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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 2, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Wtdnwday, October 2, 1974-THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD-35 Social backdrop behind Indian militancy OTTAWA (CP) A high in- fant mortality rate, poor hous- ing, low education and disease are a part of the social back- drop behind increasing Indian militancy. And while some indicators of social well-being among the native people of the country show improvements in recent years, Statistics Canada figures reveal a worsening or static situation in other direc- tions. Infant mortality has declined, the native popula- tion is growing about twice as fast as the national average and economic loans to help es- tablish industries for the native people have increased tBut figures published in Perspectives Canada, a statistics bureau publication, indicate that the condition of housing has largely deteriorated since the mid- sixties Other indicators show that despite improvements, living conditions for Indians and Inuit are far below those for Canadians as a whole. The statistics show rapid movement by the native peo- ple into cities and towns in the last 20 years. In 1971, 30.7 per cent of Indians and Inuit lived in urban areas, while in 1961 the proportion was 12.9 per cent At the last census in 1971. there were about Indians in Winnipeg-the largest group in any city In 1961 there were only and in 1951, only 210 Infant mortality rates for Indians in 1970 were twice the national average while that for Inuit was nearly four times as high A decade earlier, the rate was three times as high for Indians and 10 times higher for Inuit. Northwest Territories Es- kimos in 1968 had a hospi- talization rate of 238 per population while the national rate was 157 per persons. In 1970 Eskimos in the Terri- tory were 10 times more likely to die of pneumonia, three times more likely to die of in- juries and accidents and six times more likely to perish in childhood. One compensation is that their death rate from cardio- vascular diseases was one- quarter the national rate In 1972, the birth rate for In- dians and Inuit was more than twice the national rate. The death rate for Indians was about the same but for Inuit was slightly higher Housing, one of the biggest concerns in recent Indian representations, seems to have actually shown a decline based on a three-fold rating of reserve homes as poor, fair or good In 1971, Statistics Canada found that 25.4 per cent of families on reserves needed new houses. In 1965, 19.7 per cent were said to need new homes. Statistics also show that in per cent of occupied houses needed major repairs. In 1960, 6.8 per cent were found to be in that state. The agency found that in 1971, 51.7 per cent of frame houses and those other than log were good while 20.8 per cent were rated poor. Eight years earlier, 59.4' per cent were rated good and 12 9 per cent were considered poor. For log houses on reserves, 14 6 per cent were rated good in 1971 and 64.1 per cent found to be poor in 1971 But in 1963, 23.3 per cent were considered good and 45 1 pf r cent were said to be poor The 1971 census found that while 80 per cent of reserve housing had electricity, only 30 per cent have running water, 25 per cent have indoor toilets and 20 per cent have in- door baths. Among the Indian and Inuit population over 20 years of age only 1.7 per cent have un- iversity education compared with 11.9 per cent nationally About 80 per cent of Indians and Inuit in that age group have only elementary school education while the national figure is 36.8 per cent. Violent clashes seen unless Canada wakes up INSTALLATION ELECTRONIC AIR CLEANERS Examines evidence RCMP Superintendent Marcel Sauve examines objects hurled at police and RCMP not squad members by demonstrat- ing Indians on Parliament Hill. CALGARY A leader of urban Indians said here Tuesday Canada may ex- perience more violent demon- strations by militant young In- dians if the Canadian govern- ment's attitude toward native people is not changed. Urban Calling Last, co- ordinator of the Calgary Urban Treaty Indian Alliance (CUTIA) said in an interview violent clashes like the one on Parliament Hill Monday "may become more and more common because the federal government -sees Indians as toys they can play with." Mr Calling Last said the In- dian demonstrators, members of the Native People's MANAGER'S ASSISTANT SELL-A-BRAT10N SALE OF VALUES t IOCHANDISECN SHE THURSDAY THRU WEDNESDAY. OCTOBER 3 TO 0. LIMITED QUANTITIES. YOU COULD WIN THIS Deluxe Zig-Zag SEWING MACHINE by BROTHER BROTHER Sewing Machines Cabinets Now OFF HOPSACKING DRAPERY quantities. Reg. Yard 60" WIDE ICECREAM KNITS Reg. Yard ASSORTED ROLLED SWEATER KNITS wide. Reg. Yard Valued at Purchase any item in our fabric Department from October 3rd to 9th Fill out a ballot and you could win! Ballots are in the Fabric Dept. ENTER TODAY! CARRYING CASE INCLUDED MEN'S 60" CRIMPKNIT yards only Yard COME IN AND SEE OUR "BROTHER" SEWING MACHINE DEMONSTRATION Thursday, Oct. 3-5 to 9 p.m. Friday, Oct. 4-5 to 9 p.m. Saturday, Oct 5-12 noon to 4 p.m. .60" WIDE Reg. Yard PRINTED AND PLAIN SUB CRIMP 2.44 Reg. to Yard County F Located In Shopping Centre on Mayor Magrath Drive. Open daily 9-.30 a.m. to 6 p.m. Thursday and Friday a.m. to 9 p.m. Telephone 328-8171.___________________ Caravan, have grown im- patient with Indian leaders and have no confidence in In- dian Affairs officials. "Instead of waiting around forever, they took things in their own hands, they paid their expenses and suffered deprivation to go to he said. "I wasn't surprised that the RCMP and the Army acted the way they did. They manhandle people on the reserves and in the cities like that every day." Mr. Calling Last, who said he is in full sympathy with the demonstrators, said the policies and regulations of the department of Indian Affairs are directly to blame for the demonstration. "This is not an isolated said Mr. Calling Last "If Canada doesn't wake up to what is happening it will find itself with a very bad Indian racial problem that will be like the United States in the early 1960s, just on a smaller scale." He said the economic and cultural differences between Indians and the mainstream of Canadian society is "too vast to cross under present policies" and added "Indian people, especially the young ones, are becoming more and more militant because of this "If the government doesn't pay more attention to the problems, they will be in for a lot of said Mr. Call- ing Last. "This is everybody's problem, not just the Indian's. Society should demand the government reform its policies and get some of the screws out of the depart- ment "The screws just want to sit comfortably on their jobs, and. couldn't care less about the people they are supposed to be working with." Mr. Calling Last, who helped organize a brief demonstration inside the Calgary Indian Affairs office in August, said the demonstra- tion here helped get action on its request for a grant to con- tinue its urban self-help program for native people. CUTIA offers counselling and job-search assistance to Indians who come here from reserves. The organization has been branded as a militant organ- ization by some Indian Affairs officials, and the federal gov- ernment had initially refused to continue financing the organization. "We had gone on for weeks without hearing anything from Indian said Kit bag kills Winnipeg boy WINNIPEG