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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 28, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, Navombcr 28, 1970 THS UtHBRIDGE g Boofe revieivs A trio of books for art appreciators "Monet Ms World" by Raymond Cogniat (Thames and Hudson, 138 illustrations, distributed by Oxford TT IS almost one hundred years ago in 1874, to exact, that the first exhibi- tions of artists who were later to become known as the Im- pressionists was held in Paris. It was a modest show of ''Co- operative Society of Artists, Painters, Sculptors and En- gravers" held in rooms lent by the photographer, Nadar. The principle exhibitors, who had been convinced by Claude Monet that they should _place their canvases on view if not in an official gallery, in an un- official one, included Renoir, Sisley, Pissaro, Degas, and Mo- risot Not bad for a start and it was an explosive start as far as the critics were con- cerned. This small nucleus of men was held together, not be- cause they -all painted in the same fashion, but because they were united in the concept that painting should no longer be guided bv the old rigid ideas of formality, but should be free to find its own way, to establish a new liberty from the rigid principles of academic classi- cists. It seems absurd nowadays that a painter who insisted on taking his easel outside to cap- ture the light and movement he saw, indeed felt, should liava caused a tempest in artistic circles, or that color in shad- ows should have fomented ex- plosive resentment from critics. When Monet exhibited his fa- mous work "Impression; Soleil one of the critics de- risively dubbed the whole group of independent artists, "im- pressionists." The name re- mained, and the work of the painters endured. This is a small, unpretentious but enchanting volume, with many illustrative reproductions, telling the story of Monet, the world in which he lived and the development of his art. "Canadian Art: Vital Dec- ades" text by Paul Duval; design by A. J, Casson: 54 color plates; over 600 black and white illustrations (Clark Invin and Co.; TTNTILI saw this book, I, like many other Canadians par- ticularly those of us from the West, had no idea of the mag- nificence and scope of the Mc- Michael collection, now housed near Kleintarg, Ontario. From the earliest days of their marriage, Paul Duval says in his introductory article, the McMichaels were obsessed with the. rugged beauty of the works of The Group of Seven and oth- er established Canadian artists who hnve interpreted on can- vass their vision of the land and what it means to them and a magnificent rich and joy- ous vision it is. Mr. Duval says that from the time the couple bought Tom Thomson's Pine Island sketch, ttey Parted to collect in earn- est. When they built their home on ten acres of land on the out- skirts of Kleinburg, Ontario, it was designed with a primary purpose to house the paint- ings in the rugged setting most suited to them. In the early years most of the canvasses were bought "on time" but later on "every dollar that could ba snnrcd from the expanding .Me- Michael business interests went toward buying paintings and by 1960 almost fifty canvasses and sketches had been acquired." The home has now expanded to a palierv attracting fncus- ands of visitors from all over the world. The original home, acreage and the gallery are a public institution administered by the Government of Ontario and the Metropolitan1 Toronto and Region Conservation Auth- ority. By 1967 the collection had expanded to 287 drawings and canvasses, most of them amass- ed personally by the McMich- aels, but including some gifts by Canadian collectors and the artists themselves. Some of the photographs in this book are in full color exquisitely repro- duced. It is an impressive trib- ute to the taste of the collec- tors and to the great Canadian painters represented in it. "The Oxford Companion jo Art" Edited by Harold Os- Osbornii. (Oslovd University Press; J22i) plus raphy; IN HIS preface to this wide- ranging reference work, Harold Osborne points out that it spans the range of "human artistic endeavor throughout the but in case prospective purchasers would be misled ho points out that it is not an en- cyclopaedia. "The Companion is a he says, "and the information given in par- ticular articles is planned to provide botli a preliminary con- spectus for readers who are not already specialists in their field and a guide to further study." Well, it's a mighty largo, de- tailed handbook even if reasons of size and space have pre- vented the inclusion of articles on arts of the theatre, the cine- ma, the dance etc. Some of the practical arts and handicrafts have not been included perhaps they will be left for another volume. But its scope is tremendous, tile body of material vast, and it