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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - October 3, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LETHBR1DGE, ALBERTA". THURSDAY. OCTOBER 3, 191 i NUMBER '2IH LENS EVACUATED BY THE GERMANS Allied Troops Occupying Bulgaria-Turkey Cut Off Bulgar Soldiers Submit as Soon as They Learn of Armistice- t Huns Withdrawing to Danube-Fortifying Ttyere-Big Events Forecasted in Albania-Bulgar Soldiers Refuse to Obey Commanders. PARIS, Oct. 3.-Occupation of Bulgaria by allied troops Is progressing normally, according to Marcel Hutln In the Echo dc Paris. Bulgarian troops resisted at certain points, he says, but submit at once as soon as they are apprised of the fact that an armistice has been signed. German troops, which have been fighting'in Macedonia, are moving northward and appear to be organizing a defensive line along the Danube. They have already fortified the Rumanian bank of the river and it appears that communication between Sofia and Constantinople already has been cut DECISIVE EVENTS SOON IN ALBANIA ROME, Oct. 3.-The situation In Albania holds out possibilities of decisive events soon in that theatre. The Austro-Hungarian forces now are compelled to hold the line from the Adriatic to Lake Ochrida by them-aelves, the Bulgarian divisions under Gen. von Steuben being no longer available. The 19th Austrian corps under Gen. Pflanzer-Baltin hrlds the line from the sea to Lake Ochrida, where the 45th Austrian division holds the enemy's left flank. On the Italian side the army of Gen. Ferrero faces the 19th corps, while the forces of Gen. Mombelli are opposing the Austrian left wing. Huns Admit West Front Crumbling RETURN TO SOFIA Amsterdam, Oct. ?.-The Bulgarian peace delegates who went to Salonikl and signed the armistice agreement with the allies, have returned to Sofia, a dispatch from the Bulgarian capital today announces. Brland Congratulates Paris, Oct. Hriand. former French premier who.' after failure of Dardanelles expedition, succeeded in fiis advocacy of ihe creation of n Salonikl front despite marked opposition. I was tho recipient of many cotigratulu-! '' tions la the lobby of the chnfnbi.T yesterday. "It Is your policy which is winning," e>)0 deputy hhid to the former pre-' eiler. "Yes," yi. nrlnnil replied, "but It is iilso Premier Cleinenceau who studied my program, retained what wuh Kind 1n ft ami ueieil like a real Mates-Sinn." Peace Coming Soon Sofia. Monday. Sep;. :nt. � (Via Amsterdam, Oct. m.-The Bulgarian government, In announcing officially to ilav Hint nil armistice hail been signod >iitil orders Riven to suspend military operations, declared that it would be -inly n short time, until penrn is made. The official statement reads: "At this moment the Unitarian n� lion and army are asked, once host III fie� lmve been suspended, to maintain rjlm and bo orderly ho that the govern-Went may bo able to complete, the �nork of pence. Only a short time fiepiirate.i us from the day of definite peace. 'Tho nation must allow- Itself to be KUldc.l only by sentiments of ardent love, for Bulgaria." Praise for Cavalry , Tails, Oct. J.--IIIpli praise Is given the French cavalry forces which have been operating in the Macedonian campaign in co-operation with the Serbians, In the official statement IsMited at the war office tonight. It reads: Tho pan played by the French cavalry in the eastern theatre of the war \va-> particularly brilliant in I lie fighting which preceded the signing nf the armisticu between tho allies and Bulgaria. _ "I'rilep was first entered by these units on Sept. In that, city they important material and participated with remarkable vigor Willi the Infantry in the. cotuluits with the enemy rearguards. Tlic.y took part in the operations aliout Voles and pene tvatad the strongly held Interior lines ot the enemy there. They, then advanced along the road toward 1' kith, which was taken after a violent com-bia. There they fought, on foot and maintained their positions in spite or furious counter-attacks, by the Bui gurliins. "During these operations, which wpre conducted with tho greatest audacity, they captured 100 prisoners of whom 200 were Germans: seven pier, ea of heavy artillery and a large nunn tlty of war materia! Including vnln able munitions, which had been placed on trains to bo taken to the central empires. "Measures provided for in the armistice between the Bulgarian* and tho allies are iu the, courso of being carried out." Paris, Oct. 3.