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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 2, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Slave labor exists in North America By Dian Cohen, syndicated commentator Tuesday, October 2, 1973 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 5 v.wh... MONTREAL Slave labor no longer exists in North America. Right? Wrong Millions ol women labor long hours at work which is widely acknowledged to be productive and essential to the smooth workings of our society. Yet housewives are not paid for the services they perform in their own homes Neither are they considered to be in the Canadian labor lorce, a state of affairs which eteectively prohibits them from benefitting from a wide range of social security programs. Why is it that housewives have no official labor force status in Canada or indeed in any other country9 The answer is not entirely clear, even to people who support the women's liberation move- ment around the world But the fact that housewives work is excluded from considera- tion ol the wealth produced by each country each year has led to a paradoxical situation The gross national product is the sum total of the value of all the goods and services produced in the country dur- ing the year It's one of those measures we cherish because it tells us how much more wealthy we've become as a result ol our labors Suppose a number of bachelors have employed housekeepers and paid them lor their work Suppose further, that the bachelors decided to marry their housekeepers. The value of our national product that year would decline Obviously, the housekeepers would contine to do the same woik they did before they were married But while the services continue, the value of these services dis- appears Inclusion of housework in the calculation of the gross national product could be justified on the grounds of accuracy alone by excluding upaid housework, we are un- derestimating our national wealth The big problem ol course is how to impute the value of household chores How does one decide whether a housewife is worth a year of Who would judge the relative value of a burned potroast or a fallen souffle', or a well brought-up child, or a chiled martini at 6 m V The answer is that at the moment, nobody leally knows But in many ways the question is 11 relevant Atone time no one knew how to im- pute values to agricultural workers who consumed the products they grew But when it became important for the economists and the statisticians to find a measure that they were sure they needed, it did not take much time for them to find it There is increasingly widespread interest in the idea of wages for housewives The first step is simply to es- tablish the principle that housewives provide essential and pioductive services which should be acknowledged by society as a whole There is at least one social benefit that would come out oi the inclusion of household chores in the gross national product Housewives would have access to social security schemes now denied them For example, housewives are ineligible to pay into the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan, because in order to do so a person must be part ol the active labor force. Housewives, invisible in the Canadian labor force, therefore cannot earn a retire- ment pension at age 65. It is also conceivable that if housework were recognized as a pioduutive service lor which wages should be paid, a whole lange ol other social security programs, like mother's allowances, and family allowances could be allowed to disappear In this regard, it is interesting to note that a major reason the FISP (Family Income Security Program) aroused such overwhelming disapproval among women was that the government had suggested making family allowance che- ques payable to the Head of the household" thereby tak- ing away their only source of 'cash" money It is also interesting tnat the Ontario government recently published a position paper called Equal OpportumU for Women in Ontario A Plan For Action "Sounds like progress But the booklet deals only with women work- ing outside the home Housewives are not even acknowledged as providing useful services The case against court reporting By Kva Brewster, freelance writer Book reviews Humane country ahead "Canada and The Canadians" by George Wood- cock (MacMillan Company of Canada, illustrated, 346 Here's an interesting little book that has been around for some years, but has only recently been made available in a soft cover edition Divided into two parts. The Shaping of the Land and Canada Today, Woodcock has put the results of a close study and a remarkable under- standing of his country into one book on Canada and its people The Shaping of the Land shows how men and geography came together through exploration and ex- ploitation and introduces the institutions that were created in response to that en- counter Canada Today discusses the cities, politics and arts of modern Canada In a vision of the future. Woodcock sees Canada, in the hands of those who are today's voung. becoming not a great country but a humane one Here s a good book for anyone interested in Canada's past, present and future particularly a reader geared to a textbook approach to Canadiana HERB LEGG COUTTS Sensationalism exists today as it has over centuries of human history While people no longer attend public hangings or the spectacles of guillotining that took place dur- ing the French Revolution, there are still many who like to see heads roll Instead of taking their knitting to an execution they now follow, with glee the perhaps more harmless pastime of reading court reports Now, as then many are only too ready to crucify the families of a criminal To refrain from reporting a case because of persona! requests would not be objective reporting provided court reporting could always be objective Disti aught parents of young offendeis have frequently approached me with the quesqon "If your child got into trouble with the law. how would you react to seeing his name in the press9' Having children I love I have given this matter a lot of thought, have