Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - October 1, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta
VOLUME XI. LETHBRmGR. ALBERTA,' TUESDAY,. OCTOBER I, 1918 NTMBEK 2M BULGARIA MAY ATTACK TURKEY CAMBRAI IS NOW BURNING-LILLE IS BEING OUTFLANKED Allies Within Striking Distance of Lille; Allies Gain Momentum/Huns Weaken [Turks Ave Now Sending Out Feelers for Peace-General Allenby Pushes on to Damascus, an Advance of 75 Miles Since Last Week-Allies Making Rapid Progress on the Macedonia Front in Serbia. LONDON, Oct, 1.-(Reuter's)-Reuters agency learns that, according to reliable reports received in London, Bulgaria, regarding the armistice discussion, indicated that she was not adverse to attacking Turkey. Bulgaria, anent this, however, explained that she could only act militarily in cooperation with the allies. TURKEY PUTS OUT PEACE FEELERS LONDON, Oct. I.-"Feelers" have been put out by Turkey for an armistice, the Evening News today says it understands. While these advances are said to be semi-official, no account will be taken of them until an official report is received, the article says. LONDON, Oct. I.-In the region east of Veles, Serbian troops Sunday severely defeated the Bulgarians near Char-^.j^vo, six miles from the Bulgarian border. The Serbian official statement of Monday reports that the Bulgarian forces were cut in two parts. GENERAL ALLENBY REACHES DAMASCUS PARIS, Oct. 1.-Gen. Allenby's troops are now two and a half mile* from Damascus and French cavalry is advancing on Beyrout, according ' to Marcel Hutin, of the Echo de Paris. ___ O------- Press | Paris, Oct, 1.-The allied offensive continued to gain strength and the German resistance to weaken. Yesterday saw another army, that of Gen. Bcrthelot, joining in the chain of battle with a success equal to that achieved by the other groups. His army attacked along the Vesle river, northwest of Rheims. CROSS LYS RIVER It was on the extreme wing of the battle line that the most Important features of the day's operations were to be found. The remarkable advance of the Belgian left covers the flank of the 2nd British army and permits it to advance safely to capture the crossings of the Lys river at Warneton, Comines, Courtral and Metin. Ths British advance guards already hold two crossings and are approaching a third. Once the Lys is crossed, �Gen. Plummer, with his flanks protected, can pu5w boldly toward Escant, between Oudenarde and Tournal, and complete the surrounding of London, Oct. 1.-(Canadian Dispatch from Keillor's.)-Tho Bal-J..ins have, again uphold their reputation as a liiml of omilesn possibilities. This 1b the unanimous verdict of tlio j>re*� on the bewildering rapidity of flio developments. Whilo the situation is hard to follow there can no longer bo any doubt that Bulgaria's surrender means a knocking out "f the keystone of tha wholo edifice of the so-called Kuropcan scheme, the collapse of which will entail tho ruin of tho grandolso Berlin-Bagdad plans, which have lout? dangled befors German eyes as a compensation to the people for tho sacrifices they have made. All writers emphasize that tho arrangement Is purely military and Is illctatod by (he needs of'the present uluiatlon. The allies have no Intention of interforlnK In tlio domestic affairs of the Bulgarians who can keep J'ordinand if they want him, tlio papers agree. Hitherto, there has been no Indication of Turkey'/* altitude, hut with the main lino between eknlln and Constantinople cut and the Danube open Jo the allies, she Is isolated from Germany, except by � round about route, very uncertain, by way of Itou mania or Odessa, which may be block rd any moment. .Moreover, with the Unitarian railways in their possos ion, the allies are able for tho first time to seriously threaten Constantinople anil to roach the (Hack Sua, turning tho-positions In the Ilnrdan-tiles und the Bosphnrous. Mot the smallest offect of Bulgnr la's defection Is tho automatic liberation of two-thirds of Serbia's torrl lory while tho - possession of Uskub ;ivcs the allies a foot ins; on a rail �-ay offering access across 1ho heart �f old Serbia striking direct into Austria. nulgnrlu's attitude toward Austria muses considerable speculation. Ann frla has been comparatively safe on the Belgrade front hitherto and has been able to concentrate the bulk of \hor forces In Austria. With the /'threat of armies from the smith, Aub tria Is faced with the dilemma of Weakening tho Ptavo front with the dead certainty of an Italian onslaught Austria's plight and peril are fully recognized by Germany. Already sug gestions are being mado that tho Germans should shorten thole linn on the west front, evacuating Belgium and Franco to the Mouse line, Austrian Official. Vienna, Sept. 30.-The following statement was issued by the war office tonight: "On I lie Bulgarian front we evaoti mod, after loe.ul engagements, it strip of territory Immediately west of Luko Oehrida. "In tho Italian theatre, we b,nrc fought successful patrol engage-\ Uivuts." Declares Arthur Balfour Talking About Proposed League of Nations. in E 13,000 PRISONERS Pari*. Oct. 1.