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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - November 30, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta ^..... THE LETHBWDGE DAILT ^HBIlXLp SATURDAY, NOVE^R 30, :?�t8 to THE FARMER MOBLEMS OF THE ORGANIZED FARMERS v'is^maNuti to Crack brtba U. P. A., by S. S. Dunham, Ex Vlce-Pres.) age crop that woiHd yielfl a high tonnage under our condttlona. In tho' lower valleys alfalfa Is the largo ylol^i iiig forage crop, and It .does, well itf most of the hlKh valleys, as aUp does clover, but these aloiie, would n^t o4i^:i.pqnour recent article i.ations tha. |ust in_ PTP�rtlon ^ Ujat | ^hoS^SJSS ..'ftpbie position that the U. F. A. they aasuins tho attitude of political Bliould irialhtaln in political contrcver-. parties do they lose their power as i BfBSt'-theis&fclberta Non-Partisan has a ^ economic factors. The grange of the ^:, Bomewhat^teMating cartoon la which seTSnties became the green baclt party aifton, Foster, Borden, Cockshutt and of the early eighties. Tho Farmers Al-V iPaTellevfere sUtlng at one table eat- lience beginning in tie early nineties tng v'PoliUcati'Ple," and H. W. Wood, grew very much more rapidly and be-RlcM.on�fj-S*'�^�*^'*^'* are. sItUng at came the PopuUst party. These or-thfe obier table marked "No Politics," ganisatlons started just as the V. F. While Jim Weir and other Non-ParUs- A. started purporUng to be non-poUt-�ns are pointing to the table at which leal but gradusJly assuming political �wo are sitting, an^ saying, "let's.teach functions and organizing along pollt-the U: P. A. tho use ot the ballot and ical lines until the political efforts beset pie too." This cartoon Is signifi-, come predominant, and then the fin-eant Nothing is truer than that the'alfe. . Recently In the States the Soc-Farmer should learn the best-way to letyoK Equity became strong, now, ttrfe the ballot, nor that the Farmer within the same territory the Non-Par-�hottId learn to do bis own thinking, tiaan League is assuming large proud if �s a result o.f'that thinking he portions, but the Society ot Equity has leels that the best way for him to ac- J declined in direct proportion to the eomplish his purposes is for the V. F. A. to. become a political party; then activity of the League. The reader. must bear in mind that %e say,*inen. No doubt br so; doing fin the States there^ is much more op-tertaln p'bUtical aspirants among lis portunlty for a secUonal party to acU-WUl eat "Political Pie," and t* our. ietve success than in Canada, tmder knind just here *e' are touching tho United States constitution, article 10 Vital point As soon'as the efforts of the organisation become predominately pollticaUn its aature, the"pio hunters" automatically beeoiue the active Zactors in its endeavors, and men who �ee the more important things for.the organization and endeavor to keep It strictly non-partisan in Its efforts are relegated to the rear.- - This is exactly the course that for-Iner organisations hebatofore .:t?ie IddnvjJ'and WMdaaH^eea^liasisUnee to k*l�p them l�"*yerfcet-workinf .ordejv " �r� common complaints of those getting on in years. It seems to be the Utom to. Mjje.et these affiictionarrcoii--�liide they are simply the' lueviiable tfnlts of old age, �nd that there is no ytaiedjr for them. Ikewais ar�a�-of. iM|iuIyi''and help'in''the tecon-� f**. 1^ jtiucUon of the world. The great call is till for food. Otiier industries may col-Jspie. but aaricuteure must goMci. C. P. FARMS 20 YEARS TO PAY the way to. prosperity and inde-:' : IM'.denbe.