includes cross references and a selec- tive biography. One could hardly ask for more, particu- larly as there are small illus- trative plates included when the editor thought these were needed to. clarify the text. JAKE HUCKVALE. Frozen ramparts M Help for green cooks "The Naked Gourmet" by Peter Worthfagton and Ben Wicks (Simon ami Schuster of Canada Ltd.; 150 pages, upon a. time, cook- books were Britten by cooks. No more. Anyone with a spoon, a pot, a stove (or camp- fire) and a few common or garden kitchen ingredients can become an authority on how to read directions on a can, and Now to add water to ready-to- serves. The latest to hit the kitchen 'shelves is a practical (sort of) little book compiled from their trials and errors in cuisine by two naked (so they claim) newspaper 'men. Neither, ac- cording to the book's introduc- tion, learned too much about cooking from grandma or mother, tat picked it up when forced to cook because nobody else was around to do it for them. Both men work for the Toronto Telegram, Worthington as a journalist, Wicks, a car- toonist. The book is written with the bride in mind. Why not the groom I don't know, since it's assumed he'll have to learn to survive when she goes home to visit the folks. However, the bride, if she follows recipes contained therein can run the culinary gamut from soup (e< ther doctored-up canned stufl to exotica created from cow's wider and! sheep's liver) to des- sert plain applie pie or angel ambrosia, The book's emphasis Is placed on how to help a green cook become more comfortable in the that's the reason for the lack of usual kitchen attire, even an apron isn't necessary. There are chapters on panic meals, (when hubby brings someone home for supper unexpectedly) meals for visiting-in-laws, and meals to cover-up meals that were ruined. This book would1 make an ideal Christmas present for men who have to stay alone during summer holidays, or for boys away from home living in light housekeeping anils. They'll pick out a half dozen "ean't-miss" recipes and be- come m proficient in tossing them together they'll regard themselves in the same brack- et as James Beard. As for an aid to housewives, (especially brides) well I don't know. I tried W and W's meth- od of boiling eggs and1 they were a flop. But then, perhaps I just wasn't dressed right. MARGARET LUCKHURST Himalayan mountain climbers pass an lea crevasse on Naga Parbot. Taken from le magnificent- black and white reproductions in Herbert Tichy's book, Himalaya. of the magh bride, if she follows recipes MAtttiAKfiT TT-T ill l A Tale Of Fort Chimo World s highest mountains "WinBflower" by Gabrlelle Roy (McClelland and Stew- 152 ips., CHIMO, the "little lost post" of the Canadian North was the scene of Elsa Kumachuk's first sexual ex- perience. One could hardly call it rape, because Elsa, the teen- age Eskimo girl, didn't really mind when the American GI pulled her into tha sparse bush- es of the Arctic tundra, Elsa was on her back from a movie at the Catholic mission when she was waylaid by the GI, who had his way with her, Mormon book "A History of the Mormon Church in Canada" edited by a Lethhridge com in i 11 e e chaired by Dr. Asael E. Palm- er (The Lcthbriflge Herald Co. Ltd., S4.95 avail- able at Deseret Bookcraft, 907 3rd Avc. S., A MAJOR part of tins book deals with the Mormon .church in southern Alberta, This dpes not necessarily imply that the committee responsible for its compilation was parochial minded; it simply reflects the fact that the greatest concen- tration of Mormons is Sound here. Apart from some material in the early part of the book deal- ing with the coming of settlers to the Cardston area, it is more a reference than areading book. The lists of church offi- cers in tho wards is about as inviting as the genealogies of Genesis unless one is fa- miliar with some of the people. No doubt the committee sac- rificed readability in the inter- ests of having as complete a record as possible. In Mormon circles the value of the book has likely been enhanced thereby. I would think every Mormon family would want to have a copy, DOUG WALKER, then "departed at a run along the When it became plain that Elsa was to become a.mother her family felt no shame. It was simply a thing that hap- pened. She stayed with them before and after her baby was born. The child was a marvel, a blond silky haired creature who became the object of awe among the population of Fort CMmo. They cams to watch him in his bath; they came to wind his golden hair around their fingers, to'wonder at the pinked cheeked marvl in his bath. Elsa learned how to cars for Mm from Mrs, Beaulieu, the lonely wife of the RCMP constable in Fort CMmo. Mme. Beaulieu taught Elsa how to keep the cMld, Jimmy, clean, told her what kind of food he should eat and how to bring him up in the white man's image. And Elsa became