-French troops this morning were pushing ahead again on the whole front between tho Aisne and Voslo rivers, according to today's war office report. French attacks In the Champagne are continuing, with an important advance scored in the Alsne. Binarvillo and Condele-Audry have boen captured. Tho French have taken more than 33,000 prisoners on the front between tho Sulppe and tho Argonno since Sept, 26, ant) have captured more than ,'SOO guns In tho same period. /A groat number of tho guns were of henvy calibre. The. text of th^ statement reads: . "Our progress was resumed this morning between tho Alsno and the Vesle. "In the Champagne, the French troops continued their attack and com plated their success of yesterday evening. On the right, they made nn important'advance iu the valley of the Alsne, capturing Binarvillo and Condo: lo-Audry. Numerous prisoners wero take and considerable material captured, notably moro than 200 cars of 60 gauge nml numerous cars of standard gauge. , "Slnco Sept. 26, moro than 18,000 prisoners have boon captured between tho .Sulppe and tho Argonne. In the samo period, more than 300 guns, of which a great number wore of heavy calibre, fall into our possession. "During Sept. 18 anil 20, the Belgian and British forces took more thaa !>,'000 prisoners and jnoro than 200 gnus, noma of heavy'calibre as well as a very ""considerable quantity of material. The British army captured Ofi offlcors, 3600 meu and 90 field guns. "British bombing airplanes during the day of Sopt. 28 contributed very greatly to the success of the operations. They bombed with cessation enemy troops, transports and communication lines." the Lille iRoubalx-Tourcoing region, which is even now gravely threatened. GRANDE PRE UNDER FIRE On the extreme right, Gen. Gou-rauad's advance toward Monthois is important because that village is only a mile west of Challerange and the railroad which joins that locality to Apremont has been practically cut. Grande Pre, through which two German sections facing the French and American armies en either side of the Argonne forstt must pass, is under an enfilading tire from French guns. E TILL PEACE CONIES Convention Has Nothing to Do With Political Situation In the Balkans. Loudon, Oct. l.--Tho wrougs of subordinated peoples must, be righted and territories occupied by Germany since the beginning of the war must have complete freedom before a lea gno of nations can bo possible and pence secured to the world, said Arthur J. Balfour, liritlsh foreign secretary at the Guildhall yesterday. He explained President Wilson's recent speech in New York and gave his support to the ideas outlined in it. ".Mr. Hon.ii- Law has dealt with the financial aspect of the striigglo," said Mr. Balfour, "let mo deal with a point of future security. Tho full magnitude of all the issues before mankind is thoroughly realized. America came into the war fully conscious of what those issues wore and very wisely named its great financial effort after the cause which it had at heart, for that cause was liberty of the world. "There is yet another cause not embodied in a name, but present to the hearts of America as to the hearts of British, French and Italians, namely, that if - we failed in this crfsia, not only to win the war, but to seo that such wars do not recur, our task would be but half accomplished." On the centre the German resistance is desperate and progress is naturally slow, but Cambrai, St. Quentin and Lecatelet are to all intents and purposes taken. They have been occupied because of mines. flEPEAT BULGAR MISTAKE Bulgaria made a fatal error which brought about her overthrow. This was her persistence in keeping intact at all costs the "war map." The Bulgars were not strong enough to hold 200 miles of front, served by bad railroads and means of communications, all of which was bound te be cut by the rupture of the cen tre. This is exactly what the Germans are doing on the western front. As Thomason, the military critic, points out, they will not let go of their "pawns" by which they hope to get better terms of psace if they can. This Is why they are launching violent counter-attacks against the allHt at St. Quentin and Cambrai. General Foch Pursues Relentless Attacks All Along West Front-Germans Falling Back in Belgium-May Lose Channel Ports-Fall of St. Quentin Only a Matter of Hours-Will Take Cambrai Soon. MICHEL VOTED TO T London, SeprT Si�.-~ (Delayed.)