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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 30, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, Novvmbtr 30, THE LE.HBRIDOE HERALD People of the south By Chris Stewart Southern Alberta's "Mr. THE VOICE OF ONE Dr. Frank S. Morley It's impossible to equate Christmas with commer- cialism after attending a carol jstival directed by Arthur lingsley Rutland. The com- monplace selling or buying of -ifts to commemorate the Doming of the Christ child appears crude compared with 'ie wonder of the Nativity iortrayed by this great musician. Seated at the con- sole of the memorial organ at louthminster United Church e fills the seat lomed-sanctuary with such najestic choral sounds it's ike standing in awe shadowed y the giant Redwoods or at the colors of a >lazing sunset. To whisper as 5 directs such carols as "0 oly Night" and "0 Come All ie Faithful" would be un- "linkable. It calls for hushed Attention and has been thus since this organist, direc- or and composer organized "ie city's first Rotary spon- sored carol festival 28 years ago. Brides to be, engaging lim for wedding ceremonies, soon learn this Christian musician abhors the "Bridal Chorus" taken from a pagan jpera and simply refuses to jlay it. Instead he chooses eethoven's "Joyful, Joyful" ur Bach's "Jesu, Joy of Man's Purce.ll's 'Trumpet Tune" or the 'Processional March" by Dr. W. H. Harris, organist of ..indsor's St. George's Chapel. He plays as the spirit moves him, he says, always -onfers with the officiating minister prior to wedding and if possible, -grees to the bride's suggestions. But should the >rincipal's tastes seem un- stable he simply plays lumbers of his own choice. After he explained, "a wedding is a sacred ceremony and the music used should be n keeping." Born in Hawkhurst, Kent, .ngland, in 1896, he became nown as St. Leonard's "Boy jrganist" at age 14 following is first public organ recital at St. Leonard's on Sea. 'ollowing his debut he was in lemand for similar perfor- ances in such centres as lunbridge Wells, Hawkhurst later London. With a amily two manual organ at iis disposal, a gifted musical mother (nee Marian Richard- son) and his father (Charles lecimus) joining in family ymn sings, this young English protege of Fraled H. allett, (FTCL, ARCO) had a 'lowing musical start at age ;ight, even before his father milt him foot rests so he could each the organ pedals. eginning his training on Mr. allet's basement pipe organ ind soon graduating to the "iree manual church console e acted as server, lit the ?hurch candles and even pull- ed out organ stops for the Teat master while observing iis movements, expression -nd interpretation so closely ie can still remember his per- ormance in minute detail. Emigrating to Canada in 1915. at age 17. and named summer supply organist at Calgary's Knox church, he was organist and choir master at Edmonton's McDougall's Methodist church and a ieacher of organ, piano and theory at Alberta College while he attended the Univer- sity of Alberta. He first visited Lethbridge in 1923 as an executive member of the provincial Music Festival Federation and was among the first to give a recital on the war memorial organ in the J of A's Convocation Hall on April 28.1929. After university graduation in 1924 (ex Gover- jor General Roland Michener and Judge L. S. Turcotte were students He completed iis MA in 19291 he was named organist and choirmaster of "ort William's Wesley United Church where his successful jstabhshment of the city's irst school music program ?d to his appointment as the -cbool music director from 930 to 1943 As honorary president of Thunder Bay's Teacher's In- stitute, founder of the Northwestern Ontario Music "estival Association in 1927 and twice adjudicator of the Uiicagoland Music Festival 1936 and 39381. plus his choral Terformances at Rockefeller at the University of rtiicago and with the Eastman Symphony, his as an organist and rhoir director reached inter- aticmal status by 1934 when iis Wesley choir was chosen ,o represent Canada at Chicago's Century of Progress It was conducting the choir honoring the Fort William visit of King George VI and the Queen Mother in 1938 that highlighted his illustrious career. Carefully selecting and training 150 students from both the public and separate schools he led his massed choir in "Land of Hope ana Glory" when the King and Queen stopped in front of the flag decked grandstand while a hushed crowd looked on. The 85 member Duluth Symphony Orchestra played his composition "Strong in Heart" when he directed the Lakehead choir at the Prince of Wales arena concert that evening. Coverage was given over 70 radio stations and carried throughout the British Empire via short wave. It was both a memorable event for Fort William and Arthur Putland. Thousands of American motorists jamming the city for the colorful royal visit, recognized the famous conductor from his six earlier appearances with his Wesley choir in such