ob- sessed with the effort in a pitiful kind of way. Jimmy was her God and for him she forsook all others. But, as children will, Jimsny grew up. He was dissatisfied; he longed to see the world be- yond the frozen Arctic wastes, to discover for Mmself what he had only heard from his teach- er, from the movies and from the men who worked at the small air base. What happened to Jimmy was inevitable and what Elsa became because of Jinrmy is the poignant theme of Gabrielle Roy's sensitive story. The background is the North of the present facing the North of the past; of the misunder- standing and human tragedy native people brought in con- tact with a world which they long to understand and cannot. It is not Miss Roy's greatest novel, and I found it a little overly sentimental but the magic of her poetic style is there and for that alone, her short book is well worth read- ing. JANE HUCKVALE. "IBmslaya" by Herbert TJchy (P n a m s, 176 distributed by Long- man Canada nPHEY ARE the most stu- pendous mountains in the world great white spires rearing sharply against the azure blue background, some of them more than twice the height of the highest peaks in the Canadian Rockies. The whole range stretches miles from the valley of the Indus to the Brahmaputra. Its gorges are deep and narrow, its valleys near-tropical. Until a very short time ago great sec- tions of the Himalayas were unknown to Western man, al- though the native peoples of Nepal, Bhutan, Sikldm, Kash- mir and Tibet have lived their harsh existence surrounded by this immense snow-capped bar- rier for thousands of years. Below the awesome peaks are forest valleys where tiger and rhinoceros roam, and in the fertile temperate areas ba- nanas, oranges, and sugar cane flourish, Exquisitely ter- raced fields, some no more than a yard wide, yield potatoes and wheat, and above these patchwork plots, comes the rhododendron belt where, the author reports, grow more than 200 species of this luxurious plant Some of the bushes grow as high as fifty feet. A walk through the mountain passes is only for the physically tough, and the sure-footed. Nar- row paths skat sheer cliffs which drop perpendicularly down to narrow gorges, some of which can only be crossed by slender rope or bamboo bridges on all fours. One false move is fatal. Professor Tiehy is an Aus- trian explorer geologist who has climbed and walked through many parts of the Himalayas. He writes of his ex- periences, his association with the native people with genuine warmth and affection, totally without pretense. There are 61 color plates and 84 monochrome reproductions. These photographs are stun- ningly beautital, collected from a great variety of sources, ex- panding and enlivening the text on almost every page. The marriage of writing and picture has seldom been more success- ful. JANE HUCKVALE. Modified TV scripts "Civilisation" by Kenneth Clark (Longman Canada Lim- ited; S16.75. 359 pages, 286 il- TT sounds presumptuous for an a u t h o r to suggest he .plans to cover the "Civilisation" developed in Europe in one book, or even in one 13-part tel- evision documentary series spanning two or three thousand years of human evolution seems more complex than that. But that's what Kenneth Clark set out to do for BBC television in England, in a series shown in Canada last year by CBC. And on television he succeeded admirably. His book is taken from slight- ly modified television scripts for the.series, and again, he has succeeded admirably. As Clark points out in a fore- word, no book can adequately give the sweeping impressions or the grandeur possible in 13 hours of motion pictures, but nevertheless his book captures a feeling of slow but steady progress in social understand- ing, in art, in science to civil- ization. He takes up his story near (ho fall of the Roman Empire, and through description of the men, the art, the environment and the strife of the various per- iods he paints a fascinating his- tory, highly readable for both the liislorian and the person who never could see the point in studying history in school. The high points are touched upon: political progress made, by emperors, generals and various steps in de- velopment of culture; scholars; global co operation (and con- flict) in the 1900s. The low points too are dis- cussed: backward steps caused by the barbaric hoards sweep- ing away many attempts at civ- ilization and their strength- ening influences; the Vikings, and the good and bad effects they had on their times; the ascension of the Moors and the Crusades following; wars. But throughout all there is the vision of human accomplish- ment, and a basis for new in- sight into what has made us all the things we are today. It has been said that the .art of a culture reflects its "raison so the art it leaves for us must also reflect the con- tribution each stage of