-(Havas)-The German situation on the western front is grave, the Frankfort Zei-tung admits, adding that the German front is gradually crumbling- "The allied plan of attack," it adds, "is being carried out in an extraordinary manner. It is an awful strain on our forces. The situation on the Meuse, where the American attacks are just beginning, is extremely critical; part of the Chemln-des-Dames has had to be given up and the whole German front is gradually crumbling away under the allied attacks." The evacuation of Belgium is being discussed openly in Berlin, according to advices reaching here. Concerning Alsace-Lorraine the German high command makes the suggestion that it be neutralized and joined to Luxemburg, thus making a buffer state between France and Germany. THE WEATHER High Low 63 32 S PREPARE PEOPLE FOR A WIDE REIREAI GREAT FEAT Best Work British Army Has Yet Accomplished-Canadians Had Hard Job ATTACKED SUNKEN ROAD From Lens to Armentieres Hun Armies Withdrawing Near Cambrai Where Hun Machine (Juns Were Concentrated-Leaving Beige Coast London. Oct. 3. -- Field Marshal Haig's announcement that a (iermun retreat, has begun in Mm La llassne sector is commented in as developments of a far-reachiiiK churacter. It is assumed, nnd unofficially stated, (hat the town of La Massee lias been evacuated. It is also believed that the town of La flassee has been evacuated. U is also believed that the enemy withdrawal involve.) I.en-i and there is a report th.it the Hermans have ordered that Lille he abandoned. Quit Flanders Coast To the flitcccaaful operations of the Belgian army and Gen. I'luiiin.er'm forces to the north are. attributed the enemy's movement to the rear. The i Anglo-Belgian drive has brought up I those forces nealr to .Menin. l.'ncon-firiieri reports "enme from Holland that the Germans are preparing to evacuate the Flanders coast. The breach in the Ilindeuburg system between Le Catelet ftntl St. Quontln by tho British and Australian and American troops is also commented upon as an Incident of great im portance,, Althongh if has not Peace Move From Turks Expected London, Oct. 3.-The Turkish situation was described in welt informed diplomatic circles here this morning as "moving," whereas in the same quarters two days ago it was declared to be stagnant. No official action, however, has been taken and the British officials are contenting themselves with Watching ths unofficial developments. The opinion Is freely expressed that a definite appeal will come from Turkey when it is forcibly brought to her attention that Germany is unable to strengthen her army or check her continued losses. GREEKS ASSUME CONTROL Saloniki, Oct. 3.-The occupation of eastern Macedonia by the Greek authorities began today. The Greek minister of the interior, escorted by civil and military officials, has left Saloniki for the liberated districts to assume control. it hi to wi Forecast: Fair and moderately warm. Railway Board Upholds Reduction South Trains; Suggests Mixed Service Paris, Oct. 3.- A wide retreat, of the Gorman forces on the western front Is forenoon by Ihe (ionium do-part incut of propagn-ida. In a. statement published by that bureau, tier-many is said to tie actually shaking under the assaults of the re-tisseni-bled entente forces. It is necessary for Germany, the -statement adds, that a portion of the German defensive positions be maintained In Belgium and Prance so that the fatherland will be Itept safe from the hat,th's now being decided. It is admitted by the Gorman propaganda office that British troops have obtained successes in the Cambrai region and also that llaig's forces are fighting on tho outskirts of the city. The noto addn, however, thai Cambrai Is no longer the centre of railroads and highroads that it used to be. The railroads nnd highways, It Is said, have been built further to the east since tho town was menaced In the fall of 1!MT by tho battle ot the tanks. The Oerman propaganda department admits that the Uritlsh and Bel-plan attacks In Flanders have obtained initial important succoss. Ottawa. Oct. -The Dominion railway board, In a judgment given out today, deals with the complaint* an to train service, between Lethbridg* and Coutts, Alta., and other Cunadiun Pacific rolhvny snb-dlvtsions in southern Alberta. The Canadian Pacific, railway hns taken stops to reduce, the aorvico, the ground alleged tor such  utIon being the falling oft In freight traffic and puHHongor service owing to the partial crop failure. Thn effect of tho judgment is to compel thn Canadian Pacific lo glvn a norvleo on tho hole greator than the reduction the company desired to make. On tho l.othbrldgo-CoiittH .subdivision, the company's decision lo reduce tho daily 'passenger service to tho triweekly passenger service is approved, but tho board recommends that there should bn a �juixod train service on alternate days. Tho mime decision has been reached by the hoard In regard to tho I0, the alilca have captured 5618 fficara, 248,494 men, 36(9 cannon, more than 23,000 machine guns and hundreds of mine throwers, ; tha etatement say a. "YANK" CAPTURES Washington, Oct. 2.