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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 1, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THt LITHBIIIDGE HERAID Thuudey, Otlobtr 1, 1970 Joseph Kraft Natural Gas Export Some Alberta people may be a bit apprehensive about the Energy Board and government decisions to author- ize the export of large additional quantities of natural gas. First, is Canada's supply for her own future needs endangered? In theory, yes. Natural gas (and oil and coal) are manufactured by nature over millions of years, and for all practical purposes the world's and Canada's supplies are fixed. Ev- ery bit used now means that much less for future use. But if man looked too far ahead, civilization as it is known would col- lapse. Nature's resources cannot un- duly be hoarded for the future. Ev- ery bushel of wheat for instance, means fertility taken from the soil, and it must be replaced or the soil will die. Currently it is being replaced from mineral deposits, which of course are not being renewed. (Nat- ural gas is one of the chief sources of nitrogen fertilizers, Wastage of natural resources is in- tolerable. Imprudent use is bad. But extraction for constructive purposes is in order, even for export. Whether the market is in Canada or the Uni- ted States is not too important from a conservation viewpoint. If it leaves the country it will pay for imports into the country. Both the Alberta and the federal authorities are careful to preserve Canada's needs for the foreseeable fu- ture. Only quantities beyond that are being exported. Secondly, does export mean Cana- dians will have to pay a higher price for their own gas? Superficially, yes. Gas for the United States market should be sold for the highest possible price, and the Canadian consumers will have to pay essentially the export price. But isn't it that way with every commodity? Are Southern Alberta cattlemen prepared to sell their beef cheaper to their home market than to Eastern Canada? The important consideration, how- ever, is that the export market (or its prospect) has financed the explor- ation, discovery and development of nearly all of Canada's huge gas re- serves, and has made vast quantities of gas available to the local market at still very low prices. If the export market (or its prospect) had not ex- isted for either oil or gas, it is almost certain that the local market would now be paying a good deal more for both Oil and gas. Resistance To Repeal Considerably more resistance to re- peal of censorship laws in the United States and in Canada where the U.S. lead is so often followed can be expected than what is represented by the minority of three who dissent- ed to the presidential commission on pornography report. The very, fact that U.S. legislators generally expect- ed a different kind of report and have a rash of bills ready for tightening the existing censorship laws attests to that. Understandably, many people who have not previously considered the matter will assume that repeal of cen- sorship laws can only have dele- terious effects. The common and one that has been held for a long time is that pornography leads tq perversion. But many widely held beliefs in the past have had to be abandoned when they were found to be without support. So the crucial question in regard to this censorship issue is whether acceptance or resistance is based on fact or fancy. Determination of what is fact from what is fancy is not an easy matter for the average person. The majority of the commission members opted for repeal of censorship laws on the ba- sis of. the evidence they had at their disposal. But the dissenting members have accused the majority of "man- ipulating" the evidence. Thus the pic- ture has been badly clouded. Those who have long believed in the necessity of censorship cannot be expected to surrender that belief while doubt exists about the validity of the evidence discounting the value of restrictive laws. The charge of. manipulation of evidence will have to be examined. The trend in this area is clearly toward relaxation of laws. Porno- graphy already has considerable ac- ceptance in North American society. It will require more to reverse the trend than a suspicion that the studies cited by the commission were somehow inadequate. Supporters of censorship will have to provide in- controvertible evidence of the neces- sity of restriction sometliing which the majority of the commission's membership apparently did not feel existed. Conformity Or Critique? By Peter Hunt, Catholic Central School Tyi'OBAL relativism is the intellectual dis- ease of our day. It is taught by those anti-philosophical, so-called philosophers who reject the possibility of- objectively true value-judgments and the idea of basic human nature upon which such judgments