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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 30, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 8 THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD Saturday, November 3u, 19.4 The Herald Religion St. Andrew remembered Members, leaders and families linked to 8th Lethbridge Sea Scouts will gather Sunday for a St. Andrew's Day observance. Honoring the memory of Scotland's patron saint, the boys will share in 11 a.m. worship at the Salvation Army Citadel, 1302 4th Avenue S. The speaker will be Maj. Fred Halliwell, Alberta divisional youth secretary for the Salvation Army. Sunday's program is part of the second annual Sea Scout conference conducted here by 8th Lethbridge. Representatives from Scouting groups in Calgary and Red Deer will also par- ticipate. St. Andrew's Day is Nov. 30. Scots identify their patron saint with the New Testament fisherman and follower of Jesus. St. Francis Xavier venerated NEW DELHI (Reuter) The body of St. Francis Xavier, an intrepid Jesuit missionary who lived more than 400 years ago, was exposed for public veneration in India on Saturday, per- haps for the last time. The exposition in Goa, the former Portuguese enclave on In- dia's west coast, was inaugurated with a Roman Catholic pon- tifical mass. Church authorities in Goa have said that the present ex- position may be the last because the body shows signs of deterioration. The exposition will last till January. The Press Trust of India news agency reported that the body looks more like a clay figure with cracked skin exposing the skull and bones at various places. Thousands of people from India and abroad have arrived in Goa to pray at the feet of the saint. Records show St. Francis travelled in India and other parts of Asia between 1542 and 1552, when he died on the south coast of China. His body was later brought to Goa by his followers. He was canonized in 1622. Prostitutes 'need religion' VATICAN CITY (AP) A cardinal said this week that prostitutes urgently need religion and suggested that women be employed to carry the gospel to them. Evangelizing prostitutes will be difficult and dangerous, Peri- cle Cardinal Felici, an influential Italian member of the Roman curia, told the general assembly of the Synod of Bishops. Pope Paul presided at the session. Cardinal Felici suggested that women would be more effec- tive in such a mission because they know femine psychology better than men. He portrayed prostitution as a social calamity spreading because of permissiveness by civil authorities. BEREAN CHRISTADELPHIANS 633-7th Street South Sunday Service Lecture Wednesday Class Subject for Sunday p.m. "PARADISE RESTORED ON THE EARTH" Speaker: Mr. A. Bennett BETHEL BAPTIST CHURCH 716 23 Street North (Phone 327-1484) Morning Service Lakeview Mennonite Brethren Church 15 Avenue a 29 Street South Pastor Rev. Henry Unrau Phone 329-3542 10.00 School for all ages. 11 00 am "LIVING DANGEROUSLY" 7 00 p.m LORD'S SUPPER and Receiving of New Members Monday. 7-30 p Peoples Tuesday. 8-9 p.m. Bible Study Wednesday, 7-00 Girls and Boys Brigade "A Church where Christ is loved and people are appreciated" WORLDWIDE CHURCH OF GOD (Affiliated with Ambassador College) SATURDAY, 1974 to p.m. LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE LARGE LECTURE THEATRE 5th Ave. 18th St South Minister: CECIL MARANVILLE, Ph. 345-4705 (Collect) Listen to GARNER TED ARMSTRONG ON CFCN RADIO and TELEVISION CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER DAY SAINTS Everyone Welcome FIRST. SECOND and SEVENTH WARDS: 1912-1 Oth Avenue South THIRD and FOURTH WARDS: 28th Street South and Scenic Drive FIFTH and SIXTH WARDS: 2223-6th Avenue 'A' North STUDENT BRANCH. 28th Street South PLEASE PHONE 328-8305 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION NEW HOPE CENTRE OF LETHBRIDGE 1505 6th Ave. South Come celebrate with SUNDAY 11 00 a and Ministry 7 30 of Praise Worship and Challenge WEDNESDAY 7 30 p on Spiritual Gifts Continues A BIBLE BASED, CHARISMATIC CHURCH Where You are Welcome' COME THOU WITH IIS AND HE WILL DO THEE 600D Javanese mysticism revived By TILLMAN DURDIN New York Times Service JAKARTA, Indonesia Although Indonesia is usually regarded as a Moslem state, a substantial number of In- donesians are turning away from nominal adherence to Islam toward other faiths, notably in Java toward a revived Javanese mysticism with overtones of Hindu Buddhism. As part of the new religious trend in the country, Christianity and Bali Hin- duism are also gaining adherents. Indonesians and foreigners who haye noted the shift believe it socially and politically significant. The trend appears to be the result of a whole complex of circumstances. The agonizing strains of recent years, par- ticularly the failure of the 1965 Communist coup, followed by the slaughter