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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 29, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Issue is existence Western Europe and North America are in serious trouble because of a natural energy shortage made im- measurably worse by the Arab blackmail effort. Of all the countries Canada will probably suffer and of all Canadian Alberta the least. Nevertheless Albertans must try both to appreciate the predicament of those who will be hurt more and to share some of the sacrifices. The United which is Israel's es- sential is threatened with a very serious economic crisis if normal oil trade is not quickly resumed. The Arab nations know and they are counting on the U.S. to betray Israel rather than to suffer a cold winter and a damaged economy. Perhaps they are not wrong in their for which for their purposes and interests they cannot be seriously criticized. Every government must look after its own people first. Perhaps they will succeed through their boycott where they failed through their armies. They cannot be faulted for trying. Signs of possible success are beginning to appear. While some American leaders are suggesting counter boycotts and others are wondering whether their principles are worth the discomfort facing them. Take this from the Spokesman-Review of for The Arab oil embargo has thrown this country into a crisis of unprecedented peacetime proportions. So far over billion in paper values has been wiped out in the stock and that is just the down payment. Massive economic disruption looms with job layoffs conceivably in the millions. The remarkable aspect of all this is the docility of the their unques-' tioning willingness to endure it all. As a nation we are quite willing to make sacrifices on the basis of and have often proved it But is the princi- ple involved in the present Mideast im- pass worthy of the monumental sacrifices The oil embargo is a direct result of our policy toward Israel. We have traditionally the existence of the state of and responsible Arabs do not disagree. The issue here is not the existence of but rather its right to retain the land it seized dur- ing the 1967 as well as during the October fighting this year. Is that a principle upon whose altar we must offer our Fortunately most Americans know but as the screws tighten on them they may change their minds as the Spokane paper has done. This is just what the Arab nations would have Americans but it is a gross distortion of the issue. The issue is not desert acreage but the existence of Israel. First Israel's only demand of her Arab neighbors was which implied recognition. That they refused to give her. Instead they tried to destroy first in again in 1956 and again in with constant harassment and provocation between wars. The 1967 ended not by peace and recognition but only by a left Syrian and Egyptian territory in Israeli hands. The 1973 war was launched by the Arabs ostensibly to regain their and the oil squeeze is being applied ostensibly only for that purpose. Now Israel's demands have to include not only peace and recognition but also defensible borders. for good does not trust the and she refuses to bare her throat to them even if they should offer peace. All of this can be worked out in sincere negotiations between the two and provided Israel's identity and security are there need be no trouble over territory. But true peace conies not surrender of and that is why the Arab nations are resorting to oil weaponry. Contrary to the integrity ascribed to them in the quotation their sincerity is still in doubt. That is why there can be no submission to their blackmail. Let them demonstrate their sincerity at a peace table next and then this sorry nightmare can be ended. But not before. ART BUCHWALD The ghost of Lyndon B. WASHINGTON The ghost of Lyndon Johnson was raised by President Nixon at last week's press conference in Disney World Mr. Nixon told AP managing editors it was Mr. Johnson who gave him the secret on how to get out of paying income taxes when you hold the highest office in the land. My mind boggled as Mr. Nixon told why he paid hardly any taxes in 1970 and and I started to visualize President Johnson's last scene in the White House as Nixon would have us believe it. the office is yours. It's a hard but ah know no matter what you can tough it Lyndon. Before you is there anything I should know about being most important thing ah learned as is if you play it you lon't have to pay any income I could never ask Americans pay their fair share of taxes if I didn't pay what ah've always admired about Dick. You're an honest man. But the tax aws were written for all Americans the and the the great and the unknown. you didn't take advantage of the tax you would be putting yourself ibove everybody and people would say ton think you're too good to take the tax ieductions you're entitled never thought of Lyndon. I guess the popular thing to do would be not to take liny deductions at all. But if I'm going to be I'm going to have to do the un- Mpular thing. And what would be more un- jopular than the president paying hardly any income tax at you're talking like a what's the give your personal presidential papers to the government and they evaluate them for historical purposes. Then they give you the tax deduction which covers all the in- come.taxes you'd have to pay while you're I don't have any presidential have your vice-presidential they wouldn't be worth much. Who would put any value on a vice- president's you Your personal papers as vice-president are worth a fortune. Everyone wants to know how you conducted yourself in about your relations with your trip to South your thoughts about your kitchen debate with Khrushchev. You're sitting on a gold you're right. How much do you think the IRS would give me for ah'm not a tax but ah would guess your papers would be worth that least. Don't forget you're now presi- dent of the United and no one in his right mind in the IRS is going to argue over what somebody says your papers are if you think I should do thep I will. I have always had great respect for your and someday when they ask me why I didn't pay any taxes when I was I'm going to give you full credit for the whole mighty generous of Dick. Ah've always wanted to go down in history as the president who told his successor how to take advantage of our great American tax for one and one for