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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 27, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta I THE IETHBRIDOE HERAID Friday, November 37, 1970 Maurice Western Italian Chile? There is a possibility that the first European Communist gov- ernment elected by democratic means could come into power in a little over a year in Italy, where fragmentation of political parlies, an increasing tendency toward left-of- centre ideas by most of them, and general dissatisfaction with things as they are, could very well end in a Communist regime. The Christian Democratic party, which is now in power in Italy, was originally sponsored by the Church, but as time went on the church with- drew from Italian politics and the Christian Democrats became less rigidly conservatively oriented. This was a deliberate move aimed at at- tracting leftists who might otherwise become members of the Communist party. In the opinion of many, the open- ing to the left has now become a gaping hole that may be impossible to stop up before the presidential election in 13 months. The govern- ment scoffs at such a possibility, pointing out that the Communists got only 25 per cent of the total vote in the last elections, and the Christian Democrats polled 40 per cent, with the array of others, mainly socialist- leaning, taking up the slack. But ob- servers say that the Communists are far stronger than the figures would indicate, and in spite of ideological splits, they have managed to hold together an impressive electoral ma- chine. These observers also say that nothing can be done inside Italy that is opposed by the Communists, that Italy's foreign policy is eastward looking, and that the church itsell has sold much of its land and re- invested the profits in North Amer- ica. The same applies to non-clerical holdings they say. What this may mean to the Euro- pean Economic Community, or to NATO is something to think about. But the p o s s i b i 1 i t y of Western Europe, facing "its first 'Chile' a slow motion revolution by legal means" as C. L. Sulzberger puts it, is not to be dismissed. A presidential firing Not surprisingly, U.S. President be hurt. Mr. Hickel is now more of Richard Nixon has lired Secretary of the Interior Walter Hickel. Mr. Hickel failed to give the administra- tion the solidarity Mr. Nixon desired. He was too independent. Ever since the Cambodian ven- ture when Mr. Hickel took _ sides with protesting young people, in ap- parent opposition to Mr. Nixon, there has been a feeling that his days in office were numbered No matter how much one agreed with Mr. Hickel in the sentiment thjat Mr. Nixon should pay greater heed to the voice of youth, it was not the politic thing to do to leak it to the press. That gave it the appearance of being a rebuke to the president. Although Mr. Nixon waited several months before taking action so that the firing would not have the ap- pearance of personal pique, and de- spite the fact that there is some jus a celebrity than ever and is free to exploit the situation to the fullest. If Mr. nickel's divergence from Mr. Nixon is found to extend beyond the issue of attitudes toward youth it could prove to be embarrassing. This would be especially so if there was a major difference of views on conservation and pollution. Mr. Hickel's conversion to conser- vationism was wholly unexpected but much appreciated except by cer- tain business interests. It could be very damaging to Mr. Nixon if it was revealed that he held views more in line with the business inter- ests than with Mr. Hick el. That would mean that his fine anti-pollu- tion stance would be seen as some- what tarnished. It is too early to do more than speculate on the possibility that there were such deep differences. Only when and if Mr. Hickel Spile ule uieu IUKJ.C la jw-3 viujf tviicti tfiication in removliig dissent from chooses to speak out will that be bis cabinet, the president stands blown, Gun lovers Opposition to gun control fa the United States remains virulent and vitriolic. The man who headed Presi- dent Lyndon S. Johnson's Commis- sion on the Causes and Prevention of Violence which found the U.S. the most violent nation on earth, says he is perplexed by the opposition to gun control. Dr. Milton Eisenhower has re- vealed that his porposal to limit band-guns to those who can show a need for them has brought forth "blind, emotional resistance." Mail has poured into his office labelling him with every conceivable epithet. This happens to everyone who ad- vocates gun control. It has kept the U.S. from getting a sane, effective policy of firearms control because most politicians back