depend. It is spread by glib spokesmen on the popular journalistic level who trot out the same old, tired, stale horse of cliche-mongering as though it were really glossy, young animal fit to win the Ken- tucky Derby stakes of modern thought. You know the sort of thing I mean: "values vary from age to age; what is thought right in one period is not accepted In another; there is no way of distin- guishing the normal from the abnormal in human behavior in moral terms for what Is normal to one person is abnormal to an- other we advance in scientific dis- covery and so inevitably reject many of the values of our forebears (For- give the boredom yes it's very stale.) The tragedy is that this substitute for thought is only too easily accepted by many young people who have not yet re- covered from the shock of discovering, when they enter a university, that debate goes on, and that conventional opinion is questionable; many, unfortunately, instead of taking the harder road of actual think- ing, resort to the fashionable cliches which appear smart and which are, so often, con- veniently pandering to lack of responsi- bility. no other standard of normality. And that is nothing more than conformism; for when you come to analyse what is generally accepted, you are up against the problem of working out who accepts what and how many agree. Thus, d'o we simply follow the majority: If so, how big a majority must it be? And can the majority be wrong? But here we are on the question of right and wrong again and so unless we accept objective standards of moral behavior we are faced with the nasty fact ttat the al- ternative is conformism; if another Hitler arose, apparently sensible people ought to conform. Ail of this is most relevant to the teach- ing of social studies. Just recently we had a further example of muddlement in an official statement about the aims of the new social studies syllabus. The report in this paper of the recent annual conference of the Canadian Education Association Conference which included a summary of a film shown, had this to say: "Students must learn to cope with quickly-shifting moralities and social codes students must not only learn massive quantities of information which didn't even exist 15 years ago, but they must also learn how to toss out what they now accept as cor- rect for a whole new set of facts, ideas and values just a few years after they learn the first set." Now if words mean anything at all, (and their misuse is driving our western so- cieties into nightmarish morasses of iin- I recall a number of my students in the guislic treacle) that statement preaches a Social sciences, students who were prepar- ing for careers in engineering, architec- ture and chemistry, and who, consequent- ly, had little time to devote to serious study of humanistic concerns, putting for- ward lliis version of and 'abnorm- al' after resorting to such books as Eys- enck's Uses and Abuses of Psychology, Stuart Chase's The Proper Study of Man- kind and Adcock's Psychology and a few encyclopaedias. They had to think rather more when they were asked wheth- er they approved of human sacrifice as practised by the Carthaginians or genocide as more recently practised by Hitler. I they said no, then they had to admit the possibility of objective moral values; if they said yes, ah, but they did not say yes, they said that we would not approve such actions Iwcause our values are different. When asked the basis of our values, they simply said that it was what they accepted (completely circular thought process) or that it was what was generally accepted by our .society but that there was mindless relativism drawn from evolution- ary cliches. The key notion is 'adjustment'. Society (and this means as moulded by those who direct and misuse technology) is changing so we must adjust to it. No mention is made of criticism of what we arc supposed to adjust to; apparently con- formity is the aim; and this squares up with the conformism of moral relativism mentioned earlier. Today, when people, for example stu- dents, protest about war, poverty con- scription, racial discrimination and den- ials of freedom, they must be assuming some basic values, some fundamental and permanent decencies. The natural (ration- al) law and the decalogue are never out of dale; ;f they are, we must indeed be fearful. If we think about it wo can see that true radicalism today is effort towards the re- storation of human and spiritual values in a world where moral relativism is a cank- er, and a habit of lai-.y or self-deceived minds. Time For Skilful Diplomacy In Mid-East WASHINGTON The strug- gle in the Middle East provides a new index of the state of Big Two relations. And the reading is that this coun- try will have to become, far more astute in its diplomacy if the era of confrontation is to give way