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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 29, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta District The Lethbridge Herald Local news Second Section November 1973 Pages 13-24 toms ready for Christmas By RIC SWIHART Herald Staff Writer The Gobbler Express arrived in Lethbridge the other day and within hours large turkey toms were packaged and frozen ready for Christmas dinners Ralph Efller. manager of Lilydale Poultry Sales in Lethbridge. the largest poultry processing company in Southern said the new facilities at the valued at more than have greatly increased the number ot birds that can be handled. The new weigh house and unloading deck starts the processing cycle off at the North Lethbridge plant The large triple-decked trucks pull onto the 70-foot-long scale and a total weight is recorded electronically on a special card The truck then pulls into another bay where men systematically place the feet lirsi. mlo special leg holders attached to an endless conveyor line Once the truck is it is weighed again to determine the payload before being moved to another bay for washing The turkeys start the long trip from truck to freezer hanging like bats from a tree Within minutes the birds are rendered un- conscious when passed over an electric current In an unconscious the throats ot the birds are passed over a sharp blade slitting the juggler vein and allowing the blood to dram The birds then are dipped into a vat of water set at 142 degrees A special wetting agent loosens the feathers to facilitate plucking Still on the endless conveyor the birds enter the first of two plucking machines The first has hundreds of foot-long rubber fingers which rotate slapping the feathers otl the dead birds The second machine has shorter rubber fingers to make a more thorough job of getting rid of the feathers The birds are then automatically knocked from the conveyor to a table Employees pick the birds up and place their heads in a similar holder at the start of another conveyor. The first step in the eviscerating process consists of a simple knife cut down the length ot the neck The same worker also removes the oil sack from the tail of the bird DRUMSTICKS Two workers then loosen the skin from the neck before three workers remove the wind- pipe and a pouch-like enlarged portion of the gullet Further along the eviscerating a worker makes a cut near the bird's vent Two more workers make cuts which will hold the bird's legs in. the packaged form Four workers then expose the eviscera or entrails for Canada Department of Health of Animals inspectors Two girls work closely with the inspectors If any birds show signs of bruising or broken bones the girls cut the affected parts away Any birds found bruised are sold as utility turkeys at a lower price. The hearts and livers are then removed at a special section of the eviscerating line by two workers Another two workers then remove the gizzards while two more workers remove the skin from the gizzards Hundreds of foot-long rubber fingers slap off the turkey feathers. The hearts and livers flow into a chilling vat and three girls put equal parts into bags for replacement into chest cavity of the packaged birds Back on the eviscerating the bird's heads are automatically pulled off and then two workers finish the process by vacuuming out the lungs and kidneys from the birds The birds then pass by a checker who is responsible for making sure the innards are completely removed Still on the endless the birds pass through a machine which automatically removes the feet Some days the turkeys are so large the feet have to be removed by hand Chest cavities are cleared of and the birds bagged. The legs of the birds are then placed under the flap of skin near the vent before they are placed into a 70-foot-long stainless steel chill- ing tank They are then placed into holding tanks lu await packaging At the start of the packaging workers cut off the necks and place them in- side the birds Three workers are kept busy making sure the legs are placed under a piece of skin to make a smooth packaging job GRADING The birds are then individually graded and weighed and provided with an appropriate bag Three girls are kept busy vacuuming air out of the bird's chest cavity and sealing the bags with a metal ring The bags are then passed through hot water to shrink the ensuring that no air is left inside After a visual the bagged birds are placed under a piece of skin to make a smooth packaging job The birds are then individually graded and weighed and provided with an appropriate bag Three girls are kept busy vacuuming air out of the bird's chest cavity and sealing the bags with a metal ring The bags are then passed through hot water to shrink the ensuring that no air is left inside After a visual the bagged birds are placed in a liquid freezing unit for 30 minutes When they come out the other end of the there is a hard crust on the outside of the bird Girls then place two birds according to weight in a box for movement to a deep Ireezer. This new freezer circulates air at 25 degrees below zero completely freezing the birds They are then stored in an adjacent freezer waiting for shipment to market Mr Effler says with the new equipment Lilydale is capable of processing chickens per hour. broiler 800 turkev hens and 400 to 450 turkey toms per hour During 1973. Lilydale will have processed 3.859.000 chickens The plant expects to process 142.000 broiler. 