away when subjected to the attack the gun lobby seems able to mount and sustain. It is estimated that there are 90 million guns in the U.S., which has the highest gun-to-populaiion ratio in the world. Twenty five million of those weapons are concealable hand- guns. These are the guns used in virtually all aggravated assaults and robberies involving firearms and in three-fourths of all gun murders. The obvious solution to the violence in the U.S. would seem to lie in the direction of control of guns. Rejec- tion of this solution can only mean- according to Dr. Eisenhower that "Americans love their guns." It's as good an explanation as has yet ap- peared. Those lost iveekends! By Margaret Lncktarst other Saturday my friend Sus phoned and1 asked would I mind run- ning over am! helping her put on the rtorms; she was afraid that il they didn't get on that day they wouldn't get on at all, and from the looks of things it was going to be a long cold winter. Somewhat surprised, I said sure thing, I thought we could do the job between the two of us, but where was her built-in storm window put'er on'er? "Same place yours she sighed, "glued to the T.V., watching weekend sports. You know, there was a time not too long ago when 1 could program weekend activities around championship golf, the World Series, interlocking football games. Hockey Night in Canada, Joe Namuth and the NFL, but no more. When there are three contests being played at the samo lime I can't eves count on half-lime to get any response out of that man, he near- ly goes nuts trying to keep track of then? all at once. Anyway it's too dangerous, he happens to be cutting the lawn ke keeps running to the door yelling, 'have they started and I'm afraid the lawnmow- er will take off and run down the street. I know if I really nagged he'd get at those windows, but with Minnesota leading by only two points I'm afraid he'd be in such a rush to finish the job he'd likely fall off the ladder." Fortunately the windows were easy to put on and John did lend a hand because, miraculously, half-lime on two games co- incided and the third was so one-sided he'd lost interest. Later over a cup of tea, Sue and I dis- cussed the problem of attempting to cope peacefully with the never-ending parade weekend sports, hoping to arrive at sonie happy conclusion or alternative. We came to a unanimous' decision; there wasn't any, "It's another case of if you can't lick 'cm, join Sue admitted, "Alind you, I quite like watching hockey 2iid golf be- cause the rules are fairly simple, but foot- ball is something else again. Apart from Grey Cup day when I know who is win- ning by the cheers and groans of the fam- ily, I really don't care if I ever watch it. It's too "It's not really, If you don't try to figure oat what's going I said. "Basically all you need to do is pick a team, say the oiics in blue sweaters, and when they aE fall down near the enemy goal posts, cheer because it's likely a touchdown." "Say, you really do know a lot about it don't Sue said admiringly, "but don't you pay any attention to those striped men with' whistles and "No, when the whistles and rags start blowing and flying I find it's usually a good time to go fix something for lunch for him; although he likes food, during finals and the bowl games I'm always worried lest the man suffer from some sort of malnutrition." Before we broke up for the afternoon, both us decided to make a concerted effort to become more knowledgeable in all sports currently shown on TV and cur- rently alienating us from male members of the family. But Sue made SB astute observation that irjght interest the feminist movement. "In spito of the liberationists' claims that women are equal to men, we sure are awfully unequal when it comes to sharing the enthusiasm men and boys have, for spoils, particularly the rough awl ready stuff like football and hockey. We simply haven't the same degree of sincere inter- est can you ever imagine for example, our church circle organizing a manless Grey Cup paly? I don't know bow tte Libs will deal with tin's awkward weak- ness of ours, but I know I'm not going to try too hard to overcome it. I'll give it another chance but if I don't maks tetter progress than I have to date I guess I'll just have to become more adept at mowing the lawn and putting on storms. That I'm equal 1 think maybe she has a good point there, one her husband will really appre- ciate, Camp appears again to bedevil Tories rvTTAWA: Not the least of the problems besetting Robert Stenfic'4 is the compul- sive urge of many leading Con- servatives to explore the recent past in highly political books. This is splendid for libraries and students of political