cultural development has made to our lifestyle today. Clark's book offers a photo- graphic tour of years of history through the sculpture, the painting, the architecture of the people who lived it. But Civilisation is not just a history book: it is Clark's per- sonal description of how, from his studies, he viexvs and feels western history. A droll British souse of humor peeks through iiecasionally, as well as an ex- ceptional understanding of hu- man nature. We see not only what happen- ed in the past, but also how the people involved must have felt as it happened, whether happi- ness, sadness, fear, frustration, cowardice or faith. And brick by brick, we watch (hn birth of a world. JIM WILSON. Focus on the University By J, W. FiSHBOURNE It's an ill wind rnUE determination of legislators and (lie taxpayers who vote for rigorously control educational costs is not a passing fancy. Universities In particular are lacing something like the seven lean years, and it may be a lot more than seven- To many people in the university system, the next few years are going to appear absolutely catematous. This is quite under- standable. Those responsible for operating important heaven knows, universities are important are bound to seek maximum financial support for the programs they believe in and to be dis- mayed when tHs is not received. There is also the discouraging implication lack of faith on the part of the ultimate provider of funds, the taxpayer. In all this gloom, it would be nice to be able to find the glimmer of something posi- tive or hopeful, and I think that should be possible. Possible, because adversity has an odd way of sorting things out, and com- pelling concentration on matters of real importance. Any businessman or any housewife, for that matter knows what you have to do when operating money is tight. First, you take a serious look at your operation, whatever it may be, and decide which things are important and which are not. You allocate funds to the important items, and eliminate the others. Ignoring the an- quished cries that such an assertion may occasion, I maintain the task facing the universities is not all that different. The universities must seriously re examine their priorities, determine those things which they must do, and allocate funds for them. The rest, however pleasant, tradi- tional or desirable, simply have to go. Remember, the word I used was This is not the same as "would like or "have always or "professors or students prefer." Nor does it mean all the nice, gracious, old fashioned ways of doing things, simply because universities have been doing them for years. Bather, it means those functions of the universities which are vital to society, and until a better way describing them has been published, let us agree they amount to the acquisition, preservation and transmission of knowledge. There is a very serious danger to universities in any other course. It will be disastrous, for instance, if te universities collectively decide that their current opera- tion is a perfect one, to be sustained what- ever the budget; the only possible result of that course of action is a decline in (ho quality of the operation. Surely anyone can see that. It simply is not possible to main- tain an increasingly costly operation with- out corresponding increases in budgetary support. Any of the aforementioned busi- nessmen or housewives know that, and if the universities don't know it, they ara due to find out, very soon. This is the for my assertion that we have to get rid of this business evaluation. Something that costs money simply has to go, and the many things that universities do, none is better qualified for elimination thas the process of evaluation. It involves a tremen- dously costly apparatus, and serves no pur- pose that can be identified with the real mission of the universities. To those who don't agree with this, let me extend an invitation to select the part of the university operation that they feel can be more readily and appropriately dis- pensed with. The science laboratories, per- haps? Certainly they are expensive. What about the Department of Art? English, maybe? Pick your department, friends. Or perhaps it is thought that a university can get along without administration or support staff. That conjures up a pretty picture, of professors typing their own memos, de- livering their own mail, and looking after the boilers. You see, it just can't be done that way. There is no sensible way to decide on which entity in the university is essential, and which is not; it has to be done on a functional basis. So, I submit, we should get out of one business that contributes nothing to the process of learning, adds not one iota to our sum of knowledge, and In- one we never should have been in. If we can do that, the day may coma when you, Mr. Taxpayer and your children will bless the lean years worry about today. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S, MORLEY The Advent in 1970 TT IS BOTH easier and harder to be- lieve in the Advent today. Harder be- cause of our secular, material mode of thinking; easier because of the advances in science in all directions making the in- credible credible, showing man that he has but begua to explore the dimensions of knowledge. As Kepler said, man is still a child playing with a few pebbles on thte seashore, of faith and knowledge. That there is another world about us, a world of spirit, which we touch at limes, but from which came a perfect Man, the in- carnation of the nature of reality wMrfi men call God, should not be too difficult for any but the most closed dull mind. The modern man may find it more diffi- cult to believe that Jesus is God's only be- gotten Son, God coming to help man, mak- ing what has been called "a beach-head landing" in life, acting uniquely through Jesus, disclosing His nature and the nature of man as he was supposed to be, and finally through the resurrection of Jesus enabling man to enter into eternal life. Such a faith involves a God with person- ality, "a living active in the- world He has made and not merely an abstract principle, but a God with whom man can hava conversation and encounter, -with whom he should have a continuous living relationship. God is mystery and as Job said, no one knows the Almighty entirely. Yet men can know God's essential nature in Jesus. What Jesus did in healing, car- ing, feeding, rebuking, and loving God is doing continuously. "He that has seen me has seen the said Jesus. Yet Jesus held that he was distinct from God. "The Father and I are one" one in pur- pose and will, bound in mystical unity, yet Jesus said, "I come from the Father The Father Is greater than I... I will pray the Father Of that day and hour no man knows but tny Father... My God, my God, why hast Thou forsaken me? I go to She Father." Jesus, however is no mere intellectual exercise w. the nature of God. Jesus never said, "Understand but "Follow me. Believe on me." When men believed on him miracles followed. The greatest mir- acle was the redemption of man through the Cross. This is the basic Christian Gos- pel, that mail's sin is forgiven through tha sacrifice of Jesus, that man is no longer alienated from God by his sin, and that this deliverance from sin is accompanied by a power to prevent falling back into sin. "Christ died for our sins." We may not like this, we may reject it, but this Is the Christian faith. It does not deay the truths of other faiths, but it does assert that "God was in Christ reconciling ths world to Himself." Jesus' death was not a martyrdom, but a sacrifice. He believed that only by his death could men Eve, so he fulfilled what is called "a saving act of God." At a certain point in time, in a certain part ,of tte world, God entered human history for ths regeneration and salvation of mankind. Over and over again this faith is declared by the apostles snd no amount of argument or "demythol- ogiting" of the New Testament story will controvert it. The claim is made end it must be faced for a personal decision, "True or The early Church pro- claimed Jesus as Saviour, God's unique Son who had met and conquered sin and death. Men were called upon, not merely to follow his example, but first to have faith in Jesus as Redeemer, The Christian ethic was never intended for non-Christian men. The Christian way of life is for men and women who have committed their lives in love and trust to the incarnate Son of God, the living Christ. Thus the Christian faith is not essentially the Sermon on the Mount or the parable of the Good Samaritan, but the demand that men realize with wondering gratituda what God has done for them. The truths which Christianity must proclaim if it is faithful is the reality of God, the purpose of God, the love of God, the judgment of God, the revelation of God in Jesus, tha death of Jesus for sinful men, and the resurrection of Jesus as the triumph of God. Without the Advent there is no Christianity. Using his head By Doug Walker WE are all expected to lake turns at doing dishes in our home. But wo seldom seem to agree on whose turn it is. If we were more organized would post a chart and avoid some unpleasant- nos _ but we just muddle along, Paul managed to avoid doing dishes for quite some time through the simple ex- pedient of switching Ms days. When the rest of us finally caught on, be settled for doing the dishes twice on Saturday. Why any boy would opt for doing dishes on play day might seem incomprehensible. But Paul observed that we usually only snack at noon on Saturday and that wo sometimes have company when the guest.i invariably offer to take him off the hook. If Paul used his head as well as that in school he'd be some whizzl ;