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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 3, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LENS LETHBR1DGE, /.L8ERTA. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 3, 'WIF- NUMBER 249 BY THE GERMANS ring Bulgaria-Turkey Cut Off Vulgar Soldiers Submit as Soon as They Learn of Armistice--(. Huns Withdrawing to Danube-Fortifying There-Big \ Events Forecasted in Albania-Bulgar Soldiers Refuse to Obey Commanders. PARIS, Oct.-3.-Occupation of Bulgaria by allied troops Is progressing normally, according to Marcel Hutln in the Echo de Paris. Bulgarian troops resisted at certain points, he says, but submit at once as soon as they are apprised of the fact that an armistice has been signed. German troops, whioh have been fighting^ in Macedonia, are moving northward and appear to be organizing a defensive line along the" Danube. They have already fortified the Rumanian bank of the river and it appears that communication between -Sofia and Constantinople already has been cut. I DECISIVE EVENTS SOON IN ALBANIA ROME, Oct. 3.-The situation in Albania holds out possibilities of decisive events soon in that theatre. The Austro-Hungarian forces now are compelled to hold the line from the Adriatic to Lake Ochrida by"themselves, the Bulgarian, divisions under Gen. von Steuben being no linger, available. The 19th Austrian corps under Gen. Pflanzer-Baltin holds the line from the sea to Lake Ochrida, where the 45th Austrian division holds the enemy's left flank. On the Italian side the army of Gen. Ferrero faces the 19th corps, while the forces of Gen. Mombell) are opposing the Austrian left wing. RETURN TO SOFIA Amsterdam, Oct. 3.-The Bulgarian peaoe delegates who went to Saloniki and signed, the armistice agreement with the allies,, have returned to Sofia, a dispatch from the Bulgarian capital today announces. Brland Congratulates Paris, Oct. 3.-M. Brianii. former French premier who, after failure of Dardanelles expedition, succeeded in fiis advocacy of the creation of a Saloniki front despite marked opposition, was" the recipient of many congratulations. In the lobby of the chamber yesterday.;. , "It is your policy which lb winning," one deputy said to the former premier. "Yes," Mi Brland replied, "but it is also Premier Clemenceau who studied -. , -~-.,- >flBtnta�*d>w>uit wa�-goo4-Sn it anil acted like a real statesman."^ '�� ' � "  >-''' V' Peace Coming Soon Sofia, Monday,' Sept. SO.-(Via Amsterdam, Oct. 3).-The Bulgarian government, in announcing officially to day that an armistice had been signed �ind orders given to suspend military operations, declared that it would be only a short time until peace is made. The official statement reads: "At this moment the Bulgarian na ilon and army are asked, once hostill ties have been suspended, to maintain calm and be orderly so that the government may be able to complete the work of peace. Only a Bhort time separates us from the day of definite peace. . "The nation must allow itself to be guided only by sentiments of ardent love for Bulgaria." Pr�\st for Cavalry Paris, Oct. 2.-High praise is given the French cavalry forces which have been operating in the Macedonian campaign in co-operation with the Serbians, in the official statement Issued at the war office tonight. It reads: "The part played by the French cavalry in the eastern theatre of the war was particularly brilliant in the fighting which preceded the signing of the armistice between the allies*] and Bulgaria. "Prilep was first entered by these units on Sept. In that city they took important material and participated with remarkable -vigor with the infantry in the combat's with the enemy, rearguards: They took part in the) operations about Veles and penetrated the strongly held interior lines of the enemy there. They then advanced along the road toward TJskub, which,was taken after a.violent com-Ijat. ' There". they' fought:- on foot and maintained their positions in spite of furious;-counter-attacks-toy the Bulgarians. "During these operations, which were conducted with the greatest: audacity, they captured 400 prisoners of whom 200 were Germans; seven piec es of heavy artillery and a large quan tity of war material including valu able munitions, .which had 'been placed on trains to be .taken to the central empires. "Measures provided for - in the armistice between the Bulgarians and the allies are in the course of being carried out." Huns Admit West Front Crumbling Paris, Oct. 3.