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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 28, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 Tlw Herald November Fiat lux in Edmonton What does a university mean to a com- The first obvious although not necessarily the most impor- is economic. A through its own expenditures and those of its brings millions of dollars into a community. It is apt to have the single largest annual payroll in the area. The second obvious answer is that within commuting distance a university makes higher education easily available to including those who because of jobs or lack of money cannot travel elsewhere for such education. But a university is more than just a convenience and a payroll. It also enhances the identity of the community in which it is located. A university will guard its prerogative to be world-wide in it also interprets its own region in the light of its universal observations. Scholars tend to be interested in their immediate locality. A university's biologists will study the flora and fauna of the nearby landscape. Historians will look into place names and local history. Social scientists will study the problems of the region including decay and growth of and social prejudices. Geologists will use it as a laboratory for field trips and research. The work of poets and other artists on the staff will reflect the aesthetics of the region. Everyone who lives within reach of the university will be enriched in his understanding of himself and the land in which he lives. But universities are also more than regional embellishments. Throughout history they have been guardians of rationality and objectivity in dealing with ideas and pursuing knowledge. They provide an arena where knowledge is held to be dynamic and both old and are regarded with same scrutiny. They are not guardians of but rather its objective providing analyses on which that at any given can make adequate judgments. At this moment in late the fact that mankind faces awesome en- social and political problems needs no further reiteration. It apparently does need re- that in the face of these problems the w.orld has greater need than ever before of universities and of an educated populace which can make rational decisions affecting the future of this planet. The present provincial government is effectively undermining the universities financially at a time when the need for these institutions is at its greatest. of react to the mood of the electorate and this is a time when people are questioning the es- calating costs of education. There are limits to but priorities may be out of kilter now. There seems to be no one in the depart- ment of advanced education who under- stands or really cares about universities. There is a lack of recognition of the role of these institutions within the within the nation and in the world at large. There is of a .reliance on simplified if students aren't pounding on the doors of then such institutions aren't really needed. With no strong advocate in the ranks of the department of advanced and with an over-abundance there of sincere the universities are going to suffer whenever funds are allocated. In a province as rich as Alberta this is first-class folly. The provincial government has made a lot of noise lately in fighting for a just recognition of Western Canada and its unique problems and potentials. If it is serious in wishing to brighten the image of Western Canada it can do so by giving its fighting support to its universities as well as to its oil its its wheat and dairy farmers. There should be illumination in Ed- monton on this subject even if it takes a caravan of U of L senators to carry the torch. A small ray of light exists already in the fact that political decisions can be reversed politically. RUSSELL BAKER The less oleaginous life There are three ways of living with the oil shortage. One is the government's way. It boils down to chins stiff upper mittens in the sacrifice for the good London can take and all that. To survive this one requires a robust physique and an appetite for game playing. The basic thought behind it is that an oil shortage is really fun. Inconvenience and discomfort must be seen as challenges which persons of good heart must tackle with goodwill and eagerness to sacrifice. The government's way will come easiest to people who enjoy self-denial in a good cause. Generalizations are leaky of but we might sensibly guess that the sort of people who boycotted grapes will probably enjoy meeting the challenges and making the sacrifices required to play the game during the oil shortage. President Nixon has tried to add romantic appeal to the challenge-and-sacrifice aspect of the shortage by recalling the satisfying challenges and sacrifices we all met and lov- ed back in the good old days of the Second World War. If you liked the Second World the president's argument you'll love the energy crisis. A lot of people will fail to see the parallel. Hitler after long gone. The Arabs are no substitute. When most Americans think of they probably think of Rudolph Valen- tino. in refusing their sweets from people who won't support their foreign the Arabs are merely copying what Americans have been doing for 25 years. They are flattering us by imitation. By what logic can we justify