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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 1, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta ^AGETFOUR ,JHB LETHBRIDQE DAILY TJERALp Xcthbxibgc t>eraU> DAILY AND WIIKUY i Prsartstora and Publish*!* gMB L�TH�RIDG1 HERALD PRINTING COMPANY, LIMITED tt 6th Sti-Mt South, Lfthbrldg* W. A. Buchanan Pmtdant and Managing Director tafca Torrancs >  Busiaws Xaaasw TELEPHONE* Botiaeii Ottio* ... MUtortU Ottioa ...     UII us* Subscription Rataat Dally, esUvsred, par week -J* Dally, dslivsrsd. par yaar  -.IT* Dally, by mall, per yaar ......*.� Waakly, mall par yaar ... jtVMkly. by mail, jar yaar to TJ.B..11.0S Dataa of axplry of aabaorlpUoea ap> tear dally on addrsti labaL Aeespt-�aoa of piper* cite. expimtifaB dats la ax authority to continua tlta sub-criptioa. "_ THE PROGRESS PF THE WAR Bulgaria officially quit righting at noon, on Monday, thus constituting the first break in the quadruple alliance. Under the terms of. tie armistice JBulgaria is to demobilize her armies tod hand over control of her railways to the entente allies. If this program can be carried oat, it Trill mean the speedy cutting of the Berlin-Constan- ' tlnbple railway, and the virtual shut-ting-off of Turkey from German supply and German aid in man-power, in Which case Turkey, -which even now is but a millstone round Germany's Beck, would be forced Out of. thoTrar. Peace �with"! Bulgaria and Turkey ' yrovld mean the opening of the Dardanelles to the allies.' An early consequence would be the rejuvenation of the Rumanian armies hi Palestine, . Mesopotamia and Egypt and the early reconstruction of a Mirth western front menacing Hungary. Needles to gay Germany and Ana-tro-Hungary are going to put forth a desperate efflnrrt to centralize Bu3-�aria's detection by rushing troops to Bnlgar territory to retain, control of the railways. Monday's dinpaiches told ttat troops are now moving through Sofia, the Bulgarian capital, to reassure the people, hut it 1# quite evident that the Bulgarians want peace, and no matter what-efforts the Germans put'forth the . Bulgarian troops will he useless as a fighting machine during the remainder of the war; Meantime on the west front the Germans have mora than , they can take care of. The Hlndenhurg Una baa been .smashed. The Belgian tfront, which the enemy was holding .weakly, believing Its defenses Impregnable, has been breached by the fcrave little Belgian) army aided ^>y the-British, and Honiara, Mentn and Court mi are practically in Belgian hands for the first time since 1914. Any further withdrawal here would speedily mean the loss not' only of the Important French city of Lille hut also of the ports of Ostand and Zes-brugge. All along the west line where attack after attack is being launched great pieces of French and Belgian territory are being scissored off while Germany has lost in four days over 40,000 prisoners and 1009 guns. It is evident that the Foch strategy of hitting many wMely-scatJered blows simultaneously Is rapidly exhausting the German reserves and an early falling back of the enemy lines to a line from Antwerp to Mets, in order to conserve man-power, may be expected. In Palestine Gen. Allenby is at the gates of Damascus and his hag of prisoners has reached 00,000. .THE EXEMPTION OF THE MENNONITES The Mennonites haven't registered 6, the Herald's first intimation is cor-' reqt and Mr. Filling's assurance hasn't been fulfilled. The Mennpnites are here. They won't register for Military Service in tta country from whioh they came. Vftybe they are all too old. U so, they nifht produoa the evidence. SJjfhose that are of military age should be made to serve. Can we in -Canada, under existing laws, put hem into service. It would appear Hot,- Evan if they are not exempt as . Mennonites, they could claim exemption, as oonsdantious objectors. It tarpjirt of their faith to refrain from l$linng arms. W. D. Scott, the superintendent of Immigration at Ottawa, . i�:j>eing accused of assuring these ... people befors they came to Canada j that-they were not subject to military . service. Mr. Scott, It Tvould appear iaerejy:*ftated( lbs facts, as given to him' by^fhe militia dspartmerit The mJUtfel/depjtftmeat, on- Its .part inter--preted-tte Mllltaty Service Act as it exists today. Now what ii Canada gotag to do .'