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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 27, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta The Arabs in Israel are loyal citizens 1f7l TNI LITHMHDOI HIMALD By Normal editor Saturday The bif untold story of the Middle East war concerns the Arab community inside Israel. More than Arabs live in Israel. This fact has produc- ed many anguished questions within the Jewish population. In the event of war with the Arab would the Arabs constitute a fifth Would they carry out widespread crippl- ing mining the wrecking power Would they take ad- vantage of the blackout under war conditions in order to loot and Would they poison the food How powerful an internal force would they The answers to these ques- tions were not long in coming. During the month long not a single case of sabotage or fifth column activity took place. It has taken a war to demonstrate that the Arabs inside Israel regard themselves as Israelis. One of the great stories of contem- porary in is the behavior of Israel's Arabs during the war. Thousands of Arabs work in Israeli factories. When the war broke most of them stayed fearful that they might be the victims of Jewish reprisal. Within three they realized they were in error They went back to the many of which were producing war materials. The reprisals they feared never took place. The acts of sabotage some Jews feared never took place either. Jews and Arabs in many parts of the country joined hands in supporting the men at the front. In a poster on one of the roads The women of Nazareth welcome you to their free Not far in front of the Nazareth were long tables laden with cold drinks and cigarettes. The idea for the refresh- ment station came from local Arab and Jewish women who worked side by side in operating the buffet 12 hours a day. Most of the food came from local Arab merchants. Some 350 to 400 Jewish soldiers each day stopped at the stand. The soldiers were touched but not surprised by the Arab hospitality. Wherever they had they saw evidence that the Arabs in Israel were eager to demonstrate their loyalty. In other towns and villages like Mount and Tayiba. Arabs helped the war contributing blood and money or volunteering for special work. In the town work force consisted of some men and women. For two days after the start of the they stayed home. Then they decided to form an emergency committee to sup- port the government. They voted to return to work. There was not a single dissent. The emergency committee also set up procedures for monitor- ing the blackouts. The com- mittee helped put Tayiba's large fleet of trucks and buses Book reviews in good working order. One of Tayiba't citizens was quoted by the local newspaper as saying that he felt he was doing nothing since he regarded himself as an Israeli. He reminded his Arab neighbors that in the 1967 war Tayiba was hit by Arab shells and and Arabs died alongside Jews. At least part of the credit for the attitude of Israel's Arabs must go to the Arab Jewish Centre at the Universi- ty of Haifa. It is here that the historical and philosophical underpinnings for common community between Arabs and Jews have been carefully built over a period of years. The aim of Prime Minister Golda Meir has been to make the University of Haifa the most important intellectual Moslem centre in the world. This is a reflection of her intention to seek far reaching areas of regional co-operative development with th.e neighboring Arab states. It has been said that the Arab Jewish Centre at the University of Haifa is an attempt by the Israeli govern- ment to appease its Con- science for the mistreatment of some Arabs. Whether or not this is the fact remains that Arabs are encouraged to study and work at the univer- sity. find that the Arab cultural heritage is given the highest importance in the curriculum. Moslem religious studies are taught in great depth. Arab and Jewish students not only share they share the same dormitories and increasing numbers of them share the same rooms. Peace in the Middle East re- quires- a whole new set of at- ideas. What is happening at the University of and what has been happening in Arab villages in Israel during the war is good news for anyone interested in the long term prospects for peace in the Middle East. Land drift theory fully expounded Lands and by Edwin H. Irwin Company Ltd. 323 In Wandering Lands and Dr. Colbert describes an exciting and signficant discovery which may well prove the theory of land having occurred many million years cor- rect. The concept of continental drift is not new. It may well date back to the time of Fran- cis Bacon when the first fairly accurate world maps showed the amazing similarity between the eastern sea border of South America and the western outline of the African continent. For a cen- tury at this question of continental shores has' receiv- ed great attention and aroused interest among geologists. The idea persisted that a huge continent once existed because of faults in the broke down and sunk into deep southern oceans. Ac- cording to this South Australia and India are all that remains of a land mass extending east and west across more than 270 degrees of mostly south of the equator. Just as