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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 3, 1908, Lethbridge, Alberta ALUftTA, SATURDAY, OCTOBER t, HON. FRANK OLIVER DELIVERS FINE SPEECH the (Mwapahy 'and' oilier in Continued From Front Page There has been a develop ment of the mining indusary Southeastern British Columbia that ia a matter of pride to every 'Canadian and of profit to Canada as a whole. ThU railway hag made possible the smelters in the Kootcnay country and 'the operation .of mines of very low grade ore -which could not have been touched had -it not for the es- tablishment of those smelters. And those smelters would never have been establishd had there not been ac- the' benefit ot the workiuftnan inj There has Uicn a growth in South- the lead of all 'countries, all that is certainly aston- inoes and all ;Y Mr, Simmons brief speech was well received and wag frequently interrup- ted by hearty Hon. Frank Oliver A In introducing the speaker of the evening the chairman made reference to the fact that in 1806, twelve years ago, what is now the whole province of Alberta had only one representa- tive in the House of Commons, whereas now there will be seven. He instanced this as an evidence of the great growth of the West under Lib- eral rule. He. then introduced Hon. Frank Oliver, the- Minister the Interior, as the man who .alone rep- resented Alberta in the early days.; Mr. Oliver, who was well received, said it was a fact that he had the opportunity of the whole province of Alberta during two terms and no part of the province claimed greater attention than this city and the surrounding country which today is elevated to the dignity of a separ- ate representation. 'It is a matter of very great pleasure to me to have the opportunity of once more addressing an audience in this city. And it is especially a pleasurt of doing so on behalf of my friend Mr. Simmons. 'The elections which is to be held on Oct. 26 will not only decide who shall be elected but ac- cording to what principles and prac tice the country shall be governed. It is therefore important that the electors should know- definitely what each party and each candidate stand for. I am here tonight tp-place fore you arguments to show that what Mr. Simmons and the Liberal party stand for is better than what his op- ponent Mr. Magrath and the ".Con- servative party stand for. People are apt to be misled by the state- ment that there is no serious differ- ence between-the two political part- ies. It is my business to point out that there is a great difference. The Liberal party, as .the experience o this Western country shows, stands for progress .and development, and in no part of this great country is the evidence of that .policy more clearly Trunk Pacific as a transcontinental first. We must strengthen it ae such before it.is wise to spread it out all over the plains.as a competitor .for traffic or a colonisation road. Railroad Competition The G. T. P, provides a competition and it was consequently obstructed by the Conservative party. When the bill was before Parliament they held from URtil flnd in the meantime the monetary con- ditions of the world had and the scheme had to be amended on torms less favorable to .the nation. Grain Act It, has; established under the grain act a- position for the fanner which hV certaiuly_ had not in bygone days. Under the conditions of railway mon- opoly of Jiave already bpoken the railway company exercised its authority their own convenience and v they decided that no person shodld ship any grain at any station except through a .standard elevator, that is to say no person was allowed an elevator at any station except with the consent of the railway com- pany, And the company would not consent the elevator was of a kind and description which suited the convenience of the railway com- pany. No person allowed more- shown .than right here in Lethbridge. Those of us who were .here in 1896 when the Conservative! adrmnistraV lion which had held office, was dis- placed; will remember that the Liber- al government's first act of the de- velopment of Western Canada was to aid the construction of the Crow's neat Pass Railway. Crow's Nest Railway All those who ware at that time will remember the conditions, which then' 'prevailed. a town of magnificent distances and as magnificent expectations but with comparatively little cash in the bank and very liUle hopes of achiev- ing anything of that nature." It be- came necessary in the estimation of the Liberal tuair there should be railway communication be- tween the prairie and.the Kootenay mining country. It