-The convention which Bulgaria signed yesterday was a purely military arrangement and was ontereil into on behalf, of tho allies by the French and other military commanders. No political problems, are dealt with and the ques tlon of boundaries nipt other arrangements are left to tho peace conference. There has been discussion as to the .status of King Ferdinand und sMgges tions have been made that ho bo de posod. That matter was also outside the slope of the convontion. The governments of the allies take the view that according to their principle of. solf-tletormlnatlon the question of who should bo Bulgaria's ruler Is a question for the Bulgarian people to decide, if such n question urisrs in Bulgaria. Thus it is pointed out, tho allies have given a practical application to the self-determination principle at the first opportunity offered. Tho armistice arranged remains In force until the general peace settlement. No information Is yet at hand hero regarding the part played by King Ferdlnnnd in the latest events-whether he yielded against his will to the sentiment of tlio countcy or whether he saw tho coming storm and took tho lead In tho new policy. The fact that ho pardoned the statesmen who had opposed the entrance of Bulgaria into the war Is interesting, but whether ho did this of his own froo will or-'undor virtual compulsion from tho new premier remains to be seen. Events are marching rapidly and interest is now focused on Turkey. Commences Oct. 9, AH Ovei Canada-Chief Hardy Urges Citizens to Help in view of the fact thaL the fire loss per capita of population in Canada hr.s reached as high as $.'! per annum, tho Dominion Association of Fire Chiefs nt their last annual meeting held In Toronto, inaugurated a Fire Prevention Bureau to aid in the pre vontlon of fires throughout the Dominion, and is -asking tor the heart.-support of all Canadian citizens in tho fire prevention campaign commencing Oct. !)tli. to toduce Canada's tremondous fire loss. That they will recolvo the co-oporation of the wholo country In this worthy project is sincerely hoped an It. will be following up the motto of every good citizen nt tlio present time to "Save nnd Servo." Clilof Hardy Is asking all local citizens to join in tho movement here. LONDON, Oct. 1.-Friederich von Payer, German imperial vice chsn-cellor, has resigned, according to an Amsterdam dispatch to ttje Central News. GERMANS SET FIRE TO CAMBRAI LONDON, Oct. 1.-Under the threat of its speedy capture by the British, the city of Cambrai has been set on fire by the Germans, Field Marshal Halg reported in his official statement today. RAPID PROGRESS IN BELGIUM LONDON, Oct. 1.-Continued progress along the whole front in Belgium yesterday is recorded In the Belgian official statement Issued this morning. The statement says that Amersweld and Oostnieuwkerke have been carried and Belgian troops have crossed the Zarren-Roulers and the Roulers-Menin reads at several places. AT Kcrnie Voted Against-Peculiar Situation in Single Shift Dispute. PROHIBIT USE OF PLATINUM. Washington, Oct. 1.-Use of platinum in the manufacture of jewelry or for other non-essential purposes is prohibited after today by regulations Issued last night,by tho war Industrie.! board. No person, unless u manufacturer or dealer licensed by tho hoa,d, limy purchase or sell platinum, irrl-dUun or palladium or their compounds, or to have In their pnmtosKiou for more than 1)0 days after Oot. 1 moro than June ounce of these ujecalit. Fomle, B.C�, Oct. 1.-Anothsr special mass meeting of Fsrnls miners was held this morning to further consider the government proposal for a strike settlement. F. E. Harrison, assistant director of mines, will arrive from Calgary and give full official Interpretation of the order for resumption of work. Michel miners will be represented here^and in this connection a peculiar situation apparently has developed as between the two ramps. An open vote was taken yesterday and the preposition was rejected. .At Michel a secret ballot was taken and at soon as the Michel officials wers notified of the stand taken her* the tellers in charge of the vote at Michel Immediately announced that the result of the vote taken had been indefinitely withheld. President Biggs made a report of this consummation of negotiations at Michel on Sunday and presented the matter to a meeting here yesterday so the camps apparently received the same information, but apparently they took contrary action on It, REVENUE INCREASES Ottawa, Oct, l,--The internal revenue roturns for the month of September show a not Increase ovor the corresponding month last year of $1,-S53,8!r�, with tho1 total receipts for tho preceding month $4,194,321!. K�-else taxes brought on Saturday night of this week. * The meeting will be held In Knox church. Mr. Boweli is generally credited to bo one of the most gifted speakers In the Dominion. 4 t . British Official. London, Oct. 1.-British tronn Inst n.'ghf; continued their closing-ln movement on Cambrai. They c�ptur?d Provlllc to ine west of the city and Tilloy, close by on the northwest. Field Marshal Haig announced in his official report today. Further south, on the fror.'. between Cambrai and St. Quentin, the town of Vendhuil has been taken piis�e.ssion of by the. British. North of St. Quentin. the British wedge has neon thrust still further into German hold tr..-rl-tory nnd the town of Inivorgfes ha* been captured. The battle was resumed this morning in the Cnmbral-St. Quentin sector. Tho toxt of the statement remW: "Our attack south of St. Quentin continued yesterday afternoon. We captured I.avcrgles after sharp fighting. "Farther north we progressed toward Joncourt and gained possession of Yendhuiie. English and Canadian troops are closing in upon Cambrai and yesterday captured Provlllo and Tilloy in the face of strong resistance. "Cambrai has been sc. on fire by tho enemy. "This morning fighting began again north of St. Quentin and in tho Cambrai sector." Berlin Official. Berlin, Oct. 1.