Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 3, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
HAWAII CALLS $440.00 SENIOR CITIZEN'S TOUR Departing Jan. 6. .................. Per Person Guided Tours For You To Enjoy In The Sunshine. For Further Information Call BUTTE TRAVEL SERVICE 1271 3rd Ave. S. Phone 328-3201 or 328-6858 "BUTTE TRAVEL SERVICE-AS NEAR AS YOUR TELEPHONE" The LetKbridge Herald SECOND SECTION Lethbridge, Alberta, Saturday, October 3, 1970 PAGES 13 TO 26 ALWAYS ENJOYED and APPRECIATED! frki Chicken ERICKSEN'S 2021 3rd Ave. S. Ph. 328-8161 1705 M.M. Drive Ph. 328-7751 Education System Fails Indian People Says Browning Teacher By JIM WILSON Herald Education Writer Because the usual North American education system has failed to teach Indian chil-d r e n effectively, Montana Blac-kisot Indians have taken things into their own hands and are producing material from which their children can learn. Mrs. Doris Old Person, a teacher at the Starr School in Browning, Montana, showed delegates to the conference on international teacher education how an education system can be developed to meet specific cultural needs. "Education may be thought of in many ways," Mrs. Old Firing At Lodge Sparks Protest By JOAN BOWMAN Herald Staff Writer TABER - About 300 persons attended a public meeting Friday to protest the dismissal in mid-September of the matron and caretaker of Clearwater Lodge, a senior Citizen's home here. Susan Wiebe, 48, and her husband Ben, 46, were fired by the Clearwater Lodge Foundation Sept. 17 because of alleged staff unrest at the nome. Only one member of the board foundation, Arthur Avery, was present at the meeting and indicated he objected to the board's decision to dismiss the couple. The 90-minute meeting had been preceded earlier by the compiling of about 50 petitions, with more than 1,200 names of those protesting the firing. The meeting passed resolutions asking for the re-instate-ment of the Wiebes and seeking an investigation into the firings by the provincial government. The third one demanded that the four contributing councils recall their appointees on the board and appoint new ones. The resolution also stipulated that the board's secretary-treasurer never be appointed as the fifth member. The board consists of: Garth Harris of Taber Municipal District, chairman; Mr. Avery of the town of Taber, vice-chair- man; Clarence Kuncz of Grassy Lake; Howard Olson of Vaux-hall; plus Kenneth Garner, a secretary-treasurer appointed by the board who this year was given voting rights. Mrs. Wiebe, given a standing ovation by the crowd, said in a prepared statement that she felt she had performed her duties adequately and that government reports had "been most favorable." She said her duties had been limited in the area of hiring and firing of staff. She indicated her solicitor had advised her to make no further statements unless the board was present. Mrs. Wiebe, under the board mandate, could hire staff workers but could not fire them without the board's permission. Mr. Avery said the couple had been dismissed because of "friction" among the kitchen staff which had reportedly occurred on several occasions and over about an 18-month period. Mr. Kuncz, the only board member available for comment this morning, said the firing had been entirely an "internal staff problem" and nothing more would be done until the contributing councils indicated Tuesday their position on the dismissals. He said the board had not attended the meeting Friday because it would only serve to stir up public opinion more. Attendance At Game Farm Said To Be 'Very Good' Attendance at Lethbridge's first game farm has been "very good" this summer, Dr. C. D. Stewart said Wednesday. Although no figures have been kept because the farm has not yet started charging admission, Dr. Stewart said interest in his farm south of the city has been picking up and between 200 and 300 people came out to look at the animals Sunday. Many animals have been given residence there since the farm opened to the public this summer. A bear has been added, along with two deer, an antelope, a crane and another fox. A grizzly bear may be the next addition, depending on whether he is captured by park officials in Revelstoke. Arrangements have also been made for the acquisition of two Rocky Mountain sheep and four buffalo within the next month. Dr. Stewart said he plans to keep the farm open all winter, Hours are from noon until dark each day. CLIFF BLACK, Certified Dental Mechanic BLACK DENTAL LAB Lower Level MEDICAL DENTAL BLDG. _PHONE 327-2822 National Awards Rick Hamilton, 12, Lethbridge, and Mary Mazalewski, 14, Barons, have won consolation prizes of tote bags for their entries in the "name the mascot" contest of the Canada Fitness Council. The contest was sponsored by the Department of National Health and Wel-i fare. A Portrait Is One Of The Very Few Things That Gets More Valuable As The Years Go By HAVE YOU MADE YOUR APPOINTMENT YET? Tomorrow May Be Too Late JZtJ. A. E. Cross Person said. "It is not just a degree of some kind - my ancestors did not go to school, but they had to become educated in how to use a bow and arrow, and how to preserve food, and how to survive with nature. "Many of our older people have not gone very far in school, and when their children graduate from high school they think this is a great achievement. They feel this is all that is necessary, because it is s o much beyond what they got themselves." This, she said, is one of the problems Indian students must overcome. Another problem is the attitudes of many imported teachers, who come from the "white" society and know only how to teach in it, because they know what to expect of their small