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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 28, 1912, Lethbridge, Alberta I'llfi iV 28, 1012. LETHBRIDGE DAILY HERALD DECEMBER 1907 Ptjb'lUhecl by the_ .Lethbrtdgc Herald Co., Ltd., evtrx a. Its office, Street, Lethbrldsc, Averts, Canada. W. A. BUCHANAN PHONEl, Edltorlil, Reportorlal And Utpartment 1224 Managing Director T.'.W. QUAYLE Managing Editor JOHN TORRANCE Buitnest Manager PHONE) Advertising Circulation And Job Departments 1252 DAILY SUBSCRIPTION RATEI I yrar, delivered S4.00 l year, by mill......... C months, attirerrS K.S5 6 by mail AdiicssM changed ae orien us desired, but old eddre'sses must bo given. THE DAILY HERALD FOR SALE AT Itdlcfne M. .Northam. Cross Dnip ft Boot: Storn; J. tl. Robertson Co.; Jackson Co.; Alex- andra Hotel; Pet-pie's store; Kenny Allin. Cranbrook, B. and Atrhlnson. Relnacke Diamond City i Co.; R- W. Drug Co. Hamilton. Vancouver, B. Wide Plnclier J. Mitchell: News Company. D. L. McCroa. A Brown, 2lS-lth Strent. Jnmieson Xews "Ca 705 Riverside Avenue. Also on alt C.P.R. tralni Bros. Drur Boai Company. Fernlo, B. Beat THE WEEKLY HERALD Published everv Wednesday in eight oTTTiFre puses, and contains summary oi the news of the week, locul and district 1 year in advance .........11.50 3 months in 6 months in advance The U. S. THE FOLLOWING excerpt may not be altogether uninteresting to those ivlio were instrumental iji shutting off the American market to the producers 01 this country. At any rale it is worth their considera- tion: 'George Lane. Alberta's (.'tittle king, has arrived at Chicago with a train of beef matured oil tho Canadian ranges that sold to the packers there at to S0.75 per At these-priees for Canadian bullocks traders are able to pay exorbitant freight charges and a duty that was mj tended to be prohibitive, but eiirn SI per cwt. net-above possibilities ou the home marktt. Somc Canadian cattle have crossed the .boundary this season that would have found the export outlet im-_ der normal conditions. All these cattle would nave lost heavily had they no other out let limn A. Market Hint which has been badly con- gested. .Mr. Lane asserts that Western Canada is full ot feed, nnd if the duty could be elimin- ated, stock cattle would he bought iu the United States this fall and taken up there for finishing purposes. Under pres- ent conditions, however, the Can- adian grower is dependent on the American market for a profit and unless Congress eliminates that obstacle Canada will be compelled to repress its productive energy." Whatever argument may be set forth that the above relates to a par- ticular and not to a general state of things will not be sufficient to prove hat the D. S. A. market is undesir- able. The fact that it bus come as a relief in spite of obstacles, at a time adverse conditions In the matter of congestion prevail makes the neces- iity of an opportune and free outlet ell the stronger. OUR POINT OF VIEW As we iuvt> riMimrked before, "tioost it is worth wiille. All cities have their little day and while U'thlrrklso has grown wonder- fully, ii lias yet u big boost in store, it IK coming soon. Get ready for it. If those C. P. R. officials make yoccl the promise to relieve Leth- liritlgc- from the policy of unfair dis- crimination now existing they will have the best thanks of the coimmm- tty. 1'erdinnnd of got throne by a freak of fortune and made It isn't every ruler who makes good, but it .seem Ferdinand has am- bitions and is on the highway to real- ising on them. Me bids fair to earn i laudatory paragraph in history. Without doing any blowing1 aboui it be. Alberta government is quietly nml lersistenlly pushing telephone vires into every settlement in the )rovince. All cannot get the service n tlie same year, but for extent of vork done no other province can an equal amount of work in the ;ame time. Hon. .Mr. White says that reel pro- It y is dead in Canada iu so ar as desire is concerned. The hon. ;entleman lives in Toronto and ap- -arently thinks the voice of Toronto s the voice of the west. It is in so ,tr as the tariff policy of Mr. White's arty is concerned, but not otherwise. Ir. White administers the tariff hi rder that the farmers of the west hall pay high tribute to his friends, tie Toronto but he- ould be well advised in not' uiistak- ig the frothing of R. P. Roblin for he voice of Western Canada. Orent times' coming when Joo CJil- lespte is mayor. Kveryliody is going to set a raise iu the mayor, Dr. Loverliig is opposed to the city building a ra'dliil railway ;is belns slde the scope of civic operations. HP may be right but ilii're is wonderful magic iii ait act of the legislature. Annual reports from towns In South, irn Alberta show all to bo in a (lour tehing condition, and while progres- sive works have been undertaken, there has been little or no complaint at footing the bill. This everlasting prating about tho Chinook Club at civic meeting? is silly. It appears to be the policy of some men that a man