to an era of negotta- tions. For the Soviet Union has shown itself more than ever inclined to take risks bound to jeopardize good relations with the United States. And this country has shown itself less able than ever lo deter risky Soviet moves by mere force. Probably the best gauge of Russian behavior was the ac- tion of Syria. On Sept. 20 over 200 Syrian tanks crossed into Jordan in obvious support of the Palestinian commandos fighting to unseat King Hus- sein. On Sept. 23 the Syrian tanks retreated. Soviet diplo- matic officials here in Wash- ington ostentatiously claimed that the tanks around because Russia exercised its good offices in Damascus to re- strain the Syrians. But that claim is not accept- ed by the leading American intelligence officials. They think that the Russians and Syrians were acting in cahoots all .along. They believe the Rus- sians gave the Syrians some kind of green light before the attack on Jordan. They.-think that the Syrians withdrew-only when they met superior Jor- danian- force. They conclude that the Russians were pre- pared to have the Syrians take a cheap shot at King Hussein in order to raise their own pres- tige at the expense of this country and its closest ally in the Arab world. Similar judgments are.made with respect to Soviet behavior Highly educated, healthy and voracious Letters To The Editor Lesson For A Champion Of Logic Professor Beum charged The Herald (Sept. 25) with at least thirteen different sins besides "mindless liberalism." The sins range from "untrained in philo- sophy" to "generating corrupt psychic forces." Some, "illogic" for example, are repeated much too many times (six in all for this one) for mere em- phasis. One begins to suspect frothing of the mind. But since Professor Beum is such a champion of logic he should appreciate the lesson he's about to get in it. You see, his letter is little more than a series of pitiful argu- ments and cheap debating tricks. Consider these exam- ples. I. (A) Since The Herald's edi- torial praising the World Coun- cil of Churches for supporting Black movements in South Af- rica and Rhodesia might have appeared in a Soviet news- paper, it is therefore (B) "rife with (1) oversimplification, (2) illogic, (3) slanting, (4) factual error, and (5) intellec- tual inconsistency (one of the many guises of Those are a lot of conclusions to infer from one premise in any man's logic. The premise isn't strong enough to support even one of them let alone the whole' lot. If this argument were a good one you could prove that your wife was all or any one of these things simply because she agreed with the lady next door whom you happened to dislike. Anyone can see that (B) does not follow from (A) might lend some support to (B) it it were shown that Soviet newspapers were always guilty of these faults. But of course no argu- ment is given for this highly unlikely claim. For that mat- ter not one shred of evidence is given to support the allegation that The Herald's editorials are often "essential- ly or exactly" the same as fiose of Soviet newspapers. referring to these papers as "organs of fanaticism" is mere name calling, II. (A) Either racism is "the evil of or (B) it is "only the uncritically inherited axiom of modern liberalism." The unstated premise (C) is racism is not the evil of evils. Therefore (D) it is merely liberalism's uncritical assump. lion. We can grant him (C) since genocide is worse than mere racism. But the conclu- sion is hardly established since (A) and are treated as if mutually exclusive. But they are neither. Both might false (as they most likely and the fact that racism, while not the worst, is still a pretty terrible evil even on reflection shows they arc not exhaustive. Professor Benin .given us n false dilemma to slip between the horns of. HI. (A) Liberalism's "era- dication of Christian and mon- archist triumphalism" (no kid- ding) is more dangerous than (B) racism. There is not even a bad argument to back up this claim, and not even a bad argu- ment to back up (A) by itself. Besides, this whole issue is a red herring: how is any of this relevant to the claim that The Herald's editorial is false and wicked? IV. (A) The Herald's editors are not scholars in Pre-Colonial South African history. (B) Only such a scholar could com- pare the life of Blacks now to then. (C) But no such scholar could claim that the life of Blacks is worse now than it was then. (D) is unstated: One can justifiably complain about his lot only if he is worse off than he was in the past. Therefore (E) Blacks have nothing to complain about; and (F) The Herald has no business complaining on their behalf. We can grant him (A) since journalists like English professors seldom have the time to also be professional his- torians; and we might even grant him (B) especially if the comparison is