American centres as Duluth and Minneapolis. His 1937 cantata "Ode to Canadian Confederation" set to the poem of Sir Charles G. D. Roberts and broadcast over CBC two consecutive years, preceded his 1938 musical spectacular Rotary's Increasing Pur- pose" commemorating the 25th anniversary of Rotary International, performed in Chicago under his direction. He contributed to and edited the musical anthology, "The Singing Period" still in use in Ontario's schools and compos- ed many church introits and anthems. He studied under the late Dr. Melius Christiansen of St. Olaf's College, Northfield, Minnesota and Canada's most prominent church musician, Dr. Healey Willan of Toronto and sub- stituted summers for Dr. H. A. Fricker organist at Toron- to's Metropolitan United Church. While on summer holiday in 1944 he was invited to play the Wesley church organ with his blushing bride admiring him from the pew within an hour of his Sunday morning wedding to Verna Rogers (alto member of his choir, deceased earlier this year) whom he married quiet- ly in the minister's vestry, just prior to the service. When he accepted the posi- tion of organist and choir- master at Southminster United Church in Sept. 1943 he brought to Lethbridge the same excellent musicianship and community spirit that had distinquished his eastern career. He was named organist emeritus upon his retirement after 30 years a very rare (there are only four in When his Southminster choir staged the operetta "My Lady Jennifer" in 1952 and two years later the Gilbert and Sullivan operetta "MMCS Pinafore" starring Jim Cousins as Captain Stewart and Sir Joseph Porter, respec- tively, there was standing room only. He took his choir to Great Falls' Congregational Church in conjunction with Canadian Days and to Waterton's Prince of Wales Hotel as part of the annual Waterton Glacier international peace park assembly. He directed the first western performance of "Puer Natus" a Christmas pastoral composed by David H Williams and the United Church pageant "Triumphs of the Faith" a pictorial produc- ed by Toronto's Denzil G. Ridout with music arranged by Sir Ernest MacMillan. Staged at the Sports Centre, it was under the auspices of the South Alberta Presbytery in conjunction with the United rhurch Exposition. There are many like Professor Jim Cousins who credit him with giving them a chance to sing. "I owe a lot to Arthur Putland." said Dr. Cousins, bass member of his Southminster choir. "I had never had a vocal Jesson but he gave me a chance to sing solos and trained me to do it. He encouraged me." When the Lethbridge Junior College opened in September, 1957 he was named to the one man music department, was elected president of the city's Overture Concert Association in I960 and later appointed lecturer in the U of L's music department for which he 'received a special citation when he retired last year. President of the Lethbridge branch. Alberta Registered Music Teachers' Association and past provincial president nf the Canadian of Music Teachers, he is an honorary member of the Royal College of Organists, London (recommended by Sir William McKie, organist and master of choristers at West- minster Abbey) and a Fellow of both Trinity College ot Music (London, England) and the Canadian College of Organists. He is a past TPGM, Scottish Rite, AF and AM. a member of the Ed- monton Consistory of the Scot- tish Rite of Canada; past thrice Puissant Grand Master of Perfection Lodge, a founding member of both the Rose Croix and Perfection Lodge (Lethbridge) and the proud owner of 50 year jewels from both the Blue Lodge and Scottish Rite Masonry. An active Rotarian, whom Dr. Cousins claims wouldn't miss a meeting, even in Istanbul (he had a 48-year perfect attendance record) and a member of Rotary International, he attended the Australia convention in 1970. As president of the city's Inter Faith committee, he would like to see this group reactivated. Engaged now in indepen- dent studies and believing that Bach was more a romanticist than a baroque musician, par- ticulary in his vocal and choral work he would like to see the U of L's music department's staff and programs enlarged. Like so many great artists he is modest, soft spoken and self effacing. Except for constant probing I wouldn't have learn- ed of his contribution to Alberta music circles (his surprise at being interviewed for this article indicates his He has played the Mormon Tabernacle organ at Salt Lake City; given an early morning recital on the French Cavalle organ in Moscow's Tchaikovsky conservatory; played one of the two identical consoles at St. George's Chapel, Windsor and the beautifully crafted organ in Westminster Abbey on the in- vitation of organists Sir William McKie and Dr. Oswald Peasgood (both of whom played for him at Southminster) and has been presented to the Queen twice. But despite hjs broad travels and acclaim he finds his greatest satisfaction right here in Lethbridge, like the thrill he received the evening Metropolitan