-(Havas)-The German situation on the western front is grave, the Frankfort Zei-tung admits, adding that the German front is gradually crumbling. "The allied plan of attack," it adds, "is being carried out in an extraordinary manner. It is an awful strain on our forces. The situation on the Meuse, where the American attacks are just beginning, is extremely critical; part of the Chemin-des-Dames has had to be given up and the whole German front is gradually crumbling away under the allied attacks." The evacuation of Belgium is being discussed openly in Berlin, according to advices reaching here. Concerning Alsace-Lorraine the German hjgh command makes the suggestion that it be neutralized and joined to Luxemburg, thus making a buffer state between" France and Germany. From Lens to Armentieres Hun Armies Withdrawing Besfj Work British Army Has Y^ct Accomplished-Canadians Had Hard Job ATTACKED SUNKEN ROAD E PEOPLE FOR A THE WEATHER High........................... 63 Low.......................... 32 Forecast: Fair and moderately warm. Railway Board Upholds Reduction South Trains; Suggests Mixed Service Ottawa. Oct. 2.-The Dominion railway board, in a judgment given out today, deals with the complaints as to train service between Lethbridge and Coutts, Alta., and other Canadian Pacific railway sub-diviaions in southern Alberta. The Canadian Pacific railway has taken stepB to reduce the service, the ground alleged for such action being the falling off in freight traffic and passenger service owing to the partial crop failure. Tho effect of the judgment is to compel the Canadian Pacific to give a service on the �whole greater than tho reduction the company desired to make. On the LethbridgeJ-Coutts sub division, the company's decision to reduce the daily , passenger service to the triweekly passenger service is approved', but the board recommends that there should be a mixed train servico on alternate days. The same decision has been reached by the board in regard to the Lethbridge-Cardston subdivision. The action of the company in deciding on a one-train-a-day-ser-1 Vice on the Crow's NeBt sub-division, I instead of a twiD-train-a-day-service, has been approved, the board pointing oiit that there are through services still existing between Calgnry and Macleod;................... . On the-Sterling- division, the.service was reduced by the-company from a semi-weekly mixed to oho train a week, mixed, The board orders that the old service] shall be restored, aC least until the endbt the" year. Similar action was taken by the company on the Suffield and Irricana subdivision and the board's decision is the same. ; The mixed* train service pro-posed"by the'company on the Coronation sub-division is.approv'ed. the company undertaking to hate an extra service on the mixe'd trains. The C.P.R. anticipating the board's recommendation, placed the trl-week-ly mixed train service on the Coutts and Cardston branches In effect on Monday of this week and yesterday announced that ma.il would'be carried on these trains. No express or baggage Is being handled so fair. Paris;' Oct. 3.-A. wide  retreat of the German' forces on the western front is foreseen by the German de-, parfment of propaganda.'' In a statement published by that b'ureaui Germany is said to be actually shaking-under the. assaults of the re-assembled entente forces. It is necessary for Germany, . the statement adds, that a portion of .the German defensive positions be maintained in Belgium and France so that the fatherland will be kept safe from the battles now being decided. . It is admitted by the" German propaganda office that British troops have obtained successes in the'Cam-brai region and also that Halg's forces are fighting on the outskirts of the city. The note adds, however, that Cambrai is no longer the centre of railroads and highroads that it used to be. The railroads and highways, it is said, have been built further to the east since the town was menaced in .the fall of 1917 by the battle of the tanks. �' The German propaganda depart' ment admits that the British and Belgian attacks' in Flanders have obtain? ed initial important success. 4 DAYS, RESCUED Held Advanced Post Since Sunday-Relieved by British1 Wednesday Allies Bag 254,000 Huns West Front In 75 Days ' Paris, Oct. 3.-During the per. tod from Sept. 10 to Sept. 30 the allied armies in France and Bel-glum have oaptured 2844 officers, 120,192 men, 1600 cannon and more than 6000 machine guns, according to an official statement Issued here last night. Slnee July 15 and up to Sept. 30, the allies have captured 5618 officers, 248,494 men, 3669 cannon, more than 23,000 machine guns �nd hundreds of mine throwers,  the statement says. "YANK" CAPTURES Washington, Oot. 2.