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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 28, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIOGE HERALD Thursday, 28. 1974 Ethics on high Premier Tanaka's resignation was not a surprise. Nor can it be called a clear cut victory for righteousness, of which the world has had too few. The charges that he had built up a large, private for- tune while in public office by shady, or corrupt, means played a large part in the affair, of course. The behavior of public officials is being scrutinized much more closely by press, public and political op- ponents these days than BW (before And the Japanese have been so ardent in copying the ways of western democracies, where more than one leader has had to resign because of scan- dal, that the resignation might be looked on as one more bit of imitation. But Tanaka's unpopularity had been increasing for several months for political and economic reasons. He has had to take the blame for some events which were beyond his control. The oil crisis, for instance, hit hard at Japan's unique economy. But Tanaka's idea's on economic growth had come under fire from members of his own party and he was also unsuccessful, except spasmodically, in halting intlation. On the political side, the Liberal Democrats did poorly in last July's elections to the upper house of parliament. In brief, the party had become restless and fac- tionalized and charges of scandal in connection with the premier's private wealth were a convenient peg on which to force a resignation. The ethics involved in holding public office are under discussion in more than one major capital these days, including Ottawa. It is too bad, at least in the interest of helping to clarify the respon- sibilities of publicofficials, that the issue of Tanaka's resignation was not clearly one of ethics. Iskih-Takimiska The new viewpoint west of Lethbridge overlooking a cutoff in the Oldman River has been so tastefully designed that it hardly needs comment. If it is, indeed, to be a prototype for other viewpoints throughout the province and if they are as beautifully executed, Albertans will have reason to be proud not only of their land but also of their ability to appreciate it. However, to this end, some comment needs to be made about the remark of the director of the Heritage Sites Service to the effect that there may be more scenic places but none more historic. It is doubtful if there is a more scenic spot in the province. To be sure, Crowsnest Mountain is magnificent, eroded sections of the valley of the Red Deer River are spectacular, and the foothills are lovely, but they are not more beautiful than the horseshoe of the Oldman River valley known as Iskih Takimiska. For some reason prairie scenery is always approached with a note of apology, as though land has to be vertical to be appreciated, as though the onlooker must be overwhelmed instead of in- volved. There is no more evocative land- scape than that provided by a prairie river, entrenched in a prairie valley, lin- ed by prairie trees, meandering through time. There is no more exhilarating feel- ing than that provoked by the physical awareness of distance, by the sense of belonging in space, by the revelation to the spectator that he is part of a boundless universe and as close to infini- ty as he wants to go. To know the prairie is to know the wind, to know the constellations, to know the annual migration of the sun along the horizon, to know where the rain is falling. On the prairie one doesn't look at the scenery, he belongs to it. In man's relationship to the land, this is the rarest kind of beauty. Letters Taiwan independence "How do they expect us to teach our children the proper moral values? A triumph or a trap By James Reston, New York Times commentator The editorial Independence for (Aug. 31) posed the question of whether or not the majority of the inhabitants of Taiwan think of themselves as being part of China and would like to have an independent state known as the Republic of Taiwan. The editorial also posed the "more interesting question of who is paying the Toronto public relations firm to propagandize against the proposal of an independent Taiwan and May I say that the Toronto public relations firm mention- ed is R. T. Smylie Company and that the firm is retained by the Chinese Information Service, an agency of the Republic of China. We were retained a year ago because of the Canadian government's refusal to permit members of the Chinese Information Ser- vice to work in Canada on the grounds they were employees of a government not recogniz- ed by the Canadian government. Our responsibilities are to travel about the country visiting editors and jour- nalists, politicians and businessmen to tell them about activities on Taiwan and to draw to their attention some of the anomalies in the relationship between Canada and Taiwan. Who needs sugar? It isn't much consolation to the Lethbridge consumer to be told that he is paying four cents a pound less for sugar than his countryman in Vancouver who pays 70.7 cents a pound. On his next trip to the grocery store he discovers that someone else has also learned the news and is now charging him 71.8 cents a pound. Furthermore, he is puzzled by repeated assurances from industry spokesmen that there will be no short- ages of sugar when what he really