cannot belong to the Chinook Club and be a member of tho city council without doing the city on. injury. Civic policies may be discussed at the Chinook Club, but the business of council is done at the council chamber. Nearly all the leading business men of the city belong to. the Chinook Club and it is a credit to their intelligence it" the discussion of civic affairs is one of'the principal pastimes at the club. It is time to'cut out nonsense and get down to brass tacks. The head'..'of tiie Allan bine, com- pany says that the-.pilots are tq'blame for the numerous steamboat on the St. Lawrence. If .true the gov- ernment should take drastic measures to remedy the evil. Canada is spend- ng too much-.money on the St. Law- rence route to have the 'work all knocked on the head by careless or incompetent pilots. THE crmniTiro STANDARD SECURITIES COMPANY Real Estate and Investments OWNERS OF MORN INGS IDE Suite 111 to 115 Sherlock Building P.O. Box 1979 Phone 1291 VEST POCKET TALKS ON THE NEW CITY CHARTER A Good Intention THE CANADIAN PACIFIC Rail- way's telegraph department in this province is comraendably engaged in endeavoring lo give satis- faction in the prompt delivery of tele- grams. With a view ta this notices a-rc being distributed with the follow- questions for reply: I'D Up to what time in the evening shall w0 attempt delivery at your business address of: telegrams ad- dressed to you? i2) to what time? on Saturday1.' (H) What, shall we do with tele- grams which we are unable, to deliver al the office before closing time, or those received on Sundays or public Loiidays? The reason given for the answers requested is that a number of teln- grams are received about the time when mo'st business places close in ihe evenings, and at noon on Satur- days. Messengers are sent cut to attempt delivery, find should stores and oilices happen to be closed there i> a consequent delay in the tele- gram reaching the hands of those to whom thcv are directed. The com- pany is seeking the co-operation of the public towa-rds ensuring a satis- factory service in the matter of the delivery of telegrams and this, no doubt, 'will be readily given. Much, as may he involved in con- venience to the public in those minor changes, the C. P. R. must not run away .with the idea that this trivial change will offset the placing of Leth- bridge on a direct line with the out- side world. A petty one-horse town this tho.estimation of the C. P. i R. that all messages from Winnipeg have to go to Calgary, and be relay- ed from there. It is even impossible to, have telegraphic communication j with Kijip without first reaching Cal- gary. The other day a Herald special was held up at Colemim, and in order s to get it through it was necessary to I seek relief through Calgary. The sim- ple trouble is that the C. P. R. seems ucm ou placing Lethbridge in the same etnas as any ordinary village of population, and there will be mighty little improvement until com- peting lines come in, and then the C. P .R. in the twinkling of an eye will discover that LelDbridge is a city. Two Mayoralty Candidates HA. .S1XNOTT, who is a mayor- alty candidate for the ensu- ing municipal election in Cul- uary3 advances a somewhat umbilicus It h; nothing less than tho statement, that he will use all his endeavor lo mako Calgary the ter- minus of the Hmlnrm's Bay railway, With tniij civic jjriik- )u> considers Calgary the logical spot. Xo one will liiKi fault with Mr. Sinnon's desire, nor will any ulterioi- mothv he IT! bed to him. Me wilt bo (-milted, and justly credited, with a huidablu wisii for promoting, as far as he is able, the- welfare of the city of 'which he trusts to be a prominent citizen. In the contest now going on iu om own rity we haw a simitar, iiot quito as ambitions, railway r.dieiiu for the development of Letlibridge It ts that of tliR radial railway pro pounded by Mayor Hatch. Here ii certain quarters no credit is given for a far-seeing policy, but reck loss sinuatioiis nrc made that the mayor in bringing forward his project, actuated by motives to oovc-r up liia f rnr.ks. m- tn drnw nfipnttrtn suvn from his administration, no matter In what way the intention is expressed This is most unfair criticism. H Is not only petty, hut unjust, nnri to the reasonable public, tin attempt to nar- row tho real issues into a matter of person ttl animosity. .Mayor Hatch will have an opportunity to defend, If necessary, whatever course be has adopted while In office. Mean'whllc (ho least that can be expected in good in ta withhold criticisms until hey are deemed called for. If the of tlie present, mayor can ;toint to this or that specific case against him, they will be within their rights iu doing so, provided they are urc of their grounds. But to ascribe in worthy motives to a utilitarian scheme- is not only belittling to their originators, but is not playing the anu1 as it should be played. the present mayor brings for- ;mi propositions which are the out- come of fore-sight, he at any rate, es- luUb'ues