-f'rairielsand'f t-i to4 }o ai) acre;-: Irrigated land up to $;o. Get started. iiliXahdinbeinf rapidly taken up. Write ^ j(ar i^'l�pld^-inil-fiai i5fo�ma6|opnalnion aire matters for the Dominion parliament Besides in the states such, officers as rail^^'y tcommis-sloners, grain commissioners, judges of the supreme court, etc are elected by the people of the state; here they are'appointed by the Udmlnidii ^ov-" enunent, BO that it tei apparent at once thsU U^sftctiohal minority party has ianhitely more pbwer in: tfre States than such a party can have in the Do-njinlbn. Fiirther it is possibio for, a party, that does not receive one-half of the votes In the States to be elected, many of the presidents Were elect-e^a by a plnraUty nqt a majortiy; here :t6fi govehimoht miigt be' sustained by al^letuit a majority of the members of parliament. Atipreaent It is true that jwlitlcs is In'a chaotic condition, but Canadians OTeryWhepe;iar.e thinktnjg more, than fpflbr'^tfie war, aSd party alignments are smre to be re-drawn. It is inconceivable that there will not be a great CommonerlavjjjfUiy.Whicli will unite all thinking prbdncera on one side as against the capitalistic and predatory elements on tjie other. The tr. F.'a. and the Canadian coiiicll lirf Agriculture have an important work to do in moulding public opinion as It affects this alignment,-bnt as an :6r^ni3�t)on it should and will. Wo this|v maintain its heretofore sound pctgition of organization along strictly economic and educational lines Inde-pendent of all parties. Only yesterday we read that magnificent book "�Deep Furrows," and any unbiased memberlwho reads this .book ca.nnot btitrbe Impressed with the gieat.\vork that has been accomplished and the sbi^nd judgment that was exercised by the/foimders of the organisation wh^n they deteirmined" that the brgahiz'ation should be strictly non-politicaL By pursnlng this course the Organized Famers of the Prairie Provinces have wielded more real influence and accomplished more real good than any farmers organization yet existing, and Whether we are members of tho Nonpartisan League or not let us not jeopardize the work that has already been attained, or in any way hinder the greater work that is yet to be dona by permitting the organization to drift into the political arena as a party Or allowing it to become involved In any entangling political alliances. A NiEW FORAGE PLANT-RUSSIAN SUNFLOWERS (By F.'B. Linfleld, Director Montana Agricultural Experimental Station.  Bozeman, Montana, In The Farmer's Advocate.) In all new agricultural countries the farmer's first problem is to subdue the native' sod and replace nature's crop by something ot greater economic value. The soil is generally rich and quite free from weeds. By the adoption ot crops best suited to the climatic conditions provided an ample water supply may be provided, good crops are possible for many years. Sooner or later, however, the farmer runs iip against two dllBcuities if' he ooudnues to grow grain exclusively npon his land, A reduction in available plant food reduces his crop yields to the point of vanishing profits, and weeds also cut into those profits by. increasing the amount of labor necessary to get a crop,-or they may even crowd the crop out altogether. In any system of farming, therefore the farmer is finally compeaied to grow soil enriching crops, or to apply home produced or artificial fertilizers. Such crops win also help to control the weeds, but experience has taught us that we cannot master them entlre- I ly without a bare fallow or summer-tilled crop. In many parts of the United States, corn, beans, potatoes and sugar beets furnish the cultivated j crops that may be grown on a large enough scale to fit into a rotation system. We are, however, too tar from market to groTf potatoes in large areas, bJbans and corn are not adapted to our high altltudeB. They are too uncertain and too small In yield to be grown to advantage. " I y Another problem was id iflnd a for- Russian sunflowers, which were very largo producers'of forage. He suggested to our agronomist that he �believed thii-plant had possibilltlos as a forage plfent under Montana conditions. Acting on this sugjgestion in the summer, of 1915 a small area, about one-tenth acre, was planted to sunflowers in our experimental fleW." The crop was planted in rows soroie three feet apart and grew immensely, producing over 30 tons of green feed per acre. The crop was cut and put in thfe silo, which was being filled with clover. It was put in when the silo was about half full so that there was clover both above and below the sunflowers. During the winter it was fed to our dairy cows which ate the sunflower silage as readily as they did the clover silage and seemed to do lust as well upon