-Gen.' Per-ehlng'a communication today says that a partial count of the material captured during the l�*t week by the American foroes advancing between the Msuae and the Argonna rlvtra, ahowt 120 guns of all calibre, 750 tranch Sitortars, 300 maohlne guna, thousand* of artillery -ahetls and hundreda of thousands of rounds ej small arm ammunition. ... 4 DAYS, RESCUED Held Advanced Post Since Sunday-Relieved by Britinh Wednesday British Headquarters in Francs, Oot. 2.-The contingent of Americana who had been holding out since Sunday In a far advanced poet between Cambrai and it. Quentin against greatly superior enemy numbtre, have been rescued, in our attack around Vend-huile yesterday, we were able to fight through and relieve thia party, numbering some hundreda who, having taken up their position Sunday night, were surrounded by the Germans, early Monday. Notwithstanding that they were opposed by such greatly superior numbers and only possessed the munitions and rations which they themselves were carrying, the Americana made a magnificent stand and the ground was atrewn with German dead. TURK8 LEAVE PERSIA v yet compelled Ike en#fny to withdraw and while ho has temporarily regained Bn-iiuehnrt, it Is admitted by Berlin that there have been retirements iu the neighborhood of St. Quentin. Hhelms and in Champagne. Taken in connection with the retreat further north, it'Is believed that the whole Oerman line I� shaking. Tremendous Resistance N'evertheless. the enemy is putting up a tremendous vcBietanco and extraordinarily fierce fighting continues. The battle is fluctuating without great changes in the position of the contending arm lea from Cambrai south. It is regarded as nn open question whether the desperate efforts of the Germans indicate their determination to hold in this sector, or is merely au attempt to gain time while evacuating their present line. Greatest Feat Vet The view is taken by the n.'dly Mail that the breach In the lino north of St. Quentin Imperils tliu whole tier-man position. It says that tho break in the line was a tremendous feat, which has eclipsed .everything the Uritlsh have done In the past. Special dispatches from the Uritlsh front give vivid descriptions of the attacks in the neighborhood of Cambrai on Tuesday end of the stubborn Gorman resistance tit this sector. No more furious fighting hat) occurred during the whole war. A Canadian Triumph Tleferring particularly to the struggle in the sector north of Cambrai, the Mall'B correspondent tolls bow In one sunken road captured by the Can-dlans there whs an enemy machine every four yards but most of them hud been knocked out by artillery fire. Along the road bodies of men wore mingled with tho wreckage of machine guns. The fighting never ceased itnd as ihn day advanced German reinforcements streamed forward iu successive groups. Tear Gaps In Hun Ranks The light was very good and tho British gunners fired round after round with open sights. Germans foil by the hundreds, but tl)o gnps in the ranks were filled mid the enemy still advanced In grout numbers. They reached tho point where 'their lines were being fiercely attacked and oven dented tho itritish advanced lines, but they stopped, for the time being. Hy evening a deadlock was reached and ono of the hloodiost cornbuts in recent history developed. It ended in a good, but not ambitious, advance by the British. The enemy onffered terribly. Hritisli forces did not escape uriBcatlied, uor has any day of iho five days which have hcon fillod with bard, continuous fighting,' boon without a heavy price. Washington, Oct. 3.-The Turk-tan forcea in Peraia have bean ordered by Constantinople to leave at onca. This action waa taken, it waa atated, becauaa of the disaster to the Turkish troopa In Pales-tin*. It la alao reported that the Brltlah probably will rew� on. Page Five.} British Pass Lille and Close in on Turcoing-French and Americans Seize Challerange-Make Progress in Champagne-Lille Likely to Fall-Good Progress Everywhere. BERLIN, Oct. 3 .