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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 1, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LETHBPIDGE HERALD Monday, October 1, 1973 ov C-v v-y e i TV t. t-sx: r A report, or a snow job? It there is one affliction from which Canadian relations have suffered long enough, it is phoney political argumen- tation. And if there is a single cause that doesn't need that kind of justification, it is the idea of a decent return to farmers ior the foodstuffs they produce. But nevertheless A recent government report, com- missioned by Agriculture Minister Eugene Whelan and written by Surprise' .Surprise! a former Liberal MP, traces seven major food items from their farm origins, through various processors, wholesalers and retailers, to the eventual customer. The report covers tree fruits, eggs. milk, chicken, turkev, pork and beef, and the idea was li; see who. if anyone, might be reaping profits from recent price increases To the astonishment ot absolutely nobody, the report finds that Mr. Whelan has been right all along in his assertions that no one makes any money in the food business. In fact, so thin are the profit margins that it is a relief to find some assurance, later in the report, that farmers (and the others, one are still willing to struggle on. as long as they t-an continue to glean the present meagre return for their efforts Some ol the figures in the report are downright well, interesting. Take oeet. tor instance. The report undertakes to >how how much really, how little profit there is in beet, for the farmer, the Ou'-tu-r UK- retailer, or anv ot the others through whose hands and plants it must pass on its way to the meat counter. The aggregate profit made by all these peo- ple together, the report insists, totals only about seven cents a pound, ridiculously inadequate when it must be spread out all along the chain that stretches from the ranch to the dining room table. The grower makes a cent or two. the packer somewhat less, the retailer about the same, and so on. Seven cents in total, and that's with retail prices at an all-time high. There is another report out of Ottawa, this one from the food prices review board and it says that beef prices are dropping fast. Already down by 11 cents a pound from the peak, they are likely to fall even further. It is obvious, from a simple com- parison of these two reports, that Mr. Whelan must be right, that even at peak prices beef is a losing proposition. If total profits were only seven cents a pound before, and the price has now gone down by 11 cents, somewhere along the line someone or several someones collectively must be losing four cents a pound. Right? So just who is it that is losing this money? The.packing houses? The super- markets? Not according to divided notices on the financial pages. The farmers, maybe? Well, if the farmer is really losing money on beef at today's prices, he can do a lot of people a real favor by telling them just how he manag- ed to survive for the past decade or two. Refuting inferiority idea The idx-d that blacks are. on the whole. intellect. inferior to whites has been i'.ng time in white circles, th.u i- CUM! lour ago. published an article in the Haivard Educational Review pointing to apparent confirmation of the idea in the results of extensive IQ testing, the notion of the inferiority of blacks was something only bigots believed lensen's nndmgs have been vigorously deputed, primarily on the grounds that IQ tests are a measure ol cultural advan- tdge more than of intelligence. Nevertheless Jensen himself persists in his view that there is substantial and valid e of intellectual inferiority toward tance Alsop generat ..j hLi.'ks i; (1 commentator Joseph "rtlv wrote about the n >ting that Mr. Jensen's edging its way upward ri'r'ii wider academic accep- is not a development Mr. 'comes He is concerned lest it (idealism about tackling the in educational op- pul'. In a book reviewed in The Herald late last >ear a group of British scholars wnne about the fallacies behind the Jensen position One of the writers ex- it >imilar tear to that enunciated by Mr Alsop. He expected the Jensen view iu h" used against '.he acceptance of various anti-poverty programs if intend- ed to bring about eventual intellectual equality. But on the other hand a view was also expressed that Jensen may provoke the realization that the effect of IQ testing is pernicious and should be abandoned. Some hope has arisen that the deter- minism. 