himself as a practical man, nnd one who has (lie progress and development of the city sincerely at heart, lie, thereby, sains the con- Ikleure ot tiie electors whose View- point is not jaundiced. Municipal contests should be conducted on broad principles, and in a spirit, of fair play. It is facts which iim rate- payers have to deal with, and a re- course to innuendoes cannot but tend to degrade a campaign, and reduce it lo a mere pettifogging squabble. As to the radial railway itself It should not be considered that U no- Mia city's resources. Mayor Hatch lias boon careful to point this out by drawing attention thin means 'will be used for attracting outside capilul to carry out the jxroject. Any attempt to place a clmrgo of extravagance against. Uio scheme must necessarily fall. The idea is well conceived, and we are glad to note that one or two of tho aldermanic candidates Jire ex- pressing their cognisance of its gen- eral utility. 5 .-Is the Commission Plan Un-British (Continued] IT WAS POINTED OUT in the last, upon conditions in British and other article of -this series that even if European cities. Their reports de- die contention that the direct j all doubt lure of American cities to measure up commission plan was un-British, thejr reSp0nElbmiies and the spirU some would have us believe was self-condemnation of the United this argument' would not iiol'd States became more and'more acute But as a matter of fact the direct commission plan is thoroughly Brit- although it has been worked until it gradually ripened into pes- simisms bordering- upon national cyui cism. But underneath was working out to -its present farm by certain! the leaven that is now regenerating American-cities, the principles-which i city government in the United States it embodies are far more British than i Dr. Shaw and other students or the returning from the well- governed cities of Great Britain American. Ten years ago the psoiilc of United States looked out upon back that it future as to their capacity for-goveru-.j was tbe'.system and- not the .people ing cities in a spirit of profoundfthat was b blame. .They told .their scepticism and opinion was rapidly fellow countrymen what the American crystallizing that democracy, as .it existed in the States, was a failure. There were occasional outbreaks against the increased power of muni- cipal and civic politicians and against the insufficiency and general inca- pacity manifest in the government of cities but these outbreaks were spas- modic and were almost invariably followed by a reaction. The net re- sult was that the people lost almost all hope of ever securing a better condition of affairs. In the eighties and nineties, how- ever, Dr. Albert Shaw, editor of the American Review of Reviews, and several other publicists, made trips to Europe investigating- and reporting people would never allow anyone but one of themselves to tell them, name- ly that with all its show of popular rule, the American plan of electing large aldermanic councils for legis- lative purposes and appointing beards of public works and such bodies, sup- posedly for executive purposes, was wrong and that the British and Ger- man system of. placing the: govern- ment of cities in the hands'of com- paratively Few men who combined the legislative and executive functions, and had full control over all subordin- ate officials, while devoting almost their whole time to municipal affairs was the right way. Bur. in Britian there is a class of (T Watcti the figures climb And don't forget you get them ALL The Herald guarantees a city circulation equal to the number of residencesin the city Third Avenue We Own or Control several of the very best corner properties on this avenue SEE US-BEFORE BUYING Wilson Skeith C. PrR. AGENTS Opp. Alexandra Hotel Phone 1343 "wealthy men, honest and capable, and willing' to give their service to the public merely for the honor of the thing. There was no such class in the United States (neither is there sprung up that now exist between the American and the British or Canadian systems of government. In the Am- erican federal, state and city govern- ments, the legislative and executive Western The problem, branches are entirely separate and a therefore, resolved into one adapting; condition is possible like that which the principles of the British system! has been witnessed in (he United to American conditions (just as the j States for the past two problem in Western Canada is the a republican president and cabinet, adoption of the'British system to and1 a democratic house of represent- Western Canadian and! atives! Such a situation would not the commission plan was evolved J be possible in the British and Canad- When Clalveston, Texas, embraced the Ian _ system of government. Under commission idea it was almost unl-j system the premiers and referred to as the "English." i cabinet ministers who form the exe- systein owing to the fact that it com-'cutlve branch are part and parcel of bined legislative and executive