."aboht it. It can amend the \Act and cut'out all the privileges granted to conscientious objectors and all Men- nonites who have/ come to Canada since the act was passed, for It is clear the act was only Intended to concern the Mennonites who were guaranteed exemption from military service away back in 1873. Even without that amendment it should bo able to use conscientious objectors in' non-combatant service, with military pay. There seems to be, a fairly unanimous opinion that these people should be kept out of Canada altogether. It must not be overlooked that these people are American citizens, and no matter the race from which they originate, Canada under existing laws, cannot keep out American citizens. A difficult feature of the present situation is the outcome of the military service convention between Great Britain and America. By the terms of this convention British subjects resident in.the U. 8. become subject to the draft law in that country while subjects o� the TJ. S. in Canada come under the Military Service Act This distinction should be noted as well as the following trenchant tacts the He-gina Loader elucidates: "Under the draft law of the United States no recognition is given to conscientious objectors, consequently Mennonites in .that country are liable to military service. In Canada, however,' our Military Service Act makes provision for the exemption of conscientious objectors from combatant military service, although they are liable for non-combatant service. 'Thus in the United States a resident and citizen of the Mennonite sect is liable to military service in that country, .hut. if he moves to Canada he is entitled, by virtue of the convention between Great Britain and the United States, to exemption from combatant service, the same as other conscientious objectors in this Dominion. Canada has no power to over' ride that convention. "The only way in which these Mennonites who are coming from the United States to escape military service, could be made to render such service in Canada is for Parliament to amend the Military Service Act by- abolishing the exemptions' accorded conscientious objectors. They are now exempt, not because of the old agreement made by Canada with the Mennonites in 1S73, but because they come'under the class, of conscientious objectors. Wipe out that exemption clause and they become liable,for-servico. "Up to the present time Canada has maintained that a man who honestly believes as a cardinal principle of his religious faith that it is wrong to engage,: In war-'and slay his fellow man should sot be compelled to fight As a.consequence, Mennonites, Douk-hobors, Quakers; and certain ' other sects'are exempt from military service. They are liable to non-combatant service, should they be called up. The question is, should Canada depart from this -^policy.? Government and Parliament must decide. The decision should., not be delayed, and a definite announcement of policy made." ' �  Dlecuesint Oils Mennonite problem the Edmonton Journal says: / A serious mistake was made forty-five years ago in agreeing to exempt from military service the Mennonites who ..were then negotiating with . the Dominion authorities to come, from Russia to settle in Canada. We want no citizens who are not prepared to assume the full: obligations of citizenship. But, though a great deal has been learned- since 18Y8, whatever past claims are based upon the agreement of that year must be respected. The Mennonites take their name from one of the principal exponents of their religious teaching, Menno Simons, and originated In the Netherlands Jn the 16th century. They Booh spread over Europe, and towards, the .end of the 17th century many came to America. About the same time the ' Empress Catherine II. induced a considerable body to go to Russia; making an agreement with them for exemption from military-duty, the performance of which the tenets of their faith did not allow. It was when the Russian government, in 1872 indicated its intention to abolish this exemption that the Canadian . government opened up negotiations with them to come to Canada It was as a result of the agreement which was made the next year, so it is said, that they settled in Manitoba instead of in a western state. In the letter from the ' Dominion department of agriculture to four Mennonite delegates, which is dated July 23,1*78, this is stated in the first clause: "An entire exemption from any military service Is, by law and order-ln-counofi, granted - to the denomination of Christiana called Mennonites.'' On Its face this certainly includes all Mennonites, whether those coming in 1873 and their descendants or those who come later. But as the agreement was being made only with a specific branch of the religious community, those from Southern Russia, in order to