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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 2, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHIRIDGE HERAIO Friday, Oclobtr 2, 1970 Forgotten People: Middle East Dilemma By Dr. Bahir Bilgia, University of Lelhbridge Uneasy Peace. The fires of another, even bloodier civil war in Jordan await only the igniting match. King Hussein did not win a victory only a compromise and the signs are that the comprom- ise may not last long. The King is not in effective control of the govern- ment of Jordan; he has been forced to share a ceasefire agreement signed in Cairo with his mortal enemy, Yasir Arafat, who now claims lead- ership of all guerrilla factions. (There is of course doubt that Arafat's claims are genuine, or that he will be able to maintain leadership over the proliferation of far left-wing Pales- tinian commandos.) Under the agreement guerrilla forces have been told to withdraw from Amman the capital city of Jor- dan, but not from other Jordanian cities. Hussein had hoped that all guerrillas would be forced to concen- trate in camps near the Israeli border. On the other hand the guerrillas have lost some of their strategic posi- tion because they have been forced to leave the capital which at present is still officially under Hussein's control. They have also lost a large number of their best trained men. But there are reports that all the guerrillas, have not in fact, departed from Am- man. There are a number of them still around, in hiding, ready and wait- ing for the first opportunity to shoot The Cairo agreement provides for military missions from Arab states to supervise tlis peace. This is an extremely difficult job, particularly as these troops represent countries whose sympathies are with the feda- yeen, rather than Hussein. They are volcanic mercurial men, emotional- ly unstable and difficult to discipline. With President Nasser out of the picture, the Syrians snapping at the northern borders of Jordan, and Iraq putting a wet finger to the .wind of opportunity and a no-government in Amman almost anything could happen. What is certain is that Jor- dan is not a viable political entity under present circumstances. Unless a national home is found acceptable to the fedayeen, guaranteed by inter- national agreement, they will make further attempts to take over the whole of Jordan. And since the na- tional home the Palestinians want is Israel, the fedayeen will be unlikely to settle for less. Peace has not come to Jordan. The days ahead are full of menace for the entire Middle-East, and for the rest of the world which could find itself sucked into the vor- tex of the bloody quarrel. New Department Needed Rapidly growing cities in this coun- try as elsewhere in the world are facing staggering problems. Ad- ministrations are having difficulties in providing the services that make it tolerable for people to live in such concentration. Canadian cities are on the verge of an explosion that staggers the ima- gination and must leave already har- assed Officials blanching. In the quar- terly publication of the National Of- fice of the Community Planning As- sociation, the Hon. Robert Andras gives figures showing a projected population for Canada of almost double that of the present in 30 years time. It is anticipated that about 80 per cent of this population will crowd into 12 cities. Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver will likely triple in size. There is obviously an urgency about doing some co-ordinated plan- ning to cope with such growth. Al- though Mr. Andras said that forming a Department of Urban Affairs may seem like the answer, it has to be left hanging in the air. But it should not be left hanging very long. And it may not be Speculation was rife, before the re- cent cabinet shifts, that Prime Min- ister Trudeau might announce the setting up of such a department with Mr. Andras as the minister. That announcement was not made but surely it cannot be far off and may come when Parliament meets again next week. Mr. Trudeau is fully aware of the developing urban crisis and knows it has to be given priority as a national problem. In many ways the major cities have more importance than the prov- inces. It is tliis fact that casts a shadow of doubt over the value of the meetings of premiers on constitution- al reform. While technically they are the only ones who have rights to at- tend such meetings, the suspicion is strong that some mayors also belong in the discussion because of the shift in importance of urban municipali- ties. The setting up of a department and naming of a minister would at least recognize the fact that the cities are important and their problems urgent. It might even be in tune to save Ca- nadian cities from the disasters that have overtaken some U.S. cities. Why Did This By Richard J. Ncedham, in go your son's been busted for peddling drugs, or maybe holding up a jug milk store, or maybe setting fire to a church, and it's in all the newspapers; and there you sit at home with, tlie blinds drawn, asking each other, "why did this happen to us? Where did we go wrong? What will the neighbors think of Us, we, us. Look, sir and madam, it didn't happen to you, it happened to him mysterious creature you brought into being some 16 or 17 years ago, with- out the vaguest notion of what you were getting. You're legally