100 often associated with IQ results, will be resisted and oppor- tunities be given to disadvantaged blacks so that Jensenism can be disproved by IQ tests themselves in time. By coin- cidence, at the time Mr. Alsop wrote his piece syndicated commentator Carl Rowan wrote a column about an inter- view he had had with Colonel Ernest R. Frazier who heads the U.S. army's race relations and equal opportunities programs. The army is deliberately giv- ing minority members a break when it comes to advanced schooling and training. Mr Rowan says the army has "accepted the truth that tssts arc culturally oriented and don't really tell a lot about the potential of blacks. Chicanes, Puerto Ricans, or Indians." He also reports that Colonel Frazier makes the point that if the giant cor- porations would use their muscle against bigotry the way the army is, there would be an improvement in the life of America. Academics can go on writing learned treatises on the subject of race and intelligence but the necessity of living together, as it has been discovered in the U.S. army, is forcing an ignoring of Jensen's conclusion. Eventually, then, those who insist IQ tests are culturally oriented will have the opportunity of demonstrating their case and refuting Jensenism. ERIC NICOL Hen's lib, anyone? s were ol Farmer Brown's i blinked and exchang- .jn-. r.ourui egg production i. .i'jtMpinf, .Cupped Heads were .scii I-'rom the jard came the clear, strong voice of the rooster waking up the sun. crowed the cock. i yi scrim ins on. The hens looked around, startled, to see who had uttered the word. They saw it was the leader of their liberation movement Kate Pullo: 11'. rioiion'" repeated Kate. "Why sM 'li.i ocki'rnaiiic male get to wake up the MIII eveiv morning while we spend our lives in this stinkmg shed, shelling out Her sisters sat stunned by the boldness of the challenge. Why indeed? WheYe was the equality of producing the makings of an omelette, compared to rousing the great sun to illumine the world? it like it is. Kate'" they chorused. Soiii" of the hens pecked their eggs, in their irulij.'natio'1 K.ite Pullet flapped her wings lor u 'he sun'1 I move we to go out there in ti .....ioi .nornmg and knock that iv !i r.irtK off his perch." liter., ti.e henhouse runway, down which the following morning strode the chicken libbers' delegate Germaine Layer. Germaine fell over a few pieces of farm equipment in the pre-dawn darkness, but at last hopped up on a fence post and cleared her throat. The rooster, coollv cleaning his fingernails nearby glnnced at her and said: "You're too early, doll I don't care for it till I've had my m.ilmal worm "I'm not here for sex." sniffed Germaine. "I've come to wake up the sun." The rooster's eyebrows shot up. Before he could comment however. Germaine checked her wristwatch, stretched forth her neck and let fly with: The sky remained black. Germain tried again: Dark clouds scudded overhead, rain fell. Lip curled derisively, the rooster said: "Your hen-a- doodle-do didn't." Germaine ran back to the shed, mad as only a wet hen can be. At the emergency meeting that followed, Kate Pullet rallied morale. "I've discovered why Germaine didn't wake up the sun. She didn't stand on the dunghill. That's the executive position Tomorrow morning, it will be The next morning Germaine was atop the dunghill while the rooster was still lounging against the barn, Hai Karate on his wattles. "Meet me behind the feed trough, he said, "and I'll teach you some games for a wet afternoon." replied Germaine. Miraculously, the sun woke up. Great shafts of sunrise lit the farmyard. croaked the rooster, and his spurs fell off. "I uid shrieked Germaine. "I woke up the sun." Power to the Pullets'" The henhouse erupted with joy, The sisters danced on their eggs, scorning Nature's most perfect shape. Never again would they devote their lives to an egg, not when they could fulfil themselves creatively by producing that magnificient yoke in the sky. The cock wandered off, dazed, mumbling something about turning himself in to one of Colonel Sanders' boys. Germain crowed a last, triumphant "Hen- and strutted off the dunghill, and was seized by a fox that carried her away and ate her. Moral: All chickens have equal rights garnished with parsley. Nixon's the culprit By Anthony Lewis, New York Times commentator "After awhile, you hardly even notice the A cooling between neighbors? By Edward Cowan, New York Times commentator WASHINGTON Ottawa's latest energy-policy moves suggest that Canada is draw- ing away from the United States. The month of September has brought a proposed export tax on crude oil of 40 cents a barrel (to take effect Oct. an official, if implied, threat to divert Alberta crude oil from the United States to eastern Canada; and a reminder from Canada's minister of energy, mines and resources that in an energy- short world Canada doesn't plan to go on exporting new gas at old prices. In short, our neighbors across the "longest undefend- ed border" are moving to make their country energy self-sufficient. If that means refusing to deliver any more oil or natural gas to the United States or even delivering less, so be it. Marcel Cadieux, the Cana- dian ambassador, confided as much in a Sept. 18th speech in Portland. Ore. recounting that Canada provides barely six per cent of United States oil and gas consumption and less than 0 5 per cent of power con- sumed, Cadieux said that "in the short term, there is little chance that Canada will be able to meet a significantly higher proportion of United States needs The ambassador expressed "cautious optimism" about long-term energy exports, which, however, are matters his government doesn't have to deal with now He mention- ed the enormous oil and natural gas potential of the Canadian Arctic and the hundreds of billions of barrels of hydro-carbon in the tar sands of northern Alberta. But. Cadieux went on to say, these projects "would probably involve large inflows