detailed. But on the basis of (B) Beum has ab- solutely no right to assert since he is an English .profes- sor and not a historian. But (A) and (B) and are irrelevant anyway to the conclusion since the premise (D) is obviously Firecrackers Are Explosives Procrastination kept me from commenting on your naive edi- torial on firecrackers, but now Dr. Hanna has said it for me. Such writing on your part points up the validity of the judgment passed on your editorials in a recent letter from a Professor of English at your university. Firecrackers are not a toy, nor a game; they are an explo- sive, pure and simple and as such, their sale should be strict- ly limilec. As was Dr. Hanna's son, our oldest boy was severely burn- ed on the thigh in 1953 due to firecrackers ign i t i n g in his pocket. The fact that firecrack- ers will ignite with no more provocation than body motion, or perhaps warmth, proves how dangerous they are. In my ef- forts at the time to urge that the sale of firecrackers be ban- ned (they were subsequently banned in Pincher Creek) I re- ceived many letters telling of similar tragedies. I also received a letter from the then Fire Chief of Leth- bridge telling me he was due to attend .a convention of Fire Chiefs in the States and one of the items on the agenda was to be the banning of the sale of firecrackers. Your editors are probably unaware of the num- ber of towns and cities in the United States and Canada which already have this ban, being more concerned with the safety of their citizens than of indulgence in boyish pranks, or Civil Rights. I was surprised to learn from the current talk of firecrackers in Lethbridge that they were not already banned there. There are laws prohibiting the sale of firearms to minors and yet the statistics given by Dr. Hanna for accidents from firecrackers surely must exceed those for guns in the hands of minors. FRANCES G. JACKSON. Pincher Creek. false. If (D) were true Blacks in the U.S. have nothing rea- sonably to- complain about these days since they are better off than they were 100 years ago when they were slaves. That is nonsense. Minority groups and indeed majority groups have plenty to complain about if only because they are not accorded equal treatment. And you don't have to be a historian to iden- tify the injustice of inequality when you see it. You don't have to be a philosopher either. All you need is to have been decently brought up. These are just a few of the utterly pitiful arguments he put forward. Some he did not even have the courage to state out- right as arguments; he used the interrogative mood. But not every sentence that ends with a question mark is a request for information, as every two- bit debating trickster knows. Since his own philosophy and logic arc so rank, Professor Beum is obviously in no posi- tion to assess The Herald's. What is clear from Ms letter though is that The Herald should be embarrassed to have printed such bad writing. For- get about his logic; the letter is rambling and frightfully re- petitious. But then he is an Eng- lish Professor. The university hired him. MICHAEL KUBARA, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, University of Lethbridge. just after the American peace initiative resulted in the Aug. 7 ceasefire along the Suez Canal. Soviet and Egyptian vio- lations of the ceasefire accord have been flagrant and fre- quent. American intelligence of- ficials have to ask themselves not oniy why there were viola' tions, but why they took place so visibly. The answer seems to be that the Russians wanted the Arab world to know they were con- stantly stepping up military pressure. If the peace initiative led to an Israeli withdrawal from the canal, it would then seem to the Arabs that Israel and the United States hacked down because of Russian mus- cle. Improving their own prestige at American expense apparent- ly appealed to the Russians so .much that they were even will- ing to cast into the balance their most important .dealings with this country the arms control negotiations. For the cheating in the canal .zone ob- viously raises doubts about So- viet compliance with any agree- ment reached in the strategic arms limitation talks. And ex- pectations for early agreement on SALT are now plummeting fast here. ;These gloomy forebodings ar.i reinforced when consider- ing what the United States had been doing while the Russians were trying to make hay at American expense. On Sept. 15 the White House announced the president's Mediterranean trip, with special emphasis on his visit to the Sixth Fleet. Two days later in Chicago, the pres- ident told a group of editors that he would be prepared to react militarily if there Was intervention in Jordan by either Syria or Iraq. That warning, though garbled in the American press, was im- mediately picked up and broad- cast