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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 2, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THt IETMURIDGE HERALD Saturday, October 2, 1971 Maurice Jl cslcrn, Cambodia in ruins Speculation about, what mijjlit have happened n the U.S. had stayed out of the Vietnam conflict is now fruit- less. Thu irrlninty of what has hap- pened to a small country which found itself involved, through no wish of Us own, is sobering and tragic. Cambodia once an impoverished but happy country, is now impover- ished and terrorized. The f o r m e r Cambodian leader, Prince Sihanouk, with all his faults, had at least been able to keep his country from be- coming a battleground, even though he had had lo tolerate communist forces along his eastern borders and allow North Vietnamese arms to be shipped across the country. But Si- hanouk was deposed a year and a half ago and a more malleable lead- er (from the U.S.-South Vietnamese point of view) took his place. His name is Gen Lon Nol and since he took over in'March 1970 Cambodia has been devastated. In spite of massive U.S. aid for the Cambodian army, the N o r t h Vietnamese have pushed deeply into Cambodian territory and Hie South Vietnamese are everywhere the North Vietnamese are not. The econ- omy has been ruined, inflation is rampant and even the proudest pos- session of all Cambodia, the ancient cily of Angkor Wat, is said to have been severely damaged. The Cambodians are now at tliR mercy of an old enemy, the Viet- namese, North and South variety, the Cambodians detest them both, tt is an old vendetta, a fierce hat- red difficult to eradicate under for- mer peaceful circumstances; hope- less to diminish under present con- ditions. The Vietnamese war is said to be winding down or fizzling out. When it is finished what will happen to one of its most pathetic victims an entire nation of people who wanted nothing more than to find their way in the modern world on their own terms? Is Cambodia to be abandoned when it is no longer of use. or will it be up for grabs among the looters, and the rapists who are said lo be already having their way unchecked? An unsolved problem At the Alberta Medical Associa- tions annual meeting held recently in Banff, Dr. Donald Husel, chief of obstetrics and gynecology at the Royal Alexander Hospital in Edmon- ton said that the demand for thera- peutic abortion in that city far ex- ceeds the availability of the neces- sary facilities. He said that under the changes to the Criminal Code, the problem now lies with the facilities rather than availability of doctors, as such abor- tions must be performed in a hospi- tal and the demand for the facilities is too great. "A tremendous volume of requests for abortions now have to be rejected on the basis of social well being, our present accepted definition of Dr. Husel noted. After discussion on the subject, delegates approved a resolution to implement a public information pro- grain to inform women that preg- nancies can be prevented. The reso- lution added that most doctors are willing to provide counselling on fam- ily matters. Since the modification of the abor- tion laws, this same pattern is being repeated in all major centres, accord- ing to the Canadian Medical Associ- ation. The distressing factor of the increased incidence of abortion de- mands is that the time to perform an abortion safely is necessarily lim- ited, and with a growing backlog of requests for this operation other sur- gical needs are being postponed. It's to believe in this day of communication, with all the avail- able information on birth control in schools, in publications, in doctors' offices and now even on TV, that any woman can remain in complete ignorance of the various sources of pregnancy prevention. But obviously from the thousands of abortions re- quested monthly, either the informa- tion is being ignored or abortion is becoming the preferred control meth- od a premise that is distasteful to say the least. If the medical profession is advo- cating more efficient birth control information then they should receive the support of the many women's clubs and organizations across the land. These groups, and there are thousands of them, reach women at all levels of society and are the logi- cal source for accurate birth control programming. Many of them are church and community oriented, in- volved in social and economic prob- lems which they deal with efficiently all the time. An on going birth con- trol program included in these organ- izations could bring the abortion is- sue into its proper perspective, elim- inating the over-use of hospital and medical facilities and considerably reducing the mental anguish of wo- men patients involved. Weekend Meditation Why we are here TN that overwhelming, throbbing novel "Once an Eagle" by Anton Myrer, Genera] Damon gets the news of his son's death and he recalls moments df the boy's childhood. One evening he'd come in late and found Doriny awake, sitting up in bed, chewing at the inside of his cheek. Donny tells him how he had been thinking and thinking about a problem that he couldn't get out of his head, and he tells his father "Well, here I am Donald C. Damon, an American, here in the Philippine Islands in lying here on this bed but, why, Dad? Why aren't I a Tagalcg farmer, or an Italian stevedore, or a Negro share- cropper of all the people I could have been, why am I this, here? Why am I The father replies "I can't answer that, no man can. "Life is a mystery, and the most profound philoso- phers in the world haven't been able to get beyond that." The father was quite right. Kb philosopher has been