-Qeh. Pershing's communication today says that a partial count of ths, material captured during the last week by the American forces advancing between ths Meuse and the Argonne rivers, shows 120 gun* of all calibre, 760 trench mortars, 300 maohlne guns, thousands of artillery stalls and hundreds of thousands of rounds �| small arm ammunition. ..,>'.�.....,. British Headquarters in Franca, Oct. 2.-The contingent of Americans who had been holding but since Sunday in a far advanced post between Cambrai and St. Quentin against greatly superior enemy numbers, have been rescued. In our attack around Vend-huile yesterday, we were able to fight through and relieve this party, numbering some hundreds who, having taken up their position Sunday night, were surrounded by the Germans early Monday. Notwithstanding that they were opposed by such greatly superior numbers and only possessed the munitions and rations which they themselves were carrying, the Americans made a . magnificent stand and the ground was strewn with German dead. r TURKS LEAVE PERSIA Washington, Oct. 3.-The Turkish forces in Persia have been.ordered by Constantinople to leave at once. This action was taken, it was stated, because of the disaster to the Turkish troops in Pales:-tlnn.' It Is also reported that the British probably will re-occupy Baku. *." (Additional X��>% on. PagaFiva,} Near Cambrai Where Hun Machine Guns .Were Concentrated-Leaving Beige Coast London,' Oct." 3. - Field Marshal Halg's announcement that a German retreat has begun in tho La Bassee sector is commented on as developments of, a far-reaching character. It is assumed, and .unofficially , stated, that the town of La Bassee has been evacuated. It is also believed that the town of Lav Bassee has been evacuated. It is .also belfeyed that the enemy withdrawal involves Lens ami there is a report that 'the Germans have ordered- that Lille be abandoned. Quit Flanders Coast To the successful operations of the Belgian, arfhy aifdGen. Plummer's forces to the north* are attributed the enemy's movement to thfe, rear. The Ariglo-Belgian^flffve has brought up those forces neajr to Mehin. Unconfirmed, reporjtsrjjeome from Holland that the Gerniajns are preparing � to evacuate tie Flanders coast.. The breach: in^the Hindenburg system' betweejr.jlif Catelet : and St. Quentin byVtb^British and Australian aod Am^�p�Mtroops'is also comment: fed upon as an: incident of great im-portapee.;' Although it /has* Hot yet compelled'the enemy to. withdraw and while he has temporarily regained Se-quehart, it ia admitted by Berlin that there have been retirements in the neighborhood of St. Quentin, Rheims and in Champagne. Taken in connection �vvtlh " the retreat further north, it is believed that the whole German line Is shaking.' Tremendous Resistance Nevertheless, the enemy.is putting up a.'treittendous resistance and extraordinarily fierce fighting continues. The battle is fluctuating without groat .changes in the position of the .contending armies from Cambrai south, 'it is regarded as an open question whether the desperate efforts of the Germans indicate their determination to'hold in this sector, or is merely an attempt to gain time while evacuating their present line. Greatest Feat Yet The view is taken by the Daily Mail that the breach in the line north of St. Quentin imperils the whole German position. It says that the break in the line was a tremendous feat, which has eclipsed .everything the Britten have done in the past. Special dispatches from the British front give vivid descriptions of the attacks in the neighborhood^ of Cambrai on Tuesday and of the stubborn German resistance in this sector. No more furious fighting has occurred during the -whole war. A Canadian Triumph Referring particularly to the struggle in the sector north of Cambrai, the Mail's correspondent tells how in one sunken road captured by the Can-diana there was an enemy machine every four yards but most of them had been knocked out by artillery fire. Along the road bodies of men were mingled with the wreckage of machine guns. The fighting never ceased andjas the day advanced German reinforcements streamed forward in successive groups. .Tear Gaps in Hun Ranks The" light was very good and the British: gunners fired round after round  with open sights., Germans fell by the hundreds, but the gaps in the ranks were filled and the enemy still advanced in great numbers. They�f reached' the point where their lines were-'being fiercely attacked and oven dented the British advanced lines, but they stopped, tor the time being. 'By evening a deadlock was reached arid one,of the bloodiest combats in recient history developed. It ended in a'good,' but not ambitious, advance by the British. The enemy suffered terribly.