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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 29, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Looking at the looming four- day week mvunttac iin THK LITHMIDOE HERALD By William New York Times commentator WASHINGTON-Thefour- day work week a quiet revolution in American life could come to pan a decade before its hurried along by a sustained fuel shortage. This does not mean four days' work for five days' which is a labor dream and a management it does mean a rearrangement of working hours to give a worker an incentive to produce as much in four days as he does in five. Up to organized has looked askance at dividing the 40-hour work week into four days instead of for health and safety reasons. Most businessmen are leery of the four-day they wonder bow customers would and what sucl a change would do to their web of relationships with suppliers. But in moit people do not work a regilar 40-hour week today the 40- hour mark is 'a convenient mark at which to start paying overtime rates' In the 37V4 hour week is here the next step could be to a 36-hour week made up of four nine-hour days. Such a rearrangement would please most and experiments have shown it possible to maintain or im- prove productivity in a four- day week. The Jdea is not to abolish Friday as a business but to stagger weekends some people off others off Mondays. In terms of conserving there is not much doubt about the impact of the reduction in the fuel Americans now expend in getting to work would especially if coupled with Sun- day driving restrictions. traffic pressure would be reduced as the would mean different days 'to different and most gasoline is wasted by cars stuck in traffic jams at weekend rush hours. The four day week has an appeal to the social scientist and the but does it make business Former Assistant Secretary of Labor Jerome M. now a long-range planner for thinks it could if approached on a community- or government-wide to overcome the pioneers' worry about being out of step with suppliers and competitors. The enormity of such a change in work habits on American life is only beginn- ing to be considered. For ex- 1. More time would be available for which would mean increased spending on leisure from recreation to study to staring dully at the television set More consumer spending is what powers the economic engine. 2. Moonlighting would be as the second job at night would be dis- couraged by the longer work day but some ambitious workers would seize upon the extra free day to extend their income or open up a new career. Book reviews 3. Working now 44 per cent of the work force and the fastest-growing segment of the new entries into the labor would be en- couraged by the extra day since the four-day week would permit more time to and spend with children. schedules would soon adapt to a four day a mixed 4. The breakup of the five- day pattern would probably lead to an experi- ment meeting with some success in Europe tnat per- mits a worker to choose what time he wishes to provided he is on the job between 10 a.m. and 3 and his total time adds up to a full day. Production union leaders and politicians used to consider all this to be Hue-sky but work time which has trended downward by a half per cent a year throughout this century-can be arranged to meet the com- bined conservation and productivity needs of the economy. You bet. No movement resists movement like the labor and some businesses will find the switch the whole idea deserves debate and much more analysis. The real ques- is not but and which is why labor department of- ficials and some White House aides are thumbing through a paperback titled Forty by Riva Poor. For the federal government is considered the if the 2tt million federal employees were to go to a four-day they would soon be followed by is million state and local and then the rush would be on. will not happen but never un- derestimate the willingness of an embattled administration to punt and Americans are cautious about speeding up trends in an economy now laying golden but conservatives es- pecially rightly concerned about the loss of personal freedom that energy rationing would bring about are wondering if in the four-day week there is an answer that adds rather than subtracts from the sum of individual liberty in our society. The four-day inex- orable in the is worth a close look today. I can hear it now God it's Thur- Worker control over the workplace edited by Geny et dom 4M This book a collection of articles by various authors raises a question which will probably be the major issue in labor-management relations from this time on. From the beginnings of capitalist control over the workplace has been both a rallying cry to im- mediate and an eventual aim As we are all control over the job rests with the person or persons owning the although authority is delegated. The boss sets pay working and decides what product or service will be provided We do the he takes the or and decides how it should be invested or distributed. Defenders of the system say it is his