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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 3, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Parliamentary Notebook Opposition Plans Tougher Stance OTTAWA (CP) - After any parliamentary recess there is usually a spate of predictions that the opposition is about to make things tougher for the government-but this time the talk seems more convincing than usual. This time several factors add strength to predictions that the relative calm of the last two parliamentary sessions is in danger of being shattered. The over-riding factor is a general election probably less than two years away. Conservative Leader Robert Stanfield, who has not yet raised the rafters of Parliament with thunderous accusations against the government, was said to have plotted his course so as not to waste ammunition on a new government that was, for all practical purposes, politically unassailable. Sources close to Mr. S'canfield say he long ago planned to strengthen his stance about this time, building his attack grad- ually toward the next election campaign. This long-term planning was given new urgency a few weeks ago when Conservative party caucus, in the wake of that now-famous Saskatoon meeting of western members, made it clear they wanted a more formidable opposition attack in the Commons. Mr. Stanfield assured them this was his plan. Failure to achieve it, say some members, will bring on new rumblings of Movie Column Bette D. Doesn't Hanker For The Good Old Davs HOLLYWOOD (AP) - "In our day, stars had it lucky. The studios built our careers with care and bought vehicles or created them especially for us. Today's stars must take what comes to them. And if they make the wrong choices, they're dead." This was Bette Davis holding forth on the star system, a subject on which she is one of the world's greatest experts. For 15 years she reigned as the dramatic queen of Warner Bros., exacting two Academy Awards and a score of memorable performances. She was here briefly, en route from her Westport, Conn., home to locations for her new film Bunny O'Hare in Albuquerque, N.M. Miss Davis seemed to relish the prospect of returning to work, but the trip to New Mexico didn't thrill her. "I hate locations," she said. "I've been fortunate; I had only one location picture, Storm Center, which we made at Santa Rosa, Calif. "Yes, I know that this new crop of directors likes to shoot in actual locales, but I think it's a mistake. Locations have nothing to do with acting. You encounter so many distractions on location that the acting has to suffer. "The studios have men who could build sets that are just as good as any location. You can shoot better inside a studio. And cheaper, too." SEES ADVANTAGES Bette Davis is not the kind of star to hanker for the "good old days." Ever the realist, she reflects that some of those days were pretty bad, especially when stars could be dictated to by studio bosses. Still, there were distinct advantages to the studio system. "For all of its abuses, the studio system was pretty damned good for a lot of us," she admitted. "Those old boys knew how to build stars-not create them, because only the public could do that. "Once a star was established, the studio could provide a continuity of career by providing pictures tailored to his talents. And don't forget those fantastic publicity departments. They could spend a year creating a demand for a certain picture. "Today there is no area for failure. If an actor doesn't make it in his first big role, he's Fires Blacken 4,000 Acres GRANDE PRAIRIE (CP) -Nine forest and grass fires were burning over 4,000 acres in the Grande Prairie area Friday, aided by tinder - dry conditions, temperatures in the high 70s and winds gusting up to more than 40 miles an hour. More than 200 forestry department men, busier now than at any time during the normal summer lire season, were fighting the blazes. The largest is a three-day-old 3,000 - acre blaze in aspen and spruce about 40 miles north-east of Grande Prairie. finished. If Dustin Hoffman hadn't hit big in The Graduate, he would have been out of the business by now." Miss Davis remains as active as she would like to be-a picture a year suits her. She could work more often if she accepted the roles offered her, "mostly nutty older women." Pollution Peril Masked Germany By LESLIE COLITT London Observer Service -Saturday, October 3, 1970 - THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD - 23 Liberals Miffed Over Shakeup Alberta Tories In Conference CAMROSE (CP) - About 150 provincial Conservatives opened today a two - day conference to learn about the issues of education. Train Pilots At Edmonton MONTREAL (CP) - Air Canada plans to train all its jumbo-j,9t crews at Edmonton International Airport, a company spokesman said Friday. MUNICH - Germans who have long found comfort in their wooded countryside and magnificent city parks are now being told they live in one of Europe's most threatened environments. Compared with the United States, the experts tell them, seven times as many air pollutants rain down on West Germans per square mile. The average West German is exposed to five times the amount of lead additives in petrol compared with Swedes, who live in a country twice as large. Cities along the Rhine are forced to get