wants is the assurance that there will be no shortages of money to pay for the ever dearer stuff. Not everyone feels helpless in the face of soaring sugar prices. Manitoba is self sufficient in sugar and that province is considering some kind of regulation which would assist consumers. The Win- nipeg Free Press, which does not support the Schreyer government as a general practice, has produced several valid reasons why this will not work. The idea is bound to appeal to consumers, nevertheless, and to those readers who notice the stories about whopping profits in the industry. Meanwhile, in the absence of anything resembling sanity in the whole situation, abstinence seems like the best answer to consumer frustration indignation bankruptcy. Who needs sugar? B.C. Sugar Refining Company, Ltd.. which has an industry monopoly in western Canada, is capitalizing on this possible consumer sentiment by adver- tising a fruitcake recipe that uses syrup, not sugar, and by offering free recipes using syrup to all who write for them. And their syrup was still selling at 30.6 cents a pound. Yesterday, that is. NEW YORK There are two contradictory inter- pretations of the Ford- Brezhnev "tentative" agree- ment on the control of offen- sive nuclear weapons. The first, defined by the White House press secretary, Ron Nessen, was that it was a "triumph" for arms control, and the second was that it was a delayed Soviet trap to assure Moscow of U.S. trade and modern technology. The chances are that it was neither. It was a sudden, vague, and surprising "breakthrough" in principle, as Secretary of State Kissinger called it, and an in- dication that the leaders of the Soviet Union want to continue their policy of peaceful coex- istence with the United States, or at least avoid a break with Washington in the foreseeable future. In political terms, this is reassuring. The Soviet leaders might have taken a more belligerent line. The western nations are in serious economic and political trouble. President Ford has not established his authority over the United States government, or even organiz- ed his new administration. And from the Azores, through Europe and the Mediterra- nean and the Middle East to Japan, the free nations are divided and disorganized. At least in the Ford- Brezhnev meeting at Vladivostok, the Soviet leaders didn't try to take ad- vantage of the disarray of the West. The Ford-Brezhnev meeting was merely a holding operation, and until the facts of their agreement are published, it will not really be clear what they decided. In any event, and for whatever reasons, the Soviets have agreed to a ceiling on all main strategic weapons systems, equal to the United States. They have dropped their claim that all American forward-based planes in Europe and Japan should be counted in the strategic balance, and concentrated on a Moscow-Washington com- promise in which they will get trade and technology in return for arms control. The arms control, however, will still leave both sides with enough weapons to blow up the world. The main thing, in the immediate future, is what the Vladivostok communique said about the Middle East. It was extremely vague. Ford and Brezhnev merely "reaffirmed their intention to make every effort to promote a solution of the key issues of a just and lasting peace in that area on the basis of the United Nations Resolution 338, with due account taken of the legitimate interests of all peoples of the area including the Palestinian people and respect for the rights of all the states of the area to indepen- dent existence." But this did not deal with, but merely evaded the central issue. Ford and Brezhnev did not really apply their noble principles to the Middle East. They are both shipping modern weapons into the area. More important, they are now sending weapons that can destroy both states if a fifth Israeli Arab war begins, and they are not using their influence or keeping their promises to avoid that war. These are the brutal facts of the situation, and on the big issue of the Middle East, the Vladivostok meeting was no triumph. It kept the balance of nuclear power about where it was. It agreed to maintain that balance for the next 10 years, which is helpful, but on the immediate crisis of the Middle East, it did not use the power of Washington and Moscow to avoid another war. It is probably wrong to assume that Brezhnev was setting a trap for Ford, agree- ing to a nuclear compromise in principle, merely to get trade and technology agreements through the Congress, but Brezhnev did not really deal with the major crisis in the Middle East. And this is what really worries Washington and the other capitals of the world. For example, one of our primary responsibilities is to alert Canadians to the fact there is a huge and growing imbalance in Taiwan's favor in trade between Taiwan and Canada. In 1963, Taiwan sold million worth of goods to Canada while Canada sold only million worth of goods to Taiwan at the same time. For 1974, the figures appear to be heading toward a record million as against million a million trade deficit. Our re- sponsibility also is to point out to Canadians that it is the policy of the government on Taiwan to, as nearly as possible, maintain a balance of trade with each of its trading partners. As to the majority of inhabitants being in favor of independence, I might say that from my personal