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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 29, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta THIRD SECTION The Uthbrtdge Herald Novtmbtr 1973 PAGES 26 Bosporus Bridge TURKEY Bosporous Bridge provides new trade and travel link By SAM COHEN Christian Sdemse Monitor Turkey An old dream came true last when the continents of Europe and Asia were connected here in Istanbul by a huge suspension bridge. For the first time in people can walk or drive across the world-famous Bosporus which separates the two sides of and two continents. The Bosporus inaugurated Oct. 30 with a ceremony coinciding with the 50th anniversary of the Turkish was attend- ed by local and foreign dignitaries. The designed by a British firm and built by an Anglo-German was completed in 3tt years. With a span and a total length of including the the Euro-Asian bridge is the longest suspension bridge in Europe. It is also listed as the fourth biggest in the after the Verranzano-Narrows Bridge in New the Golden Gate Bridge in San and the Mackinac Bridge in Michigan. The 82 feet wide and 164 feet above the has six lanes for vehicles and two footways for pedestrians. At least vehicles are expected to use the bridge twice the number using the car ferries that cross the Bosporus. Trucks and other vehicles coming from various parts of Turkey as well as from Europe and the Near used to wait up to 48 hours to get across on a ferry. The Bosporus Bridge is ex- pected to contribute largely to increased trade and tourism between Europe and Asia. Turkey's growing foreign now closely connected with the European Common will greatly benefit from it. One of the main reasons that led the Turkish govern- ment in 19S9 to decide to build this bridge the problem caused by the delays of particularly those carrying fresh and other agricultural products. Another motive was traffic congestion in this city of 3 many of whom live on the residential Asian coast and work on the busy Euro- pean side. Under the the Bosporus Strait is crowded with huge and Soviet naval vessels on their way to the Mediterranean. The government met op- position to the project from some politicians and intellec- particularly the leftists. Critics claimed the bridge would be a burden on Turkey's economy. They maintained priority should be given to more essential development projects. Critics are and the vast majority of the Turks are this project was carried out. The 134 million cost was financed by the European Investment with a 20- low-Interest loan from members of the European Economic Community. Ex- perts believe tolls will pay the cost within less than three years. Charges range from 70 cents to according to the type and weight of the vehicle. Many Istanbul residents were worried that the bridge would spoil the view of the Bosporus one of the world's most beautiful spots. Many now think the bridge has add- ed to the beauty of the city's dominated by mos- and old fortresses. As thousands of and buses roll across the new Turks and foreigners watching are fascinated at the realization of a very old dream. Not since the bridge of boats built by Darius about 500 B.C. has there been any road link across the but there have been numerous and plans to join the two continents together. Clandestine raiders sought North Vietnam information By DANIEL SOUTHERLAND Christian Science Monitor South Vietnam They were not willing to talk about it when it was happening. But military sources here have now dis- closed that clandestine raiders organized by the United States kidnapped hundreds of North Viet- namese citizens for intelligence-gathering pur- poses in the 1960's. One source said that the number kidnapped in the American-sponsored secret operations against North Viet- nam came to at least Nearly all of those seized were fishermen wise were returned to North Vietnam after questioning and in- doctrination the sources said. Although the main purpose of the raids was intelligence they were also used to try to create the impression among those kidnapped that an indigenous opposition group was operating in North Vietnam. The fishermen were told that they had been cap- tured by this group. But most of them did not believe according to informed sources. The Pentagon published in briefly men- tioned the kidnappings along with a number of other clandestine operations against North Vietnam which were undertaken in early 1984. The kidnappings were part of what was called Ooeratlrm Plan 34A. In addition to the kidnap- the operations included commando the bom- bardmeirir'of coastal in- stallations by PT and the parachuting of sabotage and psychological warfare teams into North Vietnam. This secret war against the North was begun prior to the Tonkin Gulf incident of 1964 and well before either North Vietnam or the United States had committed major combat units to the fighting in South Vietnam. The Pentagon papers dis- closed that the 34A attacks were under the control of a special branch of the U.S. military command in Saigon called the Studies and Obser- vation Group. The Americans worked out plans with the South Viet- namese and then submitted them to Washington for