and financially responsible for what he is or does, but are you morally responsible? It was scarcely your fault that ha was born rot- ten; it may not be your fault if he went rotten somewhere along the line, I think we tend to identify parents and children too closely with each other, giv- ing father and mother all the credit if the kid turns out well, giving them all the blame if he turns out badly. I won't buy this. I had three children, now grown up. While they were growing up, they did a lot of good things and a lot of bad ones. I didn't glow with paternal pride over the one, or hang my head in shame over the other. I was myself, they were themselves, and I didn't see any great connection. My children may, from time to time, have disgraced themselves, but they never disgraced me. I myself am the only person who can do often have, and still do, and still will. There are so many faults in me that I've no time to brood over any faults my chil- dren inay have, no time to search my soul asking if they got those faults from me. I'm too busy trying to reform or at any rate control, myself. "Why did this happen to Oh. come on; everything happens to every- body, and for no particular reason that I can see. Why did Beethoven go deaf? Why was Marlowe killed in a tavern brawl? There's great mystery in misfor- tune, great, mystery in good fortune too. Why do we always ask why? Why do we think there's a reason for everything? I often say to people, "Fill a jar with col- ored marbles, shake it up for E while, and take one out. It's blue. Why? You lon't know, nobody knows. That's just the way it happens, the good or bad luck of the game. That's life." We're too logical, too practical, too scientific in our approach to people. Happen To Us? The Globe anil Mail, Toronto Logic and science and mathematics are fine for dealing with things, making them function correctly, predicatably. But people aren't things; they're human beings, each born into the world as a unique and unpredictable personality perhaps destined to be a saint or a hero, perhaps an alcoholic or a murderer. With flowers and vegetables and fruits, the thing is simple. If the seed is good, if they get the right amounts of sunshine and moisture, the crops will turn out well. Human beings are much more complex and baffling. Good seed and good upbringing guarantee nothing at all. I know decent, kindly, educated men and women who have produced absolute mon- sters. Similarly, I fcicw decent, civilized kids with home backgrounds of booze, drugs, violence and all the rest. I don't think people turn out well or badly either because of their parents or despite them. Your parents may have been good or bad; that's over in one de- partment, that's them. You yourself may he good or bad; that's another de- partment completely, that's you the unique you who was born with a very dif- ferent personality from that of your father, from that of your mother, and who since being born has led a completely different life from either one of them. The wind bloweth where it listeth. The Etobicoke couple who ntade love last night don't know that they created a jailbird. The North York couple who made love last night don't know that they created a con- cert pianist. What would happen if you tried to do the thing genetically, scienti- fically? Two pianists might produce the jailbird and two jailbirds the pianist. Life and death, good and evil, personality and talent, are mysteries we might better leave to God. "Where did we go Forget it, you did the best you could (there's not much one can do) with another human being. "Why did this happen to Be- cause it happened, that's why, and it didn't happen to you, it happened to some- one rise. "What will the neighbors Oh, them; who cares what they think? They're in no position to judge you, they (like everyone else) have horrors and dis- asters of thdr own. Didn't you know drinks n bcltle race, join tlie club! TN recent weeks, few prob- loins remain more mind searching, more pervasive and formidable than the require- ments of a peaceful solution to the unfruitful tension in the Middle East. But the inipor. tance of transforming Middle East societies into economic- ally progressive, politically vi- able and peacefully co-existing communities are only exceeded by the apparently insurmount- able difficulties in doing some- thing about it. For the under, lying problems involve much broader and pervasive socio- cultural, institutional p r o b- leins, values and motivations. It is useful at the outset to have in mind a portrait of the socio economic, cultural and psychologi c a 1 environmental conditions in the Middle East which have directly or indirect- ly contributed to the tension in the area. All the evidence from the Middle East indicates that there is a quality of unfulfil- ment among the impoverished masses, due to the unbalanced relationship between their rising economic and social as- pirations and absence of oppor- tunities, or an outlet for a con- structive dissatisfaction. These in turn have generated a whole array of new socio economic and psychological problems leading to either aggression or disillusionment. What gives concern is that the leaders in the Arab world have often used !'the Israeli presence in the Middle East as a scapegoat 'to divert the attention of their I .people from more immediate domestic, social and economic problems. In