nine-i the legislative branch, and this is so tions in the same body of men. Des in both the Dominion and Provincial, Moines followed and improved upon the Galvestoo and since then, despite the fact that opponents of the plan in the States always used the argument that it was un-American, it has been adopted by over 200 Ameri- can cities with wonderful results. and. should be in city government. Tiie only argument used in Great by the Lords them- the continuation of tlie House of Lords as' a branch of the legislature, is that it can prevent a majority in the Commons from push- ing through legislation to which u Those who argue that the commission plan is un-Dritish can j niajority'of the people may be opposed and it can only do this by lorcing a have but a verv superficial know- uui i 'general other words a ledge British principles and' insti- tutiorisl To properly understand the difference between the American and British systems of popular govern- ment it is well perhaps to go back to the time when the American colon- broke away from Great, Britain. Walter Bngehot points out.'in his "English Constitutions" that when the American colonies broke away from the Mother Country r.ud drew up a onus tit ut ion of their own" their in- tention was to follow as closely as possible the British system to which they bad been used, substituting, the elected officers where in the British system they were hereditary. The elected president took the place of the king, the state-elected cabinet tho nianu of. the House of Lords, while the house of representatives was in- tended to bo mi exact parallel of tho British House of Commons. Beyond these changes tho framera of the American constitution had no idea of diverging from the British plan of tlie functions of the British king. They presumed him to be the execu- tive hoacl inateiMl of the "seal of the so lo speak, that lit1 really is, and they gave to their pre- sident powers, which In tho British system belonged not to tho to tho prime minister. They KIIVO him power to select his own cabinet ministers, a power an English king does not possess except in name. The result was that the vital differences REFERENDUM-upon the question at issue and a RECALL, of tlie party in power in the lower house. In prac- tice the Lords have long ceased to exercise the functions attributed to them by "A who wrote to the Herald last week opposing tlie direct commission plan and referring to the House of Lords to prove that the commission plan 'was "Un-Brit- ish." There was a time when it was supposed to pass in review and revise all legislation passed by tlie Com- mons us a precaution, against party or seliisli legislation, and it still has some formalities in this connection lo go through. At the present (lay, however, the only way that it. can "check" the will of the Commons is by forcing the Commons to refer their actions foivrevicw :hy the whole peo- ple. A study of every one of the great political crisis In Britain .during the past ilfty years will prove the truth of this. Wvery student of or v-'rUcr upc" "ritish governmental in- stitutions, If ho be an Englishman, dilates upon it. or if be ho an Anicrl- eah, is by il. Every text book en the subject explains it. The "referendum" nnd "recall" whieb can be prccipilated by the House of Lords In Great. Britain Is a "check" on tile party in power In the recollect that actually tho Commons combine the legislative and executive functions of British government. The initiative, referen- dum and recall in the commission plan of government is the check which tho people have on their com- missioners. The only be- tween the referendum 'which the Lords can bring about and the refer- endum under the commission plan of government is that the former Is only brought into play when the Lords think, they have a to defeat the party In power iu the Commons, aiwl only whenever that party happens to be the party tem- perrneutally opposed to themselves, while the latter is brought Unto use whenever tlie people decide they want it. Except where they have in recent years adopted the initiative and re- ferendum, the American people have never had any referendum machinery of .'any kind. It is finite clear then that the direct, plan of commission government which we are endeavoring to obtain and .In which the executive are responsible direct to the people, is completely in keeping with tho principles of the British system of government, but not with the American; alsp that the dual system which some 'would fojst upon us, and In 'which there arc two distinct and separate bodies, a legis- lative, so called, and an executive- aldermen as well as lias no place whatever in the history of British constitutional development JIIMI Is almost an exact parallel in "thy American system in which the legis- lative and executive branches arc sep- irate and distinct. Paw Knows Everything 'what is domestic sci- ence? prices for things uut of a salary, my son. All Woi'K Giiiirantccd Ave. S. Beside Bapl.isl; church ;