attended a number of court cases and read reports on them afterwards in an attempt to form an unbiased opinion One particular case provided the answer to rny research Some months ago a brief column in The Herald attracted my attention- A Lethbndge man charged with possession of for the purpose of trafficking was remanded without plea Charged under the Food and Drug Act is and then followed his name and address About a month later. I attended the pre- trial hearing and even though I could not then form an opinion as to the guilt or innocence of the accused. I was disturbed by the testimonies of Crown witnesses, all under oath The first claimed the boy, when apprehended switched on his car engine (hands on the steering wheel) attempting to escape but the engine stalled The second witness ssaid he found the accused drinking a bottle of beer with one hand on a wad of money on the seat beside him and the third stated he had surprised the young man in the process of counting bank notes Now I don t know about the law but an ob- vious question presented itself "How many hands has this boy got9" Two hands on the steering wheel one drinking a bottle of beer. one on a wad of money and two more to count bank notes9 None of these details were men- tioned in The Herald's newspaper report next day, nor could they have been for that would have prejudiced the trial There was simply a repetition of the charges, the trial date, and again the defendant's name and address I was on holiday when this case came before the judge so I don't know the outcome, but 1 had met the boy's mother in court and 1 shall never forget the hurt in her eyes She told me her son had lost his job after The Herald's first court report and. regardless of the outcome of his trial, they might have to move away for the sake of her younger children who were alreadv victims of gossip and snide remarks at school and in the neighborhood In the meantime, the parents put up all they owned, even their home in lieu of bail to keep their son out of prison Whether their trust in his innocence was mis- placed, whether he was. in the end. found guilty of the crime or not is immaterial There must be manv people who like me were not around when the young man was brought to trial They too will remember the name and charges as a result of early publicity Public justice concerns us all and even body can attend court proceedings to learn how justice is administered At the same time court reporters should, in my opinion, not publicize names until the accused has been found guilty by judge and jury While it is true that most reports understate rathei than sensationalize the more serious crimes it must be recognized that this only fires the imagination of gossip-mongers and dll those 'holier than thou People can effectueh destrov a whole family for all time No matter how painful I could not ask that my own child s name be kept out of the news, were he convicted of a crime But if you have ever known or can even imagine, a mother's, tears and her fear for her children s future, don't condone premature publicity where names are reported immediately a person is charged in court Instead, remember 'Here, but for the grace of God goes your child REPORT TO READERS DOUG WALKER Books in brief The bugs are disappearing "Secretary Wildlife Society, charter member Friends of Nature Club, past president Anti-hunters League then hamburger hit dollar a pound." Complete Car Care 14 POINT ELECTRONIC TUNE-UP One Price includes: Initial electronic scope check Test and clean battery cables and hold down All labour for service and installation of spark plugs Test cylinder output All labour for replacement of condenser rotor HT wiring distributor cap, coil, primary circuit Check and adjust timing Check P C V operation and lubricate heat riser valve Check and adjust idle mixture Check fuel pump and filter for proper operation Check air cleaner element Final scope check "Feasting Free On Wild Edibles" by Bradford Angier (George J. McLeod Limited, 285 pages, cloth S9.25 paper- back Have vou ever got mad enough at vour weeds to do something about thorn1' now vou can Vou can cat them' How _ does, picKicd purslane (portulaca) appeal to vour palate'' Or how about the scourge of the gardener the dandelion added to scrambled eggs, as a salad, or lor the eonnoisseui dandelion wine Recipes arc included foi such delicacies as hiekutv nut pio ncarhnut cake and golden c.ittai! pancakes the book contains some wild edibles that can be cook ed alone or combined with other foods to make moie than 500 dishes to feast on nature s bounty marvelous opportunity to return to nature this book also includes dnections lor making bavberrv soap and candles from scratch In ad- dition .1 portion of delightful woods loic and histoiv is in- cluded with each uild cuinle (8 cyl.) PARTS EXTRA, IF REQUIRED WINTER COOLING SYSTEM SPECIAL Check all belts Dram and flush rad Pressure test system Refill system Offers good until October 27 wherever you see this sign "We know how much you depend on your car." Use your Esso or credit card All work on the aftovo olti-r guaranteed lor 90 days or 4 000 miles Ask for details "Meet Cree: A Practical Guide to the Cree language" by H. Christoph Wolfart and Janet F. Carroll. (University of Alberta Press. 