the long run, peaceful co-existence and po- litical stability among the Mid- die East countries cannot be achieved without first achieving internal peace, sta- bility and economic prosperity within the Arab countries. "How on Earth did that hijacker find the cockpit? I got lost going to the ladies' room" Gerald Leach A Moon Robot's Achievement TSTHEN the Luna 16 space- craft brought its load of moon rocks .safely back to earth the Russians were able to claim yet another spectacu- lar space unman- ned vehicle had ever from another celestial body and returned to earth before, let alone returned with the kind of cargo that the Americans spent billions of dollars and risked human lives to obtain with the Apollo moonshots. At first sight it looks like another sign that the Soviet Union is winning hands down in the cheap, automatic space business and at just the mo- ment when the Americans have run into severe budget cuts with their expensive, man- ned exploration of the moon, which have now chopped three of the seven Apollo moon-land- ings that were originally plan- ned for 1971 onwards. But at second sight the Rus- sian achievement looks far less impressive. In fact it is really little more than a pom- man's victory that will save faces in Moscow and give Rus- sian scientists a chance to get in on the game of studying moon rocks and arguing over the conclusions. Technically speaking, the Americans could have done this some time ago. Several of their Surveyor craft soft-land- ed on the moon, scooped up soil samples, analysed them by re- mote control and radioed the results back to earth. These could easily have.been .adapted to collect and store soil sam- ples, while American rocket and computer know-how could have quickly licked the prob- lem of an automatic take-off and return. The Americans did not both- er to try because, of course, they were committed to send- ing men to the moon. This was largely for prestige and politi- cal reasons, but it was also due to a deep and by now well- founded conviction that to get the most out of lunar or planetary exploration you need men there. Unmanned probes have proved immensely valuable for limited exploration of our space neighbors; they are fine at sensing particular things like temperature or pressure, or the presence of carbon dioxide. American and Russian vehicles have been almost equally adept at this, though with the Americans having the edge on the moon and the Rus- sians a definite lead with the nearer planeis, Venus and S'lars. But if there is one thing that the two American moon land- ings have proved it is that men can surpass any collection of instruments in gathering the maximum amount of knowl- Call For Mr. Manning From The Winnipeg Free Press ANOTHER indication o f Western dissatisfaction with the treatment this part of the country has been'receiving at Ottawa's hands is the peti- tion circulating in Alberta urg- ing former AJberta Premier E. C. Manning to enter federal pol- itics. Tlie people behind the peti- tion say it started because of the "growing restlessness and dissatisfaction on the fed e r a 1 scene today." They would not ask Mr. Manning to run as a Social Credit candidate but pos- sibly as the leader of a new po- litical party which would run the country "in a realistic, busi- nesslike manner in a free en- terprise society." Should Mr. Manning accept ths challenge, his followers would know what to expect. Mr. Manning has for some years been a strong advocate of a polarization of Canadian poli- tics "political realignment" as he put it in the title of his book on the subject, published in 1867. It has been generally considered that one party would consist of Conservatives, Social Creditors and right wing Lib- erals, while the other would con- sist of left-wing Liberals and so- cialists of varying degrees. Wilde the idea of having Mr. So They Say They aren't as good as some enthusiasts claim you can't read the name on a golf ball at feet but you can tell the difference between an Olds- mobile and a Cadillac, and Hint's all we need. An Amer- ican official discussing U-2 plane photos. Manning lead a new party un- doubtedly has much to recom- mend it, in light of his strongly held principles and his over- whelming success as a politi- cian, it is not likely to come about if he stands by what he wrote three years ago: "I wish it to be clearly understood that I am not now, nor do I desire ever to be, a candidate for po- litical leadership in the federal field." However, politicians have been known to change their minds when they felt the challenge urgent enough. Letters To The Editor edge and selecting what would be interesting from the routine. This is especially so for the moon and its rock samples. Neil Armstrong, and Buzz Aldrin, the heroes of Apollo 11, were in too much of a hurry and were too untrained to do much more than grab what1 rocks they could like ani- mated versions of Luna 16's rock drills. But when Apollo 14 lands on the moon next February, Com- mander Alan S'nephard and Edgar Mitchell will have had months of intensive coaching in earth and lunar 'geology to back them up in their 10 hours' moonwalking. Apart from pain- stakingly setting up several scientific instruments a feat at present beyond any auto- matic probe they will pick and1 choose the rocks they bring back, guided by careful instructions from experts plus the roving, intelligent