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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 1, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 6 _ THb LETHBRIDGE HtRALD Friday, Oclobei 1. 1971 CONTRACT CROP HARVEST Potatoes, right, and sugar beets make up acres and acres res- pectively in southern Alberta agricullure and both crops are now in the process of harvest. The potato digger is In operation in a field while the sugar beets are being stacked at one of Canadian Sugar Factories Ltd. storage and weighing stations. To date 20 per cent of the sugar beet crop has been harvested. The inclement weather has ss hailed both harvest processes, Special policy for Hercules durum A delivery quota policy which Some delays ill having will enable the Canadian accepted and carlot ship- board to select and authorized mav be en- Hercules d u r u m wheat because of the large been of producers involved The procedures developed the extensive amount of the program will make it and processing that is sible" for the wheat board to launch this new make shipments of on world markets. How- durum available to it is the intent of the customers for testing on a board to authorize the mercial basis and take of all carlots of se- tage of any marketing Hercules durum wheat tunities that may under the program be- The policy is similar to the end of the 1973-72 crop established for deliveries of lected barley and gives produ- Producers wishing to cers who have assigned quota advantage of the selected Her-acres to Hercules the opportu- cules delivery policy can do nity to ship a selected one of two ways. Those pro- of the new durum who have assigned 60 Producers who do not or more to the delivery or are unable to take Hercules, are entitled to ship tage of the special delivery pol-icv for Hercules mav use carload of selected Her-pnlpK Hdrnni nrnvidpd a rpm-p- the carload shipment. This fnrm is to be attached to the produ- cer's permit book. have boon accepted for selec- tion under the program. The permits will be swit to local elevator managers along with Special provisions have bc.en an endorsement showing the j established to deal with lhn.se producer's quota acres for Her- j cases where a carload ship- cules that must be set aside for I ment is not accepted as select- ed Hercules durum. These pro- visions are similar to those es- tablished for rejected carloads of selected barley and details are available from local eleva- tor managers. repre- quota acres assigned to this.! sentative sample, submitted to variety for deliveries to coun- j the Canadian Grain Commis- try elevators. A separate quota j sion in Winnipeg for testing, is of five bushels per quota acre identifiable as Hercules durum has been authorized for this and has an acceptable pigmen- purpose, effective immediately. tation level. Only samples grad- The announcement of the spe- j ing 3 CW durum or better will cial policy follows the wheat i be accepted, hoard's request last spring ask- i Those who have as. Nitrate level can be dangerous in oat, hay and cereal straw ing Prairie grain producers to list the acreage seeded and as- signed to Hercules separately when applying for 1971-72 de- livery permit books. signed less than 60 acres to the delivery of Hercules may get together with other producers j to ship a combined carload of selected Hercules durum. Pro- car- More than producers; duccrs participating have responded to the wheat j ]oatl shipment must submit sep- boards request. Approximately to lhe Canadian :iilf of the producers with Her-, Grain Commission through tie cules assigned 60 acres or more same etevator manager for test-1 to the delivery of this new va-iing md upon notification that I riety. The production of j the samples navc been accept. imately GO acres of durum, with i cd the Whcat Board will issue good yields, will fill a 60-ton applications for a selected car to each producer involved in the combined shipment. In bnth cases, however, m-1 dividual producers or groups of producers are entitled to ship only one selected carload of Hercules durum during the crop year. Special permits will be issued to those whose samples Muskrat, left, compared to Norway rat. Alberta rat problem is only muskrat railway car. QUALITY DENTURE CLINIC EDDY DIETRICH Certified Dental Mechanic Capitol Furniture Bldg, PHONE 328-7684M The Alberta department of agriculture received almost 100 telephone calls last week from people who thought they had seen a Norway rait. The! cause of all the concern turned j out lo be harmless muskrats. j Dale Alsager, animal pest control specialist, says that, it is most encouraging to find that there are so many people in the province who are on the lookout for Norway rats and who are prepared to take the time and trouble to report what they think is a rat. SEE AND DRIVE THE ALL NEW 1972 DODGE PICKUPS KING CHRYSLER DODGE 3rd Ave. and 11th St. S., Lethbridge PHONE 328-9271 OPEN EVENINGS Till 9 DODGE GIVES YOU A LOT TO COUNT ON' He points out that it is fairly easy to mistake a muskrat for a Norway rat because of their similarity in color, although the former is slightly larger. One of the main differentiat- ing features between the two is the muskrat's long silk guard hairs which protect its thick fur. The Norway rat has a short sleek coat. Contrary to popular opinion, the muskrat docs not have webbed feet, but the hairs 'be- tween its toes could give tho impression of a webbed foot. The Norway