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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 2, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 18 - THI inHBRIDGK HERALD - Friday, October 2, 1970 A6R0-0UTL00K By STEVE BAREHAM COME elevator agents in southern Albei-ta have expressed doubts tliat the Canadian wheat board will be able to meet all of the recently-announced grain committments, but Dave Suterman, public relations officer for the board says it would not over-commit Itself. Only time will tell whether or not all of the promised sales were there, but in the meantime some feel the sudden rash of fortimate events were more than coincidental, and may be part of a political manoeuver designed to gain favor for the next federal election. Regardless of why Canadian farmers suddenly have the sales, preparations are under way and some questions raised by the elevator agents casts gloom on the apparently-rosy picture. First, farmers in southern Alberta are not shipping barley to elevators as was expected. Many are holding back in anticipation of higher prices, while others are selling to feed mills for prices considerably higher than those paid by the wheat boai-d. Lethbridge feed mills are paying an average 70 cents per bushel lor barley, opposed to 62% cents per bushel being paid by the wheat board. Some barley is moWng out of the country terminals though and agents report they can take all the barley farmers can haul. ? ? ? Second, the local wheat situation isn't greatly Improved and tlie recent fanfare following sales statements may be short lived. Figures show that the billion-bushel surplus added to the 1970 wheat crop gives 1,300,000,000 bushels. Minus the potential 500 million bushel sales figure and Canada still ends up with 800 million bushels. Nmv the wheat board tells us 800 million bushels is not � figure to be concerned' about, and is not an unrealistic carryover. Meanwhile, elevators in t h e south are congested with grain, box cars ai-e not arriving steadily, and farmers are once more at a relative standstill. Ken Romancbuk, pool agent at Barons said, "So far' no-Qeng has showed up regarding the big grain sales, and I am doubtful that aU of the sales are even there." Warhle Flies Are Costly Warble fUes, which Infect about 55 per cent of Alberta cattle each year, can reduce the value of one cow by $10, says Jack Keams, supervisor of beef cattle for the province. Files BiuTi In North EDSON (CP) - Eleven forest fires were reported bum-tog today in gusty winds and unseasonail warm weather west of Edmonton. Six fires were burning in the WMtecourt forest, tha largest covering 170 acres. nve others had started in the Edson forest. Meet of the fires were burning in prime, commercial timber. Mr. Keams says meat from infected cattle often has to be trinuned and sometimes entire hides have to be discarded because they are riddled with holes. Cattle sense that the warble fly is an enemy and "run from them instinctively," but this only causes further damage. Beef cattle forced to run, says Mr. Keams, burn up feed energy and meat gains are slowed. He suggests tinat farmers spray cattle with pesticides or give them a dustiiig of derris powder each spring. Milking cows, which should not be sprayed, can be given back washes to rid them of the pests. IT TAKES TWO TO TANGLE - Although not exactly rare, these entwined carrots grown on the Carl Habernack farm at Barons, do express the strange course nature sometimes takes. Canadian Farmers Promote Grain Sales In South America WINNIPEG (CP) - John Williamson, who grows wheat, barley arid oats on a 1,500-acre spread in southwest Manitoba, wiU visit countries on the west coast of South America next month to persuade importers there that Canadian feed grains are the best buy on the market. The 63-year-old Manitoban said in an interview here Tuesday it's time farmers got involved in the marketing of their grains, particularly when governments have been lackadaisical about promoting the sale of bountiful prairie crops to distant countries. "We just as soon stay home and take care of our crops," the Sinclair area farmer said, "but the job of promoting just hasn't been done so weU in the past. Now we feel we should get involved in marketing too." Mr. WUliamson is a member of one of the fact-finding trade missions that are being dispatched from here in late October to visit countries in the Caribbean, South America, and Southeast Asia to lay groundwork for markets that haven't yet been developed for Canadian feed grains. Four service missions of five members each will assess the market potential for the feed grains, evaluate Canadian investment opportunities, and demonstrate to importers the feeding value of Canadian feed grains. Each team Includes a animal nutritionist, an animal production specialist, a t'ichnical specialist and a producers' representative. Mr. VfiUiamson is one of two farme).