Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 28, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
12 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tusjday, November It. 1972 1973 may be tire year Grain corn harvest underway ny rue SWIIIART Of The Herald Yields are down and acre- ages arc down but anticipation is at an all lime high for a revival of grain corn produc- tion in Southern Alberta. Seven producers [arming 650 acres of grain corn (corn which is combined to use the kernels) are Hearing the completion of tlueshiiig operations. Yields are averaging 55 to 60 bushels per acre compared to' about 65 bush- els per acre last year on acres. Stan Freyman, a member of the Alberta Corn Commit t e e, said he expects corn production in Southern Alberta to increase considerably in 1973. He said acres of grain corn isn't unrealistic and suggested that tha acreage for silage corn (corn grown for use as a for- age feed for livestock) will in- crease to from grown in 1972. lie said the lowered yields this year can be traced Lo reasons. "It was just a poor year for corn he said. "The necessary lieat unils weren't evident, especially during the cool July. "On top of tliis, very few acres were seeded to the earlier matu-tng hybrids. It seems the producers were doing a bit of experimenting and too much gambling to my liking." He said the farmers cither couldn't or didn't s t a rt the seeding operation as soon as they should have. "If they had stuck to the earliest hybrids and seeded ear- lier, the corn would have reach- ed ps-fcct maturity with no trouble at lie said. Dr. Freyman said the price was Iwtler this year, with most local grain corn bringing about per bushel. This is up from per bushel last year. Since grain corn must be dried before It is stored or snipped for processing, the lo- cation of centralized drying fa- cilities was deemed Important. Pioneer Grain Limited receiv- ed a grant from the pro- vincial government to locate one in Taber. Don Campbell of Bow Island also has a private- ly owned drying facility. To help the flow of grata corn in Ihe drying process, Pioneer esl wet holding tank fa- cilities. Now, instead of involv- ing six trucks per farmer, two trucks can service the combine. They only have la haul periodi- cally, not when the drying fa- cility is in operation. Three custom combining units were operated this year by Buss Henderson of Lcthbridge, Joe Thacker of Bow Island and Don Campbell of Burdett. These units are regular combines with a corn head attachment. To assist the corn industry in Alberta, Dr. Hugh Horner, pro- vincial agriculture minister, an- nounced an incentive program which will pour direct- ly into the pockets of growers. This will take the form of a di- rect cash payment of 40 cents per bushel the first year 30 cents a bushel in 1974, 20 cents a bushel in 1975 and 10 cents a bushel in 1976. With the Incentive, said Dr. Frcyman, producers slwuld re- alize to per bushel for tlioit grain corn production next year. The idea of the incentive is to help producers get info the distillery industry in Alb c r t r and British Columbia and the animal feed industry in Hie Lower F r a s e r Valley which supports a large poultry indus- try. "Any producer who grows grain corn will be assured of a market for his said Dr. Freyman. "The market picture is the last thing we are worry- ing about." The ready market turns grain corn into a cash crop, he said. One of Hie few natural preda- tors of grain corn is the black bird. Dr. Freyman said the damage they do is variable tney do extensive damage in some fields and yet don't touch others. It depends on the location of the field in relation to nesting areas and sloughs, he said. The bnds pull away the husk from the top part of the cob and c.-l Ihe kernels about one third of the way down the cob. "This can reduce yields as much as 15 per cent if the bird population is heavy he said. "At these rates, it would pay a farmer to hire people to shoot the birds." Frank Spanbauer, a farmer located a mile east of Bam- wcll, has grown corn for two years. Last year lie had yields of 95 bushels per acre but this year, his crop Is about average to 55 bushels per acre. Pie said it cost him to plant, cultivate, harvest, fertil- ize and dry his com crop last year. Without the incentive, he said he likely wouldn't grow corn in 1973. Customs control international carriers The Customs and Excise component of the department of national revenue is respon- sible for the administration and enforcement of the Cus- toms and Excise laws and regulations, and other acts committed to its responsibil- ity; the assessment, collec- tion and control of duties lev- ied on Imported and domes- tically produced goods; con- trol over the international movement of goods and per- sons, in addition to tre preven- tion of smuggling; undereval- uation of goods and other fraudulent or evasion prac- tices involving non-payment