to the world by the United States Information Agency and in the next couple of days Am- erican forces in Europe were alerted and the Sixth Fleet was moved eastwards in the Mediterranean. These measures, however, did not have the desired effect of deterring the Russians. The Syrian move came after the president's explicit warning, and in retrospect it is not sur- prising' that his missile-rattling had so little effect. In sober fact, a presidential visit to the Sixth Fleet is an unimpressive gesture. It is hard to see how the fleet could inter- vene in a civil war in Jordan. Even as the president issued warnings, moreover, the Senate was making soothing noises which were known to echo the feelings of both Secretary of State William Rogers and Sec- retary of Defence Melvin Laird. Set against previous crises in the area set against Presi- dent Johnson's stand at the time of the six-day war, not to mention President Eisenhow- er's Lebanon landings the American response this time was weak. The deterrent force was exerted not by the United States but by Hussein's Bedouin warriors and the threat of Is- raeli intervention. This is not to say that the United States is a poor helpless giant. Nor that the general di- rection of the psace initiativa was wrong. On the contrary, there is now fresh evidence that this country cannot achieve its objectives by uni- lateral use of force in the Middle East any more than in Southeast Asia. Diplomacy is required more than ever. But it has to be much more serious in conception, and much more skilful in execution, than the peace initiative which set the Middle East agog this fall. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) LOOKING BACKWARD Lincoln's Speech By' Don Oakley, NBA Service A 107-year old pamph 1 e t unearthed at the Kent Stale University library dis- putes the story that Abraham Lincoln's address on the battle- field at Gettysburg on Nov. 19, was greeted with utter si- lence. The pamphlet indicates that the short speech was inter- rupted no less than five times by applause and was followed by "long continued applause." Lincoln's speech takes up only a half psge in the pamphlet after SO pages of the main ad- dress given by Edward Ever- ett, a former governor of Mas- sachusetts and sccrc t a r y of stale under President Fillmore. According to tradition, no one applauded I, i n c o 1 n's addrcs either because they_ were dis- appointed at its brevity in con- trast to Everett's oration or cause they were stunned by the emotional impact of the presi- dent's simple eloquence. Many people may want lo go on believing the latter. Five in- terruptions for applause in the few mii.utcs it took to deliver the address could only liavc marred its meaning and blunt- ed its effect and suggests that the audience was applauding not the words but the man or the office he represented. Indeed, the rediscovered pam- phlet actually lands new cre- dence to the belief that it was not until after the event, when people had a chance to read Lincoln's words and think about them, that they could begin to appreciate their greatness, THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Tho old landmark which now contains Woods' second hand store has been sold, for The building has been standing in the city since 1888 and when sold1 was in the Henderson estate. The building is near the Hudson Bay store on 5th St. 1930 Another ten thousand dollars is needed to complete the new addition to the Gait hospital the hospital board came before city council with a request for the necessary funds. A bylaw is lo be pre- pared to authorize the expendi- ture of and the board will do some paring where possible. Lethbridge cat given to a farmer at Lucky Strike, made the 84 miles back home in six weeks. The cat had been placed in a sack and the sack placed in the back of a truck for the ride to his new home. 1950 The government's move to free the dollar after jl years of control Was de- scribed as an attempt to fight inflation. The Canadian dollar was quoted today at 93 to cents in terms of U.S. funds. This was an advance from cents last week. _ Premier Khrushchev attacked the United States and its allies and plunged the UN assembly into an uproar be- fore he was gavellcd out of or- der. The Uthbndcje Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LOTHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1054, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member of Tho Canadian Press B nd (he Canadian Dally Newsoaoer Publishers' Association I he Audit Bureau of Circulalloni CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor end Publisher THOMAS K. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Mfinaginci Editor HOY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Editor "THE HERAtD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;