Middle East strategy By James New York Times commentator NEW YORK Secretary of State Kissinger says that the main hope of easing the Mid- dle East oil embargo lies in toward an Arab- Israeli peace but the chances are that it will be the middle of the winter before any substantial progress can be made. The Israelis have been pointing out that substantive talks will mean very little un- til the Israeli elections are over at the end of the so it will probably be mid- January before they are ready to get down to business. Kissinger is un- derstood to be trying to get the industrial whose economies are being disrupted by the oil to form a common front and urge the oil-producing states to or at least the embargo as soon as the talks begin. His argument to the Arab leaders is that they have made their that economic pressure may be a legitimate form of pressure before the negotiations but con- tinuing it during the negotiations may be seen as a form of blackmail. So their sympathy for this argu- ment has been somewhat limited The Arab strategy is fairly clear. The oil states are in no hurry. As they analyse and probably a few weeks and even months of in- convenience in the West and some economic disclocation will probably increase public pressure on the governments of Western and the U.S. to lean on Israel to go back to the borders that existed before the 1967 or something very much like them. Even the U.S. has favored a compromise of slightly modified pre-1967 which the Israelis have re- and if the Israeli government sticks to this which it probably the chances are that the oil states will continue to restrict the flow of oil and blame Israel for the economic disruption. Kissinger has been urging the Soviets to persuade the Arab leaders not to push this diplomatic and economic pressure too far. It is under- stood that he has been arguing that the major industrial nations may put up with in- conveniences and still press Israel to make concessions for a peace but if their economies are really dis- rupted by lack of Middle East they will turn against the oil states and their supporters in Moscow. There is some evidence that this logic is getting through to the leaders in the Kremlin and even to some of the heads of the oil-producing states. Speaking for the Soviet Pravda reports that the U.S.S.R. has sent a message to the Arab summit conference in saying that the time is right for peace in the Middle and that the Arabs should get together for the practical and responsi- ble stage of the long conflict. The responsible information in is that the Kissinger diplomacy is having some limited effect. The Soviets know that major powers will not allow smaller even if they have to disrupt the life of the in- dustrial world. They may even be wise enough to know that their influence in the Arab world depends on the ex- istence of for if the Arabs destroy the state of the Arabs would probably turn back again toward the West. So the guess here is that the Arabs are going to push their embargo just far enough to get back around the pre-1967 war but not far enough to paralyse Western Europe and Japan or infuriate the United States. Even the Arabs will probably turn the oil spigot on and off to suit their diplomacy. It will be an awkward winter for the West but much worse for Israel. For the real as the shortage hits and the is going to be on Tel Aviv. It may result in a but Israel's defence depends on the arms and money of the and neither the arms nor the money is likely to be provided after a cold if Israel does not agree to give up most of the territory she captured in the 1967 war. Maybe the only thing that could relieve the pressure On Israel would be a misjudg- ment on the part of the Arabs and the Soviets. If they press their advantage too they will threaten the economy and security of the industrial and then they will be in trouble. But the outlook now is for a reluctant and late easing of the oil and after a cold a Mid-East com- promise backed by Japan and the at Israel's expense. Premier Barrett goes to Quebec By Rob Herald Quebec commentator the working on Canada's energy conservation policy... MONTREAL When Pre- mier David Barrett first made his promise to meet Parti Quefceeois leauer Rene Leves- the reaction of many local observers on the byzan- tine and bizarre Quebec political scene is he really up Henri-Francois for head of NDP- think for a lot of people the initial reaction was who does that guy think he coming down from British Columbia to tell us how to settle our Both Mr. Levesque and Mr. Barrett referred to their meeting Friday as a begin- ning For Mr. Barrett it was the beginning of an attempt to show the Quebec left that many things can be done for the improvement of their peo- ple within confederation. For Mr. Levesque it was the beginning of another try at ex- plaining his position to an im- portant English-Canadian politician. One high-ranking Parti Que- becois member said the out- come of the meeting was eph- hors a in the process of dis- cussions between Quebec and .the rest of Canada. two politicians got along as Mr. Barrett but separatism appears a ratircr irnporumt matter to agree to disagree about. Mr. Barrett did more in Montreal than talk to Mr.' Levesque. He met with local NDP addressed the Canadian Union of Public Employees and talked to some influential journalists. One of them was publisher of Le who said there little difference between 'ftftrV Barrett's public image and his private one. Barrett has difficulty in saying what kind of country he wants to build. Canada remains for him that different frontier which happily remains possible beside the United States. the exception of the social objectives which he has already begun to he does not appear to have questioned himself at length at what the content of this different country could be in which he believes with as much conviction as a religious dogma. Barrett was moved to meet Mr. Levesque by a mix- ture of motives ranging his natural sympathy the mon attachment to the ideal of social democracy and his own desire to do his share to support Canada his dream of 'conver- ting' Rene Levesque could not his approach none the less was the result of a generosity which has not en- tirely been in As a Mr. Barrett did not try to draw any more from 4te meeting than it produced. very fact that it took and that it was in- iStigated by the prime minister of a prosperous and distant province