scientists argued for long enough that the earth was. so. have many geologists and biologists opposed the idea of land drift and offered different theories. Dr. a paleontologist in fossil identification of prehistoric found well preserved fossilized skeletons and bones of land- living vertebrates on a now completely isolated in the ice-bound rocks of the Transantarctic mountains. He had previously dis- covered the same landliving called in places as far apart as South Africa and India. This meant that the animals ac- cording to fossilized plant life found around must have lived in a if not tropical reached Antarctica by an overland route more than 200 million years ago. In this well documented and beautifully illustrated the author adds new evidence to the theory of land drift already supported by geologists' finds of similarity in the structure and strata of of the corresponding shores on different continents. He not only seems to provide the sofar missing pieces in a fascinating jig-saw he' also gives a vivid impression of the life of prehistoric animals at a time more than 220 million years ago 'when reptiles ruled the world. I have seldom read a factual book on pre-historic dis- coveries that so stimulates the imagination. Just looking at the photograph of a perfect Lystrosaurus you can visualize the herbivorous animals wander- ing in herds through Triassic Africa. From the tremendous number of fossils it is clear this with its downturned short limbs and stout was very abundant some 200 million years ago. To sum Dr. Colbert succeeds not only in strongly supporting the theory of con- tinental drift but also in recreating the life and death of successive forms of of amphibians and early mam- including pre-historic man. I would recommend it to anybody layman or scien- tist interested in the unique history of our ever changing world. With nearly 100 il- restorations of prehistoric pictorial maps and an index of paleon- tological names and it is the most comprehensive book of its kind. EVA BREWSTER Alberta names of by Ernest G. Mardon of 83 the study of the origin of place must be gaining in popularity. This is the second major work in two years to apply that fascinating science to the Alberta context. It would be futile to attempt to compare the relative merits of the two ex- cept to say that Eric Holmgren's Place Names of is somewhat more detailed because it deals not only with community as does Dr. Mardon's but with lakes and the like as well. This is not to detract from Dr. Mardon's efforts. Quite the contrary. has produced a most lively and interesting work. Dr. one of the University of Lethbridge's most prolific here traces the CRESTLINE BUILDERS MARKET LTD. 123 -30th St. North Phone 327-5110. 327-5931 Use your CHARGEX card or Crmtline's budget account. Mediterranean Embossed Panelling 4x8 Random Grooved. Riviera Ash. Sundown Walnut. 99 Reg. 8.35 Sale 5 Mahogany Panelling Prefinished Random Grooved Economy Grade. Slight Defect. 4 x 8 x 4mm. 69 Sheet 3 Deluxe Mahogany Panelling Random Grooved. Three Decor- ator Shades. Cherrytone. 79 Sheet 4 SUPER SAVINGS OFF WELDWOOD DELUXE PANELLING Limited quentKiee 4x8 Random Grooved RE6. PMCE SALE PMCE ARMADA CHESTNUT 9.95 6.69 CRAFTSMAN SAFARI 11.75 7.87 ALGONQUIN BIRCH 12.75 6.94 GREYTACAHAH 9.72 6.9O HOMESTEAD HICKORY 17.80 11.92 SANDY COAST WALNUT 23.25 18.68 15.75 10.88 CLASSIC BIRCH ALGONQUIN TIANA........................ 14.90 9.98 Framing Materials 1x3 2x2 Spruce Strapping Per Lin Ft. 2x4 Per Lin Ft VINYLS 4x8 Random Grooved. For interior areas subjected to unusual abuse. Here Is a panel that can withstand rough use and yet Is virtually maintenance free. Vinyl Shield panels will last for years because a continuous vinyl film covers the grooves aa well as the face. Comes in 3 beautiful Woodgraln Winter Elm Htekory Blond Elm................. PANEL 4 89 HIGH QUALITY WOODGRAINS 99 4x8 Random Grooved. 4mm. Summer Pine Summer Cedar Chatham Oak Winchester Walnut Monterey Oak Moreno Rosewood Mount Forest Pecan Topaz Pecan. I.M PANEL 6 history of community names in Alberta. It is no mean feat consider- ing the painstaking research one imagines must go into the compilation of- a book of this kind. And a compilation it is. This is not a literary master- piece and never was intended to be. The merit of this book rests entirely on its accuracy and authenticity. To be it is nigh on im- possible for the layman to judge authenticity and ac- curacy in books like this. One can only hopefully presume the author has researched his subject carefully enough to give the reader the kind of book he deserves. Whether a serious student of vaguely interested or just plain curious as to how such places as Seven Medicine Hat and nearly other communities in the province were this book is certain to interest you. but not least it preserves a heritage that unfortunately is quickly being forgotten. KLAUS POHLE BOOKS-IN BRIEF My Bones by W. Towrie Cutt. Sons and Co. 144 Though in his late 70s the author has captured the true spirit of boyhood adventure as he spins this believable yarn. The elderly story-teller makes full use of literary licence as he weaves fact and fiction together in the moving story of Willie a half-breed boy reared on the Orkney Islands and destined