ex- perience, having visited Taiwan and from having talk- ed with both native-born Taiwanese and people who fled the mainland when the Communists took power, and to observers such as the bureau chief of The Associated Press resident in Taipei, it appears to me that an overwhelming majority of the people living on Taiwan do not favor an independent state simply because of the tremen- dous numbers of relatives they have living on the mainland. I gather that the people who support the government feel they must maintain a claim to jurisdiction over the mainland in the hope that someday they might legally return to the mainland and restore the republican form of govern- ment that was established there in 1927. The present government is elected by free and open elec- tions. There are three political parties on the island and all appear to be actively concerned with this question of return to the mainland. All of the people that I talked with in my travels indicated to me that they sincerely believed freedom will be restored to the mainland eventually and that Taiwan will maintain its rightful place as a province of China. I might add, this view that Taiwan is a part of China is shared equally by the Com- munist government in Peking about the only matter that both governments agree upon. We should be happy to provide readers with any ad- ditional information that they care to have about Taiwan ROBERT T. SMYLIE Toronto Feedback is vital It is implicitly understood that when anyone writes to any newspaper, and the letter is published, the writer must expect to receive rebuttal letters. I wish to thank Anonymous, Nov. 20, for her impassioned rebuttal to my letter (The Herald, Nov. I use the feminine gender because the words employed suggest a youthful, female outburst. She should mature for 20 more years before getting herself into a confrontation which has proven an imbroglio at the re- cent World Food Conference at Rome. As for W. Schmit, he states that: "the dodo bird, and the buffalo, did not overpopulate to compensate for the dis- asters that befell them." What an archaic, juvenile, religious and Bible-orientated statement to make publicly, and in print. I sincerely feel sorry for him and those who embrace his ignorant philosophy. However, I thank him for being able to read other than the sports and com- ic pages. Feedback is vital to growth and understanding! I have NEVER had such a joyous response to published letters. Perhaps, there really are peo- ple who are capable of reading and responding with courage and conviction. PETER NAGAI Lethbridge ERIC NICOL Ottawa's masterful con job Women'Sprogram By Peter Thomson, Herald Ottawa commentator Beating the high cost of movies Whenever I want to feel good all over, these long autumn evenings. I tune my Japanese juju box to a channel showing a recent four- star movie I get my jollies from the fact that I didn't blow to go to see the yawn- builder when it was at the cinema. There's nothing like the little screen, black and white, for reducing the 1971 Cannes winner of The Golden Boar to what it really is runner up to a breakdown in TV trans- mission For instance, the other evening I tuned into a film called Tne Go-between. At the time of its showing in theatres several critics damag- ed ligaments falling over their superlatives. They gave it the four stars that found their way into my TV guide and I haven't seen a rating as undeserved since Miss McClusky. my Grade Two teacher, gave me two stars for the painting of a maple leaf that my mother had done That painting was worth three stars at least The Go-Between, in contrast, was a picture worthy of no stellar attention whatever. Like The Last Picture Show, another four-star slab of ennm placed on this season of television, the movie had all the pace of a spastic slug Shrunk to the small screen, it Ja> ibcre as a mummified tribute to the director's self-indulgence Both movies lost me early, though I sensed that if 1 d stuck with them I would have seen the obligatory nude scene, the pro forma fanny bared in testament to the film's being Frank and Honest Old Frank and Honest are turning up on TV pretty rr-Fularly now. but the big dif ference is tfiat w don t need to shell out a iarronoijc; price of admission .vi-vj'fg thing free of charge is a powerful moderation on accolade. 1 don't know about your house, but at our house we hardly ever give a TV program a standing ovation We just turn off the machine, brush our teeth and go to bed. If we remember the show the next day. weii. maybe it had something. But when you have paid S3-S4 to queue up in the rain for a motion picture that some reviewer in New York has called "Ver- micelli's masterpiece." you have an invest- ment in flipping. That expectation dies as I found the last time 1 put a wow in my entertainment budget by buying my wav in to a highlv-touted flick 1 maintained the zest of anticipation of the comedy while the first-show patrons filed out looking as though they had attended the inter- ment of a destitute unc'e The program appetizer, a cartoon that proved just how clrver were the creators of the old Bugs Bunny and Tom and Jerry cartoons, caused fibrillation in my wallet" But I to myself to the drath oi an The main began with the customary warning that it was adult enter- tainment, and 1 took comfort from that We adults have been prepared to pay big money to listen