following an election .Several were already discajftftag an eventual decline of awWfeignty movement is notable in itself. Dave Barrett did not hesitate to describe Rene Levesque as This is doubtless a supreme heresy in the eyes of very his fellow cititvfes who see Mr. Le- evil personified. it Is a judgment of great truth for those whose contacts with the rest of the country have permitted them to note that of all Quebec political Mr. Ltvetqw Letters Verbal junk jettisoned How I had eipected more from Peter Hunt. Nov. The major point of my letter was that the majori- ty of attempted com- munications are misunder- with the level of mis- understanding being propor- tional to the degree of abstraction of terminology used. All this is not to project dis- dain for levels of bat rather to caution both writer and reader as to their respective obligations. Neither was my aim to pro- ject disdain for the ideals and aspirations of Peter or anyone be be athiest. My aim and a plea for making our ideals more at- tainable in more tangible terms. High ideals are abstracts. They have a tendency to get out of control. High ideals ac- counted for the United Red they also accounted for the Middle East the present trouble in Northern Ireland. Let us not forget that Adolph Hitler as well as Albert Schweitzer had high ideals. It would appear that if education is planned and pur- poseful we might produce more men like more oganiiations like the Red Cross. This is why I ask for more from Peter Hunt than mere abstract entities. Hunt jet- tisons verbal junk into our already over-polluted en- and is hurt when we throw it back Mr. Hunt claims that within Canada within schools and universities have been falling for some This claim does not impress for it is meanginless until Mr. Hunt defines what he mans by and also by Again verifiable data to substantiate his claim is called for In I am not say- ing that all is well within our public educational system. If disorder is and substan- the situation must be rectified. Greater can result from defective as Bret Harte so succinct- ly of all words of tongue and The saddest 'it might have More sad are these we daily 'It but hadn't ought to SAM HUXLEY Lethbridge. Save the parade Official recommendation for the abolishment of the an- nual exhibition parade has got to be the surprise of the year. Obviously this would be a persecution of beauty for the traditional fair time parade is easily the most aesthetic and pleasing part of the entire fair week. Proposals such as this must be motivated and it was stated in the announcement that the financial cost could be used in better ways. I very much that veteran parade watchers would see it this way though it is certainly true that if local firms would contribute more quality floats and features there would be less need to bring in outside ones at a cost. I sincerely believe that the support and appreciation of the fair parade by the public is such that they would pay in- directly if necessary to main- tain this outstanding annual event. As cities go Lethbridge is a beautiful community and I would say this annual parade is one of its beautiful features. Furthermore it is impossible to see how anyone watching on a fine summer morning an ex- hibition parade of the quality of our more recent ones could even think let alone seriously its abolishment. I see no need to look within the structure of the exhibition itself for ways to achieve better value for the dollar spent on the entire exhibition. Proof that this is already achieved is by the thousands of people on parade day who make the which is not and likewise provide the which is also not in order to watch and enjoy this unique treat which is so comparatively wholesome and pleasing. Hundreds more willingly make personal sacrifices in effort and time to make the parade a reality for a day. As I see it this is a force for good in any community and since the last word has not been spoken on this issue I strongly recommend a collec- tive resistance to this recommendation for abandon- ment of the appreciated and traditional fair time parade LLOYD R. WEIGHTMAN Lethbridge. The right thing With so much being said and written about the federal government implementing the 90 export tax on crude and the federal Liberal government usually getting a kick in the pants on this issue trom the Conservative politicians in the province of together with generally unfavorable reac- tion from the Alberta news I was very much sur- prised to read statements made by Joe presi- dent of Universal Gas Co Ltd of which is an independently owned Cana- dian company. though I am in the oil business. I would hate to suggest that it should have all gone to the oil industry. I were in Mr. Mac- donald's shoes I don't know if 1 would not have done the same thing. I cannot follow politicians or people in the oil industry who suggest that we should have been selling Cana- dian oil to Americans at cheaper than they were pay- ing for Arab oil. reponsible American has suggested that either It is just political garbage peo- ple are spouting when they say the Americans are mad at us because we want to charge them the going price for The Edmonton Journal says. should be pointed out that Premier Lougheed's 'suggestion' that Edmonton use Alberta coal instead of gas in its power plants a bit rash. Besides the cost of forcing Edmonton to virtually tear down and rebuild its power such a change could also have some impact on the whole provincial power trying to scare up an alternate source of electricity for the city in the interim period. it is dismay- ing to note that the city of Ed- monton seems to hold the same status as the cities of Toronto and Chicago as far as the government of Alberta is but not altogether surprising considering past provincial government policy In regard to the oil tax by the federal government I have a sneaking suspicion that time itself will prove that the federal Liberal government did the right thing. As for Premier Lougheed and his one cannot readily see how these are designed to benefit the ma- jority of the average working but appear to appease the wishes and needs of the large oil companies do- ing business in Alberta. JOHN L Liberal Party in Alberta Edmonton The Lethbridge Herald 504 7tn SI S LetfibrMkM. LETHBRIDG6 HERALD CO LTD Proprietors end Publishers Second Msil Registration No 0012 CLEO w Editor dfia Publisher DON H. PILLING DONALD R DORAM HtthttllMtttt ;