to return to his birth place in North America. Having miraculously escaped the massacre that killed his young Willie's story is a heart-warming one as he seeks to find his true identity. The intermediate reader is suited for this but he may have trouble with the language o' spit of his or will make the 144 pages read a little harder for the youth not acquainted with a good Scottish brogue. GARRY ALLISON Philip A Biographical by Juris Brace KZ distributed by Longman Canada A. Philip Randolph was standing up for the rights of blacks a long time before it was a popular thing to do. But sadly by the time the struggle became a popular cause in the A. Philip Randolph was almost forgotten. A man who once stood up to one of the most anti-union companies in the U.S. the Pullman gave President Franklin Roosevelt an ultimatum to desegregate the federal civil service during the in the shadow of more and leaders. Randolph was a com- plicated man not an easy subject for a but Anderson approaches the topic with warmth and under- and manages to make A. Philip Randolph step out of history. WARREN CARAGATA rip oh Of men and money By Eva local writer COUTTS A small brown field mouse moved in with recently. We don't pretend to love mice and jealously guard our food stores from their infiltration while nature provides 'for but who could turn out a refugee who comes in from the We almost regret our hospitality for this tiny animal has appointed itself our science. All day it keeps out of sight in the porch where it shares warmth and bird seed with our laughing doves and budgie but with uncanny punctuality it leaves its hiding place at late news time to sit in the archway of our living room watching us fearlessly listening. Night after during television it has brought to our attention the deep chasm between our wealth and the needs of the poor of the world. While the hungry talk of we talk of money. While hunted refugees struggle for sur- we talk of money. While countries without oil wonder how they can get through a cold we talk of money. At the same we never cease to pat ourselves on the back for our humanitarian outlook and How phoney this must sound to even a field mouse becomes evident if you consider some recent news items. There for a desperate drought in many African countries and we have at las' that thousands of people in t hills of Ethiopia have already died of starva- tion this year and thousands more are ex- pected to die. The same night this catastrophe becomes public knowledge we learned our wheat prices have been raised -to an unprecedented high level because of world demand. Our uninvited guest thoughtfully rubs his whiskers and scuttles back into his hole. Holland and the United States have lost their Arabian oil supplies because they openly supported Israel. as well as European all of whom sat cheering on the fence during the 1967 Six Day now bend over backwards to prove to the Arabs our devoted friendship. To dp so governments practically crawl on their knees for refuse to or are even prepared to cut off previously guaranteed supplies. Canada slaps on an export tariff if countries could afford to pay as if that was not auds to international blackmail with an internal squabble over oil income distribu- tion and the demand basic fuel prices be rais- ed to artificially.inflated Venezuelan and Arab levels. Our mouse shivers at this apparent lack of human pride and solidarity and vanishes into the porch. in spite of a presumably open door only a handful of political refugees from Chile have reached Canada. Our am- bassador in Santiago says the majority of visa applicants were who would be undesirable immigrants. The field mouse lifts his pointed half expecting to be called and to be thrown out of his sanctuary to die in the deep snow. we are reminded of the Swedish ambassador in Chile with his embassy staff and as many refugees as he could crowd into the was completely surrounded by Junta soldiers no food supplies or people allowed in and nobody allowed out. he would not permit the refugees to be killed by the Junta bullets waiting for them outside. we are told that Canada has just donated to the United Nations' relief agency which brings our 1973 contributions to million. The mouse rubs his little paws like seems to think that at last we are being truly generous. That until another news item offers an insight into the sums of money spent to make the rich adver- tising time available at the 1976 Olym- pics in Montreal has already been sold out three years before the Games for more than million. The mouse silently disappears into his hole and we would dearly like to follow it and hang our heads in shame over the disparity in the values of our society. REPORT TO READERS DOUG WALKER Prodding the press Beyond the daily production problems of the news media today there are some issues that are commanding a good deal of attention both inside and outside the industry. These are the questions of how much the media should be excluded from the inner councils of to what extent should the media be how far can the people go on demanding that the media be and so on. Last August the Aspen Program on Com- munications and Society convened a workshop on government and the media in to discuss'such matters. The