it. The nest season (1916J we planted three acres of sunflowers, planting in rows about 30 inches a^art. The crop was not irrigated, though some sub-irrigation water Avas available from seepage. The crop grew' well, stood some 9 or 10 feet tall and yielded al)out 22 tons of green feed per acre. We started to feed the sunflowers to the cows the latter part of August. They were run through an ensilage emitter and fed green from the field. , The cows ate the forage readily. For comparison wo divided the cows into two lots and fed green corn to one of the lots. The cows on the sunflowers ate this forage just as readily as those getting the corn ahd main^ain'ed their milk flow just as well; This test was contirined for some three weeks. The sunflowers remaining were put i^to the silo and fed during the winter to both cows and fattening steers. Samples were .taken, of. the! green forage for chemical analysis, but the destruction of our chemictti laboratory last fall destroyed these and prevented the chemical studies contemplated. The results of feeding were very satisfac-tToy,- however. Some fear was expressed that the sunflowers' would taint the milk, so the milk, from the cows getting the sunflowers was kept separate froni' that produced by the cows getting th^ regular feeds. One could not find any difference in flavor as a result of �the feeding of. the sun-flowers. Inr'other words, one guessed wrong as Soften as he guessed right in picking ont tHe {anUk'-of the cows fed sunflowers. The past season we planted 7 acres to the sunflowers^. Again the xirop did well, growing 11 to ijl feet nigh and yielding close to 25 Hons of green forage per acre. We repeated tha feeding comparison with the green corn as a food and with equally as goibd re-ij suits as the year, before. We-''have this year filled a 125 ton i slip ^eairly full of sunflowers and haye planned this winter to repeat the test of last year. We have also taken samples for chemical analysis. ' Two tacts, I believe, we haveirdem-onstratfed; first, that the Russian sunflowers make a satisfactory forage tor ^attle, whether fed as a soiling crop or as ensUage. Next, it is our largest' yielding forage 'crop, produaing fully two and a half times as much ftpage as will corn in our high falleys, and more than twice as inuph clover for the season. It is, moreover, a' crop that can be;^ cultivated and later so thoroughly sbades the. ground that weeds geta'very poor cliance to grow. It has one drawback In that it must be run through an ensilage cutter before it can be used to advantage as a forage for>cattIe,,an-d can only be cured in the silo for winter -use. We have yet many points to study as to the best method of growing the crop anS with what ot.iier forage it is going to combine to give the best results. We are also trying out the crop on the dry lands id various parts of the' state, to determine its valu'e under those conditions.- "We are not as yet urging farmers to grow the crop largely, but merely asking them to try a small area to find out how it yields, and those who .have ensilage cutters can also try it as a forage crop for cattle. It is worthy of a trial by other experiment stations which are located, as we aire, in a high mountain valley. ' PLANTS THAT POISON STOCK It is impossible to say with exactitude how much damage resultj from cattle, and live stock generally, eating poisonous plants. It is, however, certain that the waste thus caused amounts to serious proportions annually. Cattle, sheep, and swine are taken ill and frequently die from trouble attributable to the/consumption of poisonous-plants whfen other things are supposed to liave been the cause. If it were the custom In all cases of this kind to call in a veterinary surgeon to Investigate it would be discovered in many Instances that the consumption ot poisonous plants was at the foundation. Some of these plants are common to every province in the Dominion, othp,rs are only to be found in sections of the country. The Agricultural Gazette ot Canada in the September and October  numbers deals with this matter in a very lucid way and supplies accounts of the most troublesome ot these weeds