their drinking water from this commercial waterway, which is saturated with chemical wastes. Half the population has no regular refuse collection, and the sewage of three-fifths of West Germans is either inadequately treated or not processed at all. I West Germans are not getting over-excited by this gloomy news. Apart from the visible signs of massive pollution in the Ruhr and a numbe- of industrial cities, most Germans have such easy access to heavily-wooded countryside that the cries of ecological peril seem exaggerated. The danger is thus masked, differing from the situation in the United States where the ravaged environment is there for all to see. The government, however, is aware that if steps are not taken to bring under its control the varied and conflicting state laws relating to the environment there will be a genuine environmental crisis in the coming decade. Chancellor Willy Brandt, recently chaired a newly-formed Government Commission for Environmental Protection which seeks to gain for Bonn the legal authority to prevent further pollution of waiter reserves, contamination of the air and assault on nerves by traffic and construction noise. The Rhine itself, romantic in only a few stretches, presents an enormous problem not only to West Germany, but to the three other countries it touches as well. Not far from its source at Schaffhausen, in Switzerland, it receives its first dose of industrial waste at Basel. Further along, in France, vast quantities of salt are dumped into the river from the potash mines of Alsace. The most critical point, where the Rhine reaches its filthiest grade, pollution degree four, is at Mannheim-Lud-wigshafen, where discharges from the chemical and cellulose industries compete with city sewage and the polluted Neckar river tributary. Only by a miracle of nature does the great river cleanse itself to pollution degree two before reaching the Netherlands, where it provides much of the country's drinking water. Industry along the river has agreed to stop dumping diluted sulphuric acid into it, but experts who keep a watch on the Rhine say this is all but a stopgap measure. Continued inorganic chemical discharges and organic wastes from food processing plants and communities, oil from shipping and artificial fertilizers washed from farmland into the river continue to mingle in the odorous Rhine, which has been called "Europe's largest sewer." One of the most interesting proposals to deal with West Germany's dwindling reserves of pure water comes from Dr. j Herbert Gruhl, a member ol' the Bundestag's interior committee which deals with environmental questions. Herr Gruhl notes that the average person consumes 10 litres of pure water each day, including what is used to wash dishes and food. Actual consumption of drinking water, however, amounts to 250 litres per person daily in West Germany. In addition to industrial uses, drinking water is used to flush toilets, wash cars and water gardens, to name only a few. TWO PIPES His suggestion is that every household be provided with two water pipes, one for "general use" and the other for purer drinking water. He classifies the present "liquid" used for drinking as being good only for general use" and says the drinking water he envisages would be available in adequate quantities because its use would be limited, and therefore more expensive than plain water. He has calculated that an additional water supply would not be twice as expensive to provide. The major cost lies in excavation work and the actual laying of double pipes could be rationalized so that it would cost roughly 30 per cent more to provide a drinking-water-only system. Although refuse disposal is uneven throughout the country, many West German cities have already achieved a high degree of efficiency in burning wastes with a minimum of added air pollution, West Berlin already eliminates half of its refuse in one huge incinerator plant. Refuse collection, inadequate as it may be in outlying areas, is nevertheless better in most German cities than, for example, in American cities. For over 50 years refuse trucks in Germany have been fitted with suction devices that silently remove the contents of dustbins which are taken on rubber-wheeled trollies to the trucks. The system works, because the city-owned receptacles are of a standard size which fit tightly over the suction mechanism at the real- of the truck. Although it rebuilt most of its cities from ruins after the Second World War, West Germany did nothing to prevent the permanent choking of urban centres by motor traffic. - Motorways ploughed through the cities are so clogged with private cars as the older, narrow streets tl: \ y replaced. Here in Munich the dynamic young Social Democratic mayor, Hans-Jochen Vogel, has decided to put an end to new read construction within the city boundary. Instead, public funds are to be invested in improving the tramway network, through an automatic traffic light system giving the tram the right of way over road traffic. The city's underground railway sys' tern, to be inaugurated in 1972 for the Olympic Games here, is to be integrated with other public transport, so that a monthly ticket for all conveyances is $2.75. In 10 years at the latest, Herr Vogel says, he wants to make all public transport free of charge. The question raised