rat has a much smaller hairless foot. Its foot is only a quarter the size of a muskrat's fool. The muskrat has a hairless, scalcy tail which is slightly j flattened on each side, while the Norway rat's tail is com- pletely round. According to Mr. Alsager, at; this time of year, the young muskrats are moving from one area to another in search of winter quarters. The migration started about two weeks ago I and will continue until freeze- j up. Although the muskrat lives around sloughs, and other small bodies of water, it is not un- common during the migration season to find the young ani- mals in parks, recreational areas and even on citv streets. IETHBRIOGE RESEARCH STATION The Alberta department of agriculture's animal nutrition- ist, Jerome Martin, advises livestock producers to have their oat, hay and cereal straw analysed for nitrates before feeding it. This analysis is done at the soil and feed testing laboratory in the 0. S. Longman Building for a fee of a sample. Ac- cording to Mr. Martin, a nit- rate analysis is done routinely on all roughage samples sub- mitted to the laboratory for a nutritional analysis. Nitrates are absorbed from the soil by plants and are nor- mally converted into proteins and other nitrogen containing compounds. However, under such adverse growing condi- tions as a frost or cold, cloudy weather, they can accumulate in the piant. A heavy application of weed spray nuy also cause this sit- uation. In addition to accumu- lating in cereal hay and straw, nitrates can accumulate in flax straw, rape seed straw, sorg- hum and corn, Mr. Martin said. In an animal's body the nit- rates are converted into nit- rites and change the normal blood hemoglobin to a form called methoglobin. Since this new form is unable to trans- port oxygen from tile lungs of i the animal to its tissues, the animal may die from lack of oxygen. ftlr. Mai-tin says nitrate pois- oning symptoms include depres- sion, weakness, rapid pulse and labored breathing, and Uiat the blood of a poisoned animal is often a chocolate brown. Subtoxic levels of nitrates in feed rations may cause a drop in milk production in dairy cows, slower weight gains in other ruminants and abortions in pregnant animals. A ration that contains a nitrate .level of 50 per cent or higher is poten- tially toxic. Nitrate levels of 1.50 per cent or higher in the total ration are considered toxic and could cause death. Swine and horses appear to have a higher tolerance to high nitrate levels than ruminants. Mr. Martin says hay which is high in nitrates can be di- luted with other roughages or grain to lower the nitrate con- tent of the total ration. For ex- ample, it would be dangerous to feed oat hay containing one per cent nitrate as the entire ration to beef cows, but it could be mixed with another roughage containing no nitrates in the ratio of by weight. The nitrate level of the whole ration would then be only 0.20 per cent and would be safe to feed. Similarly, if steers wero fed five pounds of this same hay plus 15 pounds of grain, the nitrate level of the total ration would be only 0.25 per cent. Although animals can some' times tolerate nitrate levels that are higher than those men- tioned above, Mr. Martin said these guidelines should be fol- lowed in the majority of cases. Anyone who would like to have a sample of feed analysed should contact his district ag- riculturist. SAVE TO 60% ON MUFFLER REPLACEMENTS WE HAVE: A MUFFIER FOR MOST CARS FREE INSTAllATION 10 MINUTE INSTAUATION tIFETIME GUARANTEED MUFFLERS FREE INSPECTION AND ESTIMATES All AT 509 6th Avenue South I MUTE UFFLER INSTALLATIONS Phone 328-8134 MORE AND MORE ALBERTANS ARE JOINING THE LIGHT BRIGADE Dandelion control A. DOUGLAS SMITH, Agronomist Common dandelions w i t h their colorful yellow flowers arc increasing in permanent pastures, hay fields, roadsides, lawns, and waste places. Al- though this weed is well adapt- ed to become established in most perennial crops, espe- cially those that have been poorly managed, there are some, grass species that inhibit dandelion invasion. The differences ill dandelion densities were quite sinking in a nitrogen fertilizer experiment conducted on dryland at the bridgc Hi-search S'mlinn. In limolhy mid in western whealgrass Ihere uoro heavy stands of dandelions lhat in- creased with iiKToasing rales of nitrogen fertilizer. There were relatively light .stands of dandelions, wilh no effort due In forlili'zrr. in whoalgniss and in hromgrass. In Hussian wild ryograss and in crested whcalgrass there were only a few dandelions at the lower rates of nitrogen fer- tilizer and none at the higher rates. In a similar experiment lo- cated in the thin black soil zone where tliu precipitation is high- er, the differences in dandelion densities among the seeded grasses were not so obvious. Conditions there favored the establishment and growth of the dandelions more than the growth of those grass species that inhibited dandelion inva- sion. Thoi'e was one exception; dandelions uero absent where quackgrn.ss had encroached in- to the plots and eliminated the seed grasses. The rcnson for varying do grees o[ cninpclilinn among tho different grasses i.s complex. The more we learn about when, where, and hr.w plant compel i- lion occurs tho heller we will he equipped In establish man- agement priiclici's I hut may as- sist in the oliminalion of unde- sirable species from those i crops. i Yonr assurance nf quality PARK TILFORD ;