eyes in their own heads. In later Apollo flights the astronaut explorers will have vehicles to take them far and wide over the lunar terrain in search of interesting clues. Not even a series of unmanned probes could possibly gather the variety of sophisticated ob- servations these human ob- servers are likely to make. For these reasons it looks as though the Americans must be the scientific leaders on the moon, at least until a year or two after the Russians land men there. But with the plan- ets it may be a different story. The Russian emphasis on un- manned shots and their extra- ordinary skill at landing in- struments on Venus and Mars, puts them far ahead in the ear- ly stages of exploring the plan- ets. Whether the Americans will catch them up no one can possibly say at present: so much depends on secretive So- viet plans and U.S. budgetary indecisions over the pace and ambition of further shots. As for manned exploration of the planets, the future is as dark as interplanetary space itself. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) The real price of the conflict is being paid at the expense of the underprivileged people in the area. Vital resources, both material and human are divert- ed and mobilized to purchase arms at the cost of forgoing economic growth, thus further perpetuating instability, resent- ment and a sense of defeatism, among these poverty-stricken masses. The most striking fact is that much could have been done to alleviate poverty. The impression one carries away from the various so- cieties of the Arab world is that of a vast mosaic of dense- ly populated agricultural com- munities. .They are relatively small and semi.isolated, eco- nomically autonomous and scarcely distinguishable from their immediate physical sur- roundings. Here live nearly 65.5 per cent of the people, till- ing the surrounding land and raising sheep and goats. The high dependence of population in laid implies not only con- centration on primary produc- tion, but also a low level of ag- ricultural production and pov. erty since it. means that it takes too many people too much time to (eed the popula- tion! (A relatively high degree of land hunger and small size of (arm holdings 157 hectare per active farm population is the salient feature of the agiarian structure in the Mid- dle. East, moreover ox-driven plow and hoe agriculture dom- inates rural With the exception of those societies located in the fertile valleys with proximity to urban areas and with reasonable re- source endowment or adequate means of transportation, a greater number have remained semi isolated, economic ally uackward, with their roots im- planted .hi the relics of their traditions. The routine way of their rural existence, -has changed little over the dec- ades, and to a very great ex- tent is regulated by a peculiar mixture of religious values and ageless cultural and, social in- stitutions which are in essence unsuited to initiate positive responses, to innovation and economic development. Ap- athy, acceptance of poverty as an "unalterable fat preoc- cupation with non-economic af- fairs, attachment of low value to work, passive conception of time, characterize their rural existence. They could not appreciate a better material life, because they had never experienced it. Their time horizon is short and there is no future orientation. Their motto is "plant" and "pray" and their attitude to- ward the future is well sum- marized in Uieir religious say- ing: "Allah, not man im- proves man's lot, for He deter- mines the course of events." It means that they will accept what happens to exist rather than attempt to change it. Another element of inherited backwardness in the Middle East appears in the form of a very rudimentary communica- tion and educational system. At a basic level, scarcity of knowledge has been instru- to traditional priva- tism: isolation, illiteracy, im- mobility, absence of curiosity or economic or political ra- tionality, lack of "participation and self-identification. Not only has there been little change in traditional settings, but to a large extent the people have remained ignorant of their re- source potentials, unaware of what alternative production possibilities exist, or what skills are necessary for their adoption. They produce what they consume and consume what they produce. Widespread illiteracy (72.3 per other- wordliness, limits their horizon of knowledge and hinder re- Hunting Cost Too High We would like to take this means to let many of our friends in Canada know that a host of Americans largely fiom Northern Montana who have in the past years hunted in the Calgary Lethbridge area and as far west as Cardston and as far east as .Bow Island, for pheasant, sharptail, huns and ducks, will not be able to join w i t h our good friends across the border insuring t'ne happi- ness of a good hunt this (all due to tlie startling increase in the license fees which we would be required to buy by the Province of Alberta in order to hunt there. Last week. four of us drove to Coutts to purchase our licenses which had been at each. We were informed that the price had been raised to and frankly we de- cided that it would be folly for us to attempt to hunt there on this basis. It is not so much a question of whether one has the money to do this as it is the principle of the thing. For the past 15 years or more, our group