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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 28, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Military purpose of NATO eroded Thursday, November 28, 1974 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 5 By Fred Manor, Herald special commentator VE BRUSSELS It has been Europe's worst autumn in 22 years. Morning after morning one woke up to dismal grey skies and the monotonous sound of rain softly falling on roofs and pavements. The dis- consolate skies, with no silver lining on the uniformly dark horizon, reflected the conti- nent's moral climate: A pres- ent in which there is no future. Day-to-day existence has become irresistibly attrac- tive, to be enjoyed like the last opulent meal before tomorrow's execution. On the surface, the Western world appears prosperous and united. NATO is now at as high a peak as it has ever been, with only Cyprus caus- ing difficulties, and it is often forgotten that Cyprus represents the first real inter- allied quarrel in the 25 years of NATO's existence. (The Warsaw Pact, on the other hand, had to contend with armed risings in East Ger- many, Hungary, Poland, and the march on Czech- oslovakia.) The Ottawa Declaration of this summer has demonstrated that the idea of Europe as a Third Force is a dead duck, as is, po- litically, its chief proponent, former French Foreign Minister Michel Jobert. The quarrel with Iceland has been settled, with the election of a new pro-NATO Icelandic government. France is again close to NATO's planning, there is some prospect for a Cyprus settlement and those European nations, which by appeasing the Arabs hoped to reap individual benefits in their energy supplies, have come to realize that they are in exactly the same energy- scarce boat as the rest of the Western world. Berry's World The NATO appreciation that the Yom Kippur War was not a local Arab-Israeli conflict but a direct East-West confrontation is now shared by many of the Western allies. One senior NATO official was confident that should a new Middle East war break out, the Europeans' behavior would be vastly different from that of a year ago. This comforting picture, however, is not shared even by those who voice it. A German military expert remarked to me caustically that the Ottawa Declaration was a dead letter even before the ink was dry on it. The Dutch are ready to cut their forces by 20 per cent, the British are threatening massive cuts in their defence spending, even the United States is contemplating cuts in her defence expenditure. The conversation took place before the cuts announced by Defence Minister James Richardson, so one can add Canada to the list of nations that have so quickly defaulted on the Ottawa Declaration. That Europe has learned nothing from history was echoed from Brus- sels to Bonn. At Book Reviews an ancient German university a well-informed professor re- marked that no government and no alliance can pursue practical politics that have no roots in history. History, however, and its lessons have sunk into oblivion. Most NATO allies have socialist governments run by men who have grown up in the at- mosphere of NATO peace. Few of them have a personal recollection of what the world was like before NATO came into being, they have their own socialist spending priorities, and since defence requires large quantities of scarce energy resources, it presents a convenient target for the budgetary axe. The military purpose of the alliance and NATO is, first and foremost, a military al- liance is being eroded by political considerations, national egotism and deep- seated jealousies. For in- stance, each year NATO wastes about billion because NATO equipment is not standardized. The Warsaw Pact is wholly standardized whereas within NATO almost every country insists on its own armaments. There are between 15 and 20 schemes on the NATO countries' drawing boards for anti-tank and anti- aircraft weapons alone. Part of this waste is due to the desire of the individual governments to give employ- ment to their industries. Then there is the pride in national scientific achievement and, above all else, the desire of each general and admiral to have all his equipment made to measure to fit his par- ticular plans. On the other hand, Canada which has an excellent indus- trial infrastructure, wilfully neglects her armaments in- dustries. We could build new armaments and produce new ideas, but these capabilities have been allowed to wither. Thus the newly found Western unity remains fragile, the strategic picture dark, while politically the defection of Greece is overshadowed by the possible defection of Italy, a key country whose future haunts NATO planners. And above it all looms the spectre of infla- tion that, if continued un- checked, will have devastating effects on the social and political conditions of Europe. The alliance is swimming in rough economic waters infested with all too many sharks, ready to pounce. Pollution in the living room Dr. Hans Selye discusses stress 1974 NEA Ini "YouVe got to help me, Doc! Should I not buy a new car and help whip inflation, or buy a new car and help whip "Stress Without Distress" by Hans Selye (McClelland and Stewart, S6.95, 171 The name of Hans Selye of Montreal has long been associated with the study of stress. In this book he develops the philosophical thoughts which were presented briefly in an earlier, largely medical, treatment of stress. Dr. Selye begins with a technical discussion of stress. He defines stress as "the non- specific response of the body to any demand made upon it." Any kind of normal activity- produces stress. There can be considerable stress without harmful effects. Damaging or unpleasant stress is "distress." "The aim of life is to main- tain its own identity and ex- press its innate abilities and drives with the least possible according to Dr. 6 year old whisky 5 year old price. RAIllSER COLONY HOUSE CANADIAN Beautiful! Palliser Colony House QinadianWhisky. Selye. He says this is equivalent to what men of God. sages and philosophers would call THE aim of life. I wonder if he is right, especial- ly