-A supplementary otficial statement issued by the war oftlco late last night raads: "In Flanders, tho day was generally quieter. "Renewed mass attacks by the British against and on both j sides of Cambrai failed with very heavy losses to tho enemy. In the evening, engagements developed west of Leal-olot. "In tho Champagne, Franoh partial attacks were repulsed, as were attacks by Americans oaat of tho Argonne forest." A Pitched Battle, London, Oct. 1.-Garmnn reserves are bolng rushed Into the battle between tho Argonno forest, an I tho Mouse river, whero the Americans aro ongngod, according to ft telegram from tho Mall's correspondent on that front, writing on Monday afternoon. A new German division has been identified In tho fighting and tho enemy is offering the fiercest resistance, llo has apparently decided to make a stand on the Kriemhihl lino . At the moment the telegram was written, the Americans wero fighting what almost resembled n pltehoil battle amid tho ravines, woodc and heights along that sector of tho front. German Story, Berlin, Sept. 30.-Admitting withdrawals by tho Germans in Flanders, but declaring that allied attacks have beon repulsed there on tho numerous sectors, tho official statement issued this evening at tho war offico takes up In detail the fighting further south along tho front. It reads:* "Slxtoon divisions were led by the enemy into the fight against Cambrai and on both sides of the town. In their effort to break through our front there, strong enemy attacks were re peatod eight times north of Cambrai. These attacks broke down before our lines near Suncourt, and were brokon up by successful counter attacks at Tilloy. "In the suburbs of Cambrai, at Keu ville and Cantimpro the enemy gainod a footing. We are standing here on the western outskirts ot the town ho-Wild tho Scheldt river and repulsing vtoleut enemy attacks which are being renewed. Attacks by the enemy In tho canal sector north ot Marcolng collapsed before our lines. This also was the result along .the. Cambrai-Masnleies road. "South ot Marcolng, the enemy forced us back behind tbe canal sector from Masniercs to Creveroour. Willi energy ho attacked our front from (iotinellieti to the south of Belleng-lise. Between flonnellleu and Belli-court we completely drove back repeated enemy assaults. Ylllers-fJuls. lain was retaken. Local breaks in our positions were cleared of the enemy by counter attn'-ks. Divisions1 fighting on the front near Oonnellletl and Vlilfirs-Ctnisluin drove ba ;k with their reserve battalions in a determined counter-attack, the enemy coming against their flunk from the direction of Marcolng. "Between Bolllrourt and Bclleng-Use the enemy thrust forward over the canal. We brought him to a standstill in the evening on the line formed by the northern border of llelli-court and (lie western border of Joncourt and Lcitaucnttrt. Hcgimonts north of Grlcoiirt which had warded off all attacks, had to withdraw their wing to Lehaucourt In the evening. "In the great successful conclusion of yesterday's heavy fighting troops of every German ratv> took an equal part. The British bought their local , successes with very heavy and sanguinary losses. "The enemy forced his way toward our new lines on the Ol.ie-Aisno cannl. We took prisoners here in successful foreflcld fighting. "Between the Sulppe and the Alsne, tho French 'continued their bitter attacks, as did the Americans against, tho eastern border of the Argonne forest and further east toward the Mouse. Tho enomy yesterday brought several new divisions into the fight. "Between Auberive and SomniePy, we repulsed oft-ropeated attacks and southwest of S,ommo-Py wo stopped assaults which wero repeated five-times. Furtjier east, Man re and Ardeuil remained in the enemy's hands. In tho evening, after the repulse of the enemy, we stood on tho lino north of Ardeuil, north ot Sechault and Bou-convlllo. "American forces also Btormed witlt special force ajjalnst the eastern border of Argonne wood and against our front between the wood and tho Mouse. Their assault completely collapsed. On both sides of the Aire vat-ley we took from the enomy Apremont and tho wood of Montrebeau and threw tho Americans back more than a kilometre. "Wo shot down 45 enemy airplanes yesterday." (Continued ok Paqi ) E 25 AIRPLANES Paris, Monday, Sept. 30.-Twenty-five German airplanes wero destroyed by French aviators today, tho war office reported tonight. Bombing squadrons dropped 26 tons of bornhs on conveys and concentration points behind tho enemy front. The statement says: ,"Ou Sept. 3Q, our aviators destroyed and put out of the fight, -5 GermaS airplanes and set fire to two captlvt) balloons. "Twonty-six tons of bombs were dropped on convoys and concentration points behind tho onemy lines, ospecialty on Chullerange, Liry and St. Morton. Thousauda of rounds were fired at the enemy troops by Yrtacte airmeu." 10280? ?6233187 C9/??