approval. Either Vietnamese or ap- parently Asian performed the raids. But the Pentagon papers did not give any of the details of the kidnapping Nor did they indicate how ex- tensive the operations were. A South Vietnamese naval officer who had been involved in these raids said that the men who carried them out had to go through as much as two years of special training. They had to be able to swim long distances carrying heavy he said. They were all well-paid volunteers. The officer said that the Vietnamese commandos used jet-powered supplied by the United which could accelerate to high speeds within seconds. They were much faster than anything which the North Vietnamese had at the time. Dial-a-friend Zenith 6-6O14. Just call us toll-free from anywhere in Alberta. That way when you stay in you'll stay with friends. Downtown Calgary. 9th Ave. 1st next to the Calgary Tower. THE Grit suggests airlines flock together in Canada By VICTOR MACKIE 'Special to tht HmU OTTAWA Air Canada and CP Air should be united Into oae large Canadian airline privately operated alonf the model of the Bell Telephone with 1U rata subject to government it wai suggested in the Commons this week. It was made by x ROM Whicher Liberal MP for the Ontario riding of Bruce. He pointed out that now there are shortages of energy and people are alarmed about increasing pollution it would be a good move to amalgamate the two major airlines doing away with duplication on several routes. Yves chairman of the board for Air suggested any question of amalgamation of the two Ones was He remark- ed that in such an amalgamation both parties have to be agreeable and he doubted that either Air Cnada or CP Air would welcome such a move. Mr. Pratte said that while the government owned airline is a crown corporation it is also a business enterprise engaged in a competitive business. Air Canada must therefore operate in accor- dance with sound business principles so as to achieve efficiency to ensure a proper use and allocation of its re- sources and to meet competition successfully. the management of our we have to be or to put another we have to be profit but profitability cannot be our tote he said. He made it clear that the profit orientation which mutt prevail in the day to day management of the bushwM does not mean that Air Canada should reduce our service below an acceptable level. He aald Air Canada does not and should not attempt to make profits at the ex- pense of adequate levels of service. Mr. Pratte said that during the past two Air Canada faced a shortage of capacity on many routes. The shortage was due mainly to several factors which be listed as A rate of traffic growth in excess of 25 per cent per higher than that achieved by other major airlines and well ahead of the 10 to per cent rate that is consid- ered good in the industry. Fleet planning and availability were upset by the unex- pected bankruptcy of the engine manufacturer for the Lockheed L-1011 airplane. Had Air Canada received its L-1011's on schedule the airline would have had a fleet of nine this past summer plus two leased instead of the three plus the two leased which it had on hand. The situation was further exaggerated by strikes in other tran- sportation companies such as Cana- dian Canadian National Railways and CP Air. This rapid added to the shortage of had a' detrimental effect on customer ser- vice by overcrowding reservation ticket offices and airport facil- ities. It created extra stress and workloads for employees in op- erational and customer service Mr. Pratte said this as not the end of Air Canada's problems. It alto had the additional problem of the opening of Terminal Two in Toronto. The head of Air Canada aald the Initial problems with the terminal resulted In a of our on-time performance and this in turn badly affected our baggage handling service The chairman of the airline paid tribute to the staff of Air Canada and complemented them for ing so during these difficult periods. Mr. Whicber pressed Mr. Pratte to tell the committee if he believed that a country as small in population as Canada could really afford to have two major airlines operating across it. Mr. Pratte said there were two national airlines and five regional carriers He said the experiences of American lines tended to show that competition produced over- capacity. Canada would be better off if CP Air and Air Canada were said Mr. Whicher. Arnold Peters said he was surprised to hear a Liberal member like Mr. Whicher and a free ad- vocating the nationalization of Canada's airlines. Mr. Whicher said the member misunderstood. He was advocating setting up an airline corporation such as Bell which was privately- owned but had its rates fixed by the government through a board. of Coper1 AT REGULAR PRICES i i i Now fcwewed in Alberta Carlsberghas long been the world's most exported Lager beer. Now this glorious beer of is brewed right here in Alberta. And because it's now brewed you can enjoy Carlsberg at regular prices. Carlsberg brewed with all the skill and tradition of Denmark to the taste of Canadian beer drinkers. Discover Carlsberg for yourself. Canadian Breweries Alberta Lid. CP Motels H COPENHAGEN city of beautiful towers ;