when so many saintly per- sons have sought to deny their drives and have not been averse to enduring frustration to say nothing of suffering to serve other than themselves. I doubt that they would concur that "egotism must remain a fundamental guideline of conduct." To love one's neighbor as one's self is not possible, says Dr. Selye. It is incompatible with the laws of biology. Egotism is primary. He suggests a rewording of the dictum to: "Earn thy neighbor's love." The best and simplest guide to accomplish this aim is to make self as useful as possible, he says. This philosophy is bound to have a lot of appeal in this day of diminished religious con- viction. It provides an interpretation which is sensi- ble and satisfying. Far from leading to a grossly indulgent life, it should result in something approaching nobility. DOUG WALKER Books in Brief "Pursuit: The Sinking of the Bismarck" by Ludovic Kennedy (Collins. 254 The sinking of the German battleship Bismarch in 1941 was a major event of the last war. Her task was to reach the Atlantic and ravage allied convoys carrying vital supplies to Britain. Ludovic Kennedy describes how British forces with valuable help from European freedom fighters and a "neutral" American pilot hunted and sunk the Bismarck before she could start her mis- sion of destruction. Meticulous research, personal involvement in the battle, plus clear, easy flowing writing combine to make this an ex- ceptionally fine book. The author never loses sight of the importance of people and the words he uses to describe another writer apply to his own story. "He saw the thing in human terms, thought of the innumerable dead, sensed its high tragedy." Pursuit is illustraled. has a Jisl of sources, an index and extremely interesting notes on the text TERRY MORRIS "Downhill Lies and Other Falsehoods" by Rex l-ardner Hawthorn Books. 52.75, soft- hark. 152 pages, distributed by Prentirr-Hall of Canada. Lid.i. Scirinp heller than an oppo- nent by psychmp him becomes possible as a result of reading this brink 1 found 1hc humor rather heavy hut it might appeal to others with a different kind of funny bone Along 1he way there are some good pointers on playing golf IXH'G WALKER By Norma COALDALE Sex, seduction, rape, robbery, extortion, suicide, depravity what's your pleasure? Just a flick of the switch on the television set and you can have any of these. It isn't even necessary to stay up too late in order to see these exquisite offerings. We have progressed so far in our enlighten- ed society that prime time has been taken up by movies that have been shown in local theatres rated as "Adult" or "Restricted Adult." From Oct. 28 to Nov. 2, the movies Bob and Carol, Ted and Alice, and Klute were shown in the early evening The following week viewers were treated to The New Centurians and The Godfather. Sat. Nov 16 High Plains Drifter kept up the abomina- tion with its opening scenes of violence and rape. What comes next? 1 am not opposed to the showing of these adult films. For many they are enter- tainment, and how adults sweeten their cup of tea is a matter of personal discretion I am objecting strongly and loudly to the time of evening that they are being aired. Our children and grandchildren are our most precious resource, they hold the future of the world in their hands: yet we. as guiding adults, are guilty of pollution in its foulest measure pollution of their malleable minds. For a moment let us think back to the movie Klute. The theme was prostitution and murder. As the story unfolded a taped recording was played over and over: "For one hundred dollars I'll do anything you like just let your imagination go free." Imagine, if you can, the impact of this on minds that are 10 to 16 years of age: minds that are full of unanswered questions and im- aginations that are fertile and keen. Need we ask why the incidence of rape is on a sharp upswing? Bob and Carol. Ted and Alice could be interpreted as a comedy or a caricature on the young marrieds by some adult minds. However is it funny to impressionable young minds to watch young adults puffing on a pipe of pot all the while discussing the pros and cons of mate swapping? The garroting scene, the antics of Sonny in the upstairs bedroom, the repetition of "I'll offer him a deal he can't turn down." in the Godfather all provide food for violent thought. Need we ask what suggests such a morbid fascination in our young people for violence and vandalism, and the open flaunting of authority? They are getting visual aid right in their own living rooms! "Turn the TV off." you say May I take you to yet another scene? Mr. and Mrs. John Doe want and need a night to socialize. They call their regular babysitter, an amicable girl of 14 with a wholesome background and a member of a Girl Guides troop, to tend their 11 and nine year old youngsters. She arrives at seven; by eight or eight thirty homework has been done, and the youngsters are readied for bed there is a nine o'clock curfew. All three settle down with snacks in front of the televi- sion set. An adult-rated movie is about to be aired, preceded of course by a voice announc- ing that language and scenes of violence may not be acceptable to some and should be view- Shologan ed by a mature audience. The youngsters still have some free time corning to them. and the 14-year-old sitter's curiosity is naturally aroused. She has heard about these movies school and secretly wondered, but since her TV viewing is monitored by her alert parents, this is the first chance she has had toactuallv be where it's at She is dumbfounded, the ex- plicit sex scenes stagger her imagination and arouse dormant feeling within her being. It is before the protesting youngsters are whisked off to bed. She "is left alone spellbound, hypnotized by the scenes that un- fold before her eyes. What 14-year-old can view an adult or restricted adult movie objec- tively, and shrug it off as "just a None! When I was a girl. Sonja Hienie and Deanna Durbin were the stars of many movies, there were more aspiring young figure skaters spraining their ankles and trill- ing sopranos squeaking around than you