science. The difficulty from Mr. Stanfield's standpoint is that it is not exactly conducive to harmony in the party. What appears to fascinate the Con- servatives is the theme of the Hatflelds and McCoys which added so much color and ex- citement to party gathering; of the 1560s. Even the titles are some- times illuminating, as was the case last year with Night of Hie Knives, a work of research by Robert Coates. While portions of this were not particularly complimentary to the new lead- ership, it was obviously direct- ed more at dark forces within the party which have been more or less identified willi Mr. DaSlon Camp. From the side of the dark forces we now have Gentle- men, Players and Politicians, written by Mr. Camp himself. Despite the rather bland title and the fact that it comes down only to 1957 stopping well before the knives began to flash in earnest it is not so purely historical that the AIc- Coys will read it without brist- ling again st the dastardly deeds of the Hatficlds. What it suggests in fact Is that the feud goes far back in time. One also gets the impres- sion from Mr. Camp that neith- er side had a monopoly in Ite business of provocation. The central figure in Gentle- men, Players, etc., is Mr. Camp. This is his story, and much of it has to do with Ms work in the. Maritimes where he made an important con- tribution to the overthrow of a pair of aged Liberal govern- ments. But he also served at head office in Ottawa preparing for the federal election of 1957. Shortly before Mr. Drew's re- tirement, evidently in late 1955, Mr. Camp went West to dis- cover the answer to the Sas- katchewan problem. This seems to have been new ter- rain for him and one can only marvel at the speed with which he (and William Howe, the na- tional director) sted up the situation. Two disparaging pages about Alvin Hamilton explain it. Mr. Camp grasped the prob- lem immediately; Mr. Hamil- ton talked too much. He over- whelmed Mr. Kohaly, the only Conservative in the legislature. He held too many offices, and something had to be done about it, "Between us we had recon- noitred nearly all of the Pro- gressive Conservative party, exploring a good deal of it to- gether. Our view of it repre- sented in all probability a broader perspective than any- one else coulrl have, with 'a unique knowledge of its com- plex component parts and ita strengths and weaknesses. "In Saskatchewan our judg- ment was to let Alvin Hamilton go iM Now, tMs is vliin May's lasVion presents Us greatest e truly ttaufilul woman Itak Prairie OM suspects, will consider this as- tonishing effrontery. Mr. Ham- ilton, admittedly, has never been reluctant to discuss poli- tics, with anyone and for any length of time. He was, how- ever, an important reason why aiy sort of Conservative party continued to exist in Saskatche- wan. He had, at the time, fought and lost five elections: Mr, Camp, except as an ad- viser on advertising, had never fought any. As to the rest of it, why blame the willing torse be- cause the party at the time was so conspicuously short of ottJer horses ready and willing to serve? But Mr. Camp, following his instant survey and analysis, lad no doubts as to his duty. Back IB went to Ottawa, ac- cording to his own account, and at the first opportunity urged Mr. Drew to remove Mr. Ham- ilton. One reads without sur- prise tiiat Mr. Drew looked un- easy and that nothing came of Mr. Stanfield's purpose is to reconcile the several factions in the Conservative party. How Mr. Camp contributes to this by his delvings into the annals of the 1950s and his reflections on the former minister of agri- culture (who remains an im- portant power in the party) is far from clear. There are indi- cations too that Mr. Camp is only at tha beginning of ha revelations. As yet he has merely set stage; the best (or worst) Is yet to come. It is an unusual problem for an opposition leader. A crisw passes; passions begin to cool; Conservatives, with whatever reluctance, begin to speak again to Conservatives; then someone drops another book. In theory there is much to te> said for a literary party; in practice Mr. Stanfield probably do better if Mi follow- ers could spare time out from memoirs for more pedestrian political work. (Herald Ottawa A nthony Westell Party warns PM he's lagging behind on reform OTTAWA The major deci- cisiohs of the National Li- beral Policy Conference are a clear warning to Prime Minis- ter Pierre Trudeau and the cabinet that they are lagging behind the country's demand for social and economic reform. After a year of consulting ex- perts and listening to opinion at the grassroots, the vot- ing delegates wrote a Liberal charter for the '70s