in seven out ot the nine provinces. In the Prairie Provinces, the most hurtful plants are said to be Cowbane, Horsetail, Death Camas (Zygadenus Elagans), Ground Cypress (Juniperus Sablna), Sneeze Weed (Heleium Aut-umnale), Chokecherry and all wild cherries. -While these pests are to be found in each of the three provinces, it is jjerhaps in Manitoba that they are the,jpo^t.common. It i? the roots of Ooy^k^i, Death ' Cam^, Snieasze Weed, and Hqrsetail that are poisonous, and it is during the dry season, when the efazing stock are forced into low pasture laneath.;Camas, Water Hemlock Lar'sspnr, and Loco Weed, but the Provincial Veterinarian estimates that the losses from poisonous plants are greater tb�L from any other single cause. The Loco Weeds affect hordes and sheep,, and the Larkspur, cattle; but the most j^oisonous plant lii the province :,is the Death Camas, which has its being, in. moist places, the animals Bufterinig to the greatest extent being sheep. 'ia1^.i0oonomle Importance in the country home, than .Insthe city residonoe. City p�(4>Ito\6aii', piirchase TeHshablo sup-pltea i^s needed.tbut the reteotenoss of cqujtitry homes from markets often ren-derM it necessary to use canned, corn-)djnr smoked meat producta daring he beason ,ot ^he yeir whoti tho table ihottld^'beiifttippliled'with fresh meats. Not Only is the nae;of ice important in the preservation of fresh, meats, biittef,. and other table supplies, bat the production of high-grade domes-tlo dairy prodiicts la almost imposs-jble without it; Many markets to which milk is now shipped demand that it be coolfld before shipment to a degree not attainable without tlie use ot ice. The Type of House to Build Genei-ally, the construction of an ice ,honse is a question of economy. The coat of harvesting and storing, interest 6n thb money invested, repairs and de-^teclatipn oh the building should qff-aei;the saving in the melting of ice; beyond this it is hot good policy to ^o. ; Since ice at best is a highly perishable product, requiring special equip-'ment toir its preservation, such nattiral ffdvaiitaiges as are afforded by shade a'nd exposure should be taken advatt; tage of in locating an ice house. A shady isituation, with a northern exposure, has a decided advantage as a locatlbii for such a building. - In general design ice houses are ot three types: (1) Those built entirely above ground; (2) those built p&rtly above and partly under ground; and (3) those ot the cellar type, built entirely below ground. The above-men-toined structure is by far the most common ot these types. : The advantages and disadvantages of these three types may be briefly stated. Above-ground houses can, as a rule, be more economically,constructed than either of the other designs. Excavations are expensive to make and difflcult to insulate and drain properly. Insulation and Drainage Insulation, and drainage are tWo of the most important factors in the pre-aervatiOQ of ice. It is true that the temperature ot the earth varies less than that ot the air, but the fact that the temperature of the earth at 6 or 8 feet below the surface remains at or about 55 degrees P. the year around makes it quite as important to protect the stored ice against,the earth heat as against the heated air. It is more difHcuU to remove ice as needed ia HIRST'S PAIN EXTERMINATOR FBinP^Hlbrit's trittttoph! " Uiiw|lsiiiti.ew�>talM>l�TOUfc MdtalmvmieiK ^ i ' Bast vaam'wtaiMk, gMaatao. csi^s Wiiai Win,Tm Safe tf yii ionr Save ^niough^v.salary or income "Vill no doubt Increase, so will your expanses-and many find i:, : �; ^. THE mmiix OF uim lh|CORPORAVED 186� ' Capital Paid-up..................% 14,000,000 Reserve and Undivided Profits .... v 15,000,000 Total Assets ............. 386,000,000 520; Branches In Canada, Newfoundland, British Weat Indies, CUba, Pbrto Rico, Dominican Republic, Costa Rica and Venaauela^^ SAVINGSDEPARTMENT Accotints. may be opened,with an inttlal deposit ot One Dollar. Interest i^ credited halt-yearly.  . Business Accounts carried tipon favorable terpia. LETHBRIOGE BRANCH - MA BRANCH yards: at MACLEOD, CokLOALE, CHINfAND BARN. WEiIl. at these points WE HANfijLE FENCING MATER.