interpreting their flattery as a challenge requiring Many Americans will not make this connec- tion which the government urges upon us. And many of those who don't will resort to the second way of living with the oil shortage. This of by cheating. Oil companies and Mafiosi will do well. So will gas pumpers and oil or at least such among them as are not above palming a federal reserve note while leaning under the hood or poking around behind the yews in search of the connection to the oil tank. Those too young to remember the Second World War it wasn't all fun and no matter what you've seen on should note that paying through nose for more than your share is how black markets are born. Later they are taken over by gangsters and institutionalized. People who boycotted grapes are obviously not going to be the sort who either buy or sell on the black market. In they are going to be extremely angry with the cheaters and black marketeers. you are thinking of taking the cheating route through the oil you may as well be warned that you will be in for abuse and social ostracism. No matter how rich you become you will not be invited to the best even though you run the mob supplying oil that keeps the temperature in those very houses at a comfortable 72 to 75 degrees. When you are of your children may be invited everywhere if you have been sufficiently unscrupulous to leave them richer than Croesus. Their may be able to tidy up your biography to turn you into one of those vague tycoons who crop up occasionally in society histories. Whether one can take satisfaction from such stuff in a posthumous condition seems but there are always some who are convinced they can. For most of us who were too weak to boycott who remember Hitler too well to think desperate- ly of the and who have never been able to cheat without getting there is the third way of living with the oil shortage. We can sulk. As industry charges us more and more for less and we can grouse and gripe. When we see acquaintances warming themselves and their engines on black- market we can growl about the rot in the social fabric. When robust young couples invite us to dinner with instruc- tions to bring we can complain about the perversity of nature which makes certain persons feel better if they have to sit in cold rooms denying themselves grapes. When we cannot drive to grandmother's for Sunday dinner because the tank is dry and when we sit home and listen to President Nixon who has just used gallons of petroleum products to jet down to Florida and back urge us to sacrifice and beat the Nazis once we can give him a sulky bronx cheer. Sulkers have probably always outnumbered the combined forces of cheats and for sulkers are the foot soldiers of crisis and war. Like foot they are absolutely indispensible without them the heroic would have no one to feel superior to and the cheaters would lack for those gullible bones from which slightly shady wealth is so easily taken. Who does she mean By Down Walker wanna make a hot The reckless politician By Richard Toronto Star commentator After Elspeth returned from a conference at Banff recently we were regaled with lots of stuff about the weekend. There were only about 700 women at the conference from all over western Canada but that didn't deter Elspeth from referring simply to Edith as someone we should Im- mediately identify. I suppose that should have been easy In view of the training we've had in catching on to which Betty or Cathy or out of the several of each we is the subject of Elspeth's usual conversation. OTTAWA There have always been two Macdonalds. In the energy minister comes across as and loud. In private he is controlled and unpretentious. In the public Macdonald did what he had vowed to himself a year ago he would never do again. He blew his top. Three hours later the private Mac- donald held a secret meeting with Alberta's minister for inter-governmental and within an hour had brought the Alberta-Ottawa energy war to a close. Neither side has changed its positions or its policies. But what and did accomplish in their private meeting was to agree to forget the past and to start the two sides talking again after a silence of two weeks. agreed to go forward on a co-operative Mac- donald told me. analysed the events that had created our present difficulties and agreed that both sides had been put under severe pressure by the pace of events. I undertook to provide full information about any ac- tions we might have to take and was assured that the same would happen for activities that concerned the Alberta such as The session with Getty brought Macdonald a major victory immediately following a public disaster he had manufactured for himself. Earlier that same evening he had lost his control confronted by an abusive question from a and had walked out in a rage in the middle of the taping of a television program. The contradiction lies in the character of Macdonald and explains at least part of the suddenly silenced war of words between Ottawa and Alberta. Macdonald had prepared himself for the trip to Calgary as if it were one of the most important of his career as energy minister. And it was. Macdonald's objective in his debate with Getty was no more than to avoid argument and to emphasize co-operation between the two governments. His prime goal was his private meeting