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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 29, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta WecfnMday, Novimbor THE IETHBRIDOE HEKMB 19 HISTORY IS A GRIM REMINDER Vietnam truce force may have to do the impossible By WILLIAM L. RYAN AP Special Correspondent If history Is a guide, the four countries chosen to supervise a cessation of hostilities in In- dochina have an unenviable and Killers better parole risks than criminals SAN FRANCISCO (AP) Murderers are better parole risks than most criminals, the national council on crime and delinquency has reported. The council, sponsoring a two- day conference of 55 parole agencies, said here that its team which conducted a five- year research program has a national research population of paroled killers on which to base its parole findings. Dr. Don Gottfredson, research director for the council, said the paroled slayers were compared with other criminals placed on parole during the re- search period. "Approximately 9.03 per cent of the other offenders were re- turned to prison in the first year, while the percentage of murderers all of- only 1.77 per he said. i perhaps impossible job ahead of them. Poland and Hungary as the Communist members and Can- ada and Indonesia as the non- Communist ones have been asked to lake the assignment. Canada quickly indicated a good deal of circumspection about it and a large dollop of gloom would seem to be war- ranted by the record. International peace-keeping efforts both within and outside the framework of the United Nations have been tried in such diverse areas as Indochina, the Middle East, Africa's former Belgian Congo, Korea and Cyprus. The record looks like this: Middle East: Ever since mid-1949, the United Nations has been trying to keep Arabs and Jews from going to war. After UN efforts achieved a ceasefire and armi- stice in the first Arab-Israeli war, the world body drew up demarcation lines to separate the hostile forces. It set up a mixed armistice commission to watch for violations. But no in- ternational effort could have healed wounds that went so deep. SENT EMERGENCY FORCE Constant tension and frequent armistice violations culminated in a world crisis in October, 1956, when Britain and Frani stung by the decision of Gam Abdel Nasser to nationalize t Suez canal, joined Israel in attack on Egypt. Big power tervention forced an end to t hostilities and in November t United Nations decided to sen an emergency supervise the ceas fire. No country opposed th although the Soviet Union lat would renounce financial sponsibility. A force of was forme to serve as a buffer between t two sides. It was destined to re main in place through 11 yea of unremitting tension, wi never a sign of the peace th the peace-keepers were posed to keep. Early in 1967 the Arab wor was in another of its frequen states of disarray. Syria cha longed Nasser's pre-eminen by clamoring the hew war Israel. Stung, Nasser ordere the UNEF to leave his le. lory. To his dismay, the UNE complied. The barrier was go and the new war empted once. Israel humiliated tl combined Arab forces, for all Nasser's imposing display Soviet weaponry, in six days' lightning conflict. But the Ara Israel war never really ended. A new ceasefire punctuatec that phase and a new one be- gan. The uproar has persistec since. Violations of the ceasfi are common. INDOCHINA: The effort in Vietnam, Lao We Have The Tree and the Trimmings Green Canadian Green Canadian Use Your Woolco CHARGE CARD For All Your Christmas Shopping! Opan Dally 9 a.m. to o p.m.) Thurtdpy and Friday 9 a.m. lo 9 p and Cambodia was a long ex- ercise in futility. The 1954 Geneva agreements ending the French phase of the war and dividing Vietnam placed a three-nation Inter- national Control Commission (ICC) in charge of policing the armistice. A built-in ICC weakness pre- saged inevitable failure. The makeup was supposed to be pro-West, pro-Communist and neutral; the members were Canada, Poland and India. If unanimous action were needed, paralysis was automatic. KOREA: An armistice ended fighting between the Cliinese-North Ko- rean Communist forces and the UN, led by Iho United States, in July, 1953. The sides were to withdraw from the MUi parallel and from a demilitarized zone about three miles .wide. Each would refrain from new military buildup. It didn't work. North Korea began at once to accept big shipments of military hardware from Russia. South Korea matched that with materiel from the Americans. The armi- stice for 19 years has uneasy and marked by freque.it violations across DIWZ line. CONGO: The United Nations tried to keep the peace in the explosive Belgian Congo in the early 1960s, but matters got out of hand. By 1964 Ihe Congo had produced Black Africa's most dangerous cold war clash, growing out of a Communist- supporled secessionist rebellion in the east. Frustraled, the UN peace-keeping force finally withdrew. Eventually GOT. Jo- seph P. Mobulo asserted his au- thority, put down a variety of challenges, and now rules Zaire, as the Congo has been renamed, under a constitution Schools reopen SEOUL (AP) The martial law command reopened all col- leges and universities In South Korea Tuesday. They were or- dered closed Oct. 17 when Pres- ident Chung Hee Park imposed martial law. giving him broad presldentli] powers. Some in the United Nation! point to the Cyprus experience as justification for international peace-keeping efforts. It de- pends on the viewpoint. A peace-keeping force has been operating on the Mediterranean island for more than eight years, but peace is far from reality and persistent tensions still threaten to explode into new hostilities. Canada has about 900 men In the Cyprus force. A WOOLGO SPECTACULAR! SPECTACULAR BECAUSE the price Is Incredibly low for a polyester knit suit of this quality! ihe knit fabric is wrinkle-resistant ideal for travellingl the styling is TODAY with wide lapels, deep cenlre venl and wide flair t H pocketsl ihe selection fs tremendous Glen Checks, Houndstooths, Windowpanes, Neat-Look paJJerns and more] Your choice of numerous colours. one of Canada's leading manufac- turers tailored it with an eye 1o the small derails I WOOLCO SALE PRICE each USE YOUR WOOLCO CHARGE CARD FOR ALL YOUR CHRISTMAS SHOPPING Open Dolly 9 o.m. to 6 p.m.; Thursday nnrl Fridny 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. College Shopping Mall 2025 Mayor Magrath Drive ;