40.000 hen and 46.000 torn turkeys Separate school board briefs Trustees okay standard Canada course Separate school trustees the development of i common course in Canadian ludies for Canadian n a regular meeting Vednesday. A letter will now be sent to JM Hyndman. minister of to inform him of heir support. Mr. Hyndman had asked rustees at the Alberta School rrustees Association annual neetmg in October to let him .now whether they supported uch a program The course would provide ill Canadian students- with the ame lolitieal and in- formation about Canada Separate school trustees said Wednesday historical and other Canadian facts take on a different slant in the different educational systems in Canada Separate school trustees were not prepared to accept a verbal indication from the provincial -government's school buildings board that up- grading of the Assumption School building may receive government funding. Thcv suggested a statement ol need be presented to the school buildings board with a l lur ivnllan rwminii. tion of the need for upgrading in the school before architects are again asked to draw up plans for the renovations Two years ago. the separate school board authorized architects to draw up plans for an addition to the school and ihe provincial govern- ment never did approve an ad- dition and now have cancelled the plans f The architects fees for the plans was The Lethbridge separate ychool board paid the but Wednesday it decided the government should reimburse it the A letter reouestina the samp will be sent to the department ol education Because the government failed to give the go-ahead for the addition to the Assumption the board was reluc- tant to authorize an architect to develop plans for the renovations without first receiving written consent from the school buildings board in Edmonton. The renovations to the school would include the conversion ol two large originally designated as playrooms into smaller rooms and olhces liustecs were informed lh.ll I ho srhrtnl vacation will begin Dec 22 and conclude Jan. 8 Teachers will return to classes Jan 7 to begin prepar- ing for the new semester. The board also agreed to give caretakers and central otl ice staff Dec 24 off m ex- change for the Nov ll statutory holiday which fell on a Sunday Trustees approved plans for a one dav in-service session loi teachers dealing with sex and sexuality in the context of lamilv life education The one ol instruction loi leaeheis will be held Dec Kl Grain too costly to feed to beef By KEN ROBERTS Herald Staff Writer CALGARY The beef production process has got to change because of the energy crisis the executive secretary of the Society for Range Management in Denver. Colorado claims It takes four or five calories of fossil fuel to produce one calorie of food produce Mr Colbert told a seminar sponsored by the Foothills Forage Co-op Association Wednesday can't afford to feed food grains to beef need more meat but we shouldn t get it by depriving the rest of the world of food We should use non-food to produce human food The price of diesel fuel has Grazing lands said mishandled CALGARY Mismanage- ment of grazing lands is the number one problem in the a professor of plant science at the University of Alberta says Art who specializes in range brush con- trol and range said Wednesday beef producers in the foothills allow their cattle to overgraze the land and graze native ranges at the wrong time of the year In an interview following a seminar here sponsored by the Foothills Forage Co-op Dr. Bailey said the same cattlemen also fail to rotate cattle when they use too few herbicides and ineffectively use com- binations of cultivated and native ranges Better use of native range lands is one answer to the high cost of feed for he said Dr Bailey says there has been a great increase in the amount of brush on rangeland since man .came to the because of less com- petition from grass which has been grazed by animals and fewer wildfires He says wildfires and grass used to keep the brush under control Herbicides and aerial spray- ing are much less expensive ways for clearing brush from grazing Dr Bailey added It costs one-quarter as much Because of pressure from the seed growing beef producers are growing forage with a lot of seeds and not many Dr Bailey alleges This is contrary to their needs because the leaves are valuable as roughage for the cattle More less butter sold Canadians are consuming less butter and just slightly more margarine this year compared to past says a major producer of margarine think people are just eating less Bill vice president of sales for Western Canadian Seed Reserve industry discussed Future economic develop- ment on the Blood Reserve Mill probably be agricultural- ly a public meeting at the University of Lethbridge was told Wednesday a community development officer with the lilood administration said at .1 forum sponsored by the Native Awareness Club that certain major industries are considering locating on the i cserve. but he said announce- ment at this time would be premature Mr Wells cited a feedlot aiid a vegetable processing plant as examples of in- dustries that could be run on thp I escrv e Should a feedlot be set up ho said farmers on the i eset ve would have to produce large amounts of alfalfa This i op would probably be grown irrigation company wishing to start production on the ieserve.