of Communists and their followers, have produced a mood of emotional ferment and questioning marked by a search for more satisfying beliefs. Although the majority of In- donesians are Moslems, Islam has failed to be a decisive force on several occasions in independent Indonesia. Moslem efforts after independence in late 1949 to make Islam the state religion were unsuccessful and a sub- sequent revolt by fanatical Moslems in support of the Islamic state idea was put down. A 1958 revolt in which the Masjumi, the leading Moslem party, played a key role was also suppressed. As Islam's status and prestige have suffered from these failures, many In- donesians have tended to look elsewhere for a faith and an identity. The military regime of President Suharto has contributed to this by oppos- ing Moslem hegemony, along with the aspirations of any other force that might threaten military rule. NO SUCCESS Since it swept over the East Indies in the 14th and 15th cen- turies, Islaci has never succeeded in fully replacing mysticism and deep Hindu Buddhist influence among the Javanese, who make up three fourths of the total Indone- sian population of 120 million plus. Both have remained par- ticularly strong in the south and west of Java, where millions have always been Moslems in name only. Thus, Javanese embracing the new trend are simply turning back to roots of belief deeper than the impact of Islam. In some instances, Javanese without any serious religious inclinations have embraced mysticism in order to avoid being called "atheistic Com- munists." The Hinduism of Java took refuge and preserved itself on Bali, and today among the 2.2 million Balinese there is a missionary urge to spread Hinduism back to its Java homeland. And in the nationwide climate of search for a faith, Protestant and Roman Catholic Christianity, the religion of some Indonesians, has become more evangelical and has added many thousands of converts. BRNO CATHEDRAL Extra bell rings for 11 o'clock BRNO This capital of Moravia in the heart of Czechoslovakia has so much charm, felicity and liveliness that visitors who come to see its attractions express sur- prise when they learn that it is an important industrial and trade centre. There are enough churches and palaces dating as far back as 1500 to make Brno a show- case of Baroque, Gothic and Renaissance architecture, and domes, towers and spires still punctuate the cityscape. The landmark is flat Spilberk Castle on a hill above the city. During its sinister history the lives and hearts of many a patriot and resistance fighter were broken in its dungeons by the Hapsburgs. When Napoleon passed through here on his way to vic- tory at nearby Austerlitz he helped himself to the castle guns, cannon and gunpowder, and in the last war Spilberk was used by the Nazis to im- prison Czechs. Today the sombre past is becoming forgotten and the castle has blossomed as a museum and romantic restaurant. On Petrov Hill is another landmark, the twin spired St. Peter and St. Paul Cathedral but don't change your watch when it rings twelve bells at eleven o'clock in the morning. Czechs have been doing this for more than three centuries ever since a Swedish general announced that if the town did not surrender by noon he would raise the siege. At 11 a.m. the bells of the cathedral rang midday and the enemy withdrew. Twelve bells have been rung at eleven ever since. Preacher says 'God used Mao9 China under Communism is a according to a leading Canadian Presbyterian, Rev. E. H. Johnson. Dr. Johnson, planning and research secretary for the Presbyterian Church in Canada's world mission board, described his im- pressions in a recent issue of The United Church Observer. He, along with two other former missionaries to China recently revisited the country. Dr. Johnson said when he was working in China, there was perhaps five per cent literacy, foreign domination, and almost no village medical care. Today, the nation is organiz- ed and running smoothly. The people have been liberated, from foreign domination from bureaucracy, from feudalism. They have made substantial strides in solving basic problems in agriculture, in- dustry, communications, health and he said. The church leader suggested God "used Mao at this moment in history, though Mao would never acknowledge it." He added, however, that many things in Communist China were "built uncon: sciously on the basis laid by the missionary movement." Dr. Johnson cited education, medicine, human rights and liberation of women as fields where mis- sionary influences had been effectively incorporated into the Maoist form of socialism. Earl Willmott of Van- couver, one of the last United Church missionaries to leave China in 1952, noticed a "significant" change in the Chinese spirit. "There seemed to be no thought of self in their relations with other he said. Dr. Irwin