63 This book does not attempt to teach the reader Cree but rather, as the authors say, to enable one to learn about Cree so one can be helped to learn Cree later. The authors dwell mainly on the structure of the Cree language and this does not make for easy reading The book is for instructional purposes and not meant to be read for pleasure If one has desires of delving into the Cree language it would be wise to read this book. GARRY ALLISON "Less Than Nothing is Real- ly Something" by Robert Froman, (Fitzhenry Whiteside Limited, 33 pages, This is one of the Crowell Young Math Books and ex- plains in simple terms the concept of positive and negative numbers. To show that negative numbers abound in our everyday lives, the author uses easy examples that children should under- stand The text is easy and the il- lustrations excellent. This is a series of books that merits careful consideration by all who are interested in elemen- tary education. TERRY MORRIS Although some readers might not appreciate it, the adjustments ot The Herald staff to the new publishing procedures have been rapid and remarkable Stories from other papers making tlit same changeover had us inmking we mignt be in a state ot con- fusion for weeks and months But within a matter of only a few days everything seem- ed to fall into place and things are almost back to noimai Nn rioubt the most distressing aspect of the changeover at first was the lateness of delivery The machines used to make the page plates broke down early in the game so that a different and lengthier procedure had to be employed temporarily Most of the delay, however, was the result of having to shut down the press to make delicate ad- justments necessary m breaking in new machines Even the most insignificant ad- justment meant a loss of a half hour One of the trickiest things in the new- printing procedure is to get the right amount of ink At first there was obviously too much ink being used because when readers got finished going through the paper their hands would be black This situation is showing steadv improvement Most people are probably finding the paper easier to read but some are finding it more difficult The latter will be surprised to know that the body type has actually been increas- ed slightly from 8'2 point to nine point Another feature tlidt should make reading easier is the wider separation of columns and the leaving of more white space Those who are having difficulty in getting accustomed to the type are invited to concentrate on the editorial pages for awhile Not only are the editorials in 10 point but most of the lines of type on the pages are slightly more separated than is the case on other pages This attempt to give the editorial pages a distmctiveness even in appearance has had one rather disturbing consequence the lengthy commentaries now appear to be even longer We have started to cut more material out of the commentaries than we did formerly in an effort to overcome this im pression of greater length and to make the pages less forbidding in appearance Processing of material from the desks of editors to made-up pages has already shown such a marked speedup that one of my cherished hopes has alreadv been realized It used to be necessary for the material for the editorial pages to be chosen and put in the works two days prior to publication Now I am putting out material the day before publication Readers might not be aware of much difference but I feel better about being able to present material that is one day closer to the events that are discussed Letters also should appear in the paper faster than in the past although no guarantee can be given that this will be so It was merely a coincidence that a shortage ol newsprint hit The Herald during the time of the changeover This resulted in having to use colored stock for several of the pages one day and to drastically cut the size of the paper for a lew days A shipment of paper got lost en route to Lethbndge and only by virtue of an emergency truck load being dispatched fiom The Winnipeg Free Press was The Herald saved from having to shut down at one point At present an adequate supply of paper seems to be assured for The Herald but there is a scarcity of newsprint due mainly to lack of milling capacity in relation to demand Most newspapers on this continent are look- ing for ways to reduce the size of their product because the shortage is going to be chronic It mav be necessary to do some cutting here too eventually Some of the faithful readers of the second editorial page (Tuesdays. Thursdays, and Saturdays with its emphasis on columns and book reviews bv local writers were doubtless dismayed as I was when this page was eliminated four times in succession That may have been an intimation of what could happen permanently if the newsprint shor- tage becomes more severe but I am happy to lepoit that it is the intention of the editor to keep this page and others that met the same fate during the recent crisis as long as possible One final word about the new appearance of The Herald When we are all convinced that the bugs are out of the procedure and we feel confident about what we are doing, some more changes in makeup may be made With the great flexibility inherent in the new technique, some experimentation in composi- tion is inevitable ON THE USE OF WORDS Bv Theodore M Bernstein Lost articles. A tendency has developed in recent years to drop the or a at the beginnings of sentences and sometimes elsewhere II derives parth from the affected, clipped style of the news magazines and partly from the .supcistition of sonic newspaper editors that paragraphs and especially opening paiagraphs should not begin with one of those articles Thus we get a sentence that reads this way "Successful outcome of the mission mav well create an opening for further East-West settlements Clearly it should be "a successful outcome." and in speech no one would dream of saying it any other way Or we will see in print something like this "First reaction of the com- missioner was to insist he had been mis- quoted Equally clearly it should be "the lirsl reaction Forget affected style and forget editors superstitions, write what comes naturally Word division. In the selling of type strange things sometimes happen at the ends of lines One reader says he has seen the word somi-one divided so-meone. He guesses that the trouble is caused by computerized That may indeed have aggravated the problem, though some of the advanced computers used in printtmg these days almost seem to have PhD degrees Human error or human ignorance has more to do with the trouble because odd divisions occur in print shops that have never seen a computer Here are a few from a well-known newspaper that is quite uncomputenzed authoritative military sour- cos." "the Pit- tshurgh Steelers "an enlightening hum- an and. if you'll pardon this one. Nmenca's deadly arse- Mavbe printers and proofreaders should give line en- dings their undivided attention ;