of foreign capital, "and therefore Canada is not rushing into any of them It is difficult for the United States to quarrel with Ottawa because self-sufliciencv is the essence of the Nixon ad- ministration's energy policy Moreover, Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau's Sept 4th expression of interest in a pipeline to deliver Alberta crude to Montreal was purely an internal matter as ex- pressed and therefore not properly subject to comment. The state department has confined itself to a single com- ment on Sept. 14th. the day after Donald S. Macdonald, the energy minister, announc- ed the crude-oil export tax. in- disputably a transborder matter. The department com- plained of a lack of consulta- tion and said the tax "comes as a surprise and most cer- tainly is not welcome infor- mation." In the muted language of diplomacy, such plain, if polite talk, has the sound of a buggy whip cracking on a fros- ty night. There is reason to believe that the sound carried far, and that Ottawa under- stood that the department was plainly irritated. There is also reason to believe that although the state department was nominally talking only about the export tax, officials were equally, if not more annoyed about the pipeline. After all. 40 cents a barrel is only money and would, as Ottawa said, bring Canada's realized revenue up to the U S. domestic oil price But if the present inter- provincial pipeline is given a new section to Montreal, a project that would take several years, it is likely that every barrel delivered would mean one less barrel sold to U.S. refiners in the upper midwest. Macdonald has been quoted as saying that the op- timum size of a Montreal line would be barrels a day, more than half the present flow to the midwest. Midwestern refineries already are short of crude. Any cutback in Canadian deliveries would aggravate heating-oil and gasoline shor- tages and be viewed by Washington gravely. The historical irony in all this is that less than three years ago. Ottawa was press- ing Washington to remove restrictions on imports of Canaidan crude. By 1972. Canada was ambivalent. In February Ottawa imposed its own export controls. For the moment, the United States is saying little, for a variety of reasons: understands that the pipeline was mentioned by Trudeau in the context of stabilizing energy, milk and bread prices that it is part of a domestic political package the Trudeau Liberals have put together to retain the support their minority govern- ment needs from the socialistic (but not Socialist) New Democratic Party. Washington, having clapped on soybean export controls unilaterally last summer, not to mention devaluation without prior con- sultation, isn't in a good posi- tion to throw stones. Canada can displace imported oil from the Quebec market with its own oil, and thereby achieve some securi- ty of supply and price, who can quarrel with that? Washington, after all, kept out foreign oil for years. of Canada or open diplomatic protest would only force the Trudeau government to adopt a more truculent posture. Anyway, there is intense opposition to the pipeline from Alberta. "Let them fight it out among says a Washington energy expert. Transcending these par- ticular points is the general consideration that a new Washington Ottawa spat would only accelerate the sw- ing in Canadian thinking towards an insular, anticon- tinental view a view that holds that Canada benefits as she diminishes her involve- ment with the U.S. economy. BOSTON It is as if we were living a chapter of history, with fresh revelations ol a system's crisis at each turn of the page. The Agnew drama disposes of the claim that were somehow past the crisis of American in- stitutions. Kven alter these past months, it hits with the torce of an earthquake and one that will not shake Spiro alone. For reasons both legal and political, the vice president's proposal that the House of Representatives investigage bribery charges against him was never a starter But it did do something It showed how grave a part the Agnew problem may play in a broader .challenge to Presi- dent Nixon's authority. Congressmen are not equipped by nature or lunction to conduct the equivalent of a judicial inquiry Speaker Carl Albert was quite correct when lie rejected the Agnew proposal as pennature. but the reasons would remain if Agnew renewed it alter an in- dictment When there is a case for im- peachment, the House must perform its constitutional duty But here there is a large legal doubt Does the constitu- tion contemplate impeach- ment for offences before a man took oil ice. as alleged in Agnew's case'' The only precedent, the case of vice president Sehuyler Colfax in 1872. said no It seems unlike- ly now that the House would undertake what amounts to an impeachment proceeding with no clear legal object at the end On the other hand, the legal advice given Agnew that he cannot be put to a criminal trial while in office has some weight To compel evidence from a president or vice president, or even to indict one. is one thing. But the strongest reasons of state argue againsf the idea that the man who controls our defence should be held lor days or weeks in ;i courtroom, and the same mav be true of one who may at