Milliard, now chief of medicine at Toronto Western Hospital, had good words for the Chinese emphasis on service to others. is the first thing they look for in medical students, ahead of academic standing. We need to learn that our contribution can't help but be lacking without the element of 'serve the he said. Moslem pillars holding firm By EDWARD B. FISKE New York Times Service CAIRO Attendance at Friday-noon prayers is so great here that makeshift mosques are set up in the courtyards of office buildings. In the last few years tens of thousands of Malaysian tribesmen have converted to Islam mainly as a result of government efforts to unify a racially and culturally diverse nation through an established religion. Last spring a dozen people were killed in Pakistan during riots prompted by a theological dispute between two Moslem sects. In their own way, for better or for worse, each of these events points to the major conclusion that emerged from a six-week tour of Moslem areas of the Middle East, Africa and Southern Asia: At a time when Christianity is experiencing declining growth and other setbacks at the hands of secular culture, Islam is showing a strong capacity to hold its own. From the sands of Arabia to the Indonesian archipelago, the outward manifestations of the faith prayer, fasting, attendance at mosque on Fridays remain strong. Cab drivers in Saudi Arabia stop at prayer time to kneel beside the road. Villagers in Africa offer special prayers to Allah to bring rain. In the Mid- dle East the military and political events of the last seven years have produced a major religious revival. Most Moslem areas are economically underdeveloped and socially conservative, yet the traveller in the Moslem world finds signs of change everywhere. In Instanbul and other big cities the prayer calls are now played on tape. The architec- ture of the new mosque at the College of Petroleum and Minerals in Dharhan, Saudi Arabia, is as contemporary as that of the research laboratories that surround it. In Cairo women are effec- tively organizing to push for new rights, while in India young members of the Moslem upper class are seek- ing to relate Islamic ideals to those of the modern secular state. In virtually every Moslem country there are groups pushing for the reform of restrictive laws relating to marriage, divorce, inheritance and other aspects of personal status. The days are gone when large numbers of "infidels" were forced to bow to Islam under the flaming swords of Arab conquerors or through the gentle persuasion of itinerant preachers. With some exceptions, most notably among American blacks, the faith relies primarily on population increase for growth. There are also signs that secularization has begun to take its toll on religious prac- tice. Young people tend to be somewhat less observant than their parents. The lifestyles in urban centers like Beirut and Damascus have cut into such practices as prayer five times a day. Even when national policies are put forward in the name of Islam, the motivation often seems ta lie elsewhere. The Islamic world has seen neither the crisis of belief there are no theologians nor Islam renews European foothold Moslems trace their beginnings bacK to the 7th and 8th centuries when and his followers exerted so jnuch influence on international af- fairs The Moslem surge, that not only covered most of the Middle East but raced on into the neighboring con- tinents, was finally turned back by Thames Martel at the battle of Tours, France in 732 Now a more friendly, cordial inva- sion Vif.-tera Europe is taking place. with Christians and Moslems meeting m the spirit of ecumenical good will Writing in the Church Herald, official organ of the Reformed Church in Howard G Hageman dis- cuj.'.e'; the construction of Moslem religious Tntres in Holland and Great Britain He notes that the largest mos- in Kuropc will be built in Utrecht. A dome, minaret and a f itv of 7 W people. The entire pro- jcr' vnil cost nearly million, sup- ported M the 100.000 Moslems of Western Europe points out that The ds has more than 50.000 mar.v of them workers from and J-idonesia that the new centre will conduct religious services in several languages, contain shops and a hotel, and hopes to be a location of dialogue between major Christian and Moslem groups. The second coming of Islam has been marred with unhappy experiences in England, particularly Yorkshire where Moslems sought to purchase a property that had been closed by the Church of England. Commentary by DAVID POLING NEA Religion Writer H seems that the congregation of St. Mary's had merged with another church, the building no longer being used The Diocesan Comnnttee twice recommended since 1968 that the property be sold to a Moslem congrega- tion for use as a mosque. On those two occasions the former parishioners appealed