is. seldom. I think, that the. prospects held; in re-; gard to any enterprise" of a large na- ture have been: so fully justified as The development of the Kootenayfi has had its effect in providing a mar- ket for the produce of the plains, and from end to end ths work has been a most abounding success. Guarded Lethbridge Interests government did not forgfct the interests which were established at different points along .the proposed linb including the interests' of this city. Those who were here at that time will remember that there every expectation that the Crow's Nest, Pass" railway would not touch jfithbridge, but that itr would leave the line between Lethbridge and Dun- more at a point east of here and pass to the North or South. When the Liberal government, was naking this bargain with the .C. P. R. a special provision was made that the vested interests of this established town should b3 protected by the rail- way being compelled to give, facili- ties to Lethbridge, and from that day to this, when the C. P. R. train be- tween Medicine Hat .and Kootenay Landing backs', into Lethbridge sta- tion you have "the of .the care of .the Liberal government in. protecting your, interest. Macleod people thought themselves wiser than the government and made their own bargain and it-took some years for them to .retrieve their, mis- take. The Liberal government's pol- icy stood for progress and.-develop- ment, and.as can be no progress or development without railway, con- striction, the government's policy naturally revolves around. the trans- portation question. We have, aided tion instead, of operation. There wag xianger that an undue proportion of the timber would become alienated for speculation. Up to that time the principle had been that the timber jshould b? oyen to application. First come, first served, just the same as taking a homestead. When a man saw a bunch of timlx-r he thought he would like to have lie had it put up for competition and the man who offered the highest, bonus got the limit. Now when we thought there was a danger of an undue proportion falling into the hands of ths people who simply wanted to speculate t'neu we said we will hold back the timber from sale, and only put up timber for sale when "the circumstances make- it advisable to do so. Formerly any- body could have a limit put up for the C. N: system, actuated created it until today it has some fifteen hun- dred miles of railway in the- three prairie provinces and at the last ses- sion of .parliament the government entered arrangement, with it that will add in the, next year or two seven hundred miles more to the system and give further devel- opment and accommodation the western country. The G. T- P. The G.T.P7 project is ariotherHhat owes, its existence to' the policy of tl ie Li beral government, which in the election of 1904 pledged itself to d the.railway built.. The railway is in course of construction and will be complete within :tKp years. Railway competition is'one of the government's aims, and it will be its policy to secure extensions of the- G. T-. P. system throughout the four western provinces so that there will be development and competition throughout. But we cannot achieve In regard to the Crow's flest i'ass railway I need only call your atten tioa to the campaign which is being carried on throughout eastern Can- ada where Premier Roblin standing on thft platform of the leader of the Opposition "advocating the return of his friends to power has eeen fit to speak of it as the Crow's Nest steal, and has accused the Liberal Govern- ment of participating in one of the most gigantic cases of graft and-toot that any government could possibly b3 guilty of. There is no justifica- tion for this campaign. The govern- ment is satisfied that it has done well and the Crow's Nest Railway has amply justified the results. I ask the people of Southern Alberta to whom it has brought, the .first steps of prosperity to judge between the two parties and cast their votes ac- cordingly 'on October 26th. Protected The government, it is true, grant- sd a large subsidy, but it did so on conditions that protected the inter- ests of the people, and gave to the producers of the plains a reduction of three cents per hundred pounds wheat and ten per cent, on cer- tain freight proceeding West. I cannot coiicicve-that the electors will support a man who is identified with a party that attacks the con- struction of a railroad which was built for: their benefit. A member -of the audience inter- rupted and asked how it was there was so much grain lying along the railroad. A Fine Retort .Mr. "There was not any