-s who will be making tiie trip. (Jeorge Heffelfinger, �vice-chairman of the Canada Grains Council, which is administering the venture, told reporters Tuesday that there has not been much Canadian presence in the areas the missions wiU visit. He emphasized the naissions would be "fact-finding" ventures, and added it would be a mistake to expect immediate results from the visits. "We're going into virgin country," he sadd, "not with or-derbooks in our pockets, but with the intention of flaying Mustard Is Not Only Pesky Weed A son was waitchiii^ his dad change into his tuxedo. "Daddy, I wish you wouldn't wear that suit - it always gives you a headache the next morning." OTTAWA - For thousands of Canadian farmers, mustard is a pesky weed extremely reluctant to yield to the pressures of cultivation and herbicides. Yet for other tiiousands of Canadian farmers, mustard is an important cash crop grown on contract. The difference lies in the type of mustard plant. The type - actually thi'ee types-r grown as a crop is quite different from the mustard weed. In recent years, mustard has become an important CJanadian crop. In fact, in 1966 CMiada exported two and a half times more mustard than all of the other exporting countries combined. Canada's average annual production during 1965 to 1969 was 233 miUion pounds, more than three and a half times the average during 1960 to 1964. Average yields increased by about 50 per cent over the same time periods. There are three types-brown, oriental and yellow-differing in pungency and aroma. Brown and oriental mustard seed are normally used to produce the milder mustard preparations, yellow to produce the hotter products. Mustard preparations used In North America usually contain a mixture of both yellow and brown mustard seeds. Oriental mustard is also widely used in the manufacture of mustard flour, which is used to some extent as a constituent of dry ground spice or seasoning mixtures. It is also to a minor extent In medicinal products. Mustard seed may also be crushed to produce an edible oil, with oriental mustard seed preferTfid by the industry be- cause it yields more oil. None is crushed in Canada. It is used in a widfe variety of food preparations such as a seasoning agent in catsup, pickles, relishes, salad dressings, mayonnaise, curry powder, condiment sauces and as a filler for various types of sausage meats. Yellow rtiustard Is favored by Manitoba growers and brown mustard by Saskatchewan farmers. Alberta farmers produce almost equal amounts of yellow, brown amd oriental mustards. For years Alberta was the only major mustard-producing province, but now Saskatchewan has taken the lead with more than half the Canadian total. Between 90 and 95 per cent of the crop is grown under contract with prices at 3.5 to four cents a pound this year, slightly helow last year's prices. New growers miay receive half a cent a pound less. The major market for Cana- 25,000 acres. Brown mustard aicreage is about the same as last year and yellow mustard will make up the balance of the crop. There is apparentiy little interest in producing oriental mustard in Alberta this year. Yields are expected to be hi^er this year than last. It also appears that our exports will be down this year- by about 10 per cent from the 157 million pounds sold in the 1968-69 crop year. Turin Family Wins Appaloosa Awards dian mustard is in the United States, which has taken about half of our exports during the past four years. The Eiuropean Economic Community is second, taking slightly more than a third, and has more than doubled its purdiases in six years to almost 53 million pounds in 1969. Japan ranks thiixl and bought more than 18 million potmds in both 1968 and 1969-�bouit 14 per cent of our total exports. This year's crop Is about 210,000 acres, more than a 20 per cent drop from last year. Yellow mustard is more popular this year than last. In Alberta, mustard acreage has been cut in half to about Soil Erosion Due To Wind By RALPH M. TRMMER P. Ag., Regional Supervisor, Plant Industry Division Lethbridge, Alberta Soil drifting is an ever present possibility, the incidence of which depends largely on weather conditions during the faU, winter and spring months. The main reasons for soil drifting are:  Excessively high winds over extended period. The power to move soil varies as the cdbe of its velocity, e.g. if velocity increases from 20 m.p.h. to 60, the power to move soil increases 27 times.  