induce them to settle in Canada at that particular time, those belonging to other branches can hardly olaim that the country is now breaking faith with them in making them liable to military service. IMPRESSIONS MONEY IN CAMP WASTE In an article on the using of waste articles at salvage depots in. Francis we incidentally mentioned that the Canadian camps in England had a salvage department, under Oapt. A. H. Allen, formerly manager of the Bank of Commerce at Macleod, A little more information about this feature of the service will bring our people to realize that economy is being prac-tised, by the Canadian overseas forces. To me the salvage depots were a revelation. The amount of money saved is surprising. During the one year the salvage depot at Witley haB been in operation, 833,925 has been made out of the waste of the camp. This was made up by the collection and sale of the following.articles., the amount realized- in -British currency being given as well: . Commodity. Approximate Value � s. d Marrow bones ....... 628 16 0 Ordinary bones ...... 236* 0 0 White dripping ...... 3515 0 0 Brown dripping ..... 364 0 0 Cracklings........ 248 17 0 Trap grease ......... 22 0 0 Tea leaves.......... 124 3 !> Rabbits feet....... 12 16 0 Bottles ............. 33 17 9 Fish boxes, large ... 666 0 0 Smoked fish boxes ... 24 14 6 Tea cases ... ......� 51 5 0 Leather clippings ... 3 15 0 Rabbit crates....... 91 11 0 Horse hair ......... 42 0 0 Jars...... .......... 5 . 7 3 Head.............. 20 13 0 Iron, mixed .....---- . 30 19 0 Waste paper (controlled price) ......... 276 - 0 0 Rags, mixed.......... 740 0 0 Rope.............., 3 0 {J Rubber............. 3 10 0 Sacks, various ... . 1053 a 3 Canvas sacking ____. 96 5 0 Rabbit skins ... 1722 9 0 Tin ....... .......... 275 0 0 Wire.............. S 0 0 Meat wrappers ...... 520 0 0 Swill disposals .. .. 2500 0 0 Manure disposals .... 1349 12 6 Total value of salvage for Witley Camp �16,785 17 0 Or ....... . $33,925 ^ Salvaging of waste is practised a^l over France and Britain and the aggregate amount realized in a year would run, undoubtedly, to a million dollars or more. After the war we will find more general practice of this form of economy throughout Canada. Our waste of all sorta--of articles at present, is tremendous. The era of the junk dealer in western -Canada especially, should be close at hand. ' Capt Allen smilingly remarked when complimented on. the. result of his efforts at Witley, that he thought the junk business would be a lucrative', after the war occupation. C. N. R. EARNNGS , Toronto, Sept 28.-Net earnings of the C. N. R. for the month of August, 1918, are $499,160, a decrease of $93,-600, from those of the same month last year. The increase in the gross earnings for the same .month was $528,000, the decrease In net earnings being caused by the heavy increase in operating expenses. Aggregate net earnings from July 10 to date showed a decrease of $7.21,800 in comparison with the same' period 61 last year. A dispatch from Saskatoon makes this announcement: The "old colony" Mennonites of Manitoba and Saskatchewan havo decided at their, convention at Hague, Saak., to send a delegation to the Argentine government with a view to transferring their colonies to South American soil. They have been antagonized by the enforcement of the new. school attendance act in Saskatchewan. "Before taking any definite step, they will interview the provln cial and Dominion governments to ascertain if they will be allowed to leave Canada. There are about' �0,000 Men nonltes in Canada, according to official figures compiled in 1903. There is some cheer in this statement but not for Alberta. We understand the colonies coming here announce their willingness' to accept our school laws and regulations, including the teaching of the English language. Out school laws, of course, would include ; compulsory attendance at school. Provided they adhere to this understanding, we cannot object to them on that ground, at any rate. Time will tell. Certainly they .need not expect to break -our school laws. They must observe them to the letter, otherwise they will find life very uncomfortable for them in,- Alberta. If they want to live in peace and happiness here they must observe all our laws and defend the country that protects them, when It is in danger. The food1 board will set prices for . Geo: Lynch, a Blackle tarmer, died fish this winter. \ suddenly, Dr. Tofleld, after whom the town of Tofield, Alberta, was named, is dead. Henry Craig, Bosanquot township, was instantly killed while trying to put