here, as in other advanced cities of the West, is whether the comfort loving car owner will voluntarily leave his vehicle at home or at the city boundary and use public transport - even when it is free. discontent. Many party members are privately critical of the fact that the Trudeau government has had two years with few sustained attacks. Down a few rows of seats from the Conservatives, the New Democratic Party Is also talking about turning on the heat, but obviously in a different way. With party leader T. C. Douglas stepping down next April, the emphasis will be centered on his possible successors-and in creating political interest in the leadership convention, seen as a launching pad- for the next election. So far there is only one NDP MP officially in the leadership race-Ed Broadbent from Osh-awa-Whitby-but there will be others, including Deputy Leader David Lewis. "With our fellows out to prove their leadership potential," said one party member, "the government is obviously going to pay some price for the exercise." WILL BE ISSUE Unemployment, it seems, will be the major issue, initially at least. Conservative and New Democratic research personnel have been busy preparing speech material for the weeks ahead. There will also be a more concerted attack on inflation, sources say, and Defence Minister Donald S. Macdonald will face stiff questioning over the new CF-5 aircraft, many of which are going into mothballs as fast as they come off the assembly lines. He has made a point of saying uses will be found for them-but not what uses. The Conservatives return to Parliament with help for attacks on the government in the field of urban affairs. Perry Ryan, the former Liberal MP for Toronto-Spadina who joined the Conservatives a few weeks ago, has been highly critical of the government's approach to urban problems. He is the only Conservative MP from Toronto. ADVICE PLENTIFUL As Parliament prepares to resume, Mr. Stanfield has plenty of advice on how to operate in the Commons. Some suggest the opposition bypass Mr. Trudeau and attack more vulnerable ministers. Agreement seems widespread that the prime minister seldom loses many points when he answers questions. The Conservative leader has also heard suggestions that Mr. Trudeau be hit harder for an alleged lack of human compassion in dealing with unemployment and inflation. But the Conservative leader has not tipped his hand on any approaches he has in mind. During the summer recess, Mr. Trudeau moved to offset criticism of alleged poor Commons attendance by cabinet ministers. He is said to have told ministers in no uncertain terms about the importance of being in the House on their designated days. Although Mr. Trudeau spends little time in the Commons during routine debates, he seldom misses question period unless he is out of the country. He will be absent for 10 days early in the new session when he visits Russia from Oct. 19 to 29. OTTAWA (CP) - Little Is being said publicly, but Prime Minister Trudeau's decision to change 14 parliamentary secretaries has caused feelings to run high in the Liberal caucus. There is a combination of annoyance, disappointment, resentment, anger and-among the 14 new ones-delight. After two years as parliamentary secretaries to cabinet min- isters, the 14 being replaced will suddenly lose $4,000 a year. And since the positions have been traditionally recognized as a stepping stone to the cabinet, many are worried about the ap- Sugar Is Sweet-Except In Duty Rebate Rumpus OTTAWA (CP) - Sugar is sweet-except in Canadian-Caribbean relations. The Canadian government is still trying to take the sour taste out of a January decision ending the sugar-duty rebate program for Commonwealth Carib- j bean territories. | and Jamaica. The rebate of 29 cents for 100 pounds was to end officially at the close of 1969. But strong Caribbean protests led to an extension to the end of 1970. Then the government named Senator Paul Martin, former external affairs minister, to lead a mission to the Caribbean countries to explain Canadian intentions and to hear views. Senator Martin has just completed the first leg of a tour of the area and will be seeing the remaining countries in mid-October. Senator Martin said this week that he has been talking about the $5 million agricultural development fund for the Caribbean, announced by the government at the same time as the rebate scheme was stopped. "I have found a wide interest in our agricultural fund proposal,," he said. "It has received warm support." Senator Martin also informed the West Indian governments that the Canadian government had announced the sugar-duty rebate plan in 1966 with the intention that it would only con-t i n u e until an international sugar agreement had been achieved. The sugar agreement was concluded in 1969, leading to an increase in the world price of sugar. The price went as low as 1.5 cents a pound before the agreement and now is 3.85 cents a pound. The storm over the sugar duty rebate blew up in April when the government announced publicly the decision taken in January. The Caribbean governments had already been informed in January. The Caribbean heads of government, meeting in Kingston, Jamaica, protested Canada's decision. They said the Caribbean governments would have to review trading relations with Canada. Mr. Sharp said