with Getty. To provide an occasion for himself and Getty to Macdonald had agreed im- mediately when a week proposed that the pair come to Calgary to tape a half-boor snow. He gave the television station a long list of dates on which he cooM come to match against Getty's schedule. Macdonald had hardly touched down at Calgary than the trouble which led even- tually to his Wow-up began. Before going over to the CFCN-TV Macdonald had an aide phone to check the for the taping. The the station ex- would consist of Mac- Getty and two reporters acting as moderators. Macdonald's aide protested that the agreement was for'only one moderator in order to leave more time for the two ministers to speak. Under the threat that the energy minister would pull the station changed its format to a single moderator. The debate between Getty and Macdonald began and end- ed smoothly. The two ministers went out of their way to minimize their differences. Immediately following this session the studio where reporters were went the television cameras swung and Macdonald and without were faced with a televised press conference. The second journalist to his feet was Rick a young political reporter with the Calgary Albertan. In the midst of a rambling question about lack of consultation between Ottawa and Edmon- Kennedy is a large credibility gap. Some people have even used lying in that Macdonald snapped don't accept that I was either lying or that there has been a lack of con- and when Kennedy began cut him off find that question very bad- mannered and His voice starting to crack with Macdonald whipped off his neck and walked off the stage. Though he remained in the studio for another 20 minutes to give private radio and TV inter- views that he had promised Macdonald brushed aside hasty explanations and apologies from CFCN ex- ecutives. though he came did not in fact call Mac- donald a liar but attributed that charge to un- named. And the question about lack of con- was wholly valid. As for the televised press conference for which Mac- donald was and about which he was angry even before Kennedy's ques- this seems to have been the product of poor planning by the television station rather as Macdonald an attempt to place him in a confrontation situation. In the light of his successful meeting with Getty the inci- dent might be written down as a except that it is an Integral part of the contradic- tory character of a minister holding what is at this time the most important portfolio in the cabinet and grappling with an issue that will set the shape of the Trudeau govern- ment for the next election. Among-Trudeau's 18 almost the most complex. He is that a questioning and typically his closest cabinet colleague is Gerard himself a reserved reflective thinker. His views are con- sistently to the left of centre. Walter Gordon brought him into politics with Eric Kierans he led the fight in 1969 to cut back Canada's NATO contribution this spring he was one of Welfare Minister Marc Lalonde's strongest sup- porters in his moves to increase social security programs. Yet in the Commons Mac- donald is easily the most par- tisan of the Liberal front- bench. He reacts to the smallest real or un- intended. When at the end of a long energy asked mildly about consultation Mac- donald rounded on him for his mouth open rather than his From the moment he arrives at the office until he Macdonald is purposeful. Show- ing the quickness of mind that took him from Osgoode Hall Law School to Harvard and on to Cambridge. He mastered the brain-numbing complex- ities of his department with a speed that and un- his own officials. In cabinet committees his mastery of detail and strength of argument is matched only by Lalonde and by Board Secretary Bud Drury. For dangling before Macdonald as a has been the prime with only Finance Minister John Turner between him and that goal. Within party ranks in recent weeks talk has become common that success with the energy and thereby a platform for the next could jump Macdonald in the only way possible over Turner to become Trudeau's prime successor. What happened in Calgary illustrates why it is unlikely Macdonald will ever make that final jump. For all that the question was provocative it was far less so than the including a direct ac- cusation of that En- vironment Minister Jack Davis took without flinching from four Newfoundland MP's the same day that Macdonald was in Calgary. Just over a year ago on elec- tion when the Liberal government was almost defeated and Macdonald's margin In bis Rosedate riding was cut to a thread-bare he blew up before the televi- sion cameras and called those who had voted against him Aware that his political future was at Macdonald vowed to himself he would never lose control in public again. In Calgary he demonstrated the difference between the superb ministrator that he and the reckless politician he remains. Letters Town prices better In reply to the article written by Warren a Herald published in the Nov. 19 issue of The Lethbridge I would like to point out that if the reporter was making a proper survey of towns surrounding he to say the check prices in more than one store in each area. He when I and two other Fort Macleod businessmen called in at The Herald on Nov. that he checked prices at the largest store in each town on his sur- vey. Now just