-Lens was evacuated bv the Germans on Tuesday night, the war office announced today. Armen-teires was evacuated the same evening. I Washington, Oct. 3.-The U.S. S. Tampa, a lurmer coastguard cutter in naval service, was lost off the English coast, Sept. 26, with all on board, while on convoy duty. Ten officers and 102 enlisted men of the crew, one British officer and five civilian employees, lost their lives. A navy department statement today announcing the disaster said the ship was sunk at night in the Bristol channel and that reports Indicate that it was struck by a torpedo, while escorting a convoy. LONDON, Oct. 2.-The Germans arc in retreat over a wide front north and south of La Bassee canal, with the British closely following them, according to Field Marshal Haig's report from headquarters tonight. ALL ST. QUENTIN IN FRENCH HANDS FRENCH HEADQUARTERS IN FRANCE, Oct. 2.-The whole of St. Quentin is now in the hands of the French. BRITISH ARMY PA36 LILLE PARIS, Oct. 3.- (Havas)-Gen. Plummer's army, fighting on the Belgian front, is reported to be two miles from Turcoing. Dispatches from the front state that Menin and Roulers are burning and that the Anglo-Belgian thrusts continue in the direction of Courtraf, where the great road to Ghent opens. GHELUWE CAPTURED BY BRITISH LONDON, Oct. 3.-Belgian forces on Wednesday improved their positions at various points, according to the official statement iaou^J 'vcr.'. � Belgian headquarters last night. Gen, Plummer's army has captured Gheluwe, near Menin, and Lebiste, just north of Armentiercj. FRENCH MAKE PROGRESS IN CHAMPAGNE PARIS, Oct. 3.-Heavy fighting continues in the region north of Rheims, and the French have continued their advance, capturing Loivre, says the war office statement today. The railway junction of Challerange, In Champagne, has been captured by Gen. Gouraud. West of Challerange the Germans made determined efforts to drive the French from the wood southeast of Orfeuil, but were driven back with heavy loises. The French attack in Champagne was continued today. ENEMY EXPECTS ATTACK IN ALSACE GENEVA, Oct. 3.-German military authorities have begun to remove the inhabitants of Alsace, according to the Oemocrate, in expectation of a Franco-American attack on the frontier. The inhabitants of 20 villages, Including Ferrette, Goutavon and Winkel have been sent to Bavaria. Some of the villagers have escaped across the Swiss frontier. Fear of disorder is rampant among the soldiers and civilians throughout Alsace-Lorraine. Food is scarce and little is available. The German-authorities In Alsace-Lorraine, the Demoerate adds, are afraid of n general uprising in those provinces when the allies cross the frontier. E Freight Handlers, Baggage Men and Others Quit Work Again Today All freight handlers, freight office clerks, baggage handlers and yard office clarka of the C.P.R., went on strike thia morning at 10 o'clock, after having been at work since laat Monday morning, when they returned to work temporarily following the strike which occurred laat week. None remained nt work, the local strike committee states. From what the Herald can learn, the strike is general throughout the wert wherever the freight handlers are organized. The men are demanding, It Is understood recognition of the union, the^maklng of the McAdoo j.ward aa it applies to them retroactive till May 1, and the reinstatement of the Calgary atrlkera whose plaoea have been filled in the past week. No negotiations between the company and the men here had been opened up till noon today. FLYER (RASHES INTO WORKMEN, 20 KILLED Cleveland, Oct. 3.-More than 20 workmen_w�re killed and that many more"were Injured thia morning when a Pennsylvania flyer smashed into a crowd of workman front the Interstate Foundry tcotitpany at Bedford, Ohio, ten milaa south of here, while the men were waiting on tha track for a work train. BULLETINS REMOVED CIVILIANS French Headquarters near St. Quentin, Oct. 3.-In their retirement from .St. Quentin the Germane removed all the Inhabitants. When the. French troops entered the town there were no civilians to be found. The. Germans continue to shell St. Quentin. In an attempt to stay French progress between the Somme and the Oise In the 8t. Quentin area, the Germans are bringing up fresh troopa and increasing the violence of the artillery fire. 60,000 RRI60NER8 London, Oot. 3.-In tha weak ending today the allies have captured 60,000 prisoner* and 10,000 gun* ^>n th�y wotyrn front British Official Statement Loudon. Oct. ;:.