Lack of snow cover.  Lack of moisture and freezing of the soil.  Lack of trash cover, due to low grain j-ickls causefl by low rainfall and hail.  Laind farmed 1 n blocks that are loo large.  Strips too wide for the type of soil. At the present lime some factors that may tend to favor this type of erosion are - a comparatively dry soil situation; more summerfallow because of recent crop reduction programs; and Increased production of crops that rctuni less residue to the soil than grain crops do. The most pronounced indications of wind erosion are drifts of topsoil piled u.d along the edges or against the fences on the downwind side of a blowing field. Also in the read ditches and adjacent fields. However, damage may have occurred on the field, but with little or no evidence in the fovm of drifts at the edge. Top soil blow.s off the high spots and is deposited in the low spots, giving a wavy sand-dune effect. This loss of topsoil on the knolls reduces fertility and consequently results in lower yields. Control measures fall into two categories permanent and emergency. Permanent control measures are those designed to prevent the occurrence of conditions that are conducive to soil drifting. Mainly they mean the adoption of recommended management, and cropping practices. The use of tillage implements that provide maximum trash cover on fallow and the seedbed. These are subsurface implements such as, blade, cultivator, rod weeder and hoe drill. Experiment has shown that this type of implement should be used where ever possible when yields of wheat are less than 30 bushels per acre. Tillage to maintain a reasonable degree of clod stnicture- avoid excessive pulverization and smoothness. After harvest cultivation may not be desirable, depending on amount of stubble and weed growth. Use of chemical weed control in crops during the growing season to retluce the necessity of after-harvest cultivation, and consequent trash reduction. It may be desu-al 'e to have some volunteer grovvth on fallow in the fall. The value of thi.s growth as cover may outweigh the undesirable aspect, which is the use of moisture by these plants. Strips should be of a width that provide niaxinunn protection for the type of soil. The lighter the soil, the naiTowcr tlie strips should be - 20 rods Is probably maximum. Strips should be in a north-south direction to be most effective. Utilization of fall crops such as fall rye or winter wheat. Also, seeding of cereals as cover crop to be utilized by livestock. These control methods depend on sufficient early fall moisture to provide for germination and enough growth to provide desired cover. Without this moisture these practices may not be practical. (Consideration should be given to seeding down to permanent grass erosion - prone fields. These fields are often light soil areas that are chronic trouble spots. Forage can be utilized by livestock. Establishment of field shel-terbelts. Emergency control measures are designed f/) stop drifting that has already began. Re-establish a cloudy stmc-ture by bringing clods to the surface with chisel points spaced at intei-vals of 2 or 3 feet. On non-frozen soil it may be necessary to work at a depth below previous cultivation to induce cloddiness. Drying out may become a hazard in these cases. Ridging of soil at right angles to the wind is effective, particularly in light soils where it is difficult to induce cloddiness or in sand dune areas. This is usually done with lister .shovels on cultivation at 2 or 3 foot spacings. Furrows may fill in making it necessary to repeat the operation. Knolls which are focal points where drifting starts can be covered with straw or manure and worked in. These areas can also be seeded down to a per- manent crop such as gi'ass. Often the elimination of focal points will do much to prevent-a field from starting to blow. Conditions that promote soil's erosion by wind can appear quickly. Farmers are urged to be on the alert and to avoid practices that create such conditions. Appaloosa horses from the Bill Stronski family of Turin picked off a lot of honors at horse shows in western Canada this summer. In addition to significant wins at the fall indoor horse show sponsored by the Rotary Club of East Lethbridge, Stronski Appaloosas did well in Edmonton and at Carman, Man. In halter classes at Edmonton-the Northern Alberta Regional Appaloosa Show - grand champion mare, grand cbam{non gelding and grand champion staUion awards were all taken by Stronski horses. The top mare was WillrAnn Raindrop, the gelding was Joker's Mirage and the