-he will have to be willing to enter the same u pe ol agreement that was concluded between the band. and the Wickes Corp in sotting up Kainai Industries Kainai Industries is a joint venture operation employing .ibwit Indians manufactur- ing sectional housing Mr Wells said he believes eventually the reserve economy will be highly eloped enough to provide lotis tot all people wishing to remain with the tube lint he said that now there jit' jobs in ctTtdin categories ate being titled with whiles heeaus'e Indunis don't have the piopei training feaclieis doctors lawyers .iiul agriculluial .lie Mime ol the possums wheic the hand would prefer hue people Iroin the M II II said in an inter- view The company estimates that retail and wholesale sales of butter for the first eight months of 1973 dropped by 19 million pounds from 1972 to 190 million pounds During the same margarine sales crept up by three million pounds to 137 million pounds as of August During that sales of both butter and margarine decreased by about two million pounds Mr Clarke says it is too ear- ly to determine the effect of legislation in this province that has made the marketing of butter-colored margarine possible for the past year-and- a-half But he says that margarine sales will continue to rise as compared to butter as the taste of margarine approaches the taste of cutter. On a per capita Alber- tans consume about 8 5 pounds of margarine per year com- pared with a national average of 9 3 pounds The highest con- sumption of margarine is in B C where the figure is more than 10 pounds per person per year Butter consumption has decreased on a national basis from 16 pounds per person five years ago to 13 6 pounds this year Mr Ciarke says there are areas in the United States where experiments with better butter flavorings have raised the consumption of margarine per capita to as high as 15 OT 18 pounds He adds that his company's sales of margarine are in- creasing but that does not in- dicate more people are eating margarine he says the company is going ahead at the expense of its com- petitors That fact is good news for the producers of rapeseed in he because it means less American soya beans are being used to produce margarine doubled in the United States Mr Colbert said in an inter- view after his talk Machine costs are escalating and the availability of fuel is an uncer- tainty There was a bumper crop of wheat in Colorado this year but farmers were uncertain if could harvest it because ol a shortage of fuel for com- bines He savs much of todays beef has too much fat on it and there could be a saving of cereal grain by producing leaner cows which would result in leaner cuts of meat These cuts would be healthier lor humans He also savs cattle should spend less time in the feed lots where the.y are fed cereal prams and more time in the pasture The forage in pastures requires much less machine energy to maintain and grow it than does cereal pram When questioned on the use ol alfalfa being used as a human food because of its high protein content. Mr Colbert said he didn t think it would ever happen because beans could be produced with much less machine energy than alfalfa Aubrey Sherman range management specialist for the loothills area told the seminar that the merits ol feeding cat- tle large quantities of cereal grain and protein supplements in meat and milk production have received much attention during the past decade In fact the emphasis has been predominantly on production ol meat and milk Irom cereal grams and pro- tein supplements Mr Sherman said Now the price ol this loodstuli has increased due to demand by expanding human population and increase export shipments We will not be able to af- lord the luxury of high priced loud grams lor our animals I think we will see the day in the not too distant future where grass fat cattle will be the predominant market animals Chief says Check Stop is legal Police are adequately authorized by law to stop motorists and check for drivers registration and pink Chief Ralph Michelson told the police com- mission Wednesday The commission was dis- cussing a suggestion by a dis- trict court judge in Edmonton that the Alberta Check Stop program may be illegal Judge Sidney V Legg had told members of the Ed- monton Safety Council he wasn't sure the Check Stop met the requirements of the Criminal Code if a person was asked to submit to breath analysis A report of the judge's comments appeared in Monday's Herald Chief Michelson said the judge was wrong in several ways He said police have the right to check the driver's to search for li- quor if they suspect illegal and to demand a breathalyzer test if the driver appears impaired Commission member Vera Ferguson said she thought the judge's remarks were unfair to the since it is only in the beginning stage Or the problem could be irresponsi- ble reporting of the judge's she added Chief Michelson said that public response to the Check Stop program in this area has been very favorable more data needs to be collected to see what effect the program has had School population rises The school population in Not tli Lethbridge has mi i eased at rale seven limes gi eater than the school growth in South I clhbriilge dining past 12 voiiis public school enrol mi in rcpoit lele.ised this week mdu.ites In Snuili Lcthhridgc school leased Mom 4 while Lethbridge school increased Irom 2. in J '124 the same MiMltiit population in South I eihliiulgi schools leached a ik in when 4 9Jh indi moiled m schools Mum ii l.eihlti Hgr student iMoii d US pi jk ;