participants included top-level govern- ment leading media ex- communications and at- torneys. A report of the workshop is now available in a paperback Aspen Notebook on Government and the edited by William L Rivers and Michael J. Nyhan 192 There are six chapters which provide the introductory paper and some of the dialogue on the following Newsmen and adversaries or Press rights vs. press the issues of the first The public's right to functions and malfunctions of the Rules for the A rationale for government's Citizen acess to the Who watches the the crisis of public confidence. Then there is a summary of the principle proposals and alternatives of the workshop. Not all of the material in this book is perti- nent to the Canadian scene U.S. regulations regarding media for instance but there is enough to warrant the attention of all concerned media people and interested citizens. The truth is that the similarities between media operations throughout the world are so great that light shed on their problems anywhere is likely to be of value everywhere. In his opening address to the workshop Douglas the director of the Aspen made an observation Miat naturally caught my eye. He is time for more public accounting of the problems of the media. How the news is handled has been kept a deep mystery even as the press strives to throw the fierce light of publicity on decision-making elsewhere. It would be first of for the public to be made aware that the and distribution of news require judgments all along the It would be even more help- ful to the problem of credibility if there were more frank discussions and mutual criticisms of human error in the managing of And later in the book Harvard law professor Roger Fisher noted that press serves as a watchdog on government but rarely on itself. The most important public activity about which the press fails to provide infor- mation is the This feature. Report to was begun as a relative newcomer to the I felt there was a need to try to explain what goes on inside a newspaper. I have the uneasy feeling that I may not be dealing with the questions that most concern the readers but I have hopes that other staff who are closer to those will find time to contribute columns. I know that Terry the city has a couple of subjects percolating in his mind and has intentions of putting thoughts into words in time. Perhaps the most widely discussed method of dealing with accountability is .that of es- tablishing press councils. This proposition received some attention at the Aspen workshop. The view was expressed that if the press councils are not voluntarily established they might be imposed by governments because of pressure from the people. Mrs. Katharine- president of The Washington voiced the real concern about press councils that although no harm would probably come of them they might merely be cosmetic. The common gripes are easily handled already by the press by simply apologizing for mistakes and setting up cor- rective procedures. But the tough credibility problems might not be such as could be handl- ed by press councils. Mrs. Graham problem of fairness is quite often that the public doesn't understand what fairness real- ly is. Most often they think fairness is agree- ing with them. They haven't even thought that.there might be a reader bias as well as a newspaper bias. They really don't understand that their view may not just be the final view of an I was surprised that there did not seem to be any discussion of the practice of some newspapers of having a son of ombudsman who receives all complaints after reports in a weekly column his findings. This seems to be a development worth greater consideration than has yet been accorded it. Obviously this has not turned out to be an adequate review of the book on the Aspen workshop. Instead it has developed into an ex- cuse to take an aspect of the report to ven- tilate a personal interest. the book can always be secured and read by those who want to explore the other ideas and I com- mend that. Missouri Basin's coal store From Science and Public Affairs Americans have little appreciation ot the rate at which natural resources have been ex- ploited during this century. The magnitude of this 72-year-long period of beginning with is appreciated if we sum up the fossil fuel bur- nup. It amounts to a total of 76 billion tons of coal of which 35 billion tons was actually the rest being oil and natural gas. At the present time about SO per cent of U.S. coal is strip and this percentage is steadily increasing. The miner labor force in the United States is a fifth of its historic peak and much higher productivity can be anhlftunrl hf etrinnina tHnn Kit from deep mines. On the other strip mining has been a rather ruthless process that has left deep scars. The United States does have tens of billions of tons of sulfur fossil solids 'in the Upper Missouri Basin in the form of thick to 100- foot i seams underlying flat or rolling terrain with modest overburdens of earth. For ex- in eastern Montana snrt parts of North Dakota coal fields promise to tons per acre. 'In effect. Montana and Wyoming as well as the Dakotas have the potential for becoming a vast new energy centre for the United displacing Texas and Louisiana from ;