to the Bishop to prevent such A desecration of their old property and both times he upheld their protest Hageman traces the uproar to its conclusion, when finally, the Church of England decided that "the derelict building should be demolished and the real estate sold to whatever secular purchaser could be found." The question of old church buildings and sanctuaries is a touchy one indeed, if one has a fierce attachment to buildings and grounds. While all this was going on in Yorkshire, good old St. Mary's was being creamed by local vandals. Every window was smashed, the doors hauled away, the furnace and roof removed. Comments Hageman. "There have been abundant critics who spoke scorn- fully about Christians who didn't want to see their building desecrated by becoming the home of a Mohammedan congregation, but were quite willing to see it stand derelict, a prey to every vandal in Yorkshire, and happy to see it demolished and replaced by a super- market, filling station or whatever Islam is here, and in spite of certain Christian reservations and in some in- stances, opposition, ready for discus- sion and dialogue. It really has taken centuries for this to develop and men of good wiH should greet this with an- ticipation and hope. the widespread an- ticlericalism that is familiar in the West. In every Moslem country and even among the most well-educated and modern adherents there remains widespread confidence that Islam, partly because of its- social setting and partly because of its very nature, will in the long run be able to resist secularizing tendencies. There are 25 million Moslems in the Soviet Union and perhaps 10 million in Western China, and the numerical center of Islam is now Southern Asia. The largest national group is in In- donesia, where there are 105 million, for whom the teachings of Mohammed blend freely with traditional Balinese mysticism. Despite the diversity of cultural expressions, the core of Islamic belief remains the same everywhere. Whether a believer is praying in the spacious Al Azhar Mosque in Cairo, the intellectual center of world Islam, or simply spreading a clean cloth by the side of a dusty road in rural Pakistan, he follows the same physical pattern and recites the same Arabic phrases that have been used for more than a millenium. Visitors to a mosque at prayer time are struck by the discipline of long rows of men standing, bowing and then kneeling with their foreheads touching the floor in unison as they chant the praise of Allah. This sense of unity takes on dramatic proportions each year during the month of Dhu Al Hijja. when a million peo- ple converge on the holy city of Mecca, in Saudi Arabia, for the annual pilgrimage.. Beggars and princes, shepherds and physicists, men and women don stark white robes as a sign of humility and equality before Allah and walk in a seemingly endless proces- sion seven times around the black-draped sanctuary known as the Kaaba, which is the most sacred part of the Great Mosque. "You feel that you are so very little and God so very said Alifa Amin, a Cairo bookseller who made her pilgrimage last year. The basic beliefs are relatively simple and straight- forward. They are summed up in the Shahada, or profession of faith. "La Ilaha Ilia Allah, was Muhammadun Rasulu which translates as, "there is no god but Allah, and Mohammed is his messenger." CHRISTIAN SCIENCE 1203-4lh AVE. S. 9 30 School Service "ANCIENT AND MODERN NECROMANCY, ALIAS MESMERISM AND HYP- NOTISM, DENOUNCED" Wednesday. p m Meeting READING ROOM Open Noon 2 00 p.m Tues Thurs Sat. CENTRAL CHURCH OF CHRIST 425-11th St. S. J. R. CHAPMAN, Minister MR D MAISEY, Organist "DIAL AN ANSWER" 327-4774 Family Service 10-QO a.m. (Worship Service for Adults S S Classes for Children) EVERYBODY WELCOME! BETHANY BAPTIST CHURCH (North American Baptist General Conference) 329-19th Street North H. 328-2045 and English classes) Worship Service Gospel Service NORBRIDGE COMMUNITY CHURCH The Evangelical Church in Canada 1402-8 Ave. N. E. SIPE School Service Everyone is Welcome St. Andrew's PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH 1818-5 A venue South U D. HANKINSON B.A. W. VANDER KOOY School "WHEN ILLUSIONS BREAK" Nursery and Kindergarten during Church Hour. Church Minister. REV. G. KEITH CHURCHILL. B.A, M.OIv. Organist: MRS. MARILYN SINCLAIR Pianist: MRS. MAIOA MACK Church School 11 00 AND RECONCILIATION" The Celebration of Communion 7.00 p FOLLOW ME" DiscipJeship Groups in Homes of the congregation 1 YOU ARE INVITED TO WORSHIP WITH US" LETHBRIDGE PENTECOSTAL TABERNACLE PASTOR M. L. ISRAELSON 520-7th Street South Home otlrw Hour Linen every Sundn 10.30 p.m CJQC 1220 K.C. 9-45 School (Classes lor all ages) Bus Transportation <328-7461) 11.00 am Worship Pastor's Message 7'00 p m Service Walch the "NEW LIFE TELECAST" on C.F.C.N. Channel 13 from p.m. to p.m. to you ;