of Customs and Excise revenues. STATUTORY AUTHORITIES The Customs Act for use by Customs Officers is an Act of facilitation, dealing prim- arily the reporting, ex- amination and documentation of imported and exported goods; The Customs Tariff this Act is principally Hie schedule of rales of Customs duty on all types and classes of com- modities entering the coun- try; The Excise Act provides the basis for duties, regula- tions and procedures required for the manufacture of dom- estic goods subject to Excise duty; The Excise Tax Act pro- vides for two types of taxes, sales or consumption lax, lev- ied on the manufacture's sell- ing price of goods produced or manufactured in, or im- ported into Canada. OTHER DEI'AIITMENTS Because of the Customs and Excise control over inter- national carr i e r s and the movement and release of goods at internatinal border poinls, International airports and seaports of our country, this service administers laws and regulations on behalf of, and at the request of other govern mcnt departments, who are concerned with the international movement of goods. At present Customs and Excise are responsible in part for the administration of about fifty federal and pro- vincial statutes. Examples of these are the Destructive In- sects and Pests Act Animal Contagious Diseases Act Export, Import Control Act- Narcotics Act Meat Inspec- tion Act. Intel-national mail regulations Parcel post rules for city residents ny me SWIIIART of The Herald Articles arriving in Canadu via pa r c e 1 post service fall under much the same type of rules and regulations governing items brought across the border. Charles Bell, collector of Cus- toms and Excise in said any foreign parcels arriv- ing in the city for delivery with- in the city arrive at the Canada Post Office where they are seg- regated for c u s t o m s inspec- tion. Custom officers immediately separate the parcels into classes which may go directly into the regular mail stream for delivery or are held for further check- ing. The parcels held back may be subject to customs asses- ment or to inspection by other departments of govern ment under separate regulations. "For example, certain goods are held for inspection under the Food and Drug he said. "Others may be held for inspection under the regulations of the Canada department of ag- riculture and others because they arc prohibited under the law of the land." INDEXED If a parcel is segregated from the regular mail stream, it is removed to the customs prem- ises for indexing and binning. This is a method of identifying the parcel. After visual inspection, an ap- praiser in the customs mail sec- tion then decides by the dec- laration on the parcel and the contents whether an assessment is applicable. If no assessment is necessary, ihe parcel is im- mediately released. If the goods are subject to customs tariff, the parcel is numbered and a postal notifica- tion card bearing the sa m e number is processed in dupli- cate. The original postal nolifica- Bill Secreian sorts foreign ma'l lion card is kept as an index file in the custom house while the yellow duplicate is forward- ed to the adressee as advice of receipt of a parcel being held at customs. Once informed ot the arrival of the parcel, the addressee has several options open to him. He can, by return mail, forward information needed by the cus- toms office and the duty and laxes applicable in the form of a money order payable to the Receiver General For Canada. Once the information and duty or taxes applicable are sup- plied, the parcel can be re- leased to the regular mail stream. If the addressee wishes, he can appear at the customs of- fice, supply the needed Informa- tion and pay cash for all duty and taxes outstanding on t h e parcel. He then takes posses- sion of the parcel over the counter. Friends or relatives, resident abroad, are allowed to send gifts to persons resident in Can- ada up to a value not exceeding said Mr. Bell. Tlxse gift parcels may not include cigarettes, liquor or ad- vertising material or any other goods prohibited by law. Provision is allowed for the sake of transport that individu- ally wrapped gifts, entering Canada under the limit may be placed in one container for shipping and handling. The individual packages must be marked on the containers dec- laration of contents. Mr. Bell recommends to all persons intending to use inter- national postal services for transport of goods to confirm the eligibility of the goods to enter Canada before taking ac- tion. This can be done by con- tacting tile local customs office. Persons In Canada wishing to mail Items to otter countries may contact the local customs office to get adresscs for au- thorities to confirm winch ar- ticles may enter that country. 'This Is a service to persons who may not be familiar with 'international postal services and import regulations regard- ing goods entering other coun- said Mr. Bell.