Opera star Jan Peerce, featured at Southminster, asked him to accompany his pianist Warner Bass. When Mr. Putland (completely unrehearsed) commanded the organ the tenor lifted his glorious voice in "If With All Your Hearts" from Elijah by Mendolssohn. Another great pleasure is directing the annual carol festival, slated this year for December 16, when everyone will Join in the singing of Christmas music. Arthur Putland believes the glory of music endures in the human soul; that music is praise, prayer and aspiration; that some human needs ex- pressed in melody could never be told in mere words. For in- stance, the shepherd boy with reed pipes who makes sweet, mournful music expressive of his need of protection; the mother holding her baby close who croons a prayer for her child and the youth, starting out in life who sings his prayer of confidence. When U of L music professor Dean Blair dubbed him, "Mr. Music of Southern Alberta" it was evi- dent he knew him well. A.K. Putland Book review Who owns the undersea resources? "The Control of the Sea Bed" by Evan Luard (Heinemann, 298 pages, distributed by This book, written by a former British Labor member of Parliament, deals with the ownership and control of the valuable natural resources that lie in the two thirds of the earth's surface beneath the sea. As mineral and fuel resources on land diminish, as they appear to be at an alarm- ing rate, the problems ex- amined by Evan Luard in The Control of the Sea-Bed become every day more im- portant. The wealth lying beneath the ocean's floor is now technically within man's grasp. Petroleum resources have been snatched from beneath the bed of the Gulf of Mexico for decades. Oil is also flowing from the Santa Bar- bara channel off the Califor- nia coast and the Norwegians are harvesting a bonanza from the depths of the North Sea. Britain hopes within a few months to have producing wells off the east coast of Scotland. Luard gives an interesting account of the historical background and the efforts of governments to formulate legislation to help control such matters as underwater boundaries, the rights of ex- ploration, pollution and military activity in the area The author believes that un- less the nations solve the problems connected with the harvesting of the natural resources lying under the oceans of the world, they may become the main cause of future international conflicts. This book is recommended for those who desire a better background knowledge of the control of underwater natural resources. The problems dis- cussed by Luard are appear- ing more frequently in the dai- ly press. ERNEST MARDON Roman historical novel "The Legate's Daughter" by- Wallace Breem (Victor Gollancz Ltd., 286 For anyone who enjoys historical fiction I suggest this book. The setting is Rome in the year 24 B C. The Romans still ruled most of the civilized world The mam character is- Curtius Rufus who is a very capable man. able to handle himself in most situations. However his drinking and gambling habits keep him from holding a job for any period of time The ex- centurion, who also has his way with women, lives by his wits Curtius is suspended from his job at Rome's waterworks after he arts without authori- ty to repair a broken aqueduct He prevents 2 dis- aster but his superior who scorns Curtius's way of life doesn't see it tha! way and suspends him Augustus is the emperor in 24 B C and ability attracts the attention of Augustus's chief lieutenant. Marcus Agrippa Agrippa commissions furtius to rescue the niece of a powerful Roman senator who's been kidnapped bv pirates The odds of succeeding are almost impossible but Curtius sets off for Africa to try to rescue the legate's daughter. Although the book is a little lacking in exciting parts and the climax is weak the characters are good and Wallace Breem tells a good story set in a fascinating period of history. KEN ROBERTS Books in Brief "The Craftsman's Survival Manual'" by George and Nancy Wctilaufer, (Prentice Hall of Canada, Ltd., pages, Anyone wishing to make a living at crafts should have some business knowledge. Two successful craftsmen give all necessary infor- mation includes getting started, keeping records. pricing, selling at shops and shows, and publicity Although the lax section is applicable only to U S residents, other material is useful here Because of the many specific examples relating to pottery the book will be of special interest to the potter ELSIE MORRIS Buddhist way of enlightenment Disgusted with the confusion and madness of modern life, it is not surprising that Buddhism, presenting a way of detachment from the ignorance and sorrow of the world, of emancipation from desire, of renunciation of worldly goods and fleshly appetites, should have vast appeal to youth. The great wars, the degradation of Nazi Germany, the corrup- tion of affluent Western civilization, and the atomic bomb, have disillusioned them. Dur- ing the Opium War in 1840 Gladstone stated in the British parliament that