able to answer this primary question of who man is and why he is here, and the answer belongs only to the man of faith. Life simply is not fair. One boy is born Into the slums, ami another has an op- portunity for a life of culture and educa- tion. One is born of drunken parents in a miserable existence and another is born in a comfortable and gracious home. One is dowered with gifts and opportunities, and another had a life that is shut in and almost fated for tragedy. Man lives in a world where tnc reward of faithful- ness may be the crown of thorns and the cross. As long as a man lives in the prison of egotism and self-ccnteredness these ultimate questions break him and only when he becomes aware of the grace and purpose of (Jod can he find the vic- tory that overcomes tlic. world, unless he can commit himself to a transcendent faith and vision in God's ultimate pur- poses for his life he must surrender to an ultimate despair. We must sec life as a Divine vocation, vast and splendid, so that the least and poorest, the lowest and the weakest has a mission in the world. However obscure our place may lie, or however our chance and challenge, we have not discovered Ihe art of living until we have conic to believe and know lhal this is God's world and WB have a task to make it a brighter, kinder place. Here alone man finds his true identity. It has been said that the tragedy of the nineteenth century was its inability to believe in God but the tragedy of the twentieth century is its inability to be- lieve in man. How true that is! The de- cline of hope which is a feature of the last hundred and fifty years began when man could not make up his mind whether he was a high grade ape that had learned to talk or a child of God. Tn life and death man must believe in God or die, believe that we are forever and eternal- ly Ilis, and not mere flotsam on the cur- rents of life. Such faith is no languid luxury, no mere decoration, but the very essence of our existence which integrates and focuses life giving the darkest night a divine glory and calling us to dedicate ourselves, to hope splendidly, to endure victoriously, lo live with a moral passion believing that we have our being in that eternal love and are part of a mighty plan wherein we have an indispensable place. Augustine maintained that man's per- wmality was a mirror of Lite Trinity. Man is a creator like God, a redeemer like Jesus, and a darning Spirit. He transcends lime and space, is capable oJ astonishing inventiveness, art, and scientific achievements, ajid has the abil- ity to discover and pursue the great goals of life truth, beauty, goodness, and love. He has a conscience which it is ruinous to deny, a of guilt and shame which breaks through the thickest mat of rationalization, and compels him to the most profound self-giving. Man is committed to a personal responsibility for his life, committed to a life of ad- venture and freedom. It is a narrow and hard uay, hut Ixnv tragic and terrible is the collapse when we fall from thai way! A.s we. follow on our hearts find peace, serenity, a nd si rongt h for tho daily tasks and heartbreaking circum- stances with courage and faith for nil the tomorrows which God in his wisdom gives us. Prayer: "Thou hast made us for thy- self, and our hearts are restless until they find rest in (Saint Augustine) F.S.M. Pepin's announcement of the millenium Tin- daun of I ho millcnium, announced by Joan-Luc Pepin, hiis sparked very little public comment apart from the wn raged cries of bi'iie-ficitiries dni landing a new deal. This is discouraging hut not surprising. The age sively critical; tin: country in a sorry mood, corrupted as tho prime minister lias noted with liis usual discernment. by (he 11 o'clock ncus. In any case, a millenium ought not to be introduced without benefit of 11 public relations campaign ensuring a satisfactory feed- back from aroused participat- ing democrats, Mr. Pepin could scarcely have been more f-isual about it. lie was discussing General Mo- tors layoffs, observi ng I hat UAW workers would he en- titled tn full unemployment in- surance, benefits plus supple- mentary benefits under Ilic TAB transitional ydicmc which came in willi the automobile pact. "And for musl of he said, "they will be getting W per cent of their present in- comes, for a full year, tax- free." II. is no .secret that the United Automobile Workers have not been among [lie down-trodden of this earth. They have, one may assume, achieved a degree of affluence enabling a patriotic taxpayer to contribute rather more than a tenth of his income to the sup- port of Mr. Benson's budgets. Owing to the happy advent of calamity, they will now enjoy even greater abundance and this in a sabbulical year. The news should be sheer de- light, to avanl-gardc thinkers in Ottawa dabbling in futurism and developing the bright new concept of alternatives. in ay dispense now with the old tag thai work wins every- thing. Obviously ifs validity has gone; a well-planned nltcrnn- livc lo work wins even more and will, in addition, commend itself to modern economists who have rejected both Smith and Marx in favor of Omar Khayyam. It was not to be expected, of course, that the dawn would break simultaneously every- where. The less fortunate1, even among UAW members, will continue to work, possibly for some time lo come. One would have expected, however, that the first rays would have brought at least a few cries of jubilation. Such as: Hail Rich- ard Nixon. Bully for General -Motors. Carry o n, Jean Luc Pepin. As readers of [.his newspa- per, or of Hansard, will have noted, this has not been the re- action. Instead HAW spokesmen. when not