imperishable realities wherein we stand. Amen. - F. S. M. Maurice Western Economic Clouds Dim Stanbury's Vision o1 kTTAWA - R ob e r t Stan-bury, the young and ardent minister responsible for citizenship and Information Canada, is credited in news reports with ambitious plans for expansion of the youth travel program. It appears from one account, which seems reliable, that Mr. Stanbury has in mind two major improvements. As he has already said publicly, the travel budget for next year may be approximately doubled, increasing from $1,600,000 to something in excess of $3,000,000. There is, however a feeling that aid should not be limited to youth when many senior citizens have enjoyed little in the way of travel opportunities. The minister is said to be thinking in terms of family hostels and the following observations are attributed to him: "There are many others, isolated in remote areas, who have never travelled more than a few miles from their homes. The poor don't stand a chance of seeing their country unless they are encouraged and helped to do so. There are hundreds of thousands of the culturally and economically handicapped who could gain immeasurably from the experience of travel. And perhaps the country would gain too." It is difficult to see how anyone could take exception to these observations. The benefits of travel are well known. There is testimony on this subject from leading thinkers all the way back to Herodotus; so much that Mr. Stanbury's workers have been able, with a minimum of research, to produce all sorts of persuasive quotations for use in departmental handouts. It is an attractive argument that what's good for the young and eager should be good for the elderly and reflective and that the general widening of horizons should benefit the country. Why, on s u c h reasoning, should attention be confined to these groups? There are many .in-betwecii Canadians whoso travel plans must be considered inadequate by developing standards. Not only do they retain much of the vigor of youth; they have also achieved through life experience a maturity which should enable them to gain more from travel observations here or abroad. They have, regrettably suffered some deprivation since they arrived on the scene too early to avail themselves of the opportunities of the Stanbury era. On t h e evidence of mortality tables, some will not be on hand to cash in on the second round of benefits which Mr. Stanbury now has under consideration. The proper course, from this standpoint, is to get them on the road now. No observant person can doubt that the migratory instinct is strong in Canadians. But the possibilities of government-sponsored tourism for Canadians of all ages have never heretofore been tested, even in wartime. Mr. Stanbury at the moment is a minister of odds and ends but among them may be the keys to a travel empire. A possible obstacle, however, is treasury board. The difficulty is that Mr. Stanbury's visions contrast oddly with the Economic Council's forebodings. According to the analysis of the council's seventh annual review, the expansion of services has already placed us in a situation of some difficulty. crasjr capers Do you want a frozen dinner, or shall I go lo the trouble of opening a can? For expenditures on two of them, health care and higher education, have been increasing at a rate which is "simply not sustainable for the long run," As was already known, these costs have also upset the calculations of those responsible for budget forecasts. The council considers these services because they loom so large among spending categories. But in fact there has been a proliferation of services provided by government agencies in recent years. The new consumer programs developed by Mr. Basford's department are obvious examples; some of them also have their counterparts in the provinces. All of them are motivated by social considerations and can be defended as meritorious. The trouble is that services collectively impose too large demands on the resources of the economy. If it were not so the council, which is a widely representative body, would not be urging serious consideration of such braking devices as "utilization charges" in the field of health services and higher student fees in that of post secondary education. Quite apart from such services, there are developing demands on resources of which we have scarcely begun to feel the impact. Among these are the requirements of anti-pollution programs certain to involve large costs. There is heavy pressure on government for the diversion of greater resources into housing. There is also much unfinished business in the country; one evidence of which is the alienation of the Indian community. The individual is faced with the necessity of making choices and setting priorities. Collectively, we are in the same position. Mr. Stanbury cannot be faulted on the benefits of travel; with or without the authority of Herodotus, most people regard travel as a good thing. But docs it make sense to launch a travel program, with limitless possibilities for expansion, when the means have still to be found of checking the growth of expenditures on health and higher education? There are, without doubt, some things which could be sacrificed. Quite propably, Information Canada would be a popular choice. But even this sacrifice, though desirable, would not go far towards offsetting now foreseeable demands on Canadian resources. Mr. S'tanbury is an attractive travel promoter. He has taken up business, however, in a most unpromising season, economically speaking. It is dangerous to arouse expectations which can be fulfilled only if the government takes leave of its senses. What ministers talk about, ministers are expected to produce but subsidized travel in present circumstances must surely be regarded as a service very low on the totem pole of national needs. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Here's the world. Here is the United States. Here is the'Soviet Union. Neither of us wants a nuclear war." In office, Mr. Nixon has been applying that philosophy across the board. In Vietnam the basic policy was to generate enough pressure for Moscow to bring Hanoi to terms. But all the evidence says that Russia doesn't have that kind of clout in the Far East any more. In the strategic arms limitation talks (SALT) with Russia, pressure was brought to bear, first by junking the arms control package put together in the Johnson administration; next by the deployment of anti-ballistic missiles, or ABM; then by deployment of the multiple independently-targeted re-entry vehicle, or MIRV. Feeling themselves under pressure, the Russians dragged their feet on starting the talks and stepped up their missile-building program. In consequence, agreements that might have been concluded while the Russians were behind this country in certain types of missiles are still under negotiations as the Russians forge ahead. It is by no means clear that an agreement can be reached. Indeed, two recent Soviet visitors to Washington - Giorgi Arbatov, the American expert, and Mihail Mil-lionshchikov - gave the impression that Russia was still holding back because of pres. sure tactics on the ABM. In the Middle East, Mr. Nixon began applying systematic pressure when it seemed that Jordan was in danger. First came the curious press briefing in Chicago where the president told editors he knew he was being tested by the Russians, that he was prepared to respond energetically, and that the United States would intervene militarily if Iraq or Syria moved on Jordan. There followed an eastward movement of the Sixth Fleet, an alert to troops in Europe, and a stiff warning to the Russians to curtail the Syrians. And now that the threat to Jordan has eased, there will be those in the White House who think that the president's pressure tactics were a brilliant success. But why did the president have to apply the pressure in the first place? Because King Hussein was in danger. And what put him in danger? It was an American peace initiative, so poorly conceived and sloppily executed as to set agog everybody with a stake in the Middle East - the Palestine Arabs, the Israelis, the Egyptians, the Syrians, and of course, the Russians. Moreover, if the fall of Hussein has been averted, the losses are still great. Thousands of people have been killed. The king has probably been weakened to the point where he can no longer be a peacemaker or even a useful buffer between the Arabs and Israel. . The peace initiative is a dead letter for a long time to come. Relations between Washington and Moscow have been further strained. And the Russians are in position to resume their penetration of the Middle East under even more favorable conditions when the present crisis cools. The true lesson, accordingly, is not that getting tough with Moscow works wonders. It is that dealings involving the Russians must at all stages be realistic in scope and meticulous in arrangement. Big Two diplomacy, especially, needs to be handled in a way that does not cause the President of the United States to feel that the security of the world depends on his will, his .machismo. And that requirement is particularly strong with the present president. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920-The Dutch government after a long investigation of the former German emperor's resources, has decided that, he must pay taxes on an income of one million and a half guilders. 1930-Alberta's portion of the $12,000,000 available for construction of public works and highways to provide direct, relief will likely be placed at $850,000.. 1940 - Members of the first graduating class from No, 5 elementary flying school at Kenyon Field have completed their courses and will leave the city for the east. 1950-W. A. C. Bennett has announced he will contest the leadership of the British Columbia Progressive Conservative party at the convention in Vancouver in October. He is the member for S'outh Okana-gan. 19(10 - Security will be tightened at the Prince county jail in Summerside, P.E.I. Among the new restrictions: prisoners won't be allowed to sit on the jailhouse steps and whistle at girls passing by. The Lethbruige Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No 0017 Member ot The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing lidilor Ar,ioc.ia!e Edilur rtOY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pago Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"