the Chinese, regarded as pagans and semi civilized, had justice on their side and the Western Christians had not. The British envoy, Lord Elgin, reflected "bitterly of those who for the most selfish object are trampling underfoot this ancient civilization." Such a commen- tary could be multiplied a hundred times since. Buddhism has an appealing refinement and urbanity, a way of life that has endured 2500 years, a quest for wisdom and truth that has led mankind to what some claim to be the highest peak of cultural and artistic achieve- ment in human history, and a way of spiritual salvation which has strong appeal to the Western intellectual. Rabindranath Tagore, profoundly respected in the West, embodied a humanist blend of East and West with his teaching of the humanity of God and the divinity of man which caught the imagination of many. Gandhi, profoundly respected in the West, admired Buddhism and strongly criticized Christianity. Men like Keyserling, Schopenhauer, Taine, Renan, and the Theosophical movement and its group with Annie Besant, brought wide attention to Buddhism. Moreover great efforts were made to ac- commodate it to Western and other Oriental thought. Thus T'ai Hsu claimed that "Mayana religious philosophy is the sole philosophy which agrees with science. He maintained that Buddhism alone taught a faith which held out the hope of world brotherhood and peace. Buddhism is in fact a conglomerate of many conflicting systems. In Japan it was wedded to Shintoism and Con- fucianism. It borrowed much from Christianity especially in the social and educational fields. In countries like Ceylon and Burma it became an expression of ar- dent nationalism. Buddhism some strong contradictions for on one hand it is a doctrine of irrespon- sibility in which no man is responsible for his neighbor or for the improvement of society, but only for himself. Every man carves his own destiny. On the other hand it is a way of compassion for in preaching the word mankind is blessed: "Go ye forth on your journey, for the profit of many, for the bliss of many, out of compassion for the world, for the profit, the bliss of mankind." The Four Noble Truths taught by Gautama Buddha were 1 The universality of suf- fering 2. Desire causes suffering and belongs to the unreal and greedy self: 3. Abolish suf- fering by quenching desire. 4. Follow thp Middle Way of the Eightfold path Right Knowledge, Right Thought, Right Speech, Right Conduct, Right Employment, Right Ef- fort, Right Mental Discipline, and Right Meditation. Hence the simple formula repeated by Buddhists. "I take refuge in the Buddha; I take refuge in the Dharma I take refuge in the Sangha The religious Order is not a church and Buddhism has no consistent philosophy or theology. Buddhism believes in reincarnation in which virtue is rewarded and vice punished. The way to the three treasures of the formula is only gained by faith and concentration in the Buddha. Conduct is to be governed by the five precepts- 1 Abstain from taking life; 2. Abstain from taking what is not given; 3. Abstain from improper sex. 4 Abstain from falsehood; 5 Abstain from in- toxicants Buddha desired an extreme simplicity of religion, but the gods and a maze of mystical elements of speculation coupled with a monotonous ritual and endless repetitions have developed. Buddha sought happiness and the betterment of life and all that did not contribute to this end was abhorrent. The Seven Buddhas' Gatha instructed, "Keep away from all evil, Do all good. Purify your mind by yourself. This is the teaching of all Buddhas." It was thus a doctrine of self-help but the idea of "a great cosmic helper" or saviour came in through the doctrine of Bodhisatvas, enlightened, perfected, reincar- nated Buddhas. After Gautama Buddha's death he became a deity in practice if not in theory. Shrines or stupas have been built to house the relics of Buddha which are visited by pilgrims to obtain merit One wonders what Buddha would have said about this' The life of Buddha, with its renunciation of a prince's palaces one for winter, one for summer, and one for the rainy season and all the luxury of his life, as well as a young wife and child, while he himself was still only 29 years' old, for that of a wandering monk, reminds one of the disillusion of the writer of Ecclesiastes, "Vanity of vanities, all is Only Buddha found the blessed life: the writer of Ecclesiastes never did One wonders, however, if he truly found it: since there was One who said, "I am the Way. the Truth, and the Life; no man cometh unto the Father but by me." Did Gautama Buddha find another way to salvation? Putting it off until tomorrow By Richard Needham, Toronto Globe and Mail commentator Winston Churchill, 1936 at best, ignored; at worst, reviled and ridiculed. The Nazis were solidly entrenched in Germany, and were quickly rearming to get revenge on Bri- tain and France for the humiliating Treaty of Versailles. Churchill tried to tell the British that they too must rearm nip Germany, so to speak, in the bud. But the British weren't listening. Perhaps one couldn't blame them for that; they were drained by the First World War, weighed down by the depression and un- employment that followed the war. anxious for peace. And didn't their own Conservative government assure them there would be peace, that Hitler meant no harm? Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin knew perfectly well Germany was growing uncomfortably strong, but he wouldn't (ell the voters that, he assured them ail was well, and thus kept himself and his colleagues in power. A stitch in time saves nine. Had the British people listened to Churchill, had Baldwin himself told them the bleak truth, they (and the French) would have had the mild pain of rearming. Spared that pain, they had the dis- grace of Munich and all the horrors of the Se- cond World War the "unnecessary war." as Churchill liked to call it, and he was right; it was the fault quite as much of British and French procrastination as of German aggression. They put off the evil day and plenty evil it turned out to be. It was not ever thus. That celebrated historian. Arnold Toynbee. pointed out in a recent London Observer that the Englishman of a century ago looked far ahead. He saved, planned, invested for the long term. His rulers were men like Disraeli, Gladstone. Palmerston, who used British industrial and military power to advance Britain's long- term interests. But somewhere around 1900 (the era> of the demagogic Lloyd England changed. H became a short-term country, managing from week to week, muddling through winning the last battle, perhaps, but losing all the ones that went before it. It should have been obvious around 1910 that Imperial Germany was spoiling for a war. Yet Britain went into the 1914-18 conflict unprepared, same thing with the 1939-45 conflict. Mr. Toynbee calls this "waiting till the 13th hour a dangerous game, which can be played once too often, with disastrous results for the Britain's playing this game today, not in the military sense, but in the economic one. Like Wilkins Micawber. she's living from hand to mouth, beyond her means, in the hope that something (North Sea oil? Arab loans9 German will turn up. Mr. Toynbee says, "Being paid by the week conditions the British wage earner to look no more than one week ahead. It inclines him. in fact, to be a 13th-hour man. But. in present- day circumstances, if industry is to be made to produce any livelihood for anyone at all. the last word in its management has to lie with people capable of looking ahead, not just one week, but many years, and many decades, and who have the self restraint to subordinate present enjoyment to future sur- vival." The people of North America are. I think, in the same boat. Rather than suffer or sacrifice a little bit now. they're preparing the way for an economic slump in which they will be required to suffer and sacrifice a great deal more. Senator William Fulbright of Arkansas said "History casts no doubt at all on the ability of human beings to deal rationally with their problems, but it casts the greatest doubt on their will to do so It is one of the perversities of human nature that people have a far greater capacity for endur- ing disasters, than for preventing them, even when the danger is plain and imminent Well, dear reader, how do you feel about if Would you rather work an extra hour now. or an extra day a year from now or perhaps not be working at all? Would you rather pay a dollar for a gallon of gasoline today, or two dollars a year from today" Would you rather start saving of your own accord or eventually 4 New Zealand. Israel i be compelled to dr> ON THE USE OF WORDS Bv Theodore M. Bernstein The cnrions few. The word few has some peculiarities and E. H Earthrowl of Montreal calls attention to one of them He notes that when a precedes few. it changes almost meaning Used by itself, the word has a negative connotation He had few regrets about leaving the city But preceded by a. it takes on a positive con- notation "He had a few regrets about leav- ing the city The word becomes even more positive if the negative word not is placed ahead of it "He had not a few regrets about leaving the city (But that sort of thing is not uncommon, it is a rhetorical figure called litotes, an understatement in which an affir- mative is expressed by using the negative of the opposite) And, of course, quite a tew makes the word still more positive Another peculiarity of few is that when it is preceded by the singular article a. it nevertheless takes a plural verb "Only a few were on hand for the ceremonies Confewsmg. isn't if Word oddities. Putting cart before the horse sounds like something preposterous and that is just about what preposterous means It comes from the Latin prae. before. and posterns, after or following, and in rouch translation means the after coming ahead of Ihe before Such an inversion is clearh out of order, it is ridiculous, it is preposterous. ;