payment for putting up the capital But the premise of this book is that the owner the capitalist has no right to the and no right to control the workplace. He has that control only because workers are not strong enough to challenge it. And obviously few working people are willing or want challenge that authority. At least that was the case until a few years when North American labor seemed to rise from its stupor to de- mand at least a marginal say in how the factories and of- fices are run As the book points workers in Europe and Israel have had the opportunity for about 20 years to have some say in the running of some in- dustry with the exception of the capitalist still keeps to himself the right to make all major and keeps the profit And North American workers are beginn ing to and the same rights. Automotive workers this year demanded and won the right to refuse overtime and there was consideration given to bargaining car prices with the companies. During the Quebec general workers in some hospitals occupied and operated while workers in the town of Sept lies oc- cupied the entire town. This American workers in the oil industry struck Shell Oil over the issue of environmental protection in the refineries. And although the list could not go on as long as the authors in the book may even the staid Canadian Labor Congress has endorsed the concept of democracy One of the most interesting articles in Workers' Control deals with the way Yugoslav society is while by American sociologist Daniel proves that union wage demands are not respon- sible for inflation. Bell makes the point that companies in or positions are able to pass the wage increases onto the and boost their profits as well But his most innovative and one that gives sup- port to demands for workers' is that because large corporations can charge high prices for their they Get in on the gold Our Golden Touch. Every week more peop'e who appreciate fine Canadian whisky are Discovering and staying with it Reason9 A mellow taste. The unmistakable smoothness of a perfectly blended whisky. Join the gold what's fast becoming one of Alberta's favourite ryes. GoldenTouch. By Corby. Ccrby. Good taste in Canada since 1859 can now finance expansion out of earnings. Bell the investor put up the capital and wanted control in return. But he the consumers are the investors and control should rest in their hands WARREN CARAGATA BOOKS IN BRIEF Calen- dar Book P. Dutton and dis- tributed by George McLeod A A Milne fans of all ages and sizes will be attracted by this Beautifully illustrated with color pictures of all the Christopher Robin stuffed animals who have become for their many ad- the calendar contains many of the well-loved tales and poems as well as pages for every with space for writing important engagements and with most traditionally special occasions labelled There is a distinc- tively American slant to some of these special dates but an effort has been made to be more international with notations for -Canadian Thanksgiving Day and Canada's Birthday and Cana- dian Remembrance Day This publication would be an accep- table Christmas gift for anyone who loves Piglet and Eeyore and Wmme-the-Pooh ELSPETH WALKER by George Bartram Company 284 Take one ordinary kid- nap torture give him 15 minutes freedom before he is killed and what You get a first class suspense story in which the victim is chased across two continents by a group of criminals whose strongest ally is a computer John Grueby is the victim. His hunters want him not just for the sadistic pleasure of killing him but because he has become an important link in a scheme that involves political and international finance. This is a fast moving and intriguing story which should make the best seller league for suspense novels. TERRY MORRIS McFarlane's Hockey Irwin and Company 159 Just leafing through this book might leave one with the impression that it is geared to the youthful hockey but on closer inspection it is obvious it would not be scorned by older readers either. There an- a dozen profiles of hockey factual car- and a story by Brian McFarlane's father that is continued in three places the first time I have ever seen that arrangement in a book A really attractive book at a modest price DOUG WALKER by David Rosenberg Hovte 74 Leavin America is another effort to revolutionize poetry with nondescript success Due to an attractive typographical the book reached 74 pages. It could easily have been condensed into 12 making it easier for the curious person to glance through buy or discard whatever the impression. Leavin America left me totally unimpressed. It can possibly only be sensible to i the author and to followers of his abstract thoughts. UANC WUAIHTT Hidden meanings t n chilli I watched tuner rippling in llii'n mine pruffreMi non my iliild water Iriikli'fritin us asphalt laiulxcnpi' n ilrain. Photo and text David Ely Herald reporter The history harvest By Louis local writer History happens every day and builds up in what appears to be the most insignificant way ordinary events. People are inclined to dismiss