- British forces did not escape unscathed, nor has any day of the five days which have been filled with'hard, continuous fighting, been without a heavy price. FLYER CRASHES INTO "��v WORKMEN, 20 KILLED Peace Move From Turks  Expected London, Oct. 3.-The Turkish situation was described, in well informed diplomatic circles here this morning as "moving," whereas in the same quarters two days agV it'-'was-deelared to be stagnant. No official action, however, has been taken and the t British officials are contenting themselves with watching ths unofficial developments. The opinion is freely expressed that a definite appeal will come from Turkey when it ia forcibly brought to her attention that Germany is unable to strengthen her -army or check her continued losses. GREEKS.ASSUME CONTROL SalonikT, Oct. 3.-The occupation of eastern Macedonia by the Greek authorities began today. The Greek minister of the Interior, escorted by civil and military officials, has left Saloniki for the liberated districts to assume control. WHEN U. S. SHIR II Washington, Oet. 3.-The U.S. S. Tampa, a former coastguard cutter in naval service, was lost off. the. English coast, Sept. 26, with all on ..board, while on convoy.duty. Ten officers, and 102 enlisted men qf the crew, one British officer and five civilian employees, lost their lives. A navy department statement today announcing the disaster said the ship was sunk at night in the Bristol channel and that reports indicate that it was struck by a torpedo, while escorting a convoy.- Freight Handlers, Baggage Men and Others ^uit Work Again Today All freight, handlers, freight office clerks, baggage handlers and yard, office clerks of the' C.P.R., went on Strike this morning at 10 o'clock, after having been at work since last Monday morning, when they-returned to work temporarily.following the strike which occurred last week. None remained at work, the local strike committee states. From what the Herald can learn, the strike Is general throughout the west wherever the freight handlers are organized. The men are demanding, it is understood, recognition of the union; the making of the McAdoo award as it applies to them retroactive' tilt May 1, and the reinstatement of the Calgary strikers whose placet, have been filled in thai past week: No negotiations between the company and -the men here-had been opened-up-tilt noon today. Cleveland, Oct. 3.-More than �20 workmen were" killed and that i many.-'more jware Injured this morning 1 when a Pennsylvania flyer' smashed into^a crowd of workm e n. f ro m oi the t. I nte rstate .Foundry,; company- aft'Bedford, \ Ohio, tf n ' miles' south of here, ' whlls.the men were waiting on the trackif or a work train. BULLETINS REMOVED CIVILIANS French Headquarters near St. Quentin, Oct. 3.t-1�i their retirement from, St. Quentin the Germans removed all. the inhabitants. When the. French troops entered the'town there were no civilians to be found. The Germans continue-to shell Sti Quentin. In an attempt to stay �' French progress between theSomme and the Oise in the'/St: Quentin area, the German* are bringing up fresh troops and inoreaalng the violence-of the artillery fire. British Pass Lille and Close in on Turcoing-French and Americans Seize Challerange-Make Progress in Champagne-^ille Likely to Fall-Good Progress Everywhere., \ - MM I-1.1. .11 M _ .IIHM1I.B % BERLIN, Oct. 3.-Lens was evacuated by the Germans on Tuesday night, the war office announced today. Armen-teires was evacuated the same evening. LONDON, Oct. 2.-The Germans are in retreat over a wide front north and south of La Bassee canal, with the British closely following them, according to Field Marshal Haig's report from headquarters tonight. """ ALL ST. QUENTIN IN FRENCH HANDS FRENCH HEADQUARTERS IN FRANCE, Oct. 2.-The whole of St. Quentin is now in ths- hand's of the French. ' BRITISH ARMY PASS LILLE L PARIS, Oct. 3.- (Havas)-Gen. Plummer's army, fighting on the Belgian front, is reported to be two miles from Turcoing. Dispatches from the front state that Menin and Roulers are burning and that the Anglo-Belgian thrusts continue in the direction of Courtral, where the great road to Ghent opens. GHELUWE CAPTURED BY BRITISH LONDON, Oct. 3.-Belgian forces on Wednesday improved their positions at various points, according to the official statement issued from Belgian headquarters last night. Gen. Plummer's army has captured Gheluwe, near Menin, and Lebiste, just north of Armentieres. FRENCH MAKE PROGRESS IN CHAMPAGNE PARIS, Oct. 3.