devising plots a nd stratagems, have been wring- ing their hands while sympath- izers, especially NDP mem- bers, have been raising eain in Parliament and generally en- deavoring to make life miser- able for the minister of indus- try, trade and commerce. The situation is unclear, this being almost always the case in the automobile business. There have, however, been dark insin- All fixed! notions that GM is transferring omploynicnl to [he United SUitcs, probably at Mr. Nixon's instigation. It is also an NDP complaint lhal the minister (as (tc admits) failed to instruct Motors to build small- er models in this country. This, of course, raises a pertinent question. Would Mr. Orlikow buy a car designer! by Jean- Lire Pepin' II will be apparent, to anyone faking Ihe large view, that such arguments are reactionary and ought lo be repugnant to the now thought. Taking into ac- count unemployment insurance, TAB benefits and Mr. Benson's tax schedules, plus the desir- ability of developing satisfac- tory work alternatives, (lie ob- jective oughl to be Ilic fastest possible expulsion of automo- tive employment from this country. By this time next year the situation may have changed. While msny people spend their hours of employment contem- plating the attractions of lei- sure, they not uncommonly de- vote their leisure to work pro- jects, the plans for which are usually developed by their wives. It is quite possible that by the fall of 1972, the United States will be off the rocks and GM may have renewed interest in maximizing production at Canadian plants. In such case it may be found that what's good for General Motors accords with the de- sires of UAW workers. Some may have mixed feelings about this, for obviously, return to work will mean a reduction of income, allowing for the normal take of Mr. Benson or some un- fortunate successor in his of- fice. But perhaps this will not be noticed as more and more people, moving on and off sab- baticals, illuminate the country with their millenia] giow. As Wordsworth prematurely observed, "Bliss was it in that dawn to be alive." To be young in these days may indeed be very heaven for, with the pro- gress of economics and govern- ment science, we may now an- ticipate a future in which the sabbaticals get longer, the work gcis shorter and income great- er. Away with carping criti- cism: lei us get on with the nillcnium. Ottawa Bureau) Paul Jackson U.S. delays decision on oil transport from Alaska QTTAWA The news I hat U.S. Interior Secretary Rogers C. B. Morton appeai-s to have ruled out a decision this year on the proposed bil- lion dollar trans-Alaskan oil pipeline project is good news for Canadian conservationists. It is also especially good news for David Anderson, the thirty-three-year-old energetic SIP from Vancouver Island, who has so often been the lone voice in the wilderness warn- ing about the gigantic pollution problem the pipeline project holds for the West Coast. Anderson, member for Saan- ich-Esquimalt and chairman of the House of Commons environ- mental pollution committee, says the plan to b u i 1 d a SI.3 billion pipeline stretching 800 miles from the North Slope of Alaska to that state's port of Valdez means certain dan- ger for Canada. From Valdcz Ihe oil would Letters to the editor be shipped in giant super tank- ers, carrying anything from to tons of crude oil, through treacherous and unreliable waters down the Bri- tish Columbia coast to a huge refinery in Washington state. The Liberal backbencher says an oil spill on the tanker route, which goes around the bottom of Vancouver Island, is inevitable. And when it comes, says Anderson, it will cause more havoc to Canadian waters than any other oil spill has done so far in either the Atlan- tic or the Pacific. He says, for instance, that about one thousand miles of coastline mostly Canadian will be ruined for years by oil pollution. Decades may pass before some of it regains its former beauty. In pure eco- nomic terms, the tourist indus- try alone will suffer the loss of millions on millions of dollars as the years go by. Petition not needed Ilet' writers of letters to The Herald attempted lo de- fend the negative votes of Ald- ermen Chichesler and Fergu- son against the fluoridation by- law, introduced recently in council, on the grounds that thry were voling against an illegal petition. This simply is not so. We should all be aware Ihe council has a power of its own lu institute a fluoridation plebiscite. This, 1 am sure, is well-known to Aldermen Chi- chester and Ferguson. When the council found out that many hundreds of wished to have such a plebis- cite it decided to exercise its power to pass a bylaw which would allow a vote on the mat- ter. H was against this bylaw t, h a t these two people voted and not against the petition. Let me repeat the council has the power to pass on iUs own a fluoridation bylaw. It does not need a petition from citizens before it can lake such action. So whether the petition was legal or illegal really had no bearing on the mutter. It was against I his bybw, ini- tiated by council, the two ald- ermen voted thereby denying the citizens of Lethbridge the right to decide the issue for themselves. The reason given by the writ- ers for the negative vote of these two aldermen simply will not hold water. G. vS. LAK1E. Lethbridge. Plebiscite veto deplored II is pathetic In read thai tun ;ildormon have refused to al- low the of IxM-hbridge lo express their wishes ahout fluoridation. Regardless o f whether fluoridation is good or had the fact remains that over 1000 people wanted a plebiscite and there is absolutely no rea- son why a plebiscite .should not he held. We