-Tho toxt of thn ofiiclal slatumcm roiuU: "Tin1 |)rnj?runi* mad" by tlir allied offniiKivo.M In I'hiuilorti ami beforu Citmhrai ami Si. QuoiiUu, combined with the linavy losstm Incurred by hif troops in tlit'lr ciiilciivois to resist tlin Kucro^sful attacks, bun compelled the enemy to unih.M take an extensive withdrawal of hi* line. "l''rom I.otis to Arment lores, Urn enemy is cvartiiitltiR the highly organized positions held hy hiiu since tho hoginniiiK of trench warfare, anil which he has hitherto defended with the utmost resolution. "This inurement, which was not unexpected, is being followed up closely by our troops, who urn nialntainlng constant touch with the German rear Ktiurdj), infllctinj! many casualties and takiiiK prisoners. "On the front of the retirement we have already reached the general line of Clto St. AiiKiiste, Douvrlu, oaBt of La Basbee, east of Aubers and west of Gronler wood. Tho ndvuncu Is con-tilUllllK. "Yesterday evening tho enemy attacked our positions north of Cambrai. Ho was repulsed, leaving prisoners in our hands. "This morning we renewed our attacks north of St. Quentin." French Official Paris, Oct. :!.-The text ot the oflt-elftl statement, rends: "North of the Vosle, tho French troops continued tholr advitnce and progressed beyond Lolvi-e In the region of I.anuvlllotto, north of llheluis, violent German counter-attacks obtained no results. "In the Champagne, the fighting began again after noon yesterday and continued into tho night. Thn French troops captured Clmllerange. Tho Germans tundo strong efforts to drive the French from tho wood sutttheast of Orfeuil, which they had penetrated. Three heavy German assaults wero brokon up by tho French, who maintained their, gains and inflicted heavy losses. A number of prisoners wore captured by us in this ilghtlng. "Tho attack wns resumed t\t daybreak-today." British Official London, Oct. :!.-Hritisli troops this morning resumed their attack north of St. Quentin, Field Marshal Haig reports In his official statement. Thn Germans, are continuing their rearguard movomcnt on the front from Lens to Armentieres. They nro evacuating highly organized positions in that area along a 20-mile front. A Oerman attack last night on the British positions to the north ot Cam bral was repulsed. In pushing after the retreating enemy the British have reached the general line ot Citeataugust, Douavrln, east of La Basaeo, east of Aubers and west of the Grenler wood. The ad-vance is continuing. Belgian Official Paris. Oct. 2.~The text of tho Belgian official statement Issued tonight foliowe: "Despite fierce resistance by the miemy, the Belgian army during tho iday has improved its nogltlous by lo- different parts o� thft- cal thrusts front. "Gen. Pluminer's army, after sharp combats, realized an important advance in the direction of Menin hy capturing Gheluwe North nnd in tlm immediate vicinity of Armentieres this, army hns taken Lehlsct and north of Iloopelln.es hus captured tho I^i l'lan-i|ue farm. "Hritisli uviators destroyed nine airplanes r.nd two balloons ot the enemy during the day. E Prince Maximilian of Baden Gets Job After Von Payer Has Declined It > Amsterdam, Oct. 3. - Prince Maximilian of Baden has been named Imperial chancellor of Germany, according to the Zelt-ung Ammittag of Berlin. A council meeting took place at the chancellor's palace In Berlin last evening, according to advices received here. Emperor William presided and the meeting was attended by Field Marshal Von Hindenburg, who had come to Berlin with the emperor. Former Chancellor Von Hortling, Vice-chancellor Von Payer and several state secretaries were in attendance. MAXIMILIAN FAVORED Basel, Oct. 3.-Prince Maximilian of Baden Is favorably considered for the German chancellorship, according to south Gar-man papers, which say that Kon-eetantln Fehrenbach, president of the relchstag, and Vice-Chancellor Von Payer have definitely refused the place. VON PAYER REFUSED Amsterdam, Oct. 2.-Vice-Chancellor Von Payer has definitely declined the chancellorship, as-cording to the Berlin newspaper*. LETTING THE LIGHT Paris, Oct. 3.-(Havaa)-Tha German censor at Berlin permits the German preaa to print article* dwelling on the probable sltuatlag) of Germany in tha case that Auf> tria should bet forced to lay dowt) her arms, under pressure, according to advloea reaching Pari*. It Is declared that If Auetr!a-Hu�v gary should, give. In, Bavarlf might follow her axamfi*. ' , 37 ;