history unless it happens to be of world shaking dimensions. Such events usually take the form of but real history is put together bit by person by person until the records ac- cumulate In and around history too. The bits and-pieces lying around dis- forgotten and The need to recover such material is great before it is poured down the time drain to be lost forever History by the bushel abounds in southern Alberta There are old photo ar- tifacts and other items dumped in a thousand attics and garden buildings. Material of historical value abounds in barns located in Fort Pincher towns and villages east and west of Lethbridge. A short search would turn up tons of material useful in primary research to peo- ple interested at the University of Lethbridge and elsewhere People who imagine they have nothing to contribute may in fact possess many a historical nugget an old a yellow a a file of old clippings All these and more make up the essentials of that important mosaic the background to Southern Alberta. Nor does historical and cultural background have to come in such concrete forms before it is useful A un- recorded till may be most important and there are many memories floating around in minds still sharp and keen A memory of life as it was in early Southern or in some land in or puts meat on the skeleton In our there are and a multiplicity of other nationalities which compose the community picture Every single contribution no matter what the form is significant. To be my concern is for school people and education here and everywhere in times goneby. Lying about in odd rooms and there are old text- classroom report school brickabrack such as inkwells and the like Nothing is wasted in the attempt to re-construct the picture. Let us not pour history down the or truck it to the or incinerate it elsewhere. By means of the we live the and prepare for the future The history harvest great and the need to gather it in urgent. A visit to the riverbottom By Helen Lethbridge Naturalists Society Being curious to see what hardy waterfowl had decided to stay over the cold we went to the riverbottom recently. It was a still but in Indian Battle Park there was no stillness The peace was shattered by the motorcycles roaring in mindless monotony up and down the coulees across the and by the roar and stench of the machinery working on the new bridge we would have turned but our purpose drove us up along the river Our first reward was the sight of five western sometimes called the swan grebe because of their slimness and grace They bobbed peacefully in their heads tucked back in sleep only one alert and watchful Further a golden eye ducked and seemingly enjoying a chilly dip Mallards were there in feeding in the wanner waters near the power house outlet We came upon the body of a young ly- ing in the shallow water by the river's its once proud and graceful neck now twisted in death. We lifted it to try to determine why it had died. No four-legged predator had done this. There was no sign of injury and already insect scavengers were at work. Judging by his lack of weight we surmised that he had died from that scourge of bottom feeding birds lead poisoning. Doubtless he had been feeding on the bottom of a and had ingested lead wasted there from hunter's shells. The lead paralyses the bird's causing slow death by starvation This particle had likely missed the target when its fellows had torn the life from some other feathered and had lain in the bottom of a to be taken up by the swan in his quest for and so had accomplished its lethal purpose. Near the dead swan we found evidence of another drama a small scattering of feathers. Since we could find no tracks of any kind we assumed probably a hawk or an owl had found a meal there. As is the way in the natural one creature had' died that another might live The predator will digest his prey down to the bones and feathers which he will regurgitate in a neat little pellet. Mice will gnaw on the bones for their and the rest will revert to the soil to continue on in the endless cycle of life We retraced our steps circling back through the bush to see what was moving there. A enquiring whistle drew our eyes to the top of a tall poplar where a rosy red pine grosbeck eyed us curiously. A downy woodpecker looped across our trail in search of a nice grubby tree where he might find some supper Busy chickadees kept us cheery company and Bohemian waxwings chirred near where we walked. Just before we ended our journey we heard the clarion call of wild and on looking up we saw a V of magnificent heading south up- stream for night safety on the open river And so turned homeward. Beyond the call of duty By Doug Walker The federal government wants all Canadians to be dutiful citizens and conserve electrical energy by the showing of Christmas lights to a few days this festive season This is an appeal to which I am happy to T J the call of duty and engage in a work of as they say in theological and not bum any lights at all. Needless to my neighbor Bob who didn't get any lights up last year will likely be an enthusiastic ;