stalUon, Zip's Crop Top. Several first place wins were taken by Stronski horses including mare and foal (Will-Ann Raindrop' and Lady Mirage), ridden by Debbie Stronski. Ladies barrel racing was another first, with Joker's Mirage ridden by Debbie. She also rode the same horse in open pole bending and trail class for a first prize in each. It was the same with the egg and spoon race. Debbie Stronski had junior showmanship award and Bill Stronski, senior showmanship. At Carman, Man. the Stronski Appaloosas took grand champion mare (Lady Bartender); grand champion gelding (Joker's Mirage); grand champion stallion (Zip's Crop Top), and first in mares of 1966 and older (Will-Ann Raindrop). Other wins at Carman included first place in musical chairs, pole bending, sack race, walk and lead. There were 90 horses in the Appaloosas section of the Carman show. In the westem competitions in Edmonton and Carman, there were horses from Dawson Creek, Toronto, North Dakota and Minnesota. At Edmonton, Stronski Appaloosas took half the trophies. There were 70 horses in competition there. ground work for markets that may develop in five or ten years." Mr. Williamson said he approached Agriculture Minister H. A. (Bud) Olson with a group of farmers last October with the suggestion that missions be sent to distant countries to promote the sale of (Canadian feed grains. "We're pretty sure our suggestion had a lot to do with the formation of this group," he said. "It's time to get moving on this. Too much money is being made in staring grain." The missions are being financed by the federal government and the governments of the three prairie provinces. LETHBRIDGE RESEARCH STATION The Rye Jointworm In 1969, the U.S. farmers share of the consumers retail foad dollar was 41 cents. U.S. observers say this v/as a rise of two cents from 1968. DKS. N. D. HOLMES and R. W. SALT Entomologist Three years ago rye joint-worms were first found attacking rye crops in southern Alberta. They have managed to survive here for the past three years and may become a serious problem to farmers who grow fall and spring rye. They have not yet attacked crops elsewhere in (Canada. The adults of the rye joint-worm, a relative of the wasps, are black and about one-tenth of an inch long. They infest only fall or spring rye. Damage is caused by the small, white larvae, which live in the walls of the stem above the second and third nodes. Severe infestations weaken the stems, causing them to lodge; lighter infestations may also reduce yields of grain even though lodging may not occur. Studies at the Lethbridge Research Station have been made on this new pest. We have found that the adults fly to the growing crop in early June and lay about 70 eggs each in the walls of suitable stems. A single stem may contain as many as 21 larvae. The larvae live and develop vnth'm galls, which are swellings in the stem walls. The larva spends the winter in its gall; then in May it changes into a pupa. The adult develops shortly thereafter, chews a hole through the wall of the gall; and escapes to infest the growing crop. Most of the adults are females that do not have to mate to produce fertile eggs. Most larvae freeze and die if they are exposed to -15 deglrees F. in early vrinter or to -25 degrees F. later in the winter. Those in galls that are covered by snow escape freezing because the snow insulates them against extreme cold. In the winter of l%9-70, about 70 per cent of the larvae were killed by winter temperatures. All er 25 - 27 - Ottawa - Agricultiu-al (Congress on Task Force Recommendationa Merc. Flattens hills. The bold one. Merc 250-439 cc with exclusive breakerless Thunderbolt ignition. DeUvers 25 husky horsepower and makes tracks up to 45 mph. Not even a loaded sled slows it down. You want power. This is the one. Every component absolutely the ,best there is. Merc 250 takes on the jobs others can't. It leaves the others behind. Klekhaeter Mercnry of Canada, Ltd. Totonto. Division of Brunswicli Corporation. f Merc. The bold one is here. ROGERS SALES AND SERVICE Bindloss, Alberta ANDYS FURNITURE AND SPORTING GOODS Bonnyvllle, Alberta ANDERBERG EQUIPMENT Brooks, Alberta FOOTHILLS BATTERY AND MARINE Calgary, Alberta RUDYKS SERVICE Duvernoy, Alberta HOLIDAY MARINE Edmonton, Alberta SCONA MARINE CO. LTD. Edmonton, Alberta ERNIES SPORTS CENTRE Grande Prairie, Alberta HARDlSTr HARDWARE LTD. Hardlsty, Alberta SILVER STAR INDUSTRIES Lethbridge, Alberta SKYWAY TERRACE Medicine Hat, Alberta DOWNTOWN SPORTS shop Peace River, Alberta BRIDGE CITY MARINE Red Deer, Alberta ST. PAUL AUTO AND SPORTS SHOP St. Paul, Alberta McDonalds hardware AND BLDG. Valleyvlew, Alberta ;