-Heavy fighting continues in the region north of Rheims, and the French have continued their advance, capturing Loivre, says the war office statement today. The railway junction of Challerange, in Champagne, has been captured by Gen. Gouraud. West of Challerange the Germans made determined efforts to drive the French from the wood southeast of Orfeuil, but were driven back with heavy lasses.' The French attack in Champagne was continued today. ENEMY EXPECTS ATTACK IN ALSACE GENEVA, Oct. 3.-German military authorities have begun to remove the inhabitants of Alsace, according to the Democrate, in expectation of a Franco-American attack on the frontier. The inhabitants/ of 20 villages, including Fe'rrette, Goutavon and Winkel have been sent to Bavaria. Some of the villagers have escaped across the Swiss frontier. , Fear of disorder la rampant. amonB the soldiers and civilians throughout Alsace-Lorraine. >Foo�bi# scarce and little is available. The German authorities In Alsace-Lorraine, the Democrate adds,., are afraid of a general uprising in those provinces when the allies cross the frontier. ! . 60,000 PRISONERS London, Oct. 3.-In the week ending today the allies have captured. 60,000 prlfoners and 10,000 guns ^n' the wtitern front. "B'rTtls'h,''bfficTa'r"^lt�^o'n^'':'''v-'"~ London, Oct. 3- This" text of Ahe official statement reads: ':� "The progress made.'by the allied offensives in Flanders and .before Cambrai and St. Quentin, combined with the heavy losses incurred by his troops in their endeavors to. resist the successful attacks, has compelled the enemy to undertake , an extensive withdrawal of his line. _ "Prom Lens to Armentieres, the enemy is evacuating the highly organized positions held by him since the beginning of trench warfare, and which he has hitherto defended with the utmost resolution. "This morement, which was not unexpected, is being followed up closely by our troops, who are maintaining constant touch with the German rear guards, inflicting many casualties and taking prisoners. "On the front of the retirement we have already reached the general line of Cite St. Auguste, Douvrin, east of La Bassee, east of Aubers and west of Grenier wood. The a'dvance is continuing. "Yesterday evening the enemy attacked our positions north of Cambrai. He was repulsed, leaving prisoners in our hands. "This morning we renewed our attacks north of St. Quentin." French Official Paris. Oct. 3.-Tile text of the official statement reads; "North of the Vesle. the French troops continued their advance and progressed beyond Loivre. In the region of Lanuvillette, north of Rheims, violent German counter-attacks obtained no results. ; "In the Champagne, the fighting began again after noon yesterday and continued into the night. The French troops captured Challerange. The Germans made strong efforts to drive the French from the w'bod southeast of Orfeuil, which they had penetrated. Three heavy German assaults were broken up by the French, who maintained their gains and inflicted heavy losses. A number of prisoners were captured by us in this flghting. "The attack was' resumed at daybreak today." British Offipial London, Oct. 3.-British troops ,this morning resumed, their attack north of St. Quentin, Field Marshal Haig reports in iiis officia} Htntoment. The Germans are continuing .their rearguard movement on the front from Lens to Armentieres.. They are evacuating highly organized positions iu that area along a 20 mile front. , A German attack last night-on. the. British positions to thp north of Cambrai was repulsed. In pushing after the retreating enemy the British have reached the general line of Citestaugust, Douavrin, east of La Bassee, east of Aubers and west of the Grenier wood. The advance is continuingr, Belgian Official Paris, Oct. 2.-The' text of the Bel-gian official statement 'issued tonight follows: , "Despite fierce resistance by the enemy, the Belgian army/ during the day has improved its ..positions, by; lo- 'Jroift-j MAXIMILIAN FAVORED . '. .> Basel, Oct. 3.-Prinoe Mail- ' mJMan of Baden is favorably considered for the German chancellorship, according to south German papers, which say that Koii-estantin Fehrenbach, president of the reichstag, and Vice-chancellor Von Payer have definitely refus-. ed the place. VON PAYER REFUSED Amsterdam, Oct. 2.-^ice-Chancellor Von Payer has definitely declined the ' chancellorship, lao> '( cording to the Berlin newspapers. ., LETTING THE LIGHT Paris, Oct. 3.-(Havaa)--The German censor at Berlin permits the German press to print article* dwelling on the probable situation) of Germany in the case that Ais> trla should be forced to lay. dowil her arms, under pressure, according to advioes reaching. Paris.'It is.declared that if Austfla-HJn-;, gary' should, give, in,' "fsfoviifir might follow her exampl�/J"w;' 47 57 ;