to the coarse langubge we r-ould hear for nothing by hangint; around our kids' school ground Ninety minutes lator I waded out through !hf' drifts of pvjprnrn .'xitrc ontin-iv sati-iVd thai 7 had been the f a hold-up Thai film for that television thf theatre of thf and a1- in any agf this is the on i> lavished" real taif-nt It may for last vrar v lor an A< rrv awaH if zrr to OTTAWA With all the political sniping and snittmg of the past week it has become a touchy subject when one tries to separate the "bad guys" from the "good guys." Alberta Premier Peter Lougheed added a few volleys to the exchange Monday with release of a letter asserting that the federal government had given no indication it would move so heavily onto resource revenues as it did in tiit May budget 'which was defeated) and the November budget (which won't bet. Perhaps Lougheed is not on solid ground with that con- tention' In a March 12 letter to Loug- heed. Trudeau referred to the fact that sharply increased Al- berta royalties would obvious- ly erode the corporate tax base He added However, I must make clear that any action that you may in take in respect of -would have to be without prejudice to our fn-odnm of action as regards federal Uvdion Heath a problem has arisen hcr'-iuse it is not clear whether T'udrau is referring ir. lovdiiy increase, which had airr-fl'h been decided by rta and nf which Trudeau had Ven o-ivisrd on March 4. or Tnjdeau referring to an; action I obviously read it .15 inHijdiTig the royalty jh5! had already in June 27 letter to Trudeau, Lougheed recalled that during a March 4 luncheon the question of royalty rates had been dis- cussed. "You then explained that the Saskatchewan Government's scheme which was in effect a 100 per cent incremental royalty on increased revenues-was of a nature that the Federal Government was concerned about the ero- sion of the Federal Gov- ernment's income tax base. I was certainly given the im- pression that you were mainly concerned with the Saskatchewan Government's action and that, although you had some reservations about the proposed Alberta royalty rate structure, they were not of real significance." In that letter Lougheed said that had he known the federal government was con- templating such a drastic change as the disallowance of royalty payments. "I would have completely reassessed our approach "to the dis- cussions of March 27, 1974." 'The meeting whirh set the a barrel oil price) While it is difficult, from ihis evidence to clearly es- tablish that Lougheed had been forwarded, other cor- respondence certainly in- dicates that Premier Allan Blakeney foresaw the pos- sibility of the Federal action In a telex to Trudeau. dated March 22, 1974. Blakeney ask- ed or do you have in mind not allowing provincial royalties as deductions from taxable income." The Blakeney reaction tends to absolve Trudeau of one charge of treachery. Blakeney's main complaint against the federal govern- ment is that Trudeau promis- ed that if provincial oil revenues were put into a capital account, they would not be subject to equalization payments. Saskatchewan did that. Now the Federal Government pro- poses to count 30 per cent as subject to equalization payments. The Feds blame Alberta which, they say. has not put all of its added oil revenues into a capital ac- count Therefore, says Finance Minister Turner. Sas- katchewan's grievance is against not the Federal Goverment A year ago. the provinces weir getting half the export tax and thought they were working a quid pro quo to get a better break on tariffs, freight rates and secondary industry Now they don't have the ex- port tax. Ottawa has ducked away from any quid pro quo, the Federal Goverment has moved heavily into resource revenues, the part the provinces are retaining is be- ing partially subjected to equalization, and pretty soon they won't have any oil left either. It has been a masterful eon job on the colonies. We are writing to express our concern over the recent reorganization of the women's program in the secretary of state department, and the consequent displacement of chairperson, Susznne Findlay. We feel the women's program has been weakened by the deprivation of such capable and experienced leadership. Her displacement at this critical time will undoubtedly jeopardize activities and programs being planned for International Women's Year. It was primarily through her efforts that an allocation of million was committed for International Women's Year projects. We endorse the following statement sent out in a telegram to J. Hugh Faulkner, secretary of state, by women attending the IWY consulta- tion in Ottawa. "We hold the government of Canada ac- countable for the success, in the public domain of programs for International Women's Year We insist that the highly respected staff of the women's program of the secretary of state department continue to lead that depart- ment in implementing the often declared commitments of the government to the women of Canada." UNIVERSITY WOMEN'S CLUB Lethbridge taazjr caper? That "sour founder. The Lethbridge Herald S LWhbriOfle. Alberta LETHBRIOGE HERALD CO LTD and I Second Clan RvglMrwon No 0012 CLEO MOWERS EflHor DONM PILL1WO DONALD R DORAM Edttor ROY f MILCS Advornxng Mancgvr DOUGLAS K WALKER Edltof ROBERT M. FCNTON Circulation KEWMETHC BARNETt Manager THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;