unless they shipped through that ele- vator. There 'were stations at which there were elevators and farmers who ship train at such stations but it was always found that there were not "any cars available. These conditions necessarily resulted -in throwing the grain into the hands of a few men who had erected elevators. The farmers were consequently under the domination -of the railway mon- opoly on one hand and the elevator monopoly .on the .other hand. To re- lieve the. situation, the Manitoba grain act was passed, j This provided that any person who wished to establish an elevator should be permitted the privilege .of establishing it' on the right of way railway company. And anyone who established an ele- vator there. was compelled to give storage facilities- to whatever grain was offered pfpyiding of course there was _Ihe railway, .company was compel- led to accept goods from such elevator and where, there'was no elevator they were a landing from which the; farmers could load their grain. .Provision was made that in the cars, each farmer should ;Jiave the., same right as any oilier company or) organization so that on the .car" order book the farmer's name stood for a car just the same as ekvator owner's.; name stood for a to lie out before 1896. (Laugh- ter.) There car shortaga before i896. (More laughter.) 'These was aot any'money that grain would buy before 1896.. applause.) Here is a'serious condition of affairs. ;.Vc have a marvellous production of ..yealth and there is certainly inade- quate the. Con- s'ryative candidates offer no remedy 'but the government however, does. It >ays that its. policy is to increase the transportation- facilities. The only policy the Conservatives have to of- were those in with the the end before we have the'beginning Crow's Nest Pass railway. and we must establish the the requirements of country is a" mud slinging and slan car. I do not that this legis- lation is perfect; :but I do claim that it is a valuable'measure' for the pro- tection pf producers West whose always receive first, attention :'at the hands of the Liberal government because they are at the foundation of the couptry'e prosperity. Liberalism for Development In; all cases Liberalism is for the individual, right and development. Conservatism ia against the individ- ual right; and against development and.competition. At least such is its' history in this country. There are: some statements which may have b.pen published that require some at- tention at my hands. It is not a pleasant feature of this campaign that instead of discussing great ques- tions for the'good of: the country we slander and to make public life dis- The government will use its own dis- cretion in the matter, and the tim- ber will not be put up for compe- tition by tender, but by public sale by auction. The change was not made because we thought the former regulations were not right and pro- per. We believed that they were eminently suitable to the conditions of country and were instrument- al in getting money invested ia the lumber industry, which resulted in an adequate being manufac- tured for the uses of the settlers. As to the charge of political favorite- ism and graft, I have not the time to cover all the points. But I will give ycu instances which show be- yond all question that there was no graft or favoriteism under the Liberal government. I have a list of the tim- ber limits disposed of from January 1st, 1906 to January 1906 and it -is open to inspection of any one who may choose to examine it. This list contains among otherH the following of timber limits: Berth 1293, 12 square miles secured by Wm. Hum- bJrtson for There were six tenders: and the next lowest tender was that of Senator T. 0. Davis, 320. Mr. Humbertson ia a lumber man who so far as I am aware never cast a Liberal vote in his life, and never intends to. Senator T. 0. Davis is an ardent supporter of the Liberal government, yet he loses the mil to cut timber on Berth 667 situate in fractional township 54, range 2C wwst of the third meridian, contain- ing an area of thiry square miles, for which public competition was invited. Jn rt'plyinr. I am directed to inform you that your tender cannot be ac- cepted unless the bonus offered be increased to flO, (Laughter) This offer wil remain open for thirty days from this date. Thi1 sum of 95 which accompanied your communication is returned to you herewith. Signed: Lyndwode Perira, Assistant Secretary." The it-Lie.' was directed to Messrs. Prince Bros., operating lumbermen of Battleford. If we are accused of selling timber limits too cheaply, I arn sun? accusation does not lie in the