which urges the government to: Introduce a guaranteed in- come'program to raise all Ca- nadians above the poverty line, despite Trudeau's warning that the country cannot afford it. Liberalize the law on marijuana, perhaps so that it is treated in the same way as liquor, a stand which goes be- yond the interim report of the LeDain commission. Make abortion a matter between a woman and her doctor, and no concern of Tru- deau's new Criminal Code. The conference also made It clear that it wishes to move the country firmly, but care- fully, toward greater national control of the economy and to a stronger definition of Cana- dian cultural values. Most immediately embar- rassing to the cabinet, the Li- berals voted for a review board to oversee the use of emer- gency police powers against the Front de Liberation du Que- bec (FLQ) in Quebec a safe- guard demanded by the Con- servatives and the NDP in Par- liament and persistently re- fused by the government: These broad lines of progres- sive policy, contradicting the conventional political wisdom that Candians are in a conser- vative national mood, emerged from experiment in participatory democracy. The conference was boldly desiped to get a spread of policy options onto secret bal- lots, instead of simple black- and-white resolutions in an open meeting, and to ask for a considered judgment from each delegate instead of a straight yes or not. Bui the procedures ami ma- chinery were so complicated that they almost collapsed un- der their own weight. Instead of focussing debate, the system dispersed it. The plenary session on poverty for example, faced 32 separate pro- posals on how to deal with the problem. Tha debate in the ornate, overheated, ballroom of the Chateau Laurier was dissolving into confusion and exasperation as Ilic speakers queued up to plead their cases for higher pensions, belter day centres. tax reforms, various types of guaranteed income, and other ideas. Then up to the microphone came Lloyd Axworthy, a brisk, bushy-haired young urban af- fairs expert and community or- ganizer who sees poverty first hand in the slums of Winnipeg. Forcefully, almost angerly, he said the debate was not clarify- ing issues but clouding them. What was required, he said, was a simple cdmmitmeot by Letters to the editor the government to abolish pov- erty in the '70s and a warn- ing from the party that if the government did not succeed, "we'll repudiate them and stand up for the conscience of the Canadian There was a second of silence in the hall, and then a swell of applause. Conference co-chairman Al Linden, a Toronto law profes- sor, quickly got the message in a flood of criticism from dele- Inspectors fail farmers The placid and newly pros- perous farm scene is now be- ing disturbed by a multitude of tiny red beetles. Not in our bins, as most farm- ers learned how to deal with the pesky little devils a year or two ago, and not in the eleva- tors since elevator men don't work for the government and generally do the jobs they are paid for and they aren't paid to buy beetles. But five thousand miles away, across the broad Pacific in the People's Repub- lic of China, we the farmers of Canada have beetles. This must be the only country In the world where a govern- ment can expect to grab com- plete control of an entire indus- try without having to accept any of the responsibilities, and get sway with it. And we must have the only officials who arc smart enough to manipulate the grain market for political gain but refuse to realize that you can't sell wheat to the Chinese if it walks off their chopsticks. We pay untold millions of dol- lars every year for something called "inspection" but it is quite apparent that either the beetle pickers were derelict in their duty, or the problem of screening a few samples of wheat is one of those things that is just too simple lor to- day's highly educated minds. Remember though, that the Government of Canada spent seventeen millions of the tax- payers' dollars to overhaul the Bonaventure so they could sell it a couple of months later for one million. L. K, WALKER. Milk River. gates and complaints from newsmen that they could not discern the trend of the con- ference in the discursive de- bates. He eagerly accepted a propo- sal from Axworthy to draft a statement of basic conference conclusions to put before the delegates. Axworthy was a radical while studying in the United States. He worked in John Tur- ner's campaign for the Liberal leadership, was a defeated Li- beral candidate in the 1968 election, and then served as aide to Paul Hellyer on the abortive housing task force, But recently he has almost dropped out of Liberal politics and actually