because a large store is fairly and as compared to smaller is no reason to assume that they carry the highest quality goods at the lowest by any means. Before I called at The Herald I went to a super- market in a Lethbridge mall and wrote down 40 items and the retail prices of these all regular not sale prices. Then I went to another supermarket and priced the same items. Then to a third supermarket and priced the same items. Then I priced the same items on my own shelves. I ended up with 35 items because five items were not available at all four stores. The reason I took only regular priced stock is that we do not place on sale every week or two weeks loss leaders or items We do not spend hundreds of dollars each month on sale TV and radio advertising. The money we save on all this waste is reflected in our low and fair prices. We do not help fill waste baskets of post office where I would ven- ture a guess that at least 50 per cent of all these flyers end up. The results of my survey of the four and the 35 items I checked are as Supermarket A.Leth. Supermarket Letta. 940.M Supermarket Leth. White Hall Ft. Macleod My figures and list of items are available to which is more than The Herald would make available to us three who called there.. We also provide free delivery service and IS and 30 day charge accounts at no ex- tra charge. Can the great supermarkets provide this Although our volume of sales does not our overhead is negligible com- pared to lower fewer smaller heating and power etc. I firmly believe that our customers do not pay more for food than those customers of the other three stores I checked. Last but not I was glad the writer of the article mentioned a man like Mr. Furlong at Coutts. Although I do not know Mr. Furlong per- sonally he is not last of a vanishing breed of not vanishing as it was said in the paper. I believe every town has its honest merchants who care about their customers' 'per- sonal needs as well as his profit and loss something the large super- markets couldn't care less about. GRANT A. DAY Fort Macleod P.S. The price of Mr. Furlong's canned which I believe was a 24 oz. not a 22 oz. tin as Mr. Caragata was 54 cents lower than one of the three supermarkets I checked. Editor's We should have explained In the newi story that we checked only at the largest store in each and only in the interests of survey consistency. International language' People are asking where to obtain information about the international language Esperanto. Many public libraries have there are contacts in 72 places in and par- ticular addresses may be lound in telephone books or obtained'from the national of- lice. Esperanto. Box Rox- boro. Quebec. The next international Esperanto Congress will be in open- ing on July with 2000 expected. Any Canadians who would like to go should send now for enrolment forms. No classes or teachers are necessary in order to write and speak Esperanto some people compose letters in it after a few as there are no irregular excep- and it is phonetic. It is the perfect language for science and for international affairs and it is too little known in Canada. LORCAN OhUIGINN Ottawa Young need examples All my life I have been proud of the front page of The Lethbridge Herald in that it did not follow the pattern of other papers in displaying dir- ty news. The headline years after -Kennedy's image is is sickening. I never communicated with and know that no man is but my concern is that such headlines do more damage than to ex- plode atomic bombs throughout the land. Emulation is the greatest factor in character building. When the young have ab- solutely nobody after whom they would like to pattern their life they are so upset that they are truly hurt. This is reflected in the generation gap when youth see in all adults a bunch of phonies not worth following their ex- ample. Whenever a man reaches a high office in the land it must be remembered that he won the favor of the people because they figured that though he is not'perfect he is the best choice at the time. I well remember the good impression in the early grades of school when a mounted policeman cared enough to visit our class. Also when the premier met our it was one of the most lasting things I remember in that year of school. Certainly it is necessary to know the mistakes of others but only when we can at the same time mention a correc- tion that will prevent a future repeat of that mistake. Whenever any great man is mentioned care should be taken to do so in such manner that the children are not hurt. Who else is better for them to We need the leaders that can only come from the children who look to our leaders as great men who do a wonderful job but not quite perfect so they aspire to leadership to get it more perfect. A better headline would have of the Kennedy years have produced a better government Of course the article was hot of that kind of information. It just said that an unknown critic had an unfortunate opinion. Caruston M. E. SPENCER The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th SI S Lethbndge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD.. and PutMlanert Second Claw Mail Regittralion No. 0012 CLEOW Editor and Publisher OONH.PILLINQ Managing Editor ROY f. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Bualnen Manager HERAL.D SERVES THE ;