mouths of those who only two years before suid a timber limit oi W square miles for the magnificent sum of ten dollars, for which they had been bid only (Laughter.) political pull in handling the sources of the country, and I wish to point out that one of the reasons why the Liberal government has suc- ceeded in its administration of West- ern lands and timber and areas, is because it has been free from poltical pull. There has been a square deal for the man who ia ready to do business on the condition on which the property was offeree to him. But this is the sort of thing )ur opponents used to practice. have a letter from the files of the de- partment. It is addressed to H. H Cook, of Toronto, and dated May 11 1881: Dear Sir: In consideration of your consenting to permit us to retain one third in- terest in the aftermoitioned property we agree to use influence with the government at Ottawa to transfer to you and us the timber limits for which you applied to the Mackenzie government in 1878, situate on Sas- katchewan river west o! Edmonton, and including two hundred miles or thereabout. We are to have four months in which to succeed in this NO GOOD HUNTER will start out with a poor gun if he can help it. He can help it, and so can you. GET YOUR GUN here, and it will be a good one. We have many styles and prices, but you won't find a poor gun in the lot. AMMUNITION which we carry ia of the best, and prices are right. HOWARD CASE CO. QUNSMtTHS LETHBRIDGE ALTA matter, and in the event of success A. L. Roy PUeSO P.O. bx 82 der 'policv whfiTphy tha ehsract their "fellow citizens are besmirched. They have not a word to say about the "necessity of making provisions for the: grain lying out on the prai- rie unable to get transported to mar- ket. Yet, no doubt, they expect in- telligent and enterprising people who produce that grain to vote for them rra Oct. 26. v Liberals Against Monopolies The .Conservative party are against ompetition and for monopoly. The JberaV party are for competition and j gainst monopoly. The Conservative >arty opposed the Grand Trunk Pa- ific and more recently fought the pro- iosal of the Great Northern to enter outhe'astern British Columbia. The :ompany of course, -had to come to pie. The Scandal Campaign Suits When Others Disappoint RETAIL GROCERS SUPPLIED BY THE NORTHWEST JOBBING CO. To those who see fit to drag poli- tical life into the dirt I have nothing to say, they choose their own posi- tion but I do believe that those who can find nothing higher prac- tice of maligning their fellows are not the people whb: are entitled or who' will receive the trust of the peo- ple, (Cheers.) Honesty in a government, is, I ad- necesity, and if a charge of dishonesty is maintained, it must be fatal. But I also want Mr. Chair- man, ladies and gentlemen, to enter a plea for honest politics and to ask that while we offer to you an honemt administration you demand from our limit for a difference of Berth 1275, forty square, miles, se- cured by W. Anderson at next lowest, H. Finger of Port Ar- thur, prominent liberal and lumber man, The Liberal politician loses the limit for the sake of and the man who had no party claims on the government gets the limit. William Cowan, of Prince Albert, Conservative candidate in the pro- vincial elections of 1905, tenders fif- ty thousand and fifty dollars for the limit, and lowest tender is that oi Thomas Mackie, Liberal M. P. of North Renfrew who offered Hr. Mackie certainly, had claims on the Liberal party if any man ever had and yet his opponent, a Conservative gets the limit for "only twenty-five dollars mote than Mr. Mackie bid. Berth 1231, secured by C. A. Rob- cr'tsuu for next lowest tender T. A. Burrows, Mr. Burrows loses the limit by I have seen it stated in possibly you have heard it from this that Mr. Burrows never tendered and did not succeed. The suggestion was that Mr. Burrows had been given an unfair advantage. When that state- ment was made these documents were available to every parson who wished to consider them. They were within the knowledge of the man who mad3 ;he statement. The Germans are said to mak- ing -a new kind of bread of wheat or ,we agree to share to the extent of j rye, for which the grain goes through one-third, all rents, costs or charges j a process similar to malting. It is made or claimed by- the government' said to have a delicate flavor, and by hereafter. H. H. COOK, P. H. JARVIS, T. M. DALY. Mr. Daly is the Conservative stand- ard bearer in Brandon against Mr. Sifton. former minister of the In- rtason of the process more easily di- gested. The same is true of which is sometimes