any moment assume the presidency Those legal assessments, if correct, present a terrible political prospect' criminal charges hanging over the vice president ot the United States, unresolvable, lor more than three years That is more than this country ought to bear. The obvious way out is resignation That asks a good deal ol Spiro Agnew; he would be giving up his constitutional defences to any criminal charges And the solution has a more profound law it would offend the fundamental American sense of fairness. Agnew may or may not have taken bribes as a Maryland of- ticiai. we have not seen the evidence. The crime, if such it was. is not to be condoned. Hut it involves only personal enrichment, not an assault on the constitution. And so, if he were forced from office, Americans would be bound to make some resentful com- parisons It was not Spiro Agnew whose agents sought to rig the 1972 election by sabotaging the opposition party's choice ol a candidate. It was not Spiro Agnew whose agents sought to rig the 1972 election by sabotaging the opposition party's choice ol a candidate. It was not Agnew whose plumbers broke into a psy- chiatrist's office in search of material to smear a criminal defendant. It was not Agnew who offered a job to the judge presiding over the trial of that defendant. It was not Agnew who taped all the conversations in his of- lice without advising others. It was not Agnew who ordered wiretaps on highly respected officials and jour- nalists It was not Agnew whose cabinet members and lawyers and closest personal aides committed acts for which they now face prosecution. It was not Agnew who said the courts should deal with Watergate and then withheld critical evidence from them. It was not Agnew who bombed a neutral country in secret, who enlarged the In- dochina war and kept it going for lour more years, who hid the facts from Congress. The country knows who it was It understands with great certainty that the source of the trouble rotting America's natural optimism and decency is not Spiro Agnew but Richard Nixon. Americans have been reluc- tant to face the uncertainty and the threat to political legitimacy involved in chang- ing a president. Those are wise concerns, but they have been overtaken by facts. The uncertainty and loss of legitimacy that afflict our Dolitics now stem from Richard Nixon. Nothing that happens to Spiro Agnew can help In the circumstances the only real solution is a com- plete and cleansing change; resignation of both the presi- dent and the vice president, and the succession by law of speaker Albert or of someone chosen under the 25th amendment That is an extraordinary remedy, but we are suffering from an extraordinary illness. The time has come to face the real problem time especial- ly for conservatives such as Barry Goldwater, who do not avert their eyes from difficult truths. One or more of them must sooner or later go to the president and tell him that the torment of the American system cannot end while he remains in office. Letter Destructive rumors A new threat to the unity and well being of democracy is now being realized in free North America. We are witnessing an un- precedented situation whereby men of highest leadership ability are being subjected to public moral suspicion on evidence no firmer than rumor. There was a day when writers and observers, having access to public attention, came across what is currently termed a "leak" made a sincere effort to ascertain its validity before presenting it for general consumption. Writers and programers to- day are not employing this cautious sagacity but go ahead and release and elaborate on such matters without proof of truth This state of looseness makes this country vulnerable to leadership deformity resulting from Communist originated material What an effective weapon it is in creating a climate suitable to the initiation, growth, and ex- pansion of communism. There is nothing in the Soviet Union's present politicies, or even its current fraternity with the United States to justify the belief that the Communist ideals and plans for expansion have been terminated and replaced with the ideal of universal brotherhood and peace. With the Soviet Union increasing its military capability, causing North America's top military ex- perts to believe that Russia is pressing for a strategic military advantage over the free world it is no time to be sowing distrust of our able leaders. Those who observe and best understand the behavior of the Russian administration tell us the threat is as serious as ever and one of our chief means of defence is in true unity. Tear- ing down our governments through unfounded rumors or inflated reports of misconduct is not conducive to the unity we must have to escape enslavement. LLOYD WEIGHTMAN Lethbridge "We don't cotton to rcvenoors 'round these The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St S Lelhbndge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon W A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau ol Circulations CLEOW MOWERS Editor and Publisher THOMAS H ADAMS. General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Fciitor Associate Editor i ROY MILES DOUGLAS K i> Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;