students. "Too many of the teachers come to our schools and say, oh look at this poor Indian child, he's so dumb he can't learn - look at his clothes, look at his shoes. "This is wrong," Mrs. Old Person said. "You should expect as much from an Indian child as you would from a non-Indian child." However, the teacher must adopt different styles of teaching, and different attitudes toward what is taught, because the Indian children who are attending their classes spend most of their time in a culture much different - but equal to - the teacher's. "Most school eurriculums are based on the average child, on the theory that all children should learn the same thing at the same time and at the same rate," Mrs. Old Person said. "Many of our Indian children entering school for the first time are not ready to learn at this rate. They do have the intelligence and the potential, but their background is different, and their English vocabulary is very limited - the child only knows what he has been exposed to in his past." Baisc cultural differences, which there is no reason the Indians should change completely, also conflict with teaching styles which work on non-Indian children: "In the dominant society here, competitiveness is of great importance, whereas in Indian culture, competition is not stressed at any time. This is of utmost importance in a classroom, since a teacher might wonder why an Indian student is not pushing himself to his fullest potential, as she would expect non-Indian children to do." In order to overcome some of the problems Indian children face, Mrs. Old Person and other Blackfeet have developed a series of small books to teach reading in basic English. The books are not of the "Dick and Jane" variety, since the Indian children cannot visualize themselves in the context of two-car garages and Spanish townhouses where Dick and Jane live. The books are instead based on the Indians' lives and heritage, from stories told by parents and grandparents, and stories from their current day-to-day lives. "We are trying to portray the transition of our Indian people in today's changing world," Mrs. Old Person said. The four major purposes of the books, she said, are to "help our Indian children learn to read by giving them stories they can actually relate to their own lives; "To help preserve our Indian culture; "To give the rest of the world a better understanding of Indians as we really are and as we really work; "To let others enjoy our stories as they do their own." 327-2673 710 3rd Ave. South LETHBRIDGE 223-2402 5403 49th Ave. TABER SMILEY'S PLUMBING BASEMENT BATHROOMS REMODELLING Phone 328-2176 Love At First Bite Only on paper would these characters get so close and remain so calm. Jenny the cat, owned by Nancy Johnson of 972 12 St. A S. Lethbridge, and Freddie the Falcon, a mascot of the U.S. Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, Colorado, willingly stand their ground for an across-the-page sizing up. In real life the battle would be fast and furious with the safe bet on the falcon - some say. The cat is one of those plentiful, loveable pets, not at all about to go out of style o r existence. The falcon' is one of the subspecies Peregrine - very rare. In 19C8 there were only two pairs known in Alberta. The Air Force Academy i s raising several varieties of falcons and now has 10 birds. Dr. James Mclntyre of the academy works full time raising the birds and doing research into the problem of extinction facing falcons. He blames pesticides, mostly DDT. Residues of DDT apparently affect the Falcon eggs, causing a fragile shell and a resulting high mortality rate. Pittsburgh Educationist Tells Conference Schools Said Saturated With'White'Values BY JIM WILSON Herald Education Writer Today's North American schools are "citadels of white racial superiorism," a Black American educator told delegates to the conference on international teacher education here Friday. "Schools are saturated with white values, white teachers, white instructional methods and white administrators, and attempts to force them to adjust to white society," said Dr. Norman R. Dixon, associate director of the university-community education program at the University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He added that these same accusations could be applied to most foreign education aid programs operated by American and Canadian agencies. "These kinds of values are assumed to be the only values - ones which the schools have secured through a special pipeline to the deity. And in such a lethal climate students from non-white cultures experience depression, stress, guilt, rejection, fantasy, threat and anger." Further: what makes a person successful in the eyes of a white teacher or student is not the same concept as what a non-white takes to be a successful person, so their most basic goails in school are different. Dr. Dixon said the result is that in Ontario, for example, only a quarter of the Indian young people are in school - and only three per cent of them will pass Grade 12. In order for the curriculum to be meaningful to Indian students, he said, or to any other non-white students, it must include "what the Indian brings to school with him" - his personal cultural history. He pointed to Canada's 100,-000 Indians, 100,000 Metis, 13,-000 Eskimos - and "Russians, Chinese, Japanese, Blacks, Poles, Germans, French-Canadians and other culture groups" who give the country "a tremendous challenge to develop- culture-oriented curricula to meet the needs of ALL the children of ALL the Canadian people." He offered several examples of educational prejudice, intentional and unintentional: In Texas in 1969. 