calhd liquid bread. The brewing of The Leth- bridge Brewing and Malting Com- pany's "Alberta's Pride" converts the barley into a delicious food drink terior, and ia no doubt denouncing containing a high political pull and graft in the dispos- j centage of nourishment, is an aid to al of timber limits just as loudly as .digestion his friends, and with juet as much arliament for the mat- honest arguments in ad- -er was referred to the railway com- mittee. Liberals have a major- ty on that- committee but the Con- servatives turned out in such numbers ,hnt the vote was 60 to -60 and the Liberal chairman gave his casting 'ote for competition. It will be of vancuig their cause. As you would judge us so be they condemned' If we are proven dishonest in the dis- charge of our duty, I ask you to con- demn "thorn if they are dishonest in the charges that they, have made, nterest to Lethbridge to know that There have been a ;good many slan- Boston Lunch spread ing over the City. Everybody is getting of fine cooking 2nd West of Arlington Baroness Road Open Day and Night. NY hi to Help Only. their representative voted with his party for railway monopoly. Public Development The main attack that is being made on the. goverruncr.t is because of its vast expenditure on western railway developments. This is a life and leath struggle between the two par- ties and one of the two must go down in the contest. The Liberal party. however, considcrs.it is acting in the true ink-rest of the country, and de- spite. the large expenditures already incurred, it intends to build the Hud- son Bay railway. (Cheers.) We ask you to endorse what we have :donc and to sanction what we propose to do. The Hudson Bay railway will cost many millions but if you vote against the expenditure you vote against the railway. What does the Hudson Bay railway mean to the people oi Lethbridge? It mean's thai as the wheat and the catlle grown upon thosa plains find their ultir mate market in Liverpool they wil realize a greater profit through the out of the thousand miles of Ttiis win mmmni to scverxi cents a bushel on wheat, fractions of a c.'nt oh a pound of beef and dol- lars on every aero of land. While 1ms been strong for railways it has not, as its predecessors did, allowed the railways to control tlu> government. But by establishing the Railway commission, control has boon obtained over the various com- panies operftting in the country. The government has in another instance interposed betweeen the people nnd honesty of purpose, (Cheers.) f not approach the Minister himself. He Another instance it is important had to write to Mr. Whimster, who that our friends know what had to write to Mr. Boyd who wrote manner of men and what manner of administration will be given if our opponents are returned to office. We government. to Mr. Daly. Such was the way things were under the Conservative judge a man by what he has done, not by what -he says he ia going to do. (Hear. Hear.) Here is a letter from Portage la A Word for the-Candidate Now, ladies and gentlemen you have given me a very kind and at- uttered agninst the Liberal gov- jrnment, but T have' not time to deal !nth .them all, but we will take a sample, viz., those in connection with timber limits. First there is an allegation of extravagance or waste in disposing oi the timber lim- its and next there is a general charge of political favoritism and graft. We are accused of having sold the lira its at too low a price. And the man who disposed of them or able to dis- pose of them at a large advance. It was> I point oul no part of the goviftrnmont's policy to regard the sale of timber rights as a source of revenue. The government's main purpose was to secure the operation of limits so that the timber which was standing useless, "might be cut into lumb T and sold to the settlers at the lowt-st possible price. If we arc charged with selling the limits at low prices I may say that we did not look to sell them at high prices. We knew that every dollar was soucezed out oi the -purchaser the He Knew He When he made the statement he lied, and he knew he lied. (Cheers.) A never made that state- ment. He said that he only failed once and that is the time he failed. The Honorable Frank that was just as false. Mr. Burrows tendered twentjvfive times and he got eighteen limits. There seveji times he tendered and did not succeed The mar. Trho said he lost only once lied alno. (Cheers.) Here is another i.istancc "which ia somewhat different but equally illum- inating as showing the 'absence of graft and favoritism: Limit 1296, secured by W. A. Charl- ton, formerly Liberal speaker