turned in his membership in the Manitoba party. He was brought to this na- tional conference as an expert on urban affairs, but now, sud- denly, he was in a key posi- tion to write the conferenct conclusions. With his brother, .Tom, a political science stu- dent at Queen's University, ha drafted a 19-point document. Linden edited the statement and put it to the conference which whooped it through on a unanimous voice vote. Later, after the vote, an llth point was inserted into the middle of the statement, covering a sen- sitive current issue, unemploy- ment. The final statement cotnmits the party to work to guarantee Canadians an open, sociey in which civil rights are protect- ed, social justice assured, lull employment provided, decesfc housing is adequate, free com- munication of its ideas avail- able, sovereignty and economic control are protected. While it is a motherhod dec- laration in many ways, it is also redefinition of liberal society, and it will now go for- ward to the party'j charter for the '70s. The delegates then turned from frustration with the de- bates to the complicated task of marking their many-colored ballots. Analysis will certainly show that contradictory resolutions have been carried and opinions blurred by the system. It will be weeks In fact be- fore all the implications and trends in the voting can be analyzed. And (lien, for the po- litical connoisseur, there will be the further refinement of matching the opinion to voters. Liberal part-time research director Sid Gershbcrg is al- ready being urged by the party brass to write a book on the whole experiment in making policy. But the task of analyz- ing the results falls first to the party's top officers policy experts. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Looking backward Not only ivay lo learn I am writhing to express my opinion of our society's educa- tional system. It is quite evi- dent that people today are con- fusing education (the ability to learn or to have knowledge in one field or such) to that of a piece of paper. To reach the socially accepted standard, one must only enrol in a university. People are overlooking the fact that going to university is not the only way to learn. Sev- eral very intelligent people arc set back because they did not climb the ivory tower toward a degree. I am not saying that university is a farce, I am merely stating that il shouldn't be the only road to success. It seems to have been over- looked that there are a lot of things that grow out of educa- tion and they arc not all a piece of paper. Colleges and technical schools arc being overlooked too readily. I would only like to maka a suggestion to the public and that is to STOP putting a number one on university and forgetting that there are other insititutions of knowledge. SHIRLEY SAWCHUK. Lethbridge. Only threat I read with interest the news items concerning June Call- wood's visit to (his city and Coaldalc. I aw amused that Miss Callwood is a director of tha Canadian Mental Health As- sociation, 1 feel she is desper- ately in need of this Associa- tion's help herself. I can understand her worry about the "good kids" they are the only threat to people of her type gaining control of our society. MAJIY LEISTER, LeUihridge. THROUGH THE HERALD and sugar took awjthcr drop in the city. Sugar is selling at J12.9T a hundred, wholesale, and flour has drop- ped to a barrel. IMl) Wholesales deporta- tion of central Europeans, who are being benefited by the city of Calgary unemployment re- lief scheme, will be instituted at once. Between 250 and 300 aliens will be affected. If aliens refuse to fill out the necessary papers, they will be struck oft the unemployment relief list. world's women se- nior basketball champions, Ed- monton Grads, won 504 of ths 522 official games played in their 25-year history that end- ed June last when the team dis- banded. won four of the five grain crowns at Hay and Grain Show of the In- ternational Livestock Exposi- tion held in Chicago. I960 Government with the railways and non-op- crating unions so far do not in- dicate a settlement of tha pro- posed railway strike to begin Pec. 3. The Lethkidpe Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publistert Published 1903 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 001! Member e? The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association ind Hie Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor Publfchw THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BAUA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor HOY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Editor. "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH'' ;