Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 30, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
Monday, Nov.mb.r 30, 1970 THt lETHIRIDGt HERALD J 100-mile Arctic pollution zone draws good international support UNITED NATIONS (CP) Canada has won a large mea- sure of international support for the principle behind the estab- lishment of the lOfrmile pollu- tion zone in the Arctic. The support is shown by Uie fact that the idea is covered in one of the 15 points of a Decla- ration of Principles on the ex- ploitation of Hie seabed that is being discussed here. But, while Canada's action in establishing that zone seems to have achieved considerable reluctant in the case of sortie her action in declaring a 12-mile territorial coastal limit has put her under the gun. Two speeches by her closest and the United indirect criti- cism of the unilateral declara- tion of the 12-mile limit. All this has come up General Assembly's mai'.; eal committee wlv r started debate on the la' tional seabed. The discussion is er.or f. complex, covering the tion of the seabed beyori: tional jurisdiction, the where the international y- starts, the law of the se.'i, 'lie .voli'j- has Germans help BONN (Reuter) West many has given the Chad ernment equipment it is .1 iic.g in the civil war there, the azine Der Speigel says. V. nlso says West Germans are i''ghUnp, in the French Foreign Legion, sent to quell the Moslem ing against ths Western government of President cois Tombalbye. den; ,nds of landlocked and de- veloping countries. dcclaralion, which has agreement from almost all frMs except the Soviet bloc, y s that the international is the common heritage 1.1 mankind that must be open i-jT use exclusively for peaceful arposes by all states. it calls for creation of a yet- lj-be-dcfined international re- time that will have wide juris- diction over the orderly and safe development and rational management of the area. It deals with conservation resources, both fish and min- eral. From Canada's point of view it contains two highly important inserted at Cana- dian insistence. ing, pollution, the rights of coastal stales and protection Of It says states have the right to lake measures "to prevent, mitigate or eliminate 'grave and imminent danger to their coast- line or related interests from pollution or tlireal thereof re- sulting from, or from other haz- ardous occurrences caused by, Gets data post OTTAWA (CP) Dr. R. M. McMullen, head of scientific in- formation services at the Bed- ford Institute of Oceanography, has been named chief of com- munications data and library services in the federal commu- nications department. Dr. Mc- Mullen, bora in Toronto, al- tended the University of Al- berta and the University of Reading, England. any activities in the area. This obviously covers the pol- lution zone. The United States was upset when Canada declared its pollu- tion zone. But it has indicated that il is in agreement with tho 15-point declaration. The other point says the rights and interests of a coastal state must be taken into ac- count when something on the seabed is being exploited. This could cover, for instance, an oil well' somewhere more than 12 miles off the coast of Canada. The point provides for consult- ation in respect to exploration and exploitation of resources. The declaration is expected to be approved eventually by the committee, although the Soviet Union is less than happy with it. The Soviet concern is over the international regime, winch it fears could impinge on national sovereignty. Canada is not the only coun- try under the gun for unilateral action concerning territorial limits. Uruguay said Wednes- day, for instance, that it claims 200 miles out to sea. But observers had little doubt that Senator Claiborne Pell of Problem company NOTTINGHAM, England (CP) Problem boys at a mand home in this northern city are to get female company. Ju- venile girls will be sent to the home to end its "monastic at- said superintendent George Jenson. The boys and girls, aged between 10 and 17. will sleep in separate wings but work together during the day. the United States and K. D. Ja- mlcson of Britain had Canada, as well as others, in mind when they criticized unilateral action in advance of international agreements. Pell, Rhode Island Demo- cratic who is the U.S. seabed spokesman, said that when states give in to internal sures to take unilateral ac'ion "they undermine efforts to de- velop through international co- operation agreed and mutually beneficial arrangements." The Briton was more direct. He said unilateral action is a "slap in the face of interna- tional co-operation." These two speakers and oth- ers, including Secretary-Gener- al U Thant, were calling for early progress in working out the problems of the seabed. The worry is that technology has almost reached the point where coastal states can move farther and farther out into the sea to develop resources that should be reserved for all hu- manity. Pell warned of jurislic- tional disputes of the future un- less agreement Is reached on territorial limits. Jairieson said claims to a ter- ritorial sea of more than three miles from the coast "are not universally recognized." He described unilateral action in this regard as "something giving rise to doubts and instability, and as a slap in the face for international co-opera- tion." MORE FOR SNOW Wisconsin has more miles ol approved snowmobile trails and roads than interstate highway mileage. 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