of thn Ontario legislature, for 115.075. The next lowest tender was Wm. Humber- stone's for Mr. Charlton got the limit by a margin of something like If Mr. Carl ton had any political pull, he certainly would IIUL jicHny more man] he. needed to. There were seven! tenders for this limit and one of them was put in by an Edmonton gentle- man who had had a great deal to say about the Liboral government's un- fairness in the disposal of imber lim- its. His tender vras JI.051. (Laugh- ter.) it for nothing. I think I've established the point that there was neither political favor- itism nor graft. And the men who made the insinuations knew just as well as you know now that there were none. Perhaps it will be of interest Prairie, dated July 9th, 1894. It ia tentive hearing and I appreciate it addressed to N. Boyd, M.P., Ottawa, and was probably sent to him while he was attending the House of Com- mons. Dear I am today in receipt of a letter from Daniel Saundera, of Shoal Lake, stating that he had tendered for a permit to cut timber on section four, township 20, range 22 wast. I know Mr. Saunders will. He has always been a strong supporter of the Conservative party and can be re- lied upon to stick to us still. He wished me to ask you to look into the matter for him and give him any assistance you can in getting the per- mit through. I understand that Tul- ly, of Strathclair, ia also applying for the same piece of timber and he is an opponent. I would rather see Saun- ders get it. Kindly help Saunders in any way you can and I -will take it aa a personal favor. I will have to write to you shortly in reference to some of my own Ot- Liwa matters. Yours respectfully, W. H. WHIMSTER. Mr. Boyd endorses on the letter the note: _ Dear that this matter is looted after. Mr. Saunders got his limit. It will be noticed that Mr. Saunders although a good Conservative could very much. I have not the time to deal longer with these matters. I have placed before you the policy oh which the government appeals to the people for their support. I have placed before you an outline of cer- tain charges and slanders that have been charged against us, and now I must leave the question to your con- sideration for your decision on the 26th You have here a can- didate whom you know, who has given you good service in the. local legislature, whose wisdom, and loyalty have been provc-n beyond doubt. I ask-you to give that can- didate support on election day, as supporting Liberal principles and supporting the Liberal policy in the development of this country. I want one further word. It ia thia. The most dangerou? argument that the Liberal Government has to meet is that it is time for a change. It is an argument that calls for no answer because it contains no sense. A is what you said when the Conservatives were in pow- er. So we did, and it was high time for a change as the evidence ahowa. (Applaufie.) What I would like to place before you is this: I hope that as we are. most of us at any rate, sober men, aa (Continued on Page 4.) tng settler would have to pay. Our pre- decessors had exactly the same pol- icy, and it was embodied in ii L givn you sump evidence oi the principle on which timber limits were regulations. The policy which they framed was carried out ufitl last De- cember, when it was changed. Change in Policy Thr- policy was never criticized un- til it was changed? Why was it changed? The reason was that as a consequence of wave of specula- tion which passed over the country two years ago, a groat deal of the lum- ber was being obtained for apecula- their'sold snortl5r the Liberal gov- 1 ernment took office. You will have noticed that some the limits I have mentioned produced as high aa 000. I have n letter here from the department of the Interior, ESTABLISHED 1864 i Merchants Bank of Canada HEAD OFFICE, MONTREAL Paid-up Capital Rewrre and Undmded Profits BOARD OF DIRECTORS Sir r3. Montagu Allan President Jonathan Hodgson, Eaq. Vice-President Ottawa, July 4, 1894. I am directed to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the sixteenth ultimo, and inclosing the sum of which you offer as a bonus for a per- C. R. Howner, Thor Long, Esq., C. F. Smith, Esq., Hugh A. C. M. Esq., Ales. Baraet, Esq., ______ F. Orr Lewis, K. Jf. Manager The Bank 119 branches and agencies distributed throughout Canada. New York Agency, 63 aad 65 Wall St. SAVINGS BANK ACCOUNTS invited, and special atten- tion is paid to small Interest at 3 per cent per annum, compounded four times a year. Drafts, Money Orders and Lettert of Credit, payable in any part of the world, at current ratea LKTHBEIDQK E. W. AdWULLEN, ;