a belt on his threshing engine, Both his anus were torn off and nearly *all his clothes, and ohe leg was broken. -A hero of the Boer war died at Kingston in the person of Lieut-Col. Joseph A. C. Hudon, C. M. G. In the South African war he commanded "0" Special Battery, which relieved Mate-king after a long enforced walk. The congregation of Knox church. Grand Forks, has extended a unanimous call to Rev. Hillis Wright of Cranbrook. . Mr. Wright has not yet decided whether he will accept but has it under consideration. The Rev. H. A. Haddon of Champion has received a call, from the Reformed Episcopal church at New Westminster, B. C., and will leave to take up his new' duties within the next few days. It is said that J. A. Ellis, ex-M.P.P., of Ottawa! is being appointed to the Ontario Railway and Municipal Board, and will be replaced as Registrar of the Division Court there by C. A. Blanchet, an Ottawa lawyer. Bronze coffins, rich shrouds and trappings and all but the simplest settings are to be eliminated in fliberals after Oct. 1, according to an announcement at the fourth annual convention of. the California Funeral Directors' Association. Rev. A. K; Scott of Prince Edward county has accepted a call to -the pastorate of the First Baptist church of Perry, Ohio, thirty miles east of Cleveland.. * Mr. Scott has held the pastorate in Prince Edward, one at Ailisonville and two at Picton. With the ,.object of publishing a daily paper devoted to the interests '; of the farmers of Ontario, the Farmers' Publishing Company, Limited, has been incorporated under the pro > visions of the ("Ontario Companies' The old Trappist Monastery at Tra-cadie, N.S., has been sold. Policemen in Quebec City at the present, time receive between $14 and $16 a .Week, while the firemen's wages vary -between $14 and $18. Fourteen policemen have resigned. A farmerette returned to Peterboro with a surplus of 20 cents. Her earnings came to $30.02. She paid $18 for board, $7 for railway expenses; $4.25 for uniforms and 75 cents for 'phone calls. > � ' President Wilson asks prompt passage by Congress of the Emergency Power Bill, authorizing Government control and.v extension of �electrical .plants and the provision of $175,606,660 for the' purpose.  At South Slocan, B.C., it is reported that the season's fruit crop is the largest ever "known there,- with a great abundance of stone fruits. These and apples and pears are now being sent out in large quantities. At London, Ont.\ Pte. William Howie, of the Canadian Ordnance Corps, a night guard at one of the warehouses in which army supplies are held,, was sentenced to three years in Kingston Penitentiary for stealing a large quantity of Government goods. Hons Arthur Meighen, minister of the interior, has ordered that any guano deposits which are discovered in western Canada should be reserved and developed by the government. One deposit has been located on Pelican island, Lake Miquelon, Alberta, which it is estimated is worth from $750,000 to $1,500,000. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1918 MalDSB "LACK PLANT SEIZED BY CENSOR Closed - for Offensive Articles Reflecting on Britain � and Allies Ottawa, :'Seph 80.-Acting upon a warrant Issued ' by : the secretary of state, under ihb; authority of the consolidated  orde'rs- respecting censorship, Capt;.Carter, acting for the chief commissioner of police, placed under seizure the. office and plant of La Croix, a Weekly .newspaper published and edited by Joseph Begin at 25 St. Gabriel streof, Montreal. The issue \ of1 Saturday was just ready to go,to press,, but. the printing was stopped and the premises placed under lock and My. Col. Chambers, the 'chief press censor for Canada, explained today that since September, 1915, La Croix has been receiving attention from the press censorship authority. . Numerous objectionable articles have appeared from time to time reflecting upon Great Britain and her allies in connection with the prosecution of the war, containing false and misleading statements and deliberately misrepresenting the attitude of neutral powers with a view apparently to disaffection. Col. Chambers emphasized the fact that the suppression of the weekly is not due entirely to objectionable articles recently published, but to the continued open defiance of the censorship regulations and to persistent attempts extending over a period of many months to divide the people of Canada In the paramount'-Issue connected With the prosecution of the war. IN JAP CABINET Washington, Sept. 30.