the government had introduced the rebate unilaterally and had removed it ] unilaterally. The Caribbean countries say that the rebate scheme was not introduced unilaterally by Can- ada but arose from agreement reached at a meeting of the Canadian and Caribbean heads of government in 1966. The rebates amounted to $1,126,000 in 1967, $1,148,000 in 1968 and $823,000 in 1969. The largest amounts went to Guyana The Caribbean countries were once the biggest suppliers of sugar to Canada but their share has declined in recent years. Australia and South Africa have more efficient sugar industries and have managed to take over about 60 per cent of the Canadian market. Russians Worried Over Arab Split MOSCOW (Reuters) - The Soviet Union is clearly worried over deep divisions in the Arab world exposed by the recent Jordanian crisis. The death of President Nasser of Egypt has deepened the anxieties of Kremlin leaders. From their viewpoint, Nasser was the Arab leader with the most moderate, statesmanlike approach to Middle East affairs. Moscow carefully avoided taking sides in the fighting in Jor- Shot At Fly TUCSON, Arizona (AP) - Chances are that the next time Noah Dotson is pestered by a fly, he'll reach for a fly swatter. Dotson, 46, told sheriff's deputies yesterday a fly was Bothering him so he reached for his .22-calibre pistol to kill the insect. The fly lit on Dotson's left hand. Dotson was treated at hospital for a bullet wound. Dent Backs Andras' Idea On Council MONTREAL (CP) - The Canadian Federation of Mayors and Municipalities said here provinces and municipalities should be called into discussions before the federal government sets up its national urban council. President Ivor Dent, mayor of Edmonton, said in a statement he welcomed a proposal concerning the urban council made in June by Robert Andras, federal minister without portfolio responsible for housing. "We urge the minister to complete his discussions with the provinces which he indicated would be undertaken prior to setting up the council or any similar new institutional framework," Mr. Dent said. "We also urge that, in order that the (proposed) council serve the purpose of sound urban policy, the minister join the municipalities and the provinces in discussions about the form and functions of the urban council." He urged that a federal cabinet committee headed by a minister be established to co-ordinate policies in the meantime. Ky To Britain LONDON (Reuters) - Vice-President Nguyen Cao Ky of South Vietnam will pay a private visit to Britain from Oct. 5 to 9, an embassy spokesman said Thursday. CANADIAN TROOPS MOVE - Tanks of the 4th Canadian Mechanized Battle Group are shunted about railway yards at Iserlohn, West Germany in preparation for the move south as part of reorganization and reduction of Canada's military commitment to NATO. Tanks and other tracked vehicles will meet with 1 Canadian Air Group at Lahr near the German Black Forest. Iserlohn is situated in the north of West Germany. dan between King Hussein's forces and Palestinian Arab guerrillas. It tried to direct Arab attention back to what it considers the most vital issue- the confrontation with Israel. Arab unity is a cornerstone of Moscow's Middle East and Med-iterranean policy. This is mainly directed at quiet expansion of Soviet influence while trying to diminish that of the United States. As the Kremlin sees it, a split in the Arab world could create a better foothold for Western powers among more traditional conservative Arabs. Russia has established itself firmly on Egyptian territory since the June, 1967, Arab-Israeli war. ACCEPTED PROPOSAL To M o s c o w's satisfaction, Nasser accepted a U.S. proposal in August for a 90-day ceasefire and indirect Arab-Israeli talks. When the Jordan conflict exploded in early September and Arab statesmen quarrelled over Hussein's handling ol the crisis, the Kremlin presumably relied on Nasser-its closest friend in the Middle East-to heal divisions in the Arab world. At the height of the fighting, Tass news agency said Mosnnv had been in touch with the governments of Jordan, Syria and Iraq as part of moves to urge an end to the shooting. Russian leaders were apparently worried rt the possibility of intervention by Iraq and Syria. The Soviets disapproved of the recent wave of airplane hijackings by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. But the Soviet Union has so far permitted itself only a muted murmur of disapproval for fear of alienating more friendly Arabs. It has also pursued a circumspect policy toward AI Fatah, the more powerful and orthodox guerrilla organization, led by Yasser Arafat. Although continuing to regard the guerrillas as a political force to be reckoned with, Russia has several reasons to he wary of them. They reject a peaceful Middle East solution and, unlike Moscow, refuse to recognize the existence of Israel. parent appearance of being demoted. "This is going to cost me votes," said one former secretary. Although Mr. Trudeau made it clear from the outset that he was going to take the unprecedented step of rotating the parliamentary secretaries after two years, the warning didn't make things easier for many of the outgoing secretaries. "Have you ever tried to take a $4,000 cut?" asked one. "We're already spending every cent we make." The wife of another form