con- sisting of over 20 men has very freely spent its dollars at the hotels, motels, restaurants, cafes, gasoline stations, etc, in southern Alberta and have re- ceived more than value for our dollars while hunting there in the fall. In addition to this, we have met very wonderful peo- ple and have formed tremen- dous friendships. We therefore sadly note the situation which will delay our seeing our good Canadian friends for a hunt. It is sincerely hoped that the Fish and Game authorities in the province will consider this situation in the manner in which it affects us. .JOHN P. MOORE. Cut Bank, Montana. ceptivity to new ideas. These are largely the outcome of a reciprocal relationship between absence of knowledge and ab- sence of change both inti. matcly interrelated and feed- ing upon each other. These mu- tually reinforcing unfavorable conditions in turn have intensi- fied the vicious circle of pov- erty: the needs of a growing human and animal population on the one hand and the steady declining per capita food pro- duction, on the other. With notable exceptions, the present leaders of the Arab world are people with a mili- tary background and have little knowledge or concern for the tragic economic realities of their people. Moreover, they are nomexperimental In their attitudes and their ignorance o( economic (acts could hardly promote innovation or irjpire their people to a higher stand- ard of social and economic life. Lacking technical 'knowledge, they could not appreciate tech- nological progress. There seem to be no paceset- ters, no performance groups who could demonstrate the ef- fect of efficient utilization of resources. With few notable ex- ceptions, one could hardly show one leader who has come forward as a standard bearer of economic improvement or. has pioneered innovative changes in the methods and techniques of production, in land management or in self- help. No one in these societies has before them the picture of persons climbing up the ladder to a better life, no youngsters have, ever been taught the dis- cipline of hard work, conscien- tious performance, the virtue of thrift or in the art of effi- ciency. The contemporary adminis- trative machinery is obstructed by the fact that the right of decision-making is associated with rank and is more hierar- chical than functional. More- over, the energies and talents of vigorous personnel at lower echelons are obstructed by vested interests. Those who tend to discharge their duties are often placed in some minor roles commonly known, in the Middle East, as "ploughing under of These unfavorable conditions have led many to the melan- choly state of indifference and lethargy. For the great major- ity of these poverty-stricken people, the benefits of short, term economic improvements or socialized medicine in re- cent years can be summed up by saying that it has become harder to die. The narrowness of job oppor- tunities in urban centres for young men seeking employ- ment far from home coupled with unsatisfactory working conditions have conditioned them to react to the world and view tlie events with disillu- sionment: what has been today will be the same tomorrow. Some have increasingly' be- come aware of their poverty, yet few know what to do nor have the necessary resources to alter their life. The most com- mon response during the field study and interviews was, "un- less government does some- thing, nothing will change or nobody knows what to do." There are growing numbers of people in the Arab world push, ed into urban places in search of livelihood, particularly the younger generation who are be. coming more and more impa- tient and exceedingly self-con- scious of their persistent pov- erty and economic and social inferiority. They are awakening with a whole complex of new wants which are outrunning whatever their material accomplish, ments are and bringing further discontent, a quality of unful- filment and disenchantment. LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1820 A mental case caused quite a stir when he left the Gait Hospital and appeared at the Silver Grill in his night attire. The night superinten- dent finally tracked him down in a "house of easy virtue" from which she escorted him back to his hospital quarters. 1930 The contract for the radio beacon at Lethbridge has been awarded to Buchan Con- struction of the city. The work is to be started immediately and will include the erection of the radio beacon, living quar- ters, storage building and sep- tic tank. 1340 Modem warfare hat, mechanized the lowly office boy. In the dependents allow- ance board offices the boys have been equipped with roller skates to speed up the transfer of files from one department to another. 1950 The shortage of ce- ment and the high cost of build- ing materials has had an ad- verse effect on building per- mits. Total of permits so far this year is in com- parison to for the same period last year. Princess Alexandra of Kent represented the Queen at Nigeria's independence cele- bration. The Letltbridgc Herald 504 7th St. S., Lelhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member ot The Canadian Press a nd the Canadian Daily Newspaiwr Publishers' Assoclallon and t he Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor end Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY remaning Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;