-Kelhara, one of the leaders of the great Seiyukahi party, has been appointed premier of the new Japanese cabinet, succeeding the Terauchl administration. T.A. Who Are Tying Up Land In thO West Needed For Soldier. . Settlement . Ottawa, Sept. 30.-The land hogs who aro tying up the fertile;territory along the railways of- the west came in tor some attention by Hon. T. A. Cre/ mr, minister of agriculture, who wa* the speaker at the Sunday, night con* cert of the G;W.V,A. last night in the; Dominion Theatre, He condemned the policy of allowing Canada's natural resources to he made the football of speculators and said it was one problem to make this land accessible to the people. He said the timber Industry would have to be developed and It was pretty near time to consider reforestation. In discussing the high cost of living, Mr. Crerar avowed himself ani advocate of the co-operative system. He placed himself on record as being not only in favor Of government ownership and railways, but government ownership of telegraphs and express companies. Referring to the need for increased revenue, he predicted a national debt after the war of $2,000,000,000 and to pay thiB, the Interest, the pensions and other war. expenditures, Canada would have to have an annual revenue of $300,000,000. The only way to get this was by bigger population and more capitalization of natural resources. BUY YOUR LADIES' BOOTS AT THE HUDSON'S BAY SHOE SALE 1 Act, with an authorized capital $500,000. of United States cost of living investigators of the bureau of statistics now working the provincial cities, reported that costs in Philadelphia have increased 67.17 per cent since December, 1914. Clothing increased 108.12 per cent in cost; furniture, 105.76 per cent; food, 6S.09 per cent; housing, 9.69 per cent and fuel and light 31.65. Writs were issued for the by-election^ in the Grouard district, for which nomination is to be held on October 14, and the election on October 21. The elevation of the member, Hon. Jean L'. Cote, to-the cabinet, necessitates an election in this constituency and it is being -held at the earliest possible opportunity. . . Some difficulty ig being experienced by the railway companies in getting their fireguards t plowed on the lines out of Edmonton and elsewhere in Alberta. The work was supposed.to have been done, under orders from the railway commission, by/August 16, but the shortage of men has been found such a serious handicap that only a small proportion of it has so far been completed. The administration of the. factory act .has been transferred by order-in-council to the 'attorney-( general's department. It has heretofore been under Premier Stewart as President of the executive douncil, with! Deputy Attorney General Browning as chief administrative officer, but the new regulation now attaches it to Hon. J; R. Boyle's department. Lieut. John W.; McCormick, one of the original Princess Pats, and a veteran of three years' fighting, including St. Elol and Vimy, was arrested as an idler. Despite his protestations he was taken to Vancouver jail, where later he was released upon $100 cash bail. Returning tp his home, Lieut. McCormick, greatly agitated, went to bed. He is now numbered among the missing, leaving shoes, coat and hat in the house. An investigation is demanded by the veterans. The Same Fine Tailoring As Before The War Fortunate for you, who like well cut and well tailored clothes, that Fit-Reform, built up their organization around men whose skill comes from years of experience. These experts, who have grown up with Fit-Reform and kept abreast of every Fit-Reform advance, ar.e upholding the Fit-Reform standard of tailoring and main- % taining the Fit-Reform guarantee of quaUtyV So-when you choose a Fit-Reform -Suit or Overcoat you have the pleasant satisfaction of knowing that the intimate -workmanship on which wear and shapeliness depend, is the same dependable tailoring that you have always associated with Fit-Reform. 268 McKELVIE & McGUIRE LETHBRIDGE AT Relieves Rheumatism/Lumbago, Neuralgia, Toothache, Earache, Sore Throat It stops the pain - and act? quickly. Not a new product-but a time-tried family remedy-made and sold for over 40 years. Equally effective in cases of sprain, swollen joints, lame back, cramps in the stomach, ahd other painful ills. Has a hundred uses' 1 Saves needless pain 1 Buy it today-always have it handy-use it according to directions on jeir^blar, in package. At dealers or write us. HIHST REMEDY COMPANY, Hamilton.Canada. (Also makers of Hirst's Family Salve, Hirst's Syrup pf Horehound and Elecampane, for coughs and coldi.) 840735 5966 ;