could count. Youngsters learn by mimicry, and they will use the pattern found in their im- mediate environment. There will be some who will retort with "There has always been violence on the television screen, look at the old Gunsmoke series: watch some of the cartoons I will parry with- The old type of violence was tak- ing place in a different era and a different locale. A "shoot-out" at the O.K Corral had the kernel of truth, but youngsters did not identify with this type of thing. The cartoons have an element of fantasy and the im- pressionable mind knows this instinctively. We are spending millions of dollars building schools with properly equipped gym- nasiums: sportsplexes: swimming pools: and skating rinks all with one aim: to improve our children's bodies and minds. Yet thousands of dollars are being poured into mental health associations, and case workers and psychiatrists are swamped with disturb- ed young adults and children displaying ex- cessive violence and unacceptable behavior. Need we ask why' We cannot accuse the younger parents of apathy. As they were growing up we closed our eyes on the foul, rotten defilement that was undermining our true sense of values: the sense of values that tried to teach love as a tender caring emotion: fair play and honesty Adult entertainment in our living rooms is stressing over and over that the opposite is by- far and large the only acceptable way to Need we ask why they are confused and often unmanageable? I do not mean to imply that all parents of today are apathetic, because they have not spoken out before this. They could be and in all likelihood are the best parents: ones who are unselfishly volunteering their spare time in service club work, helping the un- derprivileged: busy trying to make their community a better place for children to develop in and are therefore not aware of what television entertainment is being offered. It is our duty to try to inform them, not only of how our mountains are being stripped, our bird population being wiped out. but how the minds of our youngsters are be- ing polluted right at home in the living rooms of the nation. Between delinquency and discipline By Louis Burke. Lethbridge teacher Science likes to talk about the delicate chain which keeps nature and the environ- ment together, but few people seem to have discovered there exists an equally delicate chain in the human structure. Between the delinquent and the disciplined young person there stretches the most fragile chain im- aginable whose links include parent, public, school, teacher and trustee. Proverbially, a chain is only as strong as its weakest link and in recent years that weak link seems to be the school trustee. Trustees are political creatures and func- tion accordingly. This year, public school trustees caused a "storm in a teacup" over the problem of corporal punishment which never has been a real issue in our city. Like capital punishment, the strap was merely a deterrent which kept some few from wild out- bursts and helped control many others Cer- tainly, the strap was meaningless to the ma- jority of parents and pupils. It did. however, become a band-wagon onto which some trustees gladly and quite irresponsibly leaped. It was coming to election time again! Like lowering the drinking age. the aboli- tion of corporal punishment in toto does change things in most schools. Once the ex- ample is set by our trustees, a new at mosphere of irresponsible freedom develops and the progression is downwards into more and more permissiveness Of course, the theories are otherwise, but facts often contradict theories. Administrators know the situation has worsened in our schools. Most certainly, the public is fully aware of the low level of dis- cipline in schools today, and Lethbridge can see the result of a new atmosphere by driving past schools which have sheet plywood where once stood plate glass. The abolition of cor- poral punishment, or the strap, opened a whole can of worms which will undoubtedly become more and more expensive. The financial expense can be calculated, but who is going to add up the cost in human beings. Political persons are not going to do it. Recent reports would have the public believe that common school dances have deteriorated to drink and drug affairs Is this not a spin-off of the new atmosphere0 What was removed from the elementary level is bound to have a shock wave in the secondary- section of our system and vice versa It is ail part of a delicate chain The strap was merely a healthy deterrent. Teachers in our schools did not abuse it. or if they did. administrators are guilty of cover- up In the United States, in some cities, it is not a question of which teacher may or may not use the strap, but which teacher will or will not carry a pistol to class If those schools degenerated so. what makes us so sure Lethbridge will be bctier off" The theory is that trustees are responsible people who reflect the wishes of the parents ll appears that parents wish more per- missivcnrss in our schools Is this really the rase, or are the trustees thai weak link in the chain'' Putting new life into old porn By Don Oaklrv. NEA commentator The porn 15 no lonptr preen In many of Ihr country, revenues al dirty hook stores, hard-core movie houses and even topless mpht clubs and massapc parlors are a third of what they wrre a year apo Newsweek The reason se-f ms be ibe one Thai many predicted would come into operation when and if pornography became freely available Commented a TTIOVIO theatre owner in San Francisco. quoted by the 1 suppose Ihe ceneral population pets bored with porn aflrr a while 1 know do Forliinaleh for the pomop-aphcrs. lhai arc at work lo rr-.ive the aihnc smut industry In community after com- munity, prosecutors are lakmc advantage of liberal Supreme Court interpretations of obscenity and are rrarkinf down nn the dirt-, books and 37, lnr ]ast election voters in Orepon okayed what is probably the severest obscenity law in the country H the reaction the forbidden (mil. trnwn stale wnb fa-iulianty may brcoTiie '-ntinnr dfam censor has alwa-. s been the pornofiaphfr s most valuable allv ;