cannot legislate against stupidity but there is one very practical way in which the vot- ers can show their dislike of the use of the velo by our al- dermen. If the 1000 or more people who .signed the plebi- scite would make certain that they vote in October there Is an excellent chance I hat we wil] have a more enlightened council in office when the voles have, been counted. T. MORRIS. Lotbbridge, From a marine and wildlife point of view, both commercial and sport fishing will Face ut- ter disaster. Up to a million birds will die. At the most, only about two per cent of the birds affected are likely to sur- vive. This then, is the word from the chairman of the Commons environmental pollution com- mittee. It is well researched. It isn't very pretty. Neither, of course, is the word from Alaskan Governor Williams Egan. He says sim- ply that if a pipeline is not built to get the oil to the mar- kets, Alaska will face bankrup- tcy by mid-1976. These may be seem heady words. But we are dealing in heady figures. While the 800- mile Alaskan pipeline would it- self cost an estimated bil- lion, port facilities and super tankers would boost the com- plete package up to between and billion. Anderson has been working feverishly lo draw attention to the dangers. Not only has he pained massive support on Ute Canadian West Coast, but Washington state residents, where a 150 million refinery is already being constructed to handle the oil. are now won- dering if the economic benefits are worth the environmental danger. Anderson has lots of .support, for his contention (hat. a disas- ter between a super tanker and imother vessel or object is in- evitable. The route will beconw one of the biggest oil shipping corridors in the world. The wa- ters through which the tankers will travel have an extremely bad reputation. What's more, very large tankers sometimes tak" up to two hours to reach top speed and need tea miles in which to stop. One of the alternative routes that Interior Secretary Morton is considering to get the oil out of Alaska is through Canada. If would run down (he Mackenzie Valley to Edmonton. From I here oil would be transported by regular pipeline facilities lo the Chicago market. This pro- posal is regarded as being as good for Canada as the other is bad. Cost of the pipeline, much of it through Canadian territory, would be about 52 billion much more than Ihe trans- Alaskan billion estimate. Nut after that the companies would save. There would be no need for expensive port facili- ties or super tanker fleets. Sav- ings could be well over one bil- lion dollars. And the oil would get to market about 30 cents a barrel cheaper. The Liberal MP says that every day that passes without a decision made on an Alaskan route is a small victory. So far the go-ahead has teen held up for two years. Morton had set his tentative deadline for Octo- ber. Now he says it won't be made this year. Anderson is ecstatic. Says he: "Every day that passes without a decision being made is of value to us. If we realize that technology is im- proving slightly each day, then every day means less chance of a disaster. Each day given to consideration of the advan- tages of a Mackenzie Valley route brings that possibility nearer." As well as Iwijig an economic boon for Canada in many re- spects, (he oil pipeline through Canada could be a plus factor for international conservation. A natural gas pipeline is going to be built from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, in any case. It is pos- sible that an oil pipeline could be built by the side, or on top or below, the natural gas line. The Vancouver Island MP, while no! forgetting about the environmental problems tlic natural gas line might cause, believes a dual line might be the best solution possible. In- stead of disrupting (lie ecology in two places, you only disrupt it in one. Sharing the cost of basic construction and a meshing of environmental knowledge and safeguards make this proposal even more attractive to those in favor of a trans-Alaskan line. David Anderson has fought a long and lonely battle to con- vince Parliament, his own par- ly, and the Canadian and U.S. public in general that the coastal tanker route spells dis- aster. Others have jumped aboard the bandwagon since Anderson first raised his soli- tary voice more than year ago. But the day Morton an- nounced he was going to study alternative mules further be- fore making a decision was 3 happy one for Anderson and a lot more people too. (Herald Olawa Bureau) Looking backward Through The Ileralf' MI2I Kanner.s in this ai'ea have refused to accept a labor proposa1 lhal a joint candidate in this constituency should be a iabo" man. The Dominion La- bor Party is going to nominate their candidate anyway and Ilic farmers can support him if they want to. 1931 The St. Michael's Gen- eral Hospital Carnival is being held tonight at the Arena. Res- idents are urged to come out and enjoy the evening and perhaps be the winner of a grand prize. I !i 11 _ The Kinsmen Club of in co-operation with Ihe Alhnla Auctioneers' Asso- ciation is holding a Monster Auction Sale in aid of the 'Milk for Britain Knurl'. Warner ratepayers approved a money bylaw that wil. provide Ihe municipality wir SI additional funds metier! for Iho new sewer and wa'er system now nearing com- pletion. A mourning pe- riod has been declared by the Quebec government in honor oC Lieutenant Governor Onesime Gagnon who died two days ngo. The Lethbridge Herald 50-1 Vlh vSt. S., Leihbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall RociKtr.itinn No 0012 Wembor of Tho Ciinndliin Press ?no me Dnily Ncwspnpor Publishers' Association and the Audit