80 per cent of the students with Spanish surnames dropped out before completing high school. In a Texan high school where 98 per cent of the students were Mexican-American, the students asked for special counselling and programs to assist them to get into colleges, and for some course which in- cluded the role of their ances- and told them they were the tors in the development of Tex- same as other Americans so as; the teachers said their re- could study the same things as quest was "out of good taste" all other Americans. CP Rail Says Up 100 Per Cent Grain Moves Slow Claim Of Agents Many grain elevators in southern Alberta are congested and some agents fear the Canadian wheat board has bitten off more than it can chew in foreign grain commitments. Dave Suterman, public relations officer for the board in Winnipeg says this is not likely, and he cannot imagine the wheat board over - committing itself. Meanwhile eight of 10 elevator agents contacted by The Herald said rail car movement is slow, cars are not arriving on time, and storage space is very limited. CP Rail disputes this statement, saying they have loaded 4,076 cars to date this year, in southern Alberta compared to 2,513 for the same period last year. For all of Alberta CP Rail say they have shipped 100 per cent more grain this year than last. KenRomanchuk, elevator agent at Barons, doesn't think the grain in western Canada will move as anticipated. He said, "With the amount of grain quoias ii. the district I could fill 70 cars, and at only five cars per week, this would take a long time." Mr. Romamchuk went on to say that although barley is moving fairly well in his area, nothing has shown up yet on the proposed wheat sales. Another agent doesn't believe all the promised sales are there. "The switch from glut to the rosy picture of today was too sudden, and it could be a political manoeuver." Pincher Creek elevators are Beets Monday Dwight Purly, manager o t Canadian Sugar Factories in Lethbridge, announced that the sugar beet harvest will resume Monday, following a four - day shutdown because of hot weather. Mr. Purdy said, "The weather forecast calls for a gradual decline in temperatures, and we feel storage conditions will be suitable soon." full, and are also short several boxcars. Fred Fraser, Pincher Creek agent, said he doesn't have enough barley to meet commitments. "Everyone is holding barley on the farm,- in hopes of better prices, or else selling to feed mills at prices considerably higher than the wheat board is paying. (Lethbridge feed mills are paying 70-75 cents per bushel of barley while the wheat board is only paying 62% cents). "We could fill up the elevator pretty quick if the wheat board would make a statement telling what last year's barley sold for." Most of the agents feel too much credit went to the wheat board when the recent grain sales were .'innounced, and think more time is needed before a true perspective of the present situation can be gained. Some Texas schools don't allow Mexican-American sta-dents to speak their native Spanish language while in school. cSaskatchewan Indian schools treat their students as children until after they graduate - whereas their reserve culture treats them as adults at a much earlier age. Yet when they try to act as adults in school they are disciplined. The solution to these problems of racist teaching and attitudes is to develop a system of inter-cultural education which would explain the various cultur.es to children in each of them, to promote general understanding, Dr. Dixon said. "Teachers must help them acquire the knowledge, understanding, appreciations, attitudes and skills necessary to live in a world where no place on earth is more than 4 hours from any other place, where they can witness an event as it happens anywhere on earth. "Children must be taught to realize that both physically and psychologically they are neighbors with everyone else everywhere in the world. "They must be taught that i cultural differences must not be taken to mean cultural inferiority - they are just differences." And teachers can be taught these concepts first by being exposed in the classroom to teachers and classroom aides from all cultures; by encouraging people of all cultures to become teachers - in the same schools; By direct in-the-home experience and travel abroad, for exposure to various cultural foods, dress, language and literature, religion, recreation; inclusion of multi-cultural curricula topics in all levels of studies; Utilization of the community and the whole world as an extension of the school, the school grounds and school studies. Chamber Post For Jack Lakie Jack Lakie, immediate past-president of the Lethbridge Chamber of Commerct, was elected a director of the Canadian Chamber of Commerce at the recent annual meeting in Vancouver. Lethbridge Mayor Andy Anderson was the last city resident to hold such a position. Mr. Lakie also holds a similar position with the Alberta chamber. Wilf Bowns, manager of the Lethbridge chamber, was elected Alberta Director of the Chamber of Commerce Executives of Canada at that organization's meeting in Vancouver recently. COMPLETE CARPET AND LINOLEUM INSTALLATION HAMILTON'S FLOOR COVERING LTD. 909 3rd Ave. S. Ph. 327-5454 QUALITY DENTURE CLINIC EDDY DIETRICH Certified Dental Mechanic Capitol Furniture Eldg. PHONE 328-76848* AGENTS FOR ALLIED VAN LINES WEEKEND SPECIAL FAMILY DINNER FOR 2 ADULTS AND 2 CHILDREN Chicken Chow Mein Sweet and Sour Spareribs Deep Fried Shrimps, Breaded or Pineapple Chicken Chicken Fried Rice ALL FOR ONLY 3 .95 Delivered to Your Home - Piping Hot! Open Weekdays 7 a.m. to 2 p.m. Sunday 11 a.m. to 9 p.m. Phone the 327-0240 327-2297 Across From Tho CPR DEPOT SEE REWARD SHOES - CENTRE VILLAGE OCT. 8th.