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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 28, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Thursday, November 28, 1974 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 35 Confidential documents made public Newfoundland question delicate issue in war By DAL WARRINGTON OTTAWA (CP) Whether Newfoundland would even- tually become part of Canada was a delicate question in Newfoundland Canada relations throughout the Se- cond World War. A collection of confidential papers just made public by the external affairs depart- ment shows that it underlay almost every decision Ottawa had to make about the defence of Newfoundland and Labrador. Above all, Prime Minister Mackenzie King sought to avoid giving sensitive New- foundlanders any cause to question Canada's intentions. Canada would have to take over Newfoundland after the war, President Franklin D. Roosevelt told Mr. King at a meeting in Hyde Park, N.Y., April 20, 1941. By -that time both this country and the United States were deeply in- volved in "Britain's oldest a vital part of their continental defences. Mr. King wrote later: "I told him I agreed that New- foundland had not been brought into Confederation because it was a liability but we should have to turn it into an asset. Three months later he took a step in that direction. He persuaded Charles J. Burchell of Halifax to give up his post as high commissioner in Australia and become Canada's diplomatic agent in Newfoundland. "During the next year or two the question of New- foundland's relation to Confederation is quite likely to become an important Mr. King said in a con: fidential telegram to Mr. Burchell in Canberra, the Aus- tralian capital. "In the circumstances, we think it desirable to emphasize Canada's special relationship with New- foundland, and propose to do so by appointing a high com- missioner there." In choosing that title he con- veniently overlooked the fact that Newfoundland no longer held the dominion status that normally would call for a high commissioner. Financial woes had caused a reversion to colonial rule, directed from London. The prime minister's tele- gram is among official documents published in the first of two thick volumes titl- ed Documents on Relations between Canada and New- foundland 1935-1949. The first book collects papers dealing with defence, civil aviation and economic affairs. A second volume covering documents on Confederation itself will be published "in due course." The department says this must wait until cabinet pa- pers, sequestered because of a 30-year secrecy rule, can be made public. In May, 1944, when J. 3. Macdonald was named high commissioner, he was provid- ed with a confidential memorandum on his "purpose and work" in Newfoundland. H. H. Wrong, assistant un- dersecretary for external af- fairs, wrote Mr. Macdonald that the federal government's first desire was "to overcome the traditional suspicion of Canada in the minds of the people of Newfoundland and to substitute therefore an at- titude of confidence and friendship." However, he said, Canada always had respected the wish of many "and perhaps most" Newfoundlanders to see New- foundland continue as a sepa- rate political community in the Commonwealth. Although it has been necessary to have due regard for the exigencies of defence, the Canadian government has carefully avoided taking any steps or using any methods which might be interpreted as tending to manoeuvre New- foundland into federation." The Confederation question came up again in December, 1944, when Canada sought a 99-year lease on Goose Bay airport in Labrador, a move opposed by influential New- foundlanders jealous of their political independence. Canada had built the airfield early in the war. J. E. Reid, external affairs legal adviser, wrote to R. A. MacKay, then the department's counsellor on Newfoundland affairs, that he could see no practical solution to the problem without federation. Newfoundland suspicions about Ottawa's motives inter- fered with a British plan to turn over the St. John's naval base to the Canadian Navy in 1945, after the war had ended. As it turned out, the base was dismantled. Sears where Christmas ideas begin Save Boys' dress knit pants of easy-care all polyester 766 a-'Hot Dog' ski-print bodyshirt. A super look for the festive season teamed with skirts or slacks. Shirtmaker styling in easy-care acrylic with two-button cuff- Domed crotch. Print on Camel background- Sizes S, M, L. 75R 070 023. b-Budget parity hose. Buy 2 pr. Save Sheer mesh leg, plain knit panty. Toe is reinforced with runguard. In 6 fashion shades. M 75R 018 056 Reg. a-Tightly double knit polyester resists snagging. Front slant pockets, 1 back pocket. In Navy. Brown or Grey. 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Telopnone 328-9231 This Christmas Giv8acBook0 They're convenient to ordet a nlffasure to receive; Harness in the Parlour Audrey Armstrong writes about Canadian Life as it existed from the late 18th century into the depression era 8 Cook Books for the price of 7 All 8 titles for the price of 7 S27 65 rj A Basic Guide to Cheese S3 95 fj The Salad Bowl S3 95 Q Easy and Elegant hors d'oeuvres and entrees S3 95 fj The Backyard Chef S3 95 [J Fish Recioes from Quebec S3 95 Fj Two s Company easy cooking for two S3 95 G A Basketful of Apple Recioes S3 95 n Clay Baking S3 95 JH To order copies for yourself and friends use this handy order form and send your cheque or money order to Star Reader Focus Books P 0 Box 4090. Station A Toronto. Ont M5W 1M9 I enclose my cheq je cr oraer m the amount of S Name Address _ Act No _ City Prov Code Pro-Hockey 74-75 S1.95 This 7th annual edition is a "must" for any Hockey Fan Contains section on WHA Peter Gzowski's Book About This Country in the Morning Reminiscences by Peter Gzowski and his listeners of CBC Radio's most popular pro- gram "This Country in the Beauti- fully illustrated. Check items requested and send coupon to TKc Lrtlibridqe Herald P O